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School of Ocean and Earth Science & Technology

ATMO 101 Introduction to Weather and Climate (3)

Introductory physical science course for all undergraduates in any major. A non-mathematical introduction to basic atmospheric variables, Earth’s past climates, global warming, air pollution, El Nino, hurricanes, tornadoes, and forecasting weather in Hawai‘i.

ATMO 101L Introduction to Weather and Climate Lab (1)

(1 3-hr Lab) Exercises with meteorological data and measurement systems. Characteristics of Hawaiian winds, temperatures, and rainfall

ATMO 102 Pacific Climates and Cultures (3)

Highlights the interface between the observed weather and climate of the Pacific and the past and future culture of the people of the Hawaiian and Pacific islands. A-F only. (Alt. years)

ATMO 150 Introduction to Quantitative Earth and Environmental Science (3)

Introduction to pre-calculus math and physics applied to Earth and environmental science. Students work on real-world problems and engage in participatory learning. Preparatory for classes in calculus and physics. Pre: MATH 134, 161, or MATH assessment exam (with score required for MATH 140). (Fall only) (Crosslisted as ERTH 150 and OCN 150)

ATMO 199 Introduction to MET Undergraduate Directed Research (V)

Students gain familiarity with ATMO research. Students can select 1-3 credits per semester for maximum 6 credits over 4 semesters. Students must pre-arrange research and reading content with instructor. Repeatable three times, up to six credits. Freshman and sophomore standing only. CR/NC only. Pre: instructor approval.

ATMO 200 Atmospheric Processes and Phenomena (3)

Atmospheric variables, gas laws, radiation processes, thermodynamics, conservation laws, dynamic approximations, clouds and precipitation, convection, atmospheric circulations, mid-latitude and tropical weather systems, forecasting, climate. Pre: PHYS 170 (or concurrent).

ATMO 302 Atmospheric Physics (3)

Energy and thermodynamics, statics and stability, physical processes of cloud formation, radiation and Earthatmosphere heat balance, kinetic theory, optical effects. Pre: 200, MATH 242, and PHYS 272; or consent.

ATMO 303 Introduction to Atmospheric Dynamics (3)

Scalar and vector development of basic laws of hydrodynamics, equations of motion, kinematics, divergence and vorticity, viscosity and turbulence, introduction to numerical weather prediction, general circulation. Pre: 302 and MATH 244.

ATMO 305 Meteorological Instruments and Observations (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Each week targets a different meteorological instrument and culminates in a lab exercise and report. The focus is on accurate measurement and scientific-style writing. A-F only. Pre: 302 and PHYS 272/272L

ATMO 310 Global Environmental Change (3)

Global environmental change problems such as carbon dioxide and the greenhouse effect, acid rain, chlorofluorocarbons and the ozone layer, global deforestation and the effect on climate, etc. Pre: 200, OCN 201, ERTH 101, ERTH 103, or ERTH 170; or consent. (Cross-listed as GES 310 and OCN 310)

ATMO 320 Programming for Meteorologists (3)

Scientific programming in Fortran 77, graphics software and meteorological applications. A-F or Audit. Pre: 302 (or concurrent) and MATH 241; or consent.

ATMO 395 Undergraduate Internship (V)

Experiential approach to earth science; students serve as interns to field professionals; responsibilities include supervised field work. Open to undergraduate SOEST majors. Repeatable one time. CR/NC only. Pre: junior/senior standing and consent. (Fall only)

ATMO 399 Undergraduate Directed Reading (V)

Individual reading in Atmospheric Sciences. Repeatable one time, up to three credits. ATMO students only. Junior and senior standing only. A-F only. Pre: consent

ATMO 402 Applied Atmospheric Dynamics (3)

Advanced concepts in dynamics: vorticity, cyclogenesis, jet streams, fronts, mesoscale circulations. Pre: 303.

ATMO 405 Synoptic Satellite Meteorology (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Satellite applications to synoptic meteorology and forecasting, including orbital elements, ephemerides, viewing geometry, radiation, satellite sensors, and interpreting satellite data. Pre: 302.

ATMO 406 Tropical Meteorology (3)

History; tropical clouds and hydrometeors; typhoons; monsoons; local and diurnal effects. Pre: 303.

ATMO 412 Meteorological Analysis Lab (4)

(2 4-hr Lab) Techniques and methods of forecasting extratropical systems with analyzing atmospheric structure and weather systems. Students will be instructed on how to communicate and discuss a weather forecast and how to present a research paper. Pre: 303 or concurrent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 416 Tropical Analysis Lab (4)

(2 Lec 2 3-hr Lab) Techniques of portraying and analyzing atmospheric structure and weather systems in tropical and equatorial regions; forecasting tropical systems. Pre: 303 or concurrent.

ATMO 449 Climate Modeling, Data Analysis, and Applications (3)

Introduction to regional and global climate modeling for environmental scientists and engineers. Learn principles of climate modeling, how to access and use climate data for sustainable engineering and environmental management solutions, and effectively communicate results. Repeatable one time. ATMO, CEE, ERTH, GES, OCN, NREM majors only. Senior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as CEE 449 and SUST 449)

ATMO 499 Undergraduate Thesis (3)

Capstone for senior Meteorology majors. Undergraduate thesis project includes literature review, experiment or research design, data collection and analysis, technical writing of a final thesis paper and oral presentation of the paper. Junior and senior standing only. A-F only. Pre: 302, 303 (or concurrent).

ATMO 600 Atmospheric Dynamics I (3)

Governing equations for moist atmospheric motions, approximations, basic theoretical models, boundary layer dynamics, atmospheric waves, quasi-geostrophic theory for mid-latitudes. Pre: 402, and either MATH 402 or MATH 405; or consent.

ATMO 601 Atmospheric Dynamics II (3)

Overview of dynamic meteorology, numerical weather prediction, geophysical fluid instabilities, approximate dynamical systems, atmospheric general circulation, stratospheric dynamics. Pre: 600 or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 606 Cumulus Dynamics (3)

Dynamics of convective systems: tornadoes, waterspouts, squall lines. Interactions with synoptic scale. Pre: 620 or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 607 Mesoscale Meteorology (3)

Scale analysis. Observational and theoretical aspects of mesoscale circulation systems. Pre: 600 or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 610 Tropical Climate and Weather (3)

Climate and general circulation of the tropics; El Niño and Southern Oscillation; intraseasonal oscillation; trade winds; tropical weather systems; energy balance; typhoons. Pre: 303 or consent.

ATMO 611 Satellite Data Applications (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr. Lab) Principles and practices of satellite remote sensing as used in the atmospheric sciences, specifically clouds, aerosols, precipitation, ocean and land cover datasets from various satellites. Develop skills including data manipulation, analysis, and visualization using Matlab. A-F only. Pre: 620 or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 614 Tropical Cyclones (3)

Lecture covering fundamentals of tropical cyclone structure, motion, and impacts on society. Observations from satellites, aircraft, ships and buoys, and numerical simulations focusing on storm structure and track. Some forecasting exercises. Repeatable one time. Pre: 600 and 610, or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 616 Monsoon Meteorology (3)

Synoptic components of monsoons, regional and temporal variability, numerical models, research exercises. Pre: 610 or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 620 Physical Meteorology (3)

Molecular kinetics, atmospheric thermodynamics, cloud physics, precipitation processes, atmospheric electricity, scattering and absorption of solar radiation, absorption and emission of infrared radiation, radiative transfer. Pre: 302 or consent.

ATMO 628 Radar Meteorology (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Radar hardware, electromagnetic propagation and scattering, radar equation, signal processing, precipitation estimation and polarimetric applications, Multi-Doppler wind synthesis, mobile and spaceborne radars, forecasting, and data assimilation applications. A-F only. Pre: 620 (with a minimum grade of B- or higher) or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 631 Statistical Meteorology (3)

Probability; frequency distributions of atmospheric variables; linear models; time series analysis (frequency and time domain); principal component analysis; statistical weather forecasting and verification. Pre: MATH 371. (Alt. years)

ATMO 632 Advanced Statistical Methods in the Geosciences (3)

) Methods for numerous multivariate analyses will include singular spectrum, extended empirical orthogonal function, singular-value decomposition, canonical correlation, discriminant and cluster analysis. Other advanced topics include wavelet analysis, statistical downscaling and Bayesian analysis. A-F only and audit. Pre: 631 or consent. (Every 3rd year)

ATMO 640 Paleoclimate Model-Proxy Synthesis (3)

Basics of Earth System Model development, parameterizations, intermodel variability and design of paleoclimate simulations. Types of proxies, tools and techniques for paleoclimate record development and reconstructions. Hypothesis testing and methods for proxy-model comparison studies. ATMO, GEO, EPET, NREM, OCN, and ORE majors only. Graduate students only. (Alt. years: spring)

ATMO 665 Small-Scale Air-Sea Interaction (3)

Observations and theory of small-scale processes which couple the atmosphere and ocean boundary layers, including introduction to turbulence theory and parameterization of turbulent fluxes. Pre: MATH 402 and 403 (or their equivalents) and either 600 or OCN 620; or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as OCN 665)

ATMO 666 Large-Scale Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions (3)

Lecture/seminar introduces physical oceanography and meteorology students to the stateof-the-art theories and observations of large-scale ocean-atmosphere interaction, as well as conveying the fundamental understanding that has been developed during the past 30 years. Emphasis will be on phenomena such as El Niño/Southern Oscillation, the North Atlantic Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, and global climate change. Repeatable one time. Pre: 600 or OCN 620, or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as OCN 666)

ATMO 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

ATMO 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times.

