Skip to Main Content

Geography and Environment (GEO)

GEO 101 The Natural Environment (3)

Introduction to physical geography including weather, climate,
vegetation, soils, geology, and landforms. Environmental issues and natural hazards. (Cross-listed as SUST 102) DP

GEO 101L The Natural Environment Lab (1)

A survey of field and laboratory methods commonly used by physical geographers. Pre: 101 (or concurrent). (Cross-listed as SUST 102L)

GEO 102 World Regional Geography (3)

World’s major cultural regions; geographic aspects of contemporary economic, social, political conditions.

GEO 104 Digital Earth (3)

Cartographic representation and meaning in a digital age. Earth models, map projections, coordinate systems, scale, distance, and direction. Data types and transformations in graphic and digital representation. Manual, automated, and web-based map making and analysis.

GEO 151 Geography and Contemporary Society (3)

Elements of economic geography and resource management, population and urban geography; application to current problems of developed and underdeveloped worlds.

GEO 300 Introduction to Climatology (3)

Elements and controls of climate. World patterns of insolation, temperature, evaporation, precipitation, atmospheric circulation. Climatic classifications. Pre: 101 or ATMO 101 or ATMO 200, or consent.

GEO 302 Global Environmental Issues (3)

Use and abuse of natural resources and humanity’s progress toward developing a sustainable relationship with its supporting environment. A-F only. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as SUST 314)

GEO 303 General Geomorphology (3)

Introduction to geomorphological concepts, process mechanics, and relationships between forms and processes. Emphasis on various subdisciplines of geomorphology: coastal hillslopes, fluvial, aeolean, and glacial. Pre: 101 and 101L, or ERTH 101 and ERTH 101L.

GEO 305 Water and Society (3)

Interaction of people with water at household, community, regional, national, and international scales, from cultural, political, economic, and biophysical perspectives. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as SUST 315)

GEO 309 Introduction to Biogeography (3)

Introduction to ecosystem concept; environmental adaptations for energy and nutrient transfer; characteristics, dynamics, productivity, and distribution of principal vegetation communities. Human dominance. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent.

GEO 310 Introduction to Planning (3)

Perspectives on planning; planning tools and methods; specific Hawai‘i planning–research problems from a multidisciplinary approach. Pre: junior standing or consent.

GEO 314 Tropical Agrarian Systems (3)

Analysis of environmental potential and constraints and of spatial organization of economy and society of tropical agrarian systems. Emphasis on change through colonial and post-colonial periods.

GEO 320 Economic Geography (3)

Examines how factors of production like land, labor and capital; economic activities like consumption, trade, production, and investments; and institutions like state, markets, and corporations alter economic space. A-F only. Pre: 102 or 151. (Fall only)

GEO 322 Globalization and Environment (3)

Debates on globalization and development, population and resources; root causes of environmental degradation; impacts of globalization on environmentalism and environmental change; social approaches to managing environmental change. Junior standing or higher. (Cross-listed as SUST 322)

GEO 324 Geography of Global Tourism (3)

Tourist landscape in relation to resources, spatial patterns of supply and demand, impacts of tourism development, and models of tourist space. Flows between major world regions. Sophomore standing or higher. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as TIM 324) 

GEO 325 Geography, Environment, and Society (3)

Examines the geography of resources and environmental change with a holistic and multi-scale perspective. Social approaches to resolving environmental problems. (Cross-listed as SUST 326)

GEO 330 Culture and Environment (3)

Critically examines changing views of nature, nature-culture relationships, and perceptions of the environment across different cultures. (Cross-listed as SUST 330)

GEO 333 Islands and Archipelagos (3)

Applies an island studies perspective to critically evaluate the commonalities and differences across islands and archipelagos in several world regions. Examines how island geographies influence social identities and movements and are impacted by environmental conditions. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only. (Cross-listed as PACS 333)

GEO 335 Politics, Nations, and States (3)

Examines the political organization of space in the sovereign state system. Contemporary and historical analyses of boundaries, geopolitics, homelands, nations, nationalism, and territory. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent.

GEO 340 Geography of North America (3)

Overview of the physical and cultural geography. Regions and characters. Patterns of population, natural resources, industry, agriculture, and transportation/ communication networks. Pre: 101 or 102 or 151, or consent.

