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Botany (BOT)

BOT 100 Freshman Seminar (1)

Discussion of hot topics in botany, including conservation of rare plants, invasive species, marine botany, ethnobotany, poisonous plants, evolution in action, fungal networks, and careers in botany with emphasis on Hawaiian examples. Students should enroll in BOT 100 and 101/101L, or BOT 100 and BIOL 171/171L. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Corequisite: 101/101L or BIOL 171/171L. (Once a year)

BOT 101 General Botany (3)

Growth, functions, and evolution of plants; their relations to the environment and particularly to humans and human activities.

BOT 101A General Botany (3)

Growth, functions, and evolution of plants; their relations to the environment and particularly to humans and human activities.

BOT 101L General Botany Lab (1)

(1 3-hr Lab) Lab observations and experiments illustrating basic principles of plant biology. Pre: 101 (or concurrent).

BOT 107 Plants, People, and Culture (3)

Ethnobotany. Interactions between plants and people: use in religious, medical, and shamanic traditions; roles in cultural formation, destruction, and revolution; plant domestication and food systems; roles in human migration; cultural components of plant conservation. (Fall only)

BOT 107A Plants, People, and Culture (3)

Ethnobotany. Interactions between plants and people: use in religious, medical, and shamanic traditions; roles in cultural formation, destruction, and revolution; plant domestication and food systems; roles in human migration; cultural components of plant conservation. (Fall only)

BOT 130 Hawaiian Plants-Their Ecology and Cultural Significance (3)

Introduction to the native flora of Hawai‘i, its origin, evolution and ecology, and the observation, identification, and systematics of the Hawaiian flora.

BOT 130L Hawaiian Plants-Their Ecology and Cultural Significance Lab (1)

The exploration of concepts and the process of science through hands-on experience in studying Hawaiian and introduced plants, their ecology, and cultural significance. Pre: 130 (or concurrent).

BOT 135 Magical Mushrooms and Mystical Molds (3)

Impact of fungi in nature and on humankind. Selected historical events in which fungi played a significant role, their activities as decomposers and pathogens, and their uses as sources for mind altering drugs in religious ceremonies and in food and beverage production in various societies.

BOT 160 Campus Plants (3)

Nontechnical course emphasizing recognition of the many interesting tropical plants seen on campus; origin, status in Hawai‘i, and cultural and economic uses of campus plants.

BOT 200 Sophomore Seminar (1)

Presentations by faculty highlighting research in tropical ecosystems. Topics include alien species, biodiversity, ecosystem services, ethnobotany, marine ecology, plant-animal interactions, and systematics of Hawaiian species. Assigned reading and writing exercises from papers in current journals. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: 101/101L or BIOL 171/171L. (Once a year)

BOT 201 Plant Evolutionary Diversity (3)

Significance of evolutionary trends in the plant world, including reproductive, morphological, and life history adaptations by algae, fungi, and vascular plants. Pre: 101 or college general biology. Co-requisite: 201L.

BOT 201L Plant Evolutionary Diversity Lab (1)

(1 3-hr Lab) Lab exercises in the morphology and systematics of land plants, fungi, and algae. Corequisite: 201.

BOT 220 Biostatistics (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Introduction to statistical approaches in biology.
Students will learn how to formulate hypotheses, test them quantitatively, and present results. Students will analyze biological datasets using the computer language R. A-F only. Pre: 101 or BIOL 171 or BIOL 172; MATH 134 or higher, or MATH assessment exam. (Cross-listed as BIOL 220)

BOT 300 Conservation Ethics (1)

Introduction to and discussion of ethical issues associated with biodiversity, ecology, and conservation biology. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: any DB course or consent. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as SUST 310)

BOT 301 Plant Conservation Biology (3)

Introduction to the concepts and principles of plant conservation biology and to plant conservation-inpractice in Hawai‘i and elsewhere. A-F only. Pre: 305 or consent. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as SUST 313)

BOT 301L Plant Conservation Biology Lab (1)

Introduction to approaches, methods, and analyses used in the study and practice of plant conservation, with an emphasis on experimental design and problem-solving. Includes both laboratory and field components. A-F only. Pre: 305 or consent. Corequisite: 301. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as SUST 313L)

BOT 305 Ecology (3)