ATMO 702 Numerical Weather Prediction (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Fundamental methods and techniques in numerical weather prediction: time differencing, spatial finite differencing, spectral methods, numerical stability, explicit and implicit methods. Modern operational and research forecast models. Hands-on laboratory includes simple to complex dynamic models, with a term project. Repeatable one time. Pre: 600 or OCN 620; MATH 407 or 408; or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 704 Climate and Climate Variability (3)

Physical basis of climate, numerical climate models, paleoclimatic indicators, modern instrumental climate records, assessment of human impact on climate, predictions of future climate. Repeatable one time. Pre: 600 or OCN 620, or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 706 Tropical Climate Dynamics and Modeling (3)

Overview of current progress in tropical climate dynamics with a particular focus on large-scale atmosphere-ocean interactions; introduction of basic numerical techniques for students to construct and run immediate tropical atmosphere and ocean models. Pre: 600.

ATMO 708 General Circulation of the Atmosphere (3)

Theory, observations, large-scale analyses, and global model simulations that describe characteristic large-scale circulation of the Earth’s atmosphere. Includes zonally averaged climatology, asymmetric features of the general circulation, and El NinoSouthern Oscillation phenomenon. Repeatable one time. Pre: 600 or consent. (Alt. years)

ATMO 752 Special Topics in Meteorology (3)

Concentrated studies on selected atmospheric problems. Repeatable two times. Pre: 600 or consent.

ATMO 765 Seminar in Meteorology (1)

Participation in departmental seminars and presentation of a seminar on research results. Includes written critiques of departmental seminars. Repeatable three times. Pre: consent.

ATMO 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times.

EPET 201 Space Exploration (3)

Introduction to the science or engineering of Solar System exploration. Covers science instruments, mission trajectories (fly-by, orbit, or lander), and science and engineering constraints imposed on spacecraft design. Lectures, discussions, class projects. A-F only. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as ME 201)

EPET 301 Space Science and Instrumentation (4)

Essential techniques for remote compositional analysis of planets; understanding spectroscopy, mineralogy, and geochemistry of planetary surfaces and their measurement. Design of space flight instrumentation. A-F only. Pre: 201, or ERTH 101 and ERTH 101L
and ERTH 105, or ERTH 101 and ERTH 107; and CHEM 161 and PHYS 272. (Fall only) (crosslisted as ME 301)

EPET 400 Space Mission Design (4)

Will cover all aspects of spacecraft design, subsystems, science payload, systems engineering, project management, and budgets that are important to producing a fully successful mission. A-F only. Pre: 301. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as ME 400)

EPET 401 Capstone Project: Producing a Science Satellite (4)

Develops a space mission with a multidisciplinary team of engineers and scientists using concurrent science and engineering methodologies. Will build a small spacecraft and payload. The project will seek to answer important science questions. A-F only. Pre: 301 and 302. (Fall only) (cross-listed as ME 401)

ERTH 101 Dynamic Earth (3)

The natural physical environment; the landscape; rocks and minerals, rivers and oceans; volcanism, earthquakes, and other processes inside the Earth; effects of human use of the Earth and its resources. Field trip.

ERTH 101A Dynamic Earth (3)

The natural physical environment; the landscape; rocks and minerals, rivers and oceans; volcanism, earthquakes, and other processes inside the Earth; effects of human use of the Earth and its resources. Field trip.

ERTH 101L Dynamic Earth Laboratory (1)

(1 3-hr Lab) Hands-on study of minerals, rocks, and topographic maps. Examine volcanism, hydrology, coastal processes and hazards, geologic time and earthquakes. Field trips to investigate landslides, beaches and O‘ahu geology. A-F only.

ERTH 102 Quantifying Global and Environmental Change (3)

Introductory mathematical approaches to quantifying key aspects of global and environmental change. Includes data analysis, graphical representation and modeling of population growth, greenhouse gas emissions and fate, sustainable resource utilization, and sea level change. A-F only. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as SUST 113)

ERTH 103 Geology of the Hawaiian Islands (3)

Hawaiian geology and geologic processes: origin of Hawaiian islands, volcanism, rocks and minerals, landforms, stream and coastal processes, landslides, earthquakes and tsunamis, groundwater, geologic and environmental hazards. Field trip.

ERTH 104 Volcanoes in the Sea (3)

Lecture with field trips covering the manner in which geological conditions, resources, and events have affected past and present circum-Pacific societies.

ERTH 105 Voyage through the Solar System (3)

An illustrated voyage through the Solar System based on recent scientific results. The class highlights the origin, evolution, and current knowledge of the eight planets, their moons, asteroids, comets, and one star, the Sun. Field trip. (Cross-listed as ASTR 150)

ERTH 106 Humans and the Environment (3)

Prepares students to make decisions such as where to build/buy a house, sustainable use of natural resources, and what environmental actions relevant to society and Earth’s ecosystem are appropriate on a local and global scale. A-F only. (Cross-listed as SUST 116)

ERTH 107 Solar System Studio (4)

Explore the wonders of the Solar System through hands-on experience of science. Will study satellite images, evaluate planetary surface observations, analyze data of objects in our Solar System, conduct experiments, and communicate their findings. Repeatable one time. A-F only.

ERTH 111 Introduction to Volcanoes (3)

Examines the origin and classification of volcanoes, volcanic eruptions, and volcanic deposits. Includes the history of volcanic studies, myths, and legends. Emphasis on volcanic eruptions, eruptive products, volcanic hazards, and risk management. (Spring only)

ERTH 130 Geological Hazards (3)

Introductory course covering the causes of, and effects from, earthquakes, tsunami, volcanic eruptions, landslides, rockfalls, and other natural geologic phenomena. Open to non-majors. Field trips. (Alt. years)

ERTH 135 Natural Disasters and Human History (3)

Examines how natural hazards have affected the course of human culture and societies from pre-history to the present in Hawai‘i/Oceania, Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas. A-F only. (Spring only)

ERTH 150 Introduction to Quantitative Earth and Environmental Science (3)

Introduction to pre-calculus math and physics applied to Earth and environmental science. Students work on real-world problems and engage in participatory learning. Preparatory for classes in calculus and physics. Pre: MATH 134, 161, or MATH assessment exam (with score required for MATH 140). (Fall only) (Cross-listed as ATMO 150 and OCN 150)

ERTH 170 Physical Geology (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Structure, composition and evolution of Earth; processes responsible for formation, deformation and transformation of rocks; plate tectonics. Emphasis on quantitative methods, problem solving and critical thinking to geology. Laboratory and field trips required.

ERTH 199 Introduction to Directed Research (V)

Lower division reading and research in any area of ERTH under the direction of a faculty member. Repeatable four times or up to six credits. CR/NC only.

ERTH 200 Geological Inquiry (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Origin and age of the solar system and earth: interior of the earth; plate tectonics and records of biological evolution and past environments. Pre: 170, or 101 and 101L, or 103 and 101L; or consent. 101L may be taken concurrently. ERTH and GEOL majors only. Consent required for all non-majors.

ERTH 250 Scientific Programming (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Introduction to solving scientific problems by computer programming. Overview of the MatLab programming language and environment. Emphasis placed on good style, logical reasoning, and applied mathematics. Pre: MATH 241 (or concurrent).

ERTH 300 Volcanology (3)

Volcanic eruptions and their consequences. Includes models for volcanic eruptions including explosive eruptions and lava flows, monitoring of active volcanoes, evaluation and impacts of volcanic hazards, and mitigation of volcanic risk. Field trips. Normally fall. ERTH and GEOL majors or consent. Pre: 200 or consent.

ERTH 301 Mineralogy (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Crystallography, crystal chemistry, phase equilibria, and crystal structures. Also covers mineral optics and identification and includes an introduction to modern methods of mineralogy and crystallography. Pre: 200 and (CHEM 162/162L or CHEM 171/171L). or consent.

ERTH 302 Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Survey of composition, classification, and occurrence of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Hand-specimen identification and optical petrography of igneous and metamorphic rocks. Development of critical thinking and writing skills. Pre: 301 or consent.

ERTH 303 Structural Geology (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Introduction to (a) the geometry, kinematics, and mechanics of crustal deformation, and (b) continuum mechanics in geology. Develops skills in three-dimensional thinking through geologic maps, cross sections, various projections, experiments, and vector analyses. Pre: 200, 250, MATH 241 or MATH 251A, and PHYS 151 or PHYS 170; or consent.

ERTH 304 Physics of Earth and Planets (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Essentials of geophysics: formation of Solar System and Earth, gravity, seismology, heat flow, geomagnetism, isostasy, plate tectonics. Course work involves application of basic physics to understanding Earth structure. Labs include field surveys and computer analyses. Pre: 250, 303, MATH 241, MATH 242, and PHYS 272; or consent.

ERTH 305 Geological Field Methods (3)

Methods used in geological investigations in the field. Eight hours on Saturday in the field. Pre: 302, 303, and 309; or consent.

ERTH 306 Work of Water (3)

Physical properties of water, geological aspects of surface water and ground water occurrence, surface water and groundwater resources, use, and problems. Pre: 200 or consent. (Alt. years: fall)

ERTH 309 Sedimentology and Stratigraphy (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Principles of sedimentology, sedimentary petrology, geochemistry and stratigraphy. Description and discussion of modern and past processes and environments that form sedimentary rocks, properties of sedimentary rocks and interpretation of these properties and stratigraphic relationships in terms of Earth history. Repeatable one time. Pre: 200 or consent. (Spring only)

ERTH 312 Advanced Mathematics for Scientists and Engineers I (3)

Advanced mathematical methods with emphasis on application to the earth and ocean sciences and engineering. Topics include linear algebra, vector calculus, ordinary differential equations, and numerical methods. Pre: MATH 242 or consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 312)

ERTH 325 Geochemistry (3)

Theory and applications of chemical principles and chemical analysis to Earth, ocean and environmental sciences; chemistry of hydrosphere-geosphere-biosphere system, origin/differentiation of Earth/Solar system, volcanic processes, natural radioactivity, organic/inorganic chemistry. Pre: 200, 250, MATH 241 or MATH 251A, CHEM 162 (or concurrent); or consent. (Fall only)

ERTH 333 Earth Materials and Structures (4)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Lecture and lab that covers formation, occurrence, and identification of common minerals, rocks, and geologic structures. Lab work will include study of hands-samples, thin-sections, and field experiences. A-F only. Pre: 200. (Fall only)

ERTH 395 Undergraduate Internship (V)

Experiential approach to earth science; students serve as interns to field professionals; responsibilities include supervised field work. Open to undergraduate SOEST majors. Repeatable one time. CR/NC only. Pre: junior/senior standing and consent.