GEO 343 Intersectional Feminist Geographies (3)

Explores space and place from intersectional feminist perspectives including Indigenous, Black, island, post-colonial and queer geographies. Focuses on contemporary case studies in gender and sexuality. A-F only. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as WGSS 343)

GEO 352 Geography of Japan (3)

Regional synthesis of physical and cultural features; economic, social, political geography; origins and development of cities.

GEO 353 Geography of China (3)

Topics: environmental parameters and resource base, ecological control and resource management, institutional and technological transformation of agriculture, industrial potential and industrial location, settlement patterns and rural urban symbiosis.

GEO 355 Geography of South Asia (3)

Introduction to physical and human geography of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Himalayan kingdoms. Environmental, economic, social, cultural, and political factors in development.

GEO 356 Geography of Southeast Asia (3)

An investigation of the development context of Southeast Asia including socioeconomic, cultural, and environmental resources. Problems and prospects for change. (Cross-listed as ASAN 356)

GEO 365 Geography of the Pacific (3)

Physical character of the Pacific; cultural, political, economic geography of Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia (except Hawai‘i).

GEO 366 Geography of Honolulu (3)

Development of Honolulu and O‘ahu from 1778. Evolution of function, land use, and social patterns. Contemporary planning and environmental issues arising from urban growth.

GEO 368 Geography of Hawai‘i (3)

Regional, physical, cultural geography. Detailed study of people and resources.

GEO 370 UAV and Aerial Photography (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Introduction to UAV (unmanned aerial vehicle systems) and the measurement, interpretation, analysis, and use of photography acquired by UAV and other aerial systems.

GEO 375 Introduction to Cartography and Air Photo (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Principles of cartography: compilation and measurement from aerial photographs, alternate forms of data presentation, symbolism, design, and map projection.

GEO 376 Map Design and Production (3)

(3 2-hr Lab) Compilation, design and production of maps for presentations, research, and illustration using artists and mapping software. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent.

GEO 380 Statistical Methods in Geography (3)

Quantitative statistical methods will be explored for describing and interpreting geographic/environmental phenomena. Topics will include data display, measurement, sampling, spatial statistics, dimensional analysis, nonparametric and parametric models. Pre: 101 or 102 or 151 (or concurrent) or consent.

GEO 388 Introduction to GIS (3)

Design, implementation, and use. Database construction and documentation. Techniques for spatial data manipulation and display. Evaluation of existing systems. Student research projects.

GEO 399 Directed Reading (V)

Limited to senior majors with a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.7 or a minimum GPA of 3.0 in geography.

GEO 400 Vegetation and the Climate System (3)

Role of vegetation in the climate system; links to hydrology and biogeochemical cycling; vegetation and climate history; evolution of terrestrial ecosystems; effects of global warming. Pre: 101 or 300 or 401 or 402 or 405 or ATMO 101 or ATMO 200 or ATMO 302 or ATMO 303 or ATMO 310, or consent.

GEO 401 Climate Change (3)

Approaches to the study of past and future climate change. Pre: 101 or 300 or 401 or 402 or 405 or ATMO 101 or ATMO 200 or ATMO 302 or ATMO 303 or ATMO 310, or consent.

GEO 402 Agricultural Climatology (3)

Analyzing climatic data; relation to photosynthesis, phenological development, and crop yields. Crop-weather models as guides to improved land-use planning and agronomic practices. Pre: 101 or 300 or 400 or 401 or 405 or ATMO 101 or ATMO 200 or ATMO 302 or ATMO 303 or ATMO 310, or consent.

GEO 403 Fluvial Geomorphology (3)

Introduction to the single most important geomorphic agent shaping the terrestrial environment. Focus on fluvial process, fluvial dynamics, fluvial landforms, and sediment transport. Pre: 101/101L or 303 or ERTH 101/101L.

GEO 404 Climate, Air Quality, & Policy (3)

Examination of air quality problems from scientific and policy perspectives. Includes case studies that explore economic, political, technical, and legal aspects of pollution control. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as SUST 404)

GEO 405 Water in the Environment (3)

Water fluxes in the environment. Occurrence and movement of water; methods of quantification. Water balance of soil-plant system: precipitation, interception, infiltration, runoff, soil moisture, evapotranspiration, and groundwater recharge. Pre: 101 or 300 or 400 or 401 or 402 or ATMO 101 or ATMO 200 or ATMO 302 or ATMO 303 or ATMO 310, or consent.