General survey of the principles of ecology. Focus on processes influencing the distribution and abundance of organisms, interactions among organisms, and interactions between organisms and the environment. A-F only. Pre: BIOL 171; BIOL 172 or BOT 201. (Cross-listed as BIOL 305)

BOT 310 Field Botany (5)

Combined lecturelaboratory with intensive field experience for observational and experimental field work in native/impacted Hawaiian ecosystems. Field experience typically held during spring break. Terrestrial, freshwater, and marine habitats considered. A-F only. Pre: 305 and consent. (Once a year)

BOT 350 Resource Management and Conservation in Hawai‘i (3)

Management of native Hawaiian organisms and terrestrial ecosystems with particular attention to strategies, planning, research, and management actions necessary to control alien influences and promote native species. Pre: college general biology.

BOT 357 Tropical forest Ecology (3)

Introduction to the ecological processes and principles of tropical ecosystems, and to conservation issues facing tropical forests, with a particular emphasis on the neotropics.
A-F only. Pre: BIOL 171 and BIOL 172, or BOT 101; and BIOL 265.

BOT 400 Senior Seminar (1)

Current research themes in botany presented in discussion format; reading current research papers. Oral presentations of primary research. Repeatable one time. BOT majors only. Senior standing and consent. A-F only. (Once a year)

BOT 420 Plant Form and Function (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Lecture/laboratory to examine the anatomy, physiology, morphology, and functional ecology of plants. Labs will develop skills in microscopy, experimental techniques for studying plant physiology, and basic functional ecology. A-F only. Pre: BIOL/BOT 305; or consent. (Spring only)

BOT 430 The Biology of Fungi (2)

Will introduce the diversity, ecology, evolution, and biology of the Kingdom Fungi. Focus on our current understanding of fungal evolution and diversity and how fungi interact with environments and hosts. Pre: (201, BIOL 172) with a minimum grade of C; or consent. (Spring only) (Crosslisted as BIOL 430 and TPSS 432)

BOT 430L The Biology of Fungi Lab (1)

(1 3-hr Lab) Introduction to the morphology and life cycles of
organisms in the Kingdom Fungi. Focus on learning how to identify a diversity of fungi based on macro- and microscopic features. Field trips to collect specimens. Pre: (430 (or concurrent)) with a minimum grade of C. or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as BIOL 430L and TPSS 432L)

BOT 442 Medical Ethnobotany (3)

Survey and theory of plants used as medicines, cultural perspectives of herbal medicine, and the botanical/ chemical basis of allopathic and naturopathic medicine. Lecture/discussion, term paper or project. Pre: 461 or consent.

BOT 444 Ethnoecology and Conservation (3)

Ecological implications of cultural uses of plants. Examines the biological basis for, and ecological effects of traditional and local resource management systems. Pre: BOT 305 or BIOL 265/265L or consent. (Crosslisted as SUST 445)

BOT 446 Hawaiian Ethnobotany (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Methods and techniques of handling and identifying plant materials used by early Hawaiians and modern Hawaiians for house and canoe construction, clothing, household and fishing items, medicine, and food preparation. Reading, laboratory, and fieldwork. Pre: 440 or consent. (Cross-listed as SUST 446)

BOT 456 Plant-Animal Interactions (3)

Interdependence of plants and animals, emphasizing the influence of animals on plant fitness and evolution. Topics include pollination, fruit/seed dispersal, herbivory, and ant-plant mutualisms. Pre: 201 or 305 or BIOL 265 or BIOL 305.

BOT 457 ‘Āina Mauliola: Hawaiian Ecosystems (3)

Comprehensive analysis of traditional Hawaiian and modern resource management practices. Rigorous overview of the dominant physical and biological processes from the uplands to the oceans in Hawai‘i. Pre: HWST 207/SUST 217 or HWST 307/SUST 317 or HWST/SUST 356.

BOT 458 Natural Resource Issues and Ethics (4)

Overview of the history of land, resources and power in Hawai‘i; players and processes influencing land and natural resources policies today explored from Native Hawaiian and other viewpoints. Extensive use of case studies. Pre: HWST 207/SUST 217 or HWST 307/ SUST 317 or HWST/SUST 356.

BOT 459 Strategies in Hawaiian Resource Use (3)

Analyzing diverse land and water use strategies of O‘ahu, from traditional Hawaiian, scientific and economic perspectives, through classroom and on-site lectures. Topics include traditional Hawaiian methods, modern development, threatened ecosystems, ecotourism and scientific research. A-F only. Pre: HWST 207/SUST 217 or HWST 307/SUST 317 or HWST/SUST 356.