ERTH 399 Directed Reading (V)

Directed reading in earth sciences. Repeatable up to six credits. Junior/ Senior standing only. Pre: consent.

ERTH 401 Introduction to mineral Physics (3)

Scientific study of the materials that make up the Earth. Properties of minerals on micro- and macro-scales; their properties and behavior. Pre: 302 and PHYS 272, or consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 402 Hawaiian Geology (3)

Consists of lectures, discussions, and field trips about the geology of the Hawaiian islands. Focus on geological processes and the geologic history of all islands will be covered. Pre: 302 and 303; or consent.

ERTH 404 Remote Compositional Analysis: Spectroscopy, Mineralogy, and Geochemistry of Planetary Surfaces (4)

Essential techniques for remote compositional analysis of planets; understanding spectroscopy, mineralogy, and geochemistry of planetary surfaces. Comparative studies of fundamental planetary science phenomena. Planetary surface science discoveries. Sustainability of planetary environments. Repeatable one time. Pre: (101 or 105 or 107 or ASTR 150; and CHEM 161; and MATH 241 and 242 and PHYS 272) with a minimum grade of C+; or consent.

ERTH 406 Natural Disasters: Geoethics and the Layman (3)

Evaluates ethical practice of geoscience as it relates to studies of natural disasters that result from geological and meteorological phenomena and the means that earth scientists interact with the laymen. Pre: 101, 103, 104, or 170. (Once a year)

ERTH 407 Energy and Mineral Resources (3)

Lecture and discussion on the origin, distribution and exploitation of fossil fuels, renewable energy resources and ore deposits. Coverage and detail will depend partly on student interest and background. Pre: consent.

ERTH 410 Undergraduate Seminar (2)

Gain professional training, practical experience, and evaluate peers on giving scientific presentations emphasizing topics in geology, geophysics, and planetary science. 60% of the grade is based on the equivalent of three oral communication assignments. Pre: 170 (or 101 and 101L, or 103 and 101L) and 200.

ERTH 413 Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis (3)

Exploratory data analysis, error propagation, probability theory and statistics, curve fitting, regression, sequence and spectral analysis, multivariate analysis, and analysis of directional data. Pre: 250 and MATH 242 (or concurrent) or consent.

ERTH 420 Beaches, Reefs, and Climate Change (3)

Global and local aspects of climate change and paleoclimate; beach and reef processes and response to climate change; management of coastal environments; field study local sites. Repeatable one time. Junior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as SUST
427)

ERTH 423 Marine Geology (3)

Sediments, structure, geophysics, geochemistry, history of ocean basins and margins. Pre: 200 and 302 or consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 423)

ERTH 425 Environmental Geochemistry (3)

Theory and applications of contaminant/pollutant distribution in the hydrosphere-geosphere-biosphere-atmosphere system, remediation methods, prevention, industrial/agricultural best practices. Topics include aqueous geochemistry, organic, inorganic, gas phase, and ecosystem impacts of environmental contaminants. Pre: CHEM 161 and CHEM 162, or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as SUST 425)

ERTH 444 Plate Tectonics (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Quantitative geometrical analysis techniques of plate tectonics theory; instantaneous and finite rotation poles; triple-junction analysis; plate boundary stresses. Pre: 200 or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as OCN 444)

ERTH 450 Geophysical Methods (4)

Combined lecture/lab covering basic geophysical theories, exploration, and interpretation. Seismic reflection and refraction, gravity, and electromagnetics. Constraints on models of Earth’s internal structure and composition. Pre: 250, 303, MATH 241, MATH 242, and PHYS 272; or consent.

ERTH 451 Earthquakes and Crustal Deformation (3)

Earthquakes and crustal deformation through modern seismological and geodetic observations; elastic properties of rocks, seismic waves, causes, detection, and location of earthquakes; crustal motions of the earthquake cycle; tsunami generation, liquefaction, and planetary observations. Pre: MATH 241 and PHYS 170, or consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 454 Engineering Geology (3)

Solutions of geotechnical problems by geologists and engineers through recognition, characterization, evaluation, and assessment of geologic processes that impact people, engineering structures, and engineering operations. Group format. ERTH, GEOL, and CEE majors only. Junior standing and higher. Pre: consent. (Spring only)

ERTH 455 Hydrogeology (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Occurrence, characteristics, movement, quality, development, and contamination of water in the Earth’s crust.

ERTH 460 Geological Remote Sensing (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Combined lecture-lab on the concepts behind, geologic uses for, and techniques of satellite and airborne remote sensing. Lab work will consist of computer image processing. Field trips. Open to non-majors. Pre: 200 or consent. (Spring only)

ERTH 461 Geospatial Information (3)

Combined lecture/lab covering the collection, analysis and use of geospatially registered field data. Pre: 200 (or equivalent). (Alt. years)

ERTH 466 Planetary Geology (3)

Comparative geology of the terrestrial planets (moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, and Earth); impact cratering, volcanism, tectonism, geomorphology, weathering; manned and unmanned space exploration. Pre: any 100-level ERTH course.

ERTH 499 Undergraduate Thesis (3)

Directed research in which the student carries out a scientific project of small to moderate scope with one or more chosen advisors. The student must complete a document in the style of a scientific journal article. Repeatable one time. Pre: consent.

ERTH 593 Earth and Planetary Sciences Workshops (V)

Designed for in-service school professionals to learn new approaches and concepts in the fields of earth and planetary sciences. Repeatable for credit. Credits earned in these courses cannot be applied for graduate degrees.

ERTH 600 Equations of Geophysics (3)

Least-square approximation of functions by orthogonal series; potential, wave heat flow equations; boundary value problems; Bessel Hankel functions, spherical harmonics, potential theory, plane waves, spherical waves; emphasis on geophysics application. Pre: MATH 244 or MATH 253A, PHYS 400, or consent.

ERTH 601 Explosive Volcanism (3)

Explosive volcanic eruptions: from causes to consequences. Review of current physical volcanology including ascent and fragmentation of magma, transport and deposition processes in pyroclastic eruptions, volcanic crisis management and volcanic eruption scenarios. Seven-day field trip. A-F only. Pre: 300 or consent.

ERTH 602 Theoretical Petrology (3)

Derivation of phase diagrams from basic thermodynamics principles. Equilibria of natural silicate systems. Crystal chemistry, kinetics, diffusion, etc., Applied to igneous and metamorphic petrology. Pre: 302, 325, and CHEM 351 (or concurrent); or consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 603 Petrology of Ocean Lithosphere (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Petrogenesis of the oceanic lithosphere, including mantle processes and rocks from mid-ocean ridges, seamounts, oceanic hotspots, back-arc basins, and intra-oceanic arcs. Pre: 302 or consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 604 Disaster Management: Understanding the Nature of Hazards (3)

Combined lecture/discussion in disaster management focusing on the scientific understanding of the forces and processes underlying natural hazards; and human attempts to respond to these through mitigation and planning activities. Pre: PLAN 670 or consent. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as PLAN 671)

ERTH 605 Lava Flow Rheology and Morphology (3)

Effusion eruptions: from eruption to final flow form. Includes: rheology, effusion rate, heat loss, and field measurements, followed by inflation, flow forms, lava lakes, domes, flow hazard and modeling. Field trips to Kilauea and Makapuu. A-F only. Pre: 300 or consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 606 Current Events in Volcanology (1)

Discussion of active areas of volcanism and new publications on volcanology. Repeatable four times. Pre: 300 (or concurrent) or consent.

ERTH 607 Submarine Volcanoes (3)

Seminar exploring different aspects of submarine effusive and explosive volcanism, hydrothermal activity, and volcano-hosted ecosystems. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: 300 or consent. (Alt.years: fall)

ERTH 608 Isotopes and Trace Elements (3)

Principles of radiogenic and stable isotope, and trace element geochemistry as applied to igneous petrology, mantle dynamics, plate tectonics, and terrestrial evolution. Pre: 302 and 325. (Alt. years)

ERTH 609 Graduate Teaching Geology (V)

For ERTH graduate students who lead, under faculty supervision, a scheduled class in Geology and Geophysics. The instructor will define the student’s responsibilities when offering ERTH 609, and these responsibilities must be met for a passing grade. As the consent to take the class must also be granted by the department chair, the chair will also review the responsibilities required by the instructor. ERTH graduate students only. CR/NC only. Pre: consent of instructor and department chair.

ERTH 610 Graduate Seminar (1)

Seminar in which students present a 15- to 20-minute talk on their research or a related topic. Meets once a week with two to three talks per meeting. Graduate students are required to register for this course once per year. Repeatable eight times.

ERTH 611 Accelerated Introduction to Earth Sciences I (3)

Lecture presenting a rapid-paced survey of earth sciences for graduate students. Includes origin of the Solar System, tectonics, volcanology, whole-earth composition, phase transformations, petrology (igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary), historical geology, and hydrology. Saturday field trips. (Fall only)

ERTH 613 Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis (3)

Exploratory data analysis, error propagation, probability theory and statistics, curve fitting, regression, sequence and spectral analysis, multivariate analysis, and analysis of directional data. Credit earned only one time for either 413 or 613. Pre: 250 and MATH 242 (or concurrent), or consent. (Fall only)

ERTH 614 Advanced Field Study (V)

Shipboard and land-based projects. Repeatable eight times. Pre: consent.

