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Question Set: Properties of Matter

NGSS Science and Engineering Practices:

NGSS Crosscutting Concepts:

NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas:

  1. Complete the Matter Category column in Table 1.3. Use the terms element, compound, and mixture.

  1. Describe in your own words what the general properties are of solids, liquids, and gases.
  2. What do solids, liquids, and gases have in common? How are they different?
  3. Categorize each of the following as a physical or chemical change. Explain your reasoning.
    1. Squeezing an orange to get juice
    2. Exploding fireworks
    3. Milk turning sour
    4. Creating a table from a fallen tree
    5. Lighting propane in a gas grill
    6. A glass bottle turning into beach glass
    7. Freezing chocolate covered bananas
    8. Burning toast
    9. Bleaching your hair blonde
    10. Stirring lemonade powder into water
    11. Melting butter
    12. Frying an egg
    13. Shredding paper
  4. Give three examples of chemical changes that also change the physical properties of a substance.
  5. What could you do to water that would change only its physical properties?  Are there any ways you can think of to chemically change water?
  6. Baking soda is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
    1. What are the properties of the elements that make up this compound (Na, H, C, and O)?
    2. How do the properties of these elements differ from the properties of baking soda?
Exploring Our Fluid Earth, a product of the Curriculum Research & Development Group (CRDG), College of Education. University of Hawaii, 2011. This document may be freely reproduced and distributed for non-profit educational purposes.