GEO 408 Conservation and Evolutionary Biogeography (3)

Theories and techniques for the analysis of spatial microevolutionary patterns, taught from an interdisciplinary perspective. Examples and readings emphasize Hawai‘i and the Pacific region. Pre: either 309, BIOL 265 or BIOL 487, or consent. (Alt. years)

GEO 409 Cultural Biogeography (3)

Coevolution of human societies and plants over the last 10,000 years. Foraging, farming and urban societies economies; spread and modification of selected plants; issues of preservation of genetic resources and traditional plant knowledge. The form and function of gardens. A-F only. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent.

GEO 410 Human Role in Environmental Change (3)

Human impacts through time on vegetation, animals, landforms, soils, climate, and atmosphere. Special reference to Asian/Pacific region. Implications of long-term environmental change for human habitability. Pre: with a minimum grade of B, one of 101, BIOL 101, BIOL 123 and either 322 or BIOL 310; or consent. (Cross-listed as BIOL 410)

GEO 411 Past Global Change and the Human Era (3)

Study of past environments to understand present and future global change. Focus on terrestrial Quaternary environments and global processes. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as SUST 413)

GEO 412 Environmental Impact Assessment (3)

Introduction to analytical methods for identifying, measuring, and quantifying the impacts of changes or interventions in resource, human-environment, and other geographic systems. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Alt. years)

GEO 413 Resource Management in Southeast Asia (3)

Challenges associated with the management of land, water resources, fisheries, forests and agriculture in modern Southeast Asia. Case studies are used to illustrate current problems and evaluate potential management solutions. A-F only. Pre: junior standing or higher. (Cross-listed as ASAN 413)

GEO 414 Environmental Hazards and Community Resilience (3)

Investigation of the forces behind natural and technological hazards, and human actions that reduce or increase vulnerability to natural disasters. Junior standing or higher.

GEO 415 Nature-Based Tourism Management (3)

Principles of nature-based tourism, including a survey of impacts, objectives, planning, and management systems. Junior standing or higher. Pre: 324/TIM 324 or TIM 101. (Cross-listed as TIM 415 and SUST 415)

GEO 421 Urban Geography (3)

Origins, functions, and internal structure of cities. Problems of urban settlement, growth, decay, adaptation, and planning in different cultural and historical settings. Dynamics of urban land use and role of policies and perceptions in shaping towns and cities. Pre: 102 or 151 or 330, or consent. (Cross-listed as PLAN 421)

GEO 422 Agriculture, Food and Society (3)

Examines historical and contemporary development of the global agro-food systems. The impacts of technological, political and economic changes to food security, environment and development. Open to non-majors. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as SUST 423)

GEO 423 Marine Policy (3)

Introduction to the law and policies concerning the marine environment, commerce and security. Role of science, law and politics in historical and current policies for maritime trades, navigation safety, marine resources, and marine exploration. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent.

GEO 424 Regional Analysis (3)

Spatial dynamics and environmental implications of urban and rural development. Concepts of regions, process of regional development, patterns of spatial interaction, and theoretical bases for development strategies; emphasis on Hawai‘i. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent.

GEO 425 Geographies of Popular Culture (3)

Examines contemporary geographical debates related to concepts of discourse, identity, space/place, power, representation, and popular culture. Considers various landscapes of popular culture and how popular culture mediate a sense of place, geopolitics, and identity formation. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent.

GEO 426 Environment, Resources and Society (3)

Human interaction with the environment. How market, property institution, and technological change affect the environment. Epistemological basis of environmental policies. Debates on controversial environmental issues. Pre: 102, 151, or consent. (Cross-listed as SUST 426)

GEO 432 Tea and Culture (3)

Examines cultural practices of tea in different parts of the world, focusing on history and culture of tea in China, Japan, and England. Also includes changing technologies and economies of tea worldwide. Junior standing or higher.

GEO 433 Gender, Fashion, & Globalization (3)

Explores ethics of the present and historic expansions of the fashion industry and its environmental impact globally. Examines how gender/race/class shape garment production and consumption and fashion activism in world regions. Emphasis on oral/written communication. A-F only. Junior standing or higher. (Cross-listed as WGSS 433)

GEO 435 Political Geography of Oceans (3)

The geopolitics of the oceans and the law of the sea as applied to regions of conflict and cooperation in marine resource development and preservation. Focus on Indo-West Pacific, South China Sea, Arctic Ocean. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent.

