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Question Set: Adaptations

NGSS Science and Engineering Practices:

NGSS Crosscutting Concepts:

  1. Photosynthesis is considered to be critical to life on Earth. Why is this so?
     
  2. Write the chemical equations for reactions in photosynthesis and cellular respiration. Explain how these two processes are different from one another.
     
  3. Under what circumstances does a plant carry out photosynthesis? Respiration?
     
  4. What is solar energy? What part of solar energy can humans see? What part of solar energy do we call sunlight? What part of solar energy is used for photosynthesis?"
     
  5. In each pair, which wavelength carries more energy?
    1. infrared radiation or ultraviolet radiation
    2. red light or violet light
    3. X-rays or blue light
    4. infrared radiation or X-rays
       
  6. When you go outside on a hot day, which would it be better to be wearing, a white suit or a black suit? Why?
     
  7. Why are so many plants green?
     
  8. Both aquatic plants and algae photosynthesize in aquatic environments. What patterns in structure and function do they share?
     
  9. How does depth affect the colors of objects a diver can see at a depth of 5 meters into the euphotic zone? At a depth of 30 meters into the euphotic zone?
     
  10. Why is the water in a swimming pool darker blue at the deep end than at the shallow end?
     
  11. The depth of the euphotic zone varies from one place to another. How might this be explained? In some places water is greener than in others. How might this be explained?
     
  12. Almost all energy sources on Earth can be traced back to the sun. Describe an energy source and trace its pathway back to solar energy. What is an energy source on Earth that cannot be traced to the sun?
     
  13. Upwelling occurs mostly in coastal waters. During upwelling, cold, deep currents flow to the surface, bringing nutrient-rich water into the euphotic zone where photosynthesis can happen.
    1. What happens to phytoplankton populations during an upwelling?
    2. What happens to the zooplankton population?
    3. How does an upwelling affect fish populations in an area?

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Exploring Our Fluid Earth, a product of the Curriculum Research & Development Group (CRDG), College of Education. University of Hawaii, 2011. This document may be freely reproduced and distributed for non-profit educational purposes.