BOT 461 Systematics of Vascular Plants (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) “Hands-on” experience with Hawai‘i’s unique tropical flora; emphasis on recognition and identification of vascular plant families and the principles and methodologies that define them; evolution of biodiversity. Pre: 101 or college general biology.

BOT 475 Plant Ecology (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Ecological principles and process that determine patterns of plant distribution and abundance. Lectures cover theory and examples from primary literature. Labs cover study design, descriptive and experimental techniques, field skills, and data analysis and interpretation. A-F only. Pre: 305 or BIOL 305.

BOT 480 Algal Diversity and Evolution (4)

(3 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Principles of algal diversity, structure, and evolution. Identification of common Hawaiian algae. Develops written communication skills with significant attention paid to developing writing skills and emphasis on writing instruction. Pre: one of 101, BIOL 172, MICR 351, ZOOL 101; or consent.

BOT 600 Grant Writing and Your Career in Science (2)

Scientific grant writing from inception through management to completion; students will write a DDIG and participate in a panel. Professional skills including “rules,” job applications, interviews, transitioning from graduate student to academic or non-academic job. A-F only. Pre: current standing as a graduate student, or consent.

BOT 601 Foundations of Current Botany I (2)

Discussion of current research and classical papers important to modern concepts in history of science, plant diversity, plant interactions with the environment, and plant integration. Pre: graduate standing in BOT or consent. (Fall only)

BOT 602 Foundations of Current Botany II (2)

Discussion of current research and classical papers important to modern concepts in ecology, plant interactions with other plants or animals, and ecosystem functioning. BOT majors only. Pre: graduate standing in BOT or consent. (Spring only)

BOT 603 Darwin’s Origin of Species (2)

Study and discussion of Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species, 1st edition 1859, and related current literature. Graduate students only. A-F only. Pre: BA or BS in BOT, BIOL, GEOL, or related field; or consent. (Spring only)

BOT 606 Graduate Research Skills (2)

(1 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Survey of major research areas in the botanical sciences with emphasis upon research opportunities in Hawai‘i and an overview of 1) skills needed by botanical researchers including writing scientific papers and proposals, practicing ethical research procedures, and collection of specimens; and 2) equipment used by botanical researchers including computers, cameras, measuring and monitoring equipment, and global positioning systems. Lecture/ discussion, laboratory. Repeatable one time. Pre: graduate standing in biological science or approval.

BOT 610 Botanical Seminar (1)

Study and discussion of significant topics and problems in botany. Repeatable three times.

BOT 612 Advanced Botanical Problems (V)

Investigation of any botanical problem; reading and laboratory work. Repeatable nine times. Pre: consent.

BOT 620 Perspectives in Modern Botany (2)

Lectures by distinguished visiting professor on contemporary botanical topics in the lecturer’s area of expertise. No more than 6 credit hours may be counted toward the MS degree requirements. Repeatable five times.

BOT 621 Ecohydrology: Theory and Modeling (3)

Vegetative response to hydrologic controls and nutrient cycles; quantitative linkages between hydrological dynamics and ecological patterns/ processes. MatLab is used to develop and simulate ecohydrological models. Pre: college level calculus or consent. (Once a year)

BOT 640 Quantitative Ethnobotany (3)

Modern ethnobotanical field research project design, execution, data analysis, and documentation methods. Intended for students preparing to conduct field research studies. Lecture/discussion, term paper. Pre: 105 and one of 201, 461, ANTH 200, or BIOL 172.

BOT 644 Ethnoecological Methods (3)

Field techniques for assessing the ecological effects of cultural uses of plants. Emphasis on documenting traditional and local patterns of plant use and measuring the effects on plant individuals, populations, communities, and landscapes. Pre: previous course work in anthropology or biology.

BOT 648 Conservation Ethnobiology (3)

Practical field training experience for a scientific career conducting ethnobiological research. Repeatable one time. Pre: 640 or consent. (Summer only)

BOT 651 Invasion Biology (3)

Theories, models, patterns, and predictive methods relating to the introduction, establishment, and spread of introduced organisms. Application of principles of invasion biology to conservation and natural resource management. Pre: 456 or MICR 485; and BIOL 375; or consent.