GEO 436 Geography of Peace and War (3)

Geographical factors underlying conflict in the world. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as PACE 436)

GEO 453 Environment and Society in China (3)

Explores the relationship between environment and society in the Chinese society, including both traditional nature-culture connections and modern human-environmental issues. Examines China’s long-range cultural change, environmental transformations, and modern development challenges. Pre: 102 or 151, or consent.

GEO 468 Topics in Geography (3)

Selected topics in geography not offered in the regular geography curriculum. Pre: 101 or 102 or 151, or consent.

GEO 470 Remote Sensing (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Introduction to the principles of remote sensing and image processing skills. Topics include electromagnetic spectrum, sensors, aerial photo and satellite imagery interpretation, geometric and radiometric correction, digital image processing. Research project, lab. Pre: 370 or consent.

GEO 471 3D Mapping and Analysis (3)

Environmental mapping and analysis using 3-dimensional geographical data acquired from high resolution remote sensing systems. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. (Spring only)

GEO 472 Field Mapping (3)

Techniques for field measurement and recording of cultural and physical data. Field sketching, Brunton surveying, plane table mapping, oblique photo compilation, topographic mapping, and representation of field data. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as ANTH 471)

GEO 476 Web Mapping (3)

(3 2-hr Lab) Introduction to interactive web mapping techniques for sharing and visualizing various forms of geospatial data. Requires basic knowledge about GIS. Pre: consent.

GEO 487 GIS and Spatial Analysis for Social Sciences (3)

Introduction to spacial analysis and GIS for social science studies, using open-source GIS tools to collect, visualize, and analyze social data; public health, socio-economic and social media data. Requires basic knowledge about GIS.

GEO 489 GIS for Environmental Sciences (3)

(2 Lec, 1 2-hr lab) Applications of GIS technologies to solve real-world problems in natural and environmental sciences. Research project, lab. Pre: 388 or consent.

GEO 490 Senior Thesis (3)

Preparation of research paper under individual faculty supervision. Recommended for admission to graduate program. Pre: senior GEO major and consent.

GEO 492 Practicum in Geography (V)

Internship in applied geography under professional and faculty supervision. Field placement integrated with academic study. Repeatable up to six credit hours maximum. Pre: senior major and consent.

GEO 493 Capstone Undergraduate Seminar (3)

Current and historical geographic literature provides a background for local and global issues. Through discussion, written reviews, and research reports, the geographic perspective in modern life will be explored. Pre: senior GEO major.

GEO 499 Directed Research (V)

Geography majors conduct research under faculty supervision on a topic of their choice. Minimum GPA of 3.0 and consent. Repeatable two times, up to six credits. GEO majors only. Senior standing only.

GEO 600 Seminar in Climatology (3)

Methods of determining energy budget and water balance; applications in agriculture, hydrology, climatic classifications. Theory of climatic change. Bibliography. Pre: 300 or 400 or 401 or 402 or 405 or ATMO 303 or ATMO 310 or ATMO 320; or consent.

GEO 610 Cultural Geographies of Tourism (3)

Social and cultural analysis of tourism practices, with emphasis on Hawai‘i, Asia and the Pacific. Tourism in relation to consumer culture, transnational flows of people and images, post-colonial politics, performance and identity formation. (Cross-listed as ANTH 610)

GEO 618 Human Environment Systems (3)

Role and potential of systems science in analysis of human environment interaction, especially resource management. Framework and methodology for problem structuring; overview of techniques. Pre: graduate standing or advanced undergraduate standing with consent.

GEO 620 Theories and Policies of Development (3)

Will critically examine what constitutes progress, advancement, or betterment in this highly uneven world, where inter-regional, inter-class, inter-group, and inter-gender differences in development are expanding. Graduate standing only. A-F only. (Fall only)

GEO 621 Coastal Planning and Management (3)

Theory and practice of coastal planning and management in the U.S. and abroad. Case studies investigate topics such as coastal land conservation, marine protected areas, coastal hazards, fisheries, and aquaculture. Repeatable one time with consent. (Crosslisted as PLAN 623)

GEO 622 Advanced Environmental Impact Assessment (3)

Theory and practice of environmental impact assessment. Policy and planning frameworks supporting environmental assessment in the U.S. and abroad. Cumulative environmental effects and strategic environmental assessment. (Cross-listed as PLAN 622)