ERTH 615 Literate Programming With R and RStudio (3)

Literate programming with R, RStudio, and R Markdown for data analysis and research. Introduction to Matlab for rapid modeling. Emphasis on the preparation of research papers for scholarly publication in the Earth and environmental sciences. Pre: competence in basic differential and integral calculus. (Fall only)

ERTH 616 How to Write a Scientific Paper (3)

Designed for students who have collected data and want to know how to publish their work in a scientific journal. Covers the essential parts of paper preparation and submission. ERTH students only. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Alt. years: fall)

ERTH 617 Summer Fieldschool Program: Hydrogeophysics in Volcanic Environments (V)

Will cover the full hydrogeophysical workflow including theory, acquisition design, field data acquisition, data processing, data inversion, and hydrogeological interpretation. Methods include ambient seismic, 3D electrical resistivity tomography and induced
polarization, and self-potential. Pre: consent. (Summer only)

ERTH 620 Coastal Geology (3)

Geological history and geologic framework of the Hawaiian shoreline. Modern climate change, paleoclimate, focus on sea level change. Modern coastal management and problems in the coastal environment. Coastal planning. Repeatable one time, credit earned one time. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as SUST 627)

ERTH 621 Electron Microprobe Analysis (2)

Combined lecture-lab on the principles of geochemical analysis by electron microprobe and X-ray fluorescence. Hands-on experience with the electron microprobe. Required to operate the UH electron microprobe. Pre: 301 or consent.

ERTH 625 Advanced Environmental Geochemistry (3)

Theory and applications of contaminant/pollutant distribution in the hydrosphere-geosphere-biosphere-atmosphere system and remediation methods. Topics include aqueous geochemistry, organic, inorganic, gas phase and isotope chemistry of environmental contaminants. Pre: 325 or consent. (Spring only)

ERTH 630 Numerical Modeling of Physical Systems (3)

Finite difference, finite element, and other modeling techniques applied to geological and geophysical problems. Physical modeling of heat flow, molecular diffusion, solidification and melting, deformation, fluid flow, wave propagation, and other phenomena. Repeatable one time. A-F only. (Once a year)

ERTH 631 Geophysics–Solid, Fluid, and Wave Mechanics (3)

Continuum mechanics in geophysics, as applied to the deformation of Earth materials (elastic, viscous, viscoelastic, and plastic deformations) and seismic wave propagation (body waves, surface waves, anisotropy, and attenuation). Pre: (with a minimum grade of B-) for PHYS 170, PHYS 272, and MATH 307 or ERTH 312 (or equivalent). (Fall only)

ERTH 632 Geophysics–Gravity, Magnetics, and Heat Transfer (3)

Fundamental theory and practical applications of the use of gravity, magnetics, and heat conduction to probing the structure of the Earth; heat transfer via mantle convection is a major control on Earth’s internal structure. Pre: (with a minimum grade of B-) for PHYS 170, PHYS 272, and MATH 307 or ERTH 312 (or equivalent). (Spring only)

ERTH 635 Seismology (3)

Elasticity, wave equations, body waves, surface waves, free oscillations, seismometry, seismogram interpretation, tectonics, inversion, source theory, and waveform modeling. Pre: 600 or consent.

ERTH 638 Earth System Science and Global Change (3)

Global view of the planet and how it functions as an integrated unit. Biogeochemical processes, dynamics, and cycles, and analysis of natural and human-induced environmental change. Chemical history of ocean-atmospheric-sediment system and co-evolution of the biota. Repeatable one time. Pre: BS in environmentally related science or one year of chemistry, physics, and calculus; or consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 638)

ERTH 639 Stable Isotope Biogeochemistry (3)

Stable isotope geochemistry applied to questions of biogeochemical cycling in the oceans, sediment diagenesis, paleoceanography, environmental geochemistry and ecology. Pre: 325 or consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 640 Coastal Geochemistry (3)

Geochemistry at the land-ocean interface: coastal hydrology, subterranean estuaries and coastal mixing and their importance in governing the distribution of selected radiotracers, trace metals and nutrients. Combined lecture-lab with field trips and group projects. Pre: CHEM 162, and MATH 241 or MATH 251A; or consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 641 Origin of Sedimentary Rocks (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Environment of deposition and subsequent diagenesis of modern and ancient sediments. Petrogenesis of siliciclastic, carbonate and orthochemical rocks. Sedimentology, sedimentary petrography and geochemistry. Repeatable one time. Pre: consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as OCN 641)

ERTH 642 Elemental Composition Changes (2)

Changes in the chemical composition of meteorites, bulk Earth, Earth’s mantle and crust, sedimentary rocks, hydrosphere and biosphere, and underlying principles. Pre: consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as OCN 642)

ERTH 644 Sedimentary Geochemistry (3)

Geochemical thermodynamics and kinetics and their use in interpreting the origin of sediments, sedimentary rocks, and natural waters over a range of pressure-temperature conditions. Pre: CHEM 171, or CHEM 161 and CHEM 162; PHYS 152; and MATH 242 or MATH 252A; and consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as OCN 644)

ERTH 651 Geomagnetism and Cosmic Magnetism (3)

Magnetic fields of Earth, planets, stars, and galaxies; dynamo theories; paleomagnetism; terrestrial and lunar rock magnetism; planetary, regional, and local geomagnetic sounding. Pre: consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 654 Groundwater Contamination (3)

Principles of groundwater chemistry; chemical evolution in natural groundwater flow systems; sources of contamination; mass transport processes; hydrochemical behavior of contaminants. Pre: 455.

ERTH 656 Groundwater Modeling (3)

Introduction to the finite-difference method; steady-state and transient groundwater flow in saturated and unsaturated media; applications to groundwater recharge and aquifer evaluation. A-F only. Pre: CEE 627 or consent. (Cross-listed as CEE 623)

ERTH 657 Astrochemistry–A Molecular Approach (3)

Formation of astrobiologically important molecules and their precursors in the interstellar medium and in our solar system: first principles and latest trends. Pre: consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as ASTR 657 and CHEM 657)

ERTH 666 Planetary Surfaces (3)

Comparative geology of terrestrial planets (moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, and Earth); impact cratering, volcanism, geomorphology; remote sensing; manned and unmanned space exploration. Pre: 601, ASTR 630; or consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 669 Cosmochemistry (3)

Formation and evolution of planets as astrophysical objects, geologic bodies, and abodes of life; current understanding from studies of the Solar System, star formation, meteorites, exoplanets; theory of formation and dynamics; atmospheres, oceans, habitability, biosignatures. Pre: 325 or CHEM 351 (or equivalent); or consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 671 (Alpha) Remote Sensing (3)

Spectroscopic, radar, thermal, and other methods for remote sensing applied to geologic problems; instrumental design and data analysis. (B) planets; (C) volcanoes. Pre: 666 or consent.

ERTH 672 Seminar in Tectonics (3)

Evolution of ocean basins, margins, foldbelts, and platforms, from plate tectonics and regional syntheses of structure, petrology, geophysics, and stratigraphy. Repeatable eight times. (Alt. years)

ERTH 673 (Alpha) Extraterrestrial Material (3)

Mineralogical and compositional characteristics of extraterrestrial matter and the implications for the origin and history of the solar system. The subject is treated in two full-semester courses: (B) meteorites; (C) petrology of the Moon and Mars. Pre: consent.

ERTH 674 Paleoceanography (3)

Study of the paleoceanographic and paleoclimate evolution of the Earth’s oceans, atmosphere and biosphere. Repeatable one time. Pre: consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as OCN 674)

ERTH 675 The Generic Mapping Tools (3)

Introduction to the Generic Mapping Tools (GMT). Processing of scientific data and the automated preparation of maps and illustrations using GMT on UNIX workstations, with introduction to UNIX and the C shell environment.

ERTH 691 Data Exploration and Processing (3)

Time- and frequency analysis, filtering, factor and cluster analysis, interpolation, quantitative map analysis, and introduction to wavelets and fractals. Pre: 413 or consent.

ERTH 695 Bayesian Data Analysis (3)

Linear and nonlinear techniques for model selection, parameter estimation, simulation and forecasting, from Bayesian principles with particular attention to large data sets and sparse noisy data. Pre: 600 or 691. (Alt. years)

ERTH 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only. Pre: consent.

ERTH 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times.

ERTH 701 Physics of the Earth’s Interior (3)

Interpretation of geophysical and laboratory data to understand elastic and anelastic properties, composition, phase relationships, temperature distribution in the Earth. Pre: consent. (Alt. years)

ERTH 703 Fractures and Faults (3)

Lecture on elasticity theory, fracture mechanics and boundary element modeling, with application to faults and fractures in the Earth. Pre: consent.

ERTH 710 Selected Topics in Earth and Planetary Sciences (2)

Content to be announced. Repeatable eight times. Pre: consent.

ERTH 711 Special Topics in Earth and Planetary Sciences (3)

Content to be announced. Repeatable eight times. Pre: consent.

ERTH 740 MGeo Seminar (1)

Seminar to improve student awareness of trends and practices in geoscience professions, and develop ability to prepare, deliver, and evaluate a professional scientific presentation. Targets abstract writing, oral presentation, and technical criticism. Repeatable two times. A-F only. (Spring only)

ERTH 750 MGeo Professional Project (V)

Practical hands-on professional experience, typically with a local company or agency, and involving a final written report and an oral presentation. A grade of credit is assigned when the internship presentations are satisfactorily completed. Repeatable up to six credits. MGEO majors only. CR/NC only.

ERTH 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times.

GES 100 Global Environmental Science Seminar (1)

Seminar to introduce new GES majors to the research interests of GES faculty and the research facilities available within SOEST. Restricted to GES majors. CR/NC only. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as OCN 100)

GES 102 Introduction to the Environment, Climate Change, & Sustainability (3)

Introduction to the environment, climate change, and sustainability as they apply to ecosystems. Sustainability will be introduced through active learning exercises that address sustainable development and the three pillars of sustainability. Repeatable one time. A-F only. ((Cross-listed as OCN 102 and SUST 112)

GES 102L Introduction to the Environment and Sustainability Lab (1)

Introduction to a variety of quantitative and qualitative approaches and methodologies to describe and assess key components to the environment. A-F only. Pre: (102 or OCN 102 or SUST 112) or concurrent. (Cross-listed as OCN 102L and SUST 112L)

GES 310 Global Change and Earth System Science (3)

Covers the Earth system, including mass and energy transfers, biogeochemical cycles, natural and anthropogenic changes on regional and global scale. GES majors only. Pre: OCN 201, ATMO 200, ERTH 101, ERTH 103, or ERTH 170; or consent.

