Because of its commitment to institutional accountability and effectiveness, UH Mānoa has developed a list of nine peer institutions, and nine benchmark institutions to gauge its performance. This list of eighteen institutions will be held static to allow UHM to conduct consistent benchmarking studies. Nine institutions were selected as peers because of their similar role, scope, and mission. Nine other institutions were selected to be benchmark institutions because they are considered to be stronger in some measures, and may be of assistance in various planning and target-setting exercises.  Methods used to develop peer and benchmark institutions can be found here.