GEO 633 Seafood in Southeast Asia (3)

Seafood production in Southeast Asia, including both regional fisheries and aquaculture. Case studies used to illustrate challenges to the implementation of sustainable seafood production and emerging approaches, such as community supported seafood. (Cross-listed as ASAN 633)

GEO 637 Environment and Development (3)

Theories and practice of development; how changing development paradigms shape different ideas concerning the environment and the management of natural resources; emerging debates in development and environment in post-modern era. (Cross-listed as PLAN 637)

GEO 639 Community-based Natural Resource Management (3)

Concepts and theories of community, resource access, and governance. Practical challenges to CBNRM in contemporary political economy. Graduate students only. (Cross-listed as PLAN 639)

GEO 654 Seminar in Geography of Southeast Asia (3)

Repeatable with consent of instructor. Pre: consent.

GEO 665 Seminar in Geography of the Pacific (3)

Investigation of geographic problems of Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia. Repeatable with consent of instructor. Pre: consent

GEO 680 Geospatial Analysis of Natural Resource Data (3)

The application of geostatistics to estimate spatial dependence to improve soil and regional sampling; provide insight into underlying soil, geographic, and geologic process, and to provide quantitative scaling up of point measurements to fields, regions, and watersheds. State-space modeling also will be included. A-F only. Pre: 388 or ZOOL 631; or consent. (Cross-listed as TPSS 680)

GEO 685 Human Geography Research Methods (3)

Introduction to research methods in human geography. Explores and provides guided practical experience with research methods and analysis.

GEO 692 Faculty Seminar Series (1)

Graduate seminar required of all department MA students and PhD students. Single credit course in which faculty present ongoing research in their fields. Pre: consent. Co-requisite: 695.

GEO 693 Technology and Natural Risks Methods of Analysis (3)

Survey of tools for evaluating risks to human health from technological and natural hazards. Historical and international context of methods.

GEO 695 Concepts and Theories in Geography (3)

Concepts, theory, models. Geographic approaches to spatial and environmental problems. Required of entering graduate students unless waived by department. Pre: consent.

GEO 696 Research Design/Methods in Geography (3)

Elements of research design, practical field experience, exposure to research and ideologies, broad exposure to heritage and ethos of the discipline. Pre: 695.

GEO 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only. Pre: consent.

GEO 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times.

GEO 703 Geomorphology (3)

Current understanding of geomorphological concepts, processes, and the dynamic relationship between human landscape modification and system response. Pre: consent.

GEO 710 (Alpha) Special Topics (V)

Study and discussion of significant topics, problems. (B) regional and locational analysis; (C) geography, environment, and culture; (H) Multi-objective decision analysis. Repeatable two times.

GEO 725 Political Ecology (3)

Introduction to political ecology. Content will examine the historical development of and contemporary scholarship in political ecology from a human and environmental geography perspective.

GEO 728 Seminar: Resource Management in Asia-Pacific (3)

Examination of resource management problems in Asia and the Pacific. Problems of resource use—agriculture, forestry, energy, minerals, ocean, air quality. Pre: graduate status.

GEO 735 Seminar: Political Geography (3)

Topics vary; may include borders, boundaries, geopolitics, homelands, identity politics, nations and nationalism, social categorization, the sovereign state system, territoriality. Repeatable one time. Pre: graduate standing or consent. (Once a year)

GEO 745 Seminar: Geographies of Migration (3)

Topics vary; may include immigration, borders, refugees, asylum, climate change, and displacement. Repeatable one time. A-F only.

GEO 750 Research Seminar: Biogeography (3)

GEO 752 Research Seminar: Resource Management (3)

GEO 757 Research Seminar: Cultural Geography (3)

GEO 758 Research Seminar: Conservation (3)

GEO 761 Research Seminar: Cartography (3)

GEO 762 Research Seminar: Remote Sensing (3)

GEO 763 Research Seminar: Agricultural Geography (3)

(Cross-listed as SUST 763)

GEO 764 Research Seminar: Social Geography (3)

GEO 766 Society and Space (3)

Advanced seminar on social production of space. Topics include spatial metaphor in social theory; western spatiality from the renaissance through the enlightenment, modernity and post modernity; and geography of the body, home, landscape, and nation. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

GEO 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times.