BOT 652 Population Biology (3)

Theory and applications of population biology; behavior of population models, as revealed by analytical methods and computer simulation; application to population problems such as endangered species; discussion of classical and current literature in population biology. Pre: one of 456, NREM 680, PEPS 671, ZOOL 620, ZOOL 623; or consent. (Cross-listed as ZOOL 652)

BOT 653 Population Dynamics Models with R (3)

Learn advanced modeling techniques to investigate the dynamics of size-structure populations (using matrix and integral population models in R), and discuss various applications in ecology and conservation biology. Recommended: students have working knowledge of calculus. (Alt. years: fall)

BOT 654 Advances in Plant Ecology (2)

A researchoriented course focusing on recent advances in all areas of plant ecology. Involves critical review of recent literature, independent research project, oral and written presentation of project results. Repeatable three times. Pre: consent.

BOT 660 Ecological Statistics with R (3)

Learn how to choose appropriate statistical methods to test hypotheses in ecology, evolution, and conservation biology and applications using R as a platform. Lecture/discussion, term paper. Pre: ZOOL 631 or consent. (Alt. years: fall)

BOT 661 Hawaiian Vascular Plants (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Identification, systematics, evolution, and biogeography of native plants. Field trips. Pre: 461 or consent. (Cross-listed as SUST 661)

BOT 662 High Throughput Sequencing Approaches to Ecology and Evolution (3)

Fundamentals of experimental design, lab techniques and data analysis to conduct research using high throughput sequencing. Students will work in groups to conduct an amplicon sequencing study with ten samples. Repeatable one time. Pre: consent. (Alt. years: spring)

BOT 668 Nomenclature and Practical Systematics (2)

Modern issues of naming and classifying of organisms, with a botanical emphasis. Includes lectures, discussions, class projects, and field trips. A-F only. Pre: 461 (or equivalent) or consent. (Once a year)

BOT 669 Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution (3)

Molecular approaches to evolution, phylogenetics, and systematics. Basic use of chloroplast DNA, mitochondrial DNA, nuclear DNA, and electrophoresis. Phylogenetic analysis using parsimony, distance, and comparative methods. Repeatable two times. Recommended: 201.

BOT 670 Scientific Teaching Tools to Promote Active Learning (2)

Graduate level course to train students in the pedagogical tools to enhance active learning in STEM classes. Includes discussions of the primary literature, demonstrations and practice using scientific teaching techniques. BOT or ZOOL or MBIO majors only. Graduate students only. (Alt. years: spring) (Cross-listed as ZOOL 670)

BOT 676 Environmental Physiology Seminar (2)

Environmental stress; pollution; salinity, geobotany, and other interactions between the environment and plant processes. Current literature emphasized at multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary levels. Pre: graduate status in a biological science, geosciences, etc.; consent for well-prepared undergraduates.

BOT 680 Marine Macrophytes Seminar (2)

Discussion of current literature in physiological ecology, cellular and molecular adaptations to environmental factors by marine plants. Repeatable four times. Pre: 480.

BOT 682 Physiological Ecology of Marine Plants (3)

Discussion of current studies in morphological, physiological, cellular, and molecular adaptation to marine environments by macroalgae, phytoplankton, and seagrasses. A-F only. Pre: upper division ecology class recommended, 480 (or equivalent), or consent. Co-requisite: 682L.

BOT 682L Physiological Ecology of Marine Plants Lab (1)

Field and laboratory research techniques and projects in the physiological ecology of algae and seagrasses. A-F only. Pre: upper division ecology class recommended, 470L (or equivalent), 480 (or equivalent), or consent. Co-requisite: 682.

BOT 690 Conservation Biology (3)

Theories and concepts of ecology, evolution, and genetics for conservation of biological diversity. Topics will include restoration ecology, management planning, laws and policies, biological invasions. (Cross-listed as NREM 690 and ZOOL 690)

BOT 699 Directed Research (V)

Research preliminary to thesis or dissertation research. Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only. Pre: consent of graduate committee.

BOT 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: candidacy for MS degree and approval of thesis proposal.

BOT 750 Topics in Conservation Biology (V)

Advanced topics in conservation and environmental biology. Repeatable three times, up to twelve credits. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as ZOOL 750)

BOT 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: candidacy for PhD and approval of dissertation proposal.