GES 310L Global Environmental Change Laboratory (2)

(2-hr Lab) Laboratory to supplement OCN 310. Quantitative aspects of global environmental change will be addressed through problem-solving and computer modeling. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: MATH 242, PHYS 170/170L, CHEM 161/161L, and GES 310; or consent. (Fall only)

GES 320 Aquatic Pollution (3)

Pollution of freshwater and marine systems by human activities. Causes, consequences, and correctives. GES majors only. Pre: 201, CHEM 161, BIOL 171. (Cross-listed as OCN 320)

GES 399 Directed Reading (V)

Directed reading in earth system science, oceanography, or environmental science. Repeatable up to 6 credits. GES majors only. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 399)

GES 401 Biogeochemical Systems (3)

Relationship of biogeochemical cycles in the atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere to global chemical cycles and planetary climatic conditions. GES degree foundation and capstone course. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: 310/310L, OCN 201, BIOL 172/172L, CHEM 162/162L, ERTH 101/101L, MATH 241, MATH 243 & 252A, MATH 373 (or ECON 321), ATMO 200, PHYS 170/170L, and PHYS 272/272L; or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as OCN 401)

GES 454 Earth’s Microbiome (3)

Lecture on the diversity and function of the Earth’s microbiomes, inclusive of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, symbiotic and free living microorganisms with a focus on the microbial underpinnings of the Earth’s biogeochemistry. Repeatable unlimited times. A-F only. Pre: OCN 102 or OCN 201 or BOT 305 or BIOL 305, or BIOL 171 and BIOL 172. (Alt years: Fall) (Cross-listed as OCN 454)

GES 454L Earth’s Microbiome Lab(3)

Lab on the diversity and function of the Earth’s microbiomes, inclusive of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, symbiotic and free living microorganisms with a focus on the microbial underpinnings of the Earth’s biogeochemistry. Repeatable unlimited times. A-F only. Pre: OCN 102 or OCN 201 or BOT 305 or BIOL 305, or BIOL 171 and BIOL 172. (Alt years: Fall) (Cross-listed as OCN 454L)

GES 463 Earth System Science Databases (3)

Combined lecture, discussion, and laboratory on global Earth system databases and satellite instrumentation, including computer laboratory. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: MATH 242; and 310/310L, or consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 463)

GES 490 Communication of Research Results (2)

Lecture/discussion to provide instruction and experience in oral and written presentation of scientific results and material. GES majors only in their final semester. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 490)

GES 499 Undergraduate Thesis (V)

Directed research in which the student carries out a scientific project of small to moderate scope with one or more chosen advisors. The student must complete a document in the style of a scientific journal article. Repeatable up to six credits. GES majors only. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 499)

MBIO 601 Marine Biology-Environments and Organisms (4)

(3 hr Lec, 3 hr Lab) Introduction to the diversity of marine organisms and the many specialized coastal, reef, and oceanic habitats in which they live. Lab and field research exercises will complement lecture subjects. Graduate standing in Marine Biology graduate degree program only. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as OCN 601)

MBIO 602 Marine Biology-Processes and Impacts (4)

(3 hr Lec, 3 hr Lab) Investigation of biological phenomena and processes related to productivity and food webs, community structure and ecology, adaptations, and physiology, and impacts of human activities and fisheries. Graduate standing in Marine Biology graduate degree program only. A-F only. Pre: 601. Minimum prerequisite grade of B. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as OCN 602)

MBIO 603 Career Skills for Marine Biologists (1)

Introduction to key professional skills including, but not limited to: grant writing, CV preparation, research logistics, data management, reproducible science, peer review, research ethics, publishing, career options, teaching, and professional presentations. MBIO majors only. A-F only. (Fall only)

MBIO 604 Current Research in Marine Biology (1)

Discussions with marine biology graduate faculty on current primary literature in marine biology. MBIO majors only. Graduate students only. A-F only. (Spring only)

MBIO 611 Introduction to Quantitative Methods in Fisheries Science (4)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Fisheries and population models including growth, stock-recruitment, surplus production, age-structured and size-based, parameter estimation, uncertainty characterization, resampling methods, and scientific computing. Graduate students only. A-F only. Pre: MATH 215 or 216, or MATH 241 or 242, or consent. (Alt. years)

MBIO 691(Alpha) Seminar in Marine Biology (1)

Marine biology topics, literature, and concepts of current interest within one of several active fields considered in detail; (B) general marine biology; (C) marine fisheries and natural resource management; (D) marine conservation biology; (E) marine education, outreach and policy; (F) marine physiology, behavior and organismal biology; (G) marine population biology and ecology; (H) marine community and ecosystem ecology; (I) professional development for marine biologists; (J) seminar at HIMB. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate students only.

MBIO 699 Directed Research (V)

Directed research and reading in various fields of marine biology. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate students only.

MBIO 700 Thesis Research (V)

Research for master’s thesis; (F) 1 credit. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate students only. Satisfactory/ Unsatisfactory only.

MBIO 710 Topics in Marine Fisheries and Natural Resource Management (V)

Lecture, discussion, and/or projects on selected topics related to marine fisheries and natural resource management. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate students only.

MBIO 715 Topics in Marine Conservation Biology (V)

Lecture, discussion, and/or projects on selected topics related to marine conservation biology. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate students only.

MBIO 720 Topics in Marine Education, Outreach, and Policy (V)

Lecture, discussion, and/or projects on selected topics related to education, outreach, and policy of the marine environment. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate students only.

MBIO 725 Topics in Marine Physiology, Behavior, and Organismal Biology (V)

Lecture, discussion, and/or projects on selected topics related to the physiology, behavior, and biology of marine organisms. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate students only.

MBIO 740 Advanced Topics in Quantitative Biology (V)

Reflects faculty expertise and needs for graduate training in quantitative methods for biology, including statistical, computational, and analytic approaches. Format (lecture/lab/discussion) will vary by topic. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate students only. A-F only.

MBIO 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Research for doctoral dissertation. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate students only. Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

OCN 100 Global Environmental Science Seminar (1)

Seminar to introduce new GES majors to the research interests of GES faculty and the research facilities available within SOEST. Restricted to GES majors. CR/NC only. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as GES 100)

OCN 102 Introduction to the Environment, Climate Change, & Sustainability (3)

Introduction to the environment, climate change, and sustainability as they apply to ecosystems. Sustainability will be introduced through active learning exercises that address sustainable development and the three pillars of sustainability. Repeatable one time. A-F only. (Cross-listed as GES 102 and SUST 112)

OCN 102L Introduction to the Environment and Sustainability Lab (1)

Introduction to a variety of quantitative and qualitative approaches and methodologies to describe and assess key components to the environment. A-F only. Pre: (102 or GES 102 or
SUST 112) or concurrent. (Cross-listed as GES 102L and SUST 112L)

OCN 105 Sustainability in a Changing World (3)

Environmentally sustainable and non-sustainable practices, and the impacts of climate change, on the development and spread of human societies from pre-history to the 1500s in Asia, Africa, Europe, the Americas, and Hawai‘i/Oceania. Active learning environment. (Cross-listed as SUST 115)

OCN 120 Global Environmental Challenges (3)

Scientific approach to evaluating human-caused environmental challenges and their potential solutions. Open to non-majors. (Spring only)

OCN 150 Introduction to Quantitative Earth and Environmental Science (3)

Introduction to pre-calculus math and physics applied to Earth and environmental science. Students work on real-world problems and engage in participatory learning. Preparatory for classes in calculus and physics. Pre: MATH 134, 161, or MATH assessment exam (with score required for MATH 140). (Fall only) (Cross-listed as ATMO 150 and ERTH 150)

OCN 196 Research Experiences in Marine Science (3)

Inquiry-driven and experimental marine biology summer program based on the expertise of HIMB researchers whose specialties demonstrate how human impacts and global change affect coral reef ecosystems. Emphases on student team research projects. Repeatable one time. High school or UG freshman only. (Summer only)

OCN 199 Introduction to Directed Research (V)

Reading and research in any area of Oceanography under the direction of a faculty member. Repeatable up to six credits. CR/NC only.

OCN 201 Science of the Sea (3)

Structure, formation, and features of ocean basins; seawater properties and distributions; currents; waves; tides; characteristics of marine organisms; marine ecological principles; man and the sea. Field trip required.

OCN 201L Science of the Sea Laboratory (1)

Experiments, computer exercises, and field trips demonstrating the geological, physical, chemical, and biological principles of earth and ocean sciences. A-F only. Pre: 201 (or concurrent).

