Now Offering Active Shooter Awareness & Response Training –
What is an active shooter?
An active shooter is an individual actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in a confined or populated area; in most cases, active shooters use firearm(s) and there is no pattern or method to their selection of victims.
Active shooter situations are unpredictable, often occur without warning and evolve quickly. Typically, the immediate deployment of law enforcement is required to stop the shooting and mitigate harm.
Because active shooter situations are often over quickly, before law enforcement arrives on the scene, individuals must be prepared both mentally and physically to deal with an active shooter situation.
Hostage or barricaded subject situations often take place over a longer period of time and usually there is no ongoing injury or loss of life. These situations are often managed through the deployment of specialized units, as time allows. Both hostage and barricaded subject situations can rapidly shift, however, to become active shooter situations and vice versa.
UHM DPS may be the first responder to an active shooter situation on the Mānoa campus and will immediately request, and coordinate support from the Honolulu Police Department. UHM DPS will also initiate the sending of a UH Alert.
When an active shooter is in your vicinity…Run, Hide, Fight
If there is an accessible escape path, attempt to evacuate the premises. Be sure to:
- Have an escape route and plan in mind
- Evacuate regardless of whether others agree to follow
- Leave your belongings behind
- Help others escape, if possible
- Prevent individuals from entering an area where the active shooter may be
- Keep your hands visible
- Follow the instructions of any police or security officers
- Do not attempt to move wounded people
- Call 911 when you are safe
If evacuation is not possible, find a place to hide where the active shooter is less likely to find you.
Your hiding place should:
- Be out of the active shooter’s view
- Provide protection if shots are fired in your direction (i.e., an office with a closed and locked door)
- Not trap you or restrict your options for movement
To prevent an active shooter from entering your hiding place:
- Lock the door
- Blockade the door with heavy furniture
If the active shooter is nearby:
- Lock the door
- Silence your cell phone and/or pager
- Turn off any source of noise (i.e., radios, televisions)
- Hide behind large items (i.e., cabinets, desks)
- Remain quiet
If evacuation and hiding out are not possible:
- Remain calm
- Call 911, if possible, to alert police to the active shooter’s location
- If you cannot speak, leave the line open and allow the dispatcher to listen
As a last resort, and only when your life is in imminent danger, attempt to disrupt and/or incapacitate the active shooter by:
- Acting as aggressively as possible against him/her
- Throwing items and improvising weapons
- Committing to your actions
When law enforcement arrives…
Law enforcement’s purpose is to stop the active shooter as soon as possible. Officers will proceed directly to the area in which the last shots were heard:
- Officers usually arrive in teams
- Officers may wear regular patrol uniforms or external bulletproof vests, Kevlar helmets, and other tactical equipment
- Officers may be armed with rifles, shotguns, handguns
- Officers may use pepper spray or tear gas to control the situation
- Officers may shout commands, and may push individuals to the ground for their safety
How to react when law enforcement arrives:
- Remain calm, and follow the officers’ instructions
- Put down any items in your hands
- Immediately raise hands and spread fingers
- Keep hands visible at all times
- Avoid making quick movements toward officers such as holding on to them for safety
- Avoid pointing, screaming and/or yelling
- Do not stop to ask officers for help or direction when evacuating, just proceed in the direction from which the officers are entering the premises
Information to provide to a law enforcement or 911 operator:
- Location of the active shooter
- Number of shooters, if more than one
- Physical description of shooter(s)
- Number and type of weapons held by the shooter(s)
- Number of potential victims at the location
Active Shooter Preparedness Options for Consideration: Run. Hide. Fight.
Click on the video thumbnail below to redirect you to view this video on YouTube.
Created by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, the Options for Consideration video demonstrates possible actions to take if confronted with an active shooter scenario. The video also shows how to assist authorities once law enforcement enters the scene.
FEMA Training Course IS907, “Active Shooter: What You Can Do.”
This free, FEMA-sponsored interactive web course highlights potential actions to take when confronted with an active shooter. It includes information on:
- Actions to take when confronted with an active shooter and responding law enforcement officials
- Recognizing potential workplace violence indicators
- Actions to take to prevent and prepare for potential active shooter incidents
- How to manage the consequences of an active shooter incident