College of Arts, Languages & Letters
Moore 483
1890 East-West Road
Honolulu, HI 96822
Tel: (808) 956-8520
Fax: (808) 956-9536


*Graduate Faculty

*L. V. Aranda, PhD (Chair)—U.S. Latino literature, translation
*C. D. Beaule, PhD—Latin American (Andean) anthropology, household archaeology
*L. Bousquet, PhD—220th and 21st century French literature and culture, French cinema, French Oceania
*P. M. Chandler, PhD—second language acquisition, applied Spanish linguistics, Portuguese language
J. M. Debrah, MA—French language instruction
I. Fitzgerald, MA—Spanish language instruction
K. A. Galante, MA—Spanish language instruction
*M-C. Garneau, PhD—19th- and 20th-century French literature, oral genres, Italian
*C. R. Gerhardt, PhD—20th-century German literature, culture, and film
*M. González-Lloret, PhD—second language acquisition, technology and language instruction, Spanish linguistics, pragmatics
L. N. Hamasaki, MA—classical language instruction
K. Hammerich, MA—German language instruction
A. B. Hawajska-Waters, MA—German language instruction
*K. A. Hoffmann, PhD—17th-century French literature, critical theory, theatre, interdisciplinary studies
J. M. Huss, MA—French language instruction
*A. Kostetskaya, PhD—Russian fin-de-siècle literature and culture, conceptual blending and iconicity, Stalingrad in Russian and German war film, children and violence in Russian and German cultures
L. E. Kou, MA—Spanish language instruction
*J. L. Logan, PhD—Spanish American literature and cultural studies, women’s studies
R. H. Mamiya Hernandez, PhD—instrumental design, technologies for language learning Spanish and Portuguese instruction, project-based learning
R. H. Nylen, MA—Spanish language instruction
L. O’Rourke, PhD—Mesoamerican archaeology, Latin American studies, Spanish language instruction
*M. E. Overstreet, PhD—pragmatics, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics, psycho-sociolinguistic perspectives on categorization
*B. J. Quintana, PhD—Spanish classical theater, colonial and post-colonial studies, Mexican culture
S. C. Reemelin, MA—Spanish and Portuguese language instruction
*N. R. Schweizer, PhD—18th-century German classicism, Germans in Hawai‘i, Europeans in the Pacific
*N. Ségeral, PhD—French and Francophone women’s studies, translation theory and practice, 20th- and 21st-century trauma narratives
*E. M. Thau, PhD—contemporary Spanish literature, film, cultural studies
J. C. Tomé, MA—Spanish language instruction

Degrees and Certificate Offered: Certification in Russian; Minor in French, Minor in German Studies, Minor in Latin American and Iberian Studies, Minor in Spanish; BA in Languages & Literatures of Europe & the Americas French Track, BA in Languages & Literatures of Europe & the Americas German Track, BA in Languages & Literatures of Europe & the Americas Spanish & Latin American Studies Track; MA in French, MA in Spanish

The Academic Program

The Department of Languages & Literatures of Europe & the Americas (LLEA) offers first-year and second-year language courses in French, Italian, German, Russian, Spanish, and Portuguese; any of which may be used to fulfill the two-year Hawaiian/Second Language requirement (HSL), an MA in Spanish, a BA (BA in Languages & Literatures of Europe & the Americas), with three tracks: French Studies, German Studies and Spanish & Latin American Studies, and five undergraduate cc1tificates: French, German, Latin American & Iberian Studies (taught in English), Russian, and Spanish.

LLEA undergraduate and graduate courses focus on language, culture, history, linguistics, film, literature, cultural studies, L2 methodology and translation in French, German, Russian, Spanish, as well as in English (LLEA and LAIS courses).

LLEA prides itself in offering students excellent teaching at every level of instruction and over the previous four decades has received over forty Excellence in Teaching Awards from UH Mānoa and from a variety of local and national organizations. LLEA has as its central mission to expand the humanities by advancing knowledge of the world, engaging in research and creative activities, encouraging critical
thinking in our students, and preparing them for the job market. Our work looks to Europe, Latin America, the U.S., Asia, Oceania, and Africa, always cognizant that the Pacific and, more specifically, Hawai‘i is our home.

The department promotes language proficiency and cultural awareness through its sponsorship of student organizations, films, lectures, scholarships, and study abroad programs. Currently, the department supports programs in France (Angers, Annecy, Paris); Florence, Italy; Berlin, Germany; Vladivostok, Russia; and several sites in the Spanish-speaking world.

Undergraduate Study

BA in Languages & Literatures of Europe & the Americas

A minimum GPA of 2.5 in courses counted toward the major is required of all students earning their major in this department. A minimum C (not C-) grade is required in prerequisite courses to continue in the major.

At least half the credits required for the major must be taken at UH Mānoa.

Students must complete a minimum of 27 credit hours.

Native or heritage speakers should contact an advisor.

French Studies

  • Pre-major requirement: FR 202, 210, 259, or equivalent
  • Core course (3 cr): LLEA 364, 371, or LAIS 340
  • Required course (3 cr): any FR 400-level course
  • Electives (21 cr): any FR 300 or 400-level course: two of FR 312, 331 or 332, and up to two courses from LLEA 335, 336, 339, 364, 455, 470, 471B/C, or HIST 445

*Neither core courses nor required courses may be double-dipped as electives.