OCN 310 Global Environmental Change (3)

Delve into global environmental change issues such as geometric population growth, food production, plastic waste, and global warming that are of growing interest and importance to our society. Designed for non-GES majors. Pre: 201, ATMO 200, or similar environmental/natural sciences course. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as ATMO 310)

OCN 310L Global Environmental Change Laboratory (2)

(2-hr Lab) Laboratory to supplement OCN 310. Quantitative aspects of global environmental change will be addressed through problem-solving and computer modeling. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: MATH 242, PHYS 170/170L, CHEM 161/161L, and OCN 310; or consent. (Fall only)

OCN 312 Advanced Mathematics for Scientists and Engineers I (3)

Advanced mathematical methods with emphasis on application to the earth and ocean sciences and engineering. Topics include linear algebra, vector calculus, ordinary differential equations, and numerical methods. Pre: MATH 242 or consent. (Cross-listed as ERTH 312)

OCN 315 The Role of Models in Global Environmental Science (3)

Introduction to philosophy of science for those with some background in the natural sciences. Special emphasis on issues arising from the construction and use of models. Pre: any course 200 or above in PHIL or any course 200 or above with either DB or DP designation, or consent. (Alt. years: spring) (Cross-listed as PHIL 315)

OCN 318 Introduction to Environmental Monitoring Systems and Measurements (3)

Introduction to environmental monitoring systems for earth science students. Students will learn how to construct, program, and deploy simple environmental monitoring systems to collect in-situ environmental data. OCN, ERTH, ATMO majors only. A-F only. Pre: 201/201L or ERTH 101/101L, CHEM 161/161L, and MATH 241; or consent. (Fall only)

OCN 320 Aquatic Pollution (3)

Pollution of freshwater and marine systems by human activities. Causes, consequences, and correctives. Pre: 201, CHEM 161, BIOL 171. (Cross-listed as GES 320)

OCN 321 Applied Principles of Environmental & Energy Policy (3)

Introduction to the methods and techniques of environmental and energy policy in relation to energy systems. Analysis of enacted policies from case studies to understanding the effectiveness, challenges, contradictions, and limitations of each. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: any 100 or 200 level OCN course, or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as PPC 340 and SUST 323)

OCN 330 Mineral and Energy Resources of the Sea (3)

Hard mineral and petroleum origins, exploration, and exploitation. Renewable and non-renewable resources distribution. Political and scientific constraints. Pre: 201, ORE 202; or consent. (Cross-listed as ORE 330)

OCN 331 Living Resources of the Sea-Mai ke Kai Mai ke Ola (3)

Marine fisheries, aquaculture, and law of the sea. Principles of management of renewable resources. Political and scientific constraints and limitations. Sophomore standing or higher.

OCN 340 Ecology of Infectious Diseases and Symbioses (3)

Introduction to the ecology of infectious diseases of animals, plants, and humans. Factors affecting disease transmission and virulence. Effects of human activities and environmental change on disease transmission. Emphasis on issues pertinent to Hawai‘i. A-F only. Pre: BIOL 171 and BIOL 172; or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as PEPS 340)

OCN 395 Undergraduate Internship (V)

Experiential approach to earth science; students serve as interns to field professionals; responsibilities include supervised field work. Undergraduate SOEST majors only. Open to GES majors. Repeatable one time. CR/ NC only. Pre: junior/senior standing and consent.

OCN 399 Directed Reading (V)

Directed reading in earth system science, oceanography, or environmental science. Repeatable up to 6 credits. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as GES 399)

OCN 401 Biogeochemical Systems (3)

Relationship of biogeochemical cycles in the atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere to global chemical cycles and planetary climatic conditions. GES degree foundation and capstone course. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: 201, GES 310/310L, BIOL 172/172L, CHEM 162/162L, ERTH 101/101L, MATH 241, MATH 243 & 252A, MATH 373 (or ECON 321), ATMO 200, PHYS 170/170L, and PHYS 272/272L; or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as GES 401)

OCN 403 Marine Functional Ecology and Biotechnology (3)

Marine functional genomics, biodiversity of marine natural habitats, marine microbial communities and their ecological functions, interactions of marine microbes and their host, climate change and marine biodiversity, marine biotechnology. A-F only. Pre: 201 or MICR 130, or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as MBBE 405)

OCN 411 The Ethics of Climate Change and Geoengineering (3)

Provide a scientific basis to examine the consequences of climate change and the proposed geoengineering solutions, and examine the fundamental ethical basis that underlies environmental policies. A-F only. Pre: 310. (Alt. years: spring) (Crosslisted as SUST 414)

OCN 418 Advanced Environmental Monitoring Systems and Measurements (3)

Builds upon 318 using more advanced microprocessors and environmental sensors, 3D printing, programming, etc. to construct, program, and deploy environmental monitoring systems to collect and stream in-situ time-series environmental measurements. OCN, ERTH, ATMO majors only. A-F only. Pre: 318, MATH 242, PHYS 272/272L, and CHEM 162/162L; or consent. (Fall only)

OCN 423 Marine Geology (3)

Sediments, structure, geophysics, geochemistry, history of ocean basins and margins. Pre: ERTH 200 and ERTH 302, or consent. (Cross-listed as ERTH 423)

OCN 430 Introduction to Deep-Sea Biology (3)

(1.5 Lec, 1.5 Discussion) Biology and ecology of deepsea organisms and communities. Topics including bentho-pelagic coupling, depth zonation, energetics, diversity, adaptations, hydrothermal vents, seamounts, abyssal plains, deep-sea resource extraction and global climate change. A-F only. Pre: 201 and BIOL 265, or consent. (Alt. years)

OCN 435 Climate Change and Urbanization (3)

The following topics will be addressed: How are cities impacted by, and impacting climate change? How do urbanization, alteration of atmospheric processes, and extreme weather events affect urban systems and populations? A-F only. Pre: 363 or consent. (Fall only)

OCN 441 Principles of Sustainability Analysis (3)

Key principles of sustainability and its analysis. Quantification of environmental impact/assessment using target plots, mass/energy balances, and life cycle analyses (cradle to gate/grave) applied to products, processes, or systems. Use of SimaPro. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as CEE 441 and SUST 441)

OCN 442 Environmental Management Systems (3)

Introduction to the process of developing Environmental Management Systems that address the principles outlined in ISO14001:2015. Repeatable one time. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as SUST 442 and TIM 462)

OCN 444 Plate Tectonics (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Quantitative geometrical analysis techniques of plate tectonics theory; instantaneous and finite rotation poles; triple-junction analysis; plate boundary stresses. Pre: ERTH 200 or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as ERTH 444)

OCN 450 Aquaculture Production (3)

Theory and practice of aquaculture: reproduction, yield trials, management, economics, and business case studies of fish, crustaceans, and molluscs. Field classes held at commercial farm and hatchery. Pre: ANSC 321 and ANSC 445: or BIOL 172/172L and CHEM 162/162L or higher. (Cross-listed as ANSC 450)

OCN 454 Earth’s Microbiome (3)

Lecture on the diversity and function of the Earth’s microbiomes, inclusive of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, symbiotic and free living microorganisms with a focus on the microbial underpinnings of the Earth’s biogeochemistry. Repeatable unlimited times. A-F only. Pre: 102 or 201 or BOT 305 or BIOL 305, or BIOL 171 and BIOL 172. (Alt years: Fall) (Cross-listed as GES 454)

OCN 454L Earth’s Microbiome Lab(3)

Lab on the diversity and function of the Earth’s microbiomes, inclusive of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, symbiotic and free living microorganisms with a focus on the microbial underpinnings of the Earth’s biogeochemistry. Repeatable unlimited times. A-F only. Pre: 102 or 201 or BOT 305 or BIOL 305, or BIOL 171 and BIOL 172. (Alt years: Fall) (Cross-listed as OCN 454L)

OCN 457 Ridge to Reef: Coastal Ecosystem Ecology and Connectivity (3)

Watershed and coastal biogechemistry/ecosystem science. Emphasis on field surveying and sampling of stream and reef habitats; laboratory chemical/biological analyses. Analysis of land use impacts on ecosystem health and ahupua‘a resource management. A-F only. Pre: 201/201L, 310; or consent.

OCN 463 Earth System Science Databases (3)

Combined lecture, discussion, and laboratory on global Earth system databases and satellite instrumentation, including computer laboratory. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: MATH 242; and 310/310L; or consent. (Cross-listed as GES 463)

OCN 480 Dynamics of Marine Ecosystems: Biological-Physical Interactions in the Oceans (3)

Combined lecture and discussion examining biological and physical interactions in the oceans and their impacts on the functioning of marine ecosystems. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: 201/201L, 310/310L or GES 310/310L, and PHYS 272/272L; or consent. (Alt. years)

OCN 481 Introduction to Ocean Ecosystem Modeling (3)

Introduction to modeling biogeochemical and physical oceanic processes by building a coupled model of the Pacific to investigate physical effects on plankton blooms. Students learn ecosystem dynamics, basic numerical methods, and programming. A-F only. GES majors only. Pre: 310, GES 310 or PHYS 272, and OCN/ERTH 312 (with a minimum grade of B-). (Spring only)

OCN 490 Communication of Research Results (2)

Lecture/discussion to provide instruction and experience in oral and written presentation of scientific results and material. GES majors only in their final semester. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as GES 490)

OCN 496 Topics in Global Environmental Science (V)

Lecture and discussion or seminar. Current topics in environmental science explored in detail. Typically offered by faculty in their specialties, or developed in response to student interest. GES majors only. Repeatable unlimited times, credits earned up to six credits. Pre: consent.

OCN 499 Undergraduate Thesis (V)

Directed research in which the student carries out a scientific project of small to moderate scope with one or more chosen advisors. The student must complete a document in the style of a scientific journal article. Repeatable up to six credits. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as GES 499)

OCN 601 Marine Biology-Environments and Organisms (4)

(3 hr Lec, 3 hr Lab) Introduction to the diversity of marine organisms and the many specialized coastal, reef, and oceanic habitats in which they live. Lab and field research exercises will complement lecture subjects. Graduate standing in Marine Biology graduate degree program only. MB ad OCN majors only. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as MBIO 601)

OCN 602 Marine Biology-Processes and Impacts (4)

(3 hr Lec, 3 hr Lab) Investigation of biological phenomena and processes related to productivity and food webs, community structure and ecology, adaptations, and physiology, and impacts of human activities and fisheries. Graduate standing in Marine Biology graduate degree program only. MB and OCN majors only. A-F only. Pre: 601. Minimum prerequisite grade of B. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as MBIO 602)

OCN 620 Physical Oceanography (3)

Introduction to properties of seawater, oceanographic instruments and methods, heat budget, general ocean circulation, regional oceanography, waves, tides, sea level. Formation of water masses, dynamics of circulation. Repeatable one time. Pre: MATH 242 (or concurrent), or consent.

OCN 621 Biological Oceanography (3)

Factors governing productivity, population dynamics, distribution of organisms in major ecosystems of the ocean, emphasis on ecology of pelagic zone. OCN majors only. Pre: consent.

