In the 1950s, North Korea sent abroad thirty thousand children affected by the Korean War (1950-1953), most of them orphans. The state socialist countries of Eastern Europe accepted ten thousand children of war. China accepted twenty thousand, by far more than any other country. This study introduces this history and considers the significance of socialist internationalism in the twentieth century, especially the kind that existed between the DPRK and the PRC .
Cheehyung Harrison Kim is an Associate Professor of History, specializing in socialism, labor, industrialization, everyday life, and urbanization in the context of East Asia, and in particular, North Korea.