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to programsheets/.

German Studies

  • Pre-major requirement: GER 202, 260, or equivalent
  • Core course (3 cr): LLEA 364, 371, or LAIS 340
  • Required course (3 cr): any 440-level GER course, or LLEA 415, 416, 455
  • Electives (21 cr): any 300 or 400-level GER course, or LLEA 247, 320, 340, 341, 342, 371, 415, 416, 455

*Neither core courses nor required courses may be double-dipped as electives.

**Students may only get credit for one course with the same number (even with different subject), e.g. GER 320 or LLEA 320; GER 371 or LLEA 371; GER 416 or LLEA 416.

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to programsheets/.

Spanish & Latin American Studies

  • Pre-major requirement: SPAN 202, 203, 259,or equivalent
  • Core course (3 cr): LLEA 364, 371, or LAIS 340
  • Required course (3 cr): any 400-level SPAN or LAIS course, or LLEA 455
  • Electives (21 cr): any 300 or 400-level SPAN or LAIS course, or LLEA 455

*Neither core courses nor required courses may be double-dipped as electives.

For information on a Bachelor Degree Program Sheet, go to programsheets/.

Approved study abroad (summer and/or semester) in a Spanish, French or German-speaking country is recommended for all students completing the major or the certificate in one of these languages.

Minor in French, German Studies, Latin American & Iberian Studies (LAIS) and Spanish

The minors in LLEA offer students interested in the languages, literatures, history, film, or cultures of French-, German- and Spanish-speaking countries the opportunity to add a degree to their major and/or complement another minor. Minors recognize successful completion of a minimum of 15 credits of approved non-introductory courses with a grade of C or better. A minimum GPA of 2.5 will be required.



15 credits of FR 300+ courses, 6 credits of which may be LLEA courses in English on a French topic: LLEA 335, 336, 339, 364, 455, 470, 471B/C, or HIST 445.

German Studies


15 credits of GER 300+ courses, 6 credits of which may be LLEA courses in English on a German topic: LLEA 320, 340, 341, 342, 371, 415, or 416.

Latin American & Iberian Studies


  • foundation course (3 credits): LAIS 340, 360B, 360C, or 380
  • electives (12 credits): LAIS 320, 340, 360B, 360C, 363, 365, 366, LAIS 368/ANTH 368, LAIS 372B/ANTH 372B, LAIS 372C/ANTH 372C, LAIS 380, 381, HIST 350, 386, 448, LAIS 468/HIST 478, LAIS 478/ANTH 478/REL 478, HIST 479, LAIS 495, PORT 360, 460, SPAN 358, 359, 360, 458, 459, 460



  • SPAN 301 (3 credits)
  • 12 credits: SPAN 300+ level courses

Certificate in Russian


Certificates recognize successful completion of a minimum of 15 credits of approved courses with a grade of C or better. A minimum GPA of 2.5 will be required.

  • up to 6 credit hours may be of RUS 200-level (201, 202, 260, or 209)
  • at least 9 credit hours of RUS 300+ courses, one of which may be an LLEA course in English on a Russian topic: LLEA 350, 351, 352, 353, 354, 355.

Double-dipping between H/SL courses and certificate requirements is allowed. CR/NC and Back Credits do count toward the certificate.

Graduate Study

Master’s Degree in Spanish

LLEA has designed a program that combines the study of language and literature with other forms of cultural expressions in their permutations in the specific geographic regions of Europe, the U.S., Latin America, and the Pacific. Graduate students are offered the following opportunities: an MA degree in French or Spanish; graduate teaching assistantships on a competitive basis; preparation for a PhD program and a career in teaching. Former students have found careers in government and foreign service; editing, publishing, and translation; law, business, and international banking; fashion, the arts, and the travel industry.

Admission Requirements

In addition to meeting the requirements of Graduate Division, applicants must have the following:

  1. A major or its equivalent in Spanish with a minimum GPA of 3.0 (B);
  2. International students must demonstrate evidence of a high level of English proficiency (minimum of 100 on the TOEFL, subset scores of 25 for listening and 25 for speaking or 7.0 on the IELTS);
  3. All applicants for graduate teaching assistantships must be admitted as regular graduate degree.
  4. Applicants with minor deficiencies may be accepted provisionally, but course work taken to make up deficiencies may not be counted toward satisfaction of the degree requirements. Applicants accepted provisionally are expected to complete any deficiencies by the end of the first year of study.

Spanish MA thesis, non-thesis

Candidates in Spanish may select Plan A (thesis) or Plan B (non-thesis). Candidates in both plans are required to take 30 credit hours. A minimum of 18 of these credits must be numbered 600 and above, including at least one graduate seminar.

Candidates selecting Plan A (thesis) must complete 6 credit homs of LLEA 700 (Thesis Research). Students who select Plan A (thesis) in their area of concentration must present a thesis proposal, including justification of the topic and a bibliography, for approval by the thesis director and two members of the thesis committee before the end of the second semester of work. The completed thesis must be presented to the thesis committee at least four weeks before the Graduate Division deadline. Graduate Division requires all theses to be written in English or Hawaiian.

Plan A students must also pass a final Area Exam (either Peninsular or Latin American literature) in the area not covered by the thesis. Plan B students must pass a final comprehensive exam in literature (