OCN 622 Geological Oceanography (3)

Marine geological processes, ocean basin structure and tectonics, sedimentation. Pre: ERTH 101.

OCN 623 Chemical Oceanography (3)

Chemical processes occurring in marine waters; why they occur and how they affect oceanic environment. Pre: CHEM 171.

OCN 625 Aquatic Photosynthesis (3)

Biochemical and biophysical concepts of photosynthesis. Application and interpretation of ecological processes of photosynthesis in aquatic systems. Open to nonmajors. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Spring only)

OCN 626 Marine Microplankton Ecology (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Distribution, abundance, and ecology of marine microplankton, including bacteria, algae, and protozoans, with an emphasis on metabolic rates and processes. Pre: consent. (Fall only)

OCN 627 Ecology of Pelagic Marine Animals (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Ecology of pelagic animals including feeding, energetics, predation, and anti-predation tactics. Life-history strategies, vertical flux of materials, population dynamics, fisheries. Pre: consent. (Spring only)

OCN 628 Benthic Biological Oceanography (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Processes controlling the structure and function of benthic communities, including organism-sediment-flow interactions, sediment geochemistry, feeding strategies, recruitment, succession, and population interactions. OCN and MB majors only. Pre: consent.

OCN 629 Molecular Methods in Marine Ecology (3)

Molecular methods for studying marine functional ecology; emphasis on hand-on tools for ecological and biogeochemical processes of microbes; developing practical skills for research project in marine microbial ecology and biological oceanography. A-F only. Pre: 403, 626, 627, or 628; or consent. (Fall only)

OCN 630 Deep-Sea Biology (3)

(1.5 Lec, 1.5 Discussion) Biology and ecology of deep-sea organisms and communities. Topics including bentho-pelagic coupling, depth zonation, energetics, diversity, adaptations, hydrothermal vents, seamounts, abyssal plains, deep-sea resource extraction, and global climate change. Pre: consent. (Alt. years)

OCN 631 Ocean Minerals (3)

Distribution, origin, processes of formation. Sulfides, oxides, and placer minerals. Comparative studies of continental ore bodies. Submarine rift, subduction, and abduction. Pre: one of 622, 623, ERTH 407, or ERTH 603.

OCN 633 Biogeochemical Methods in Oceanography (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Current methods of analysis used in the ocean sciences, both in the field and in the laboratory. An ocean-going field trip provides students with hands-on training in sample collection and processing. The latter is followed by laboratory analyses of the collected samples throughout the remainder of the semester. Pre: BIOL 171 and CHEM 161 and ERTH 101; or consent.

OCN 637 Aquatic Microbial Geochemistry (3)

The synergy between the biogeochemistry of element cycling and the microbial organisms involved, interfacing across disciplines from the perspective of a practical blend of aquatic chemistry, microbiology, biogeochemistry, and molecular biology. Pre: 623 and consent. (Alt years: fall)

OCN 638 Earth System Science and Global Change (3)

Global view of the planet and how it functions as an integrated unit. Biogeochemical processes, dynamics, and cycles, and analysis of natural and human-induced environmental change. Chemical history of ocean-atmosphere-sediment system and co-evolution of the biota. Repeatable one time. Pre: BS in environmentally related science or one year of chemistry, physics, and calculus. (Cross-listed as ERTH 638)

OCN 640 Observational Physical Oceanography (3)

Application of the scientific method; physical regimes in the ocean; ocean processes and observational strategies; resolution, sampling, array design and observing systems; models and data assimilation; major field programs; operational oceanography and climate prediction. Pre: 620 and consent.

OCN 641 Origin of Sedimentary Rocks (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Environment of deposition and subsequent diagenesis of modern and ancient sediments. Petrogenesis of siliciclastic, carbonate and orthochemical rocks. Sedimentology, sedimentary petrography and geochemistry. Repeatable one time. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as ERTH 641) F

OCN 642 Elemental Composition Changes (3)

Changes in the chemical composition of meteorites, bulk Earth, Earth’s mantle and crust, sedimentary rocks, hydrosphere and biosphere, and underlying principles. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as ERTH 642)

OCN 643 Topics in Marine Geochemistry (3)

Seminar on a broad topic; discussion and critique of research papers. Repeatable one time. Pre: 623 or consent.

OCN 644 Sedimentary Geochemistry (3)

Geochemical thermodynamics and kinetics and their use in interpreting the origin of sediments, sedimentary rocks, and natural waters over a range of pressure-temperature conditions. Pre: CHEM 171, MATH 242, PHYS 152; or consent. (Cross-listed as ERTH 644)

OCN 650 Math Techniques for Oceanographers (5)

(3 Lec, 2 3-hr Lab) Introduction to numerical methods, data analysis, error propagation, box models, linear and nonlinear least squares, perturbation theory, numerical integration. Pre: MATH 244 or MATH 253A.

OCN 653 Methods in Microbiology Oceanography (3)

(1 8-hr Lab) Modern methods for sampling microbial populations from the sea and for quantifying biomass and in siturates of metabolism. Integrated field projects, theme varies. OCN majors only. Pre: 621 or 623, and 626; or consent.

OCN 660 Ocean Waves I (3)

Survey of wave types-acoustic, capillary, gravity, inertial, vorticity. Basic wave concepts emphasized: phase and group velocities, standing waves, energy conservation, dispersion, refraction, diffraction. Rotation and boundary effects are covered: reflection, basin modes, trapping, tides. Pre: MATH 402 or consent.

OCN 661 Ocean Waves II (3)

Baroclinic gravity waves, inertial waves, mid-latitude Rossby waves, topographic waves, equatorial waves. Pre: 660 or consent.

OCN 662 Marine Hydrodynamics (3)

Introduction to classical hydrodynamics and continuum mechanics. Techniques for solution of Navier Stokes equations on various scales of oceanic motion; potential theory, dynamic modeling, and viscous and rotational processes. Pre: MATH 403.

OCN 663 Satellite Oceanography (3)

Techniques of satellite observations of the ocean, including temperature, pigment concentration, currents, and winds; analysis of a satellite data set as term project. A-F only. OCN majors only. Pre: 620 or consent.

OCN 664 Oceanographic Instrumentation and Technology (3)

Measurement techniques in physical oceanography, including pressure, temperature, salinity, oxygen, optical sensors, current meters, navigation systems, ocean acoustics, and mooring structures. Includes a laboratory research project. A-F only. OCN majors only. Pre: 620 or consent.

OCN 665 Small-Scale Air-Sea Interaction (3)

Observations and theory of small-scale processes which couple the atmosphere and ocean boundary layers, including introduction to turbulence theory and parameterization of turbulent fluxes. Pre: MATH 402 and MATH 403 (or their equivalents) and either 620 or ATMO 600, or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as ATMO 665)

OCN 666 Large-Scale Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions (3)

Lecture/seminar introduces physical oceanography and meteorology students to the state-of-the-art theories and observations of large-scale ocean-atmosphere interaction, as well as conveying the fundamental understanding that has been developed during the past 30 years. Emphasis will be on phenomena such as El Nino/Southern Oscillation, the North Atlantic Oscillation, the Pacific Decadal Oscillation, and global climate change. Repeatable one time. Pre: 620 or ATMO 600, or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as ATMO 666)

OCN 667 Advanced Geophysical Fluid Dynamics I (3)

Basic concepts and equations to describe large-scale ocean circulation; numerical models; boundary layers; models of wind-driven circulation of a homogeneous ocean. Pre: 620 and 662, or consent.

OCN 668 Advanced Geophysical Fluid Dynamics II (3)

Thermodynamics of stratified fluids; convection; mixing; models of the thermohaline circulation; the role of eddies in the large-scale ocean circulation. Pre: 667 or consent.

OCN 674 Paleoceanography (3)

Study of the paloeceanographic and paleoclimate evolution of the Earth’s oceans, atmosphere, and biosphere. Repeatable one time. Pre: consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as ERTH 674)

OCN 680 Dynamics of Marine Ecosystems: Biological-Physical Interactions in the Oceans (3)

Combined lecture/discussion examining biological and physical interactions in the oceans and their impacts on the functioning of marine ecosystems. A-F only. Pre: previous course in marine science, or consent. (Alt. years)

OCN 681 Introduction to Ocean Ecosystem Modeling (3)

Introduction to modeling biological and physical oceanic processes by building a coupled model of the Pacific to investigate physical effects on biological production. Students will learn biological-physical dynamics, basic numerical methods, and programming. Pre: 620, 621, or consent. (Alt. years)

OCN 682 Data Science Fundamentals in R (3)

(3 hr Lec/Lab) Introduces project management, data analysis, and mathematical and statistical modeling using R as a platform. Students will learn principles and benefits of programming languages to apply skills to their own research. (Cross-listed as MBIO 612)

OCN 683 Advanced Statistics in R (3)

(2 hr Lec, 1 hr Lab) In-depth introduction to the modern statistical methods necessary for analyzing biological/ ecological data, including GLMs, GAMs, mixed models, ordination, etc. Students will learn how to perform these methods in R. (Fall only

OCN 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent. CR/NC only.

OCN 700 Thesis Research (V)

Research for master’s thesis. Repeatable unlimited times.

OCN 750 Topics in Biological Oceanography (V)

Seminar. Literature and concepts in one of several active fields considered in detail. Repeatable three times, credits earned up to 12 credits. Pre: consent.

OCN 760 Topics in Physical Oceanography (V)

Near-shore processes, advanced mathematical techniques, recent developments, etc. Typically given by visiting professors in their specialties, or in response to student interest. Repeatable unlimited times.

OCN 770 Seminar in Chemical Oceanography (1)

OCN 780 Seminar (1)

Oceanographic topics of current interest. Repeatable unlimited times.

OCN 791 Proposal Development (2)

Introduction to the organization and functioning of oceanography funding agencies, the peer-review process, and the design and development of a research proposal. Repeatable one time. OCN majors only. CR/NC only. Pre: two of the following: 621, 626, 627 (or concurrent), or 628 (or concurrent); or consent.

OCN 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Research for doctoral dissertation. Repeatable unlimited times.

OEST 099 International Exchange Study/Research (V)

Study overseas in an approved international exchange or similar program. Repeatable three times. GES, ERTH, and MET majors only. CR/NC only. Pre: consent of academic advisor.

OEST 100 The College Experience (1)

Required for entering SOEST majors to develop skills and applications for a successful college experience. Students will examine academic goals and implement strategies to achieve goals including time management and career exploration. SOEST majors only. CR/NC only.

OEST 101 Natural Hazards (3)

Science of natural hazards: impact on human civilization of events in the lithosphere, atmosphere, biosphere, and hydrosphere (e.g., earthquakes, hurricanes, red tides, and floods), and impact of humans on their exposure to and mitigation of the hazards.

OEST 103 An Introduction to Integrative Systems Biology: Hawaiian Biomes as a Framework (4)

Lecture/discussion introduces students to the field of biology through the integration of microbiology and macrobiology into a single, comprehensive systems biology with a focus on Hawaiian biomes and ecosystem sustainability. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as SUST 103)

OEST 109 Contemporary Issues in Energy Systems (3)

Introductory experience in energy systems including current status of fossil fuel, renewable energy technologies, energy utilization and conservation; environmental and policy aspects. A-F only. (Fall only)

OEST 350 Ethics in Scientific Research (1)

Introduction to issues of ethics in scientific research and scientific misconduct. ERTH, GES, or ATMO majors only. (Spring only)

OEST 441 Principles of Sustainability Analysis (3)

Introduction to the principles of sustainability analysis through execution of Life Cycle Analysis applied to products, processes, or systems. LCA and the evaluation of environmental impact will be presented. Personal computer or laptop (Word 97 or higher) OS, and minimum of 4GB RAM. Repeatable one time. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: (CHEM 161 and PHYS 170) with a minimum grade of C-; or consent. (Fall only)

OEST 510 Earth Sciences Professional Development Education (V)

Specialized Earth Science topics workshops designed for in-service teachers who wish to learn new approaches and content areas in geology and geophysics, meteorology and oceanography. Repeatable up to 12 credits. Credits earned cannot be applied for graduate degrees.

OEST 696 Communicating Ocean Sciences (V)

Application of current learning theory and pedagogical practices in formal and informal learning environments to improve communication and instructional skills. Graduate students from multiple science disciplines welcome. Requires knowledge of biology, earth sciences, and/or chemistry. Repeatable one time, up to 3 credits. Pre: at least one course in introductory biology, geology, earth science, chemistry or marine science, an interest in ocean science, and enthusiasm for teaching science; or consent.

OEST 699 Directed Reading/Research (V)

Selected interdisciplinary ocean/earth-related topics involving science, technology, engineering, and/or policy. Repeatable one time. Pre: consent.

OEST 735 Ocean Policy and Management (3)

Interdisciplinary approach to problems relating to humans and their interactions with the world’s oceans and coasts. Focus includes institutions for governing the world’s oceans and coasts at all scales and on the role of scientific knowledge in managing marine and coastal resources. Repeatable one time. Pre: OCN 331, GEO 435, or consent. (Cross-listed as SOCS 735)

ORE 202 Ocean Technology—Man in the Sea (3)

Survey of human activities in the ocean, from the most traditional to the most innovative technical and engineering accomplishments.

ORE 203 Surf Science and Culture (3)

Focuses on the science of surf and the importance of ocean waves to research pursuits, cultural perspectives in Hawai‘i and the Pacific, navigation, and engineering. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only. (Fall only)

ORE 203L Surf Science and Culture Lab (1)

Focuses on the science of surf and the importance of ocean waves to research pursuits, cultural perspectives in Hawai‘i and the Pacific, navigation, and engineering. A-F only. (Fall only)

ORE 330 Mineral and Energy Resources (3)

Hard mineral and petroleum origins, exploration and exploitation. Renewable and non-renewable resources distribution. Political and scientific constraints. A-F only. Pre: 202 or OCN 201, or consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 330)

ORE 411 Buoyancy and Stability (3)

Ship nomenclature and geometry, hydrostatic principles of surface ships and underwater vehicles in free-floating, partially waterborne, and damaged conditions. Subdivision of ships. Launching. Pre: CEE 270 or equivalent.

ORE 601 Ocean and Resources Engineering Laboratory (3)

Design, construction, and evaluation of an engineering system. Laboratory and field experience and data analysis supplemented with appropriate theory. Pre: 603 and 607, or consent.

ORE 603 Oceanography for Ocean Engineers (3)

Physical, chemical, biological, and geological ocean environments for ocean engineers. Introduction to ocean dynamical processes and general circulation. Ocean measurement techniques, theory of underwater acoustics. Sonar, swath bathymetry, and tomography applications. Pre: consent.

ORE 607 Water Wave Mechanics (3)

Governing equations in free surface flow, deterministic and probabilistic wave theories, wave transformation, wave-induced coastal currents, tides, ocean engineering operational sea state, and design wave criteria. Pre: consent.

ORE 608 Probability and Statistics for Ocean Engineers (3)

Probability and statistical analysis including distributions, multiple regression and correlation, autocovariance, cross-spectra, and practical applications in ocean engineering. Pre: 607 or consent.

ORE 609 Hydrodynamics of Fluid-Body Interaction (3)

Hydrodynamics of ships, coastal and offshore structures. Wave forces by potential theory and by Morison’s equation. Method of source distribution for potential flow problems. Flows with prescribed body motion, fixed and freely floating bodies. Pre: 607 or consent.

ORE 612 Dynamics of Ocean Structures (3)

Response of floating platforms and vessels to wave action, spectral analysis in sea keeping. Frequency and time domain analyses of rigid body motions in six degrees of freedom. A-F only. Pre: 411 or consent. Co-requisite: 609 or consent.

ORE 621 Coastal Flood Mitigation (3)

Design and solutions to coastal flood mitigation problems. Topics include climate adaptation; engineering solutions and best practices to mitigate coastal risk under different ocean hazard scenarios; and ecological approaches to mitigate coastal risk. Pre: consent; knowledge of AutoCAD and ORE 661 desirable. (Cross-listed as CEE 621 and SUST 621)

ORE 630 Structural Analysis in Ocean Engineering (3)

Structural and finite element analyses and design of ocean structures to withstand hydrostatic and hydrodynamic loading of the sea. Considerations include material type, safety factor, stress concentration, and fatigue. Pre: consent. Co-requisite: 411.

ORE 641 Environmental Fluid Dynamics (3)

Fluid dynamics for coastal and estuarine environments. Turbulent mixing processes in homogeneous and stratified fluids. Buoyancy driven flows, internal hydraulics, topographic effects and estuarine circulation. Spill and pollutant dispersal. Pre: 603 or consent.

ORE 654 Applications in Ocean Acoustics (3)

Using sound to observe the ocean. Fundamentals of propagation. Topics include marine mammals, navigation and communication, seismics, ships, wind and rain, ocean dynamics, flow and biological imaging and measurement, seafloor mapping, and the forward/ inverse problem. Pre: consent. (Once a year)

ORE 661 Coastal and Harbor Engineering (3)

Planning and design of seawalls, groins, jetties, breakwaters, and layout of ports. Design requirements for harbor entrances and channels. Littoral drift and sedimentation problems. Navigation and mooring requirements. Pre: 607 or consent.

ORE 664 Nearshore Processes and Sediment Transport (3)

coastal areas and its effect on morphological processes. Effect of man-made structures on littoral drift and shoreline. Pre: 607 or consent.

ORE 677 Marine Renewable Energy (3)

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems: applicability, thermodynamics, design challenges; wave energy converters: floating devices, oscillating water column, optimal hydrodynamic performance; current, tidal, and offshore wind power. Pre: 607; basic knowledge of thermodynamics desirable. (Cross-listed as SUST 677)

ORE 678 Marine Mineral Resources Engineering (3)

Activities in marine minerals development are examined in a multidisciplinary systems approach involving engineering, Earth and environmental sciences and economics. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

ORE 680 Ocean Engineering and Resilience in a Changing Climate (3)

Focus on understanding the changing ocean conditions (e.g. waves and sea levels)
relevant to the resilience of practical ocean engineering applications. Graduate students only. Pre: 607 or consent. (Spring only)

ORE 695 Plan B Master’s Project (3)

Independent study for students working on a Plan B master’s project. A grade of Satisfactory (S) is assigned when the project is satisfactorily completed. Pre: master’s candidacy in ORE.

ORE 699 Directed Reading or Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: graduate standing and consent.

ORE 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: candidacy for MS in ocean and resources engineering.

ORE 707 Nonlinear Water Wave Theories (3)

Higher-order theories. Forced oscillations. Stoke’s theory. Nonlinear shallow-water wave equations and hydraulic jumps; effects of rotation. Internal waves. Analytical techniques necessary will be developed as course progresses. Pre: 607 with a B- grade.

ORE 766 Numerical Methods in Ocean Engineering (3)

Formulation and application of numerical methods for simulating and solving ocean engineering problems. Mathematical and computational fundamentals; accuracy and stability; numerical interpolation, differentiation, and integration; boundary element, finite difference, and finite element methods. Pre: consent.

ORE 783 (Alpha) Capstone Design Project (3)

Major design experience based on knowledge and skills acquired in earlier course work and incorporating realistic constraints that include economic, environmental, ethical, social, and liability considerations. Emphasis is placed on teamwork and consultant-client relationship. (B) coastal engineering; (C) offshore engineering; (D) ocean resources engineering. ORE majors only. Pre: 411, 601, 603, and 607; or consent.

ORE 791 Special Topics in Ocean and Resources Engineering (V)

Content will reflect special interests of visiting and permanent faculty. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

ORE 792 Seminar in Ocean and Resources Engineering (1)

Attendance at 15 approved seminars is required along with submission of notes.

ORE 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: candidacy for PhD in ocean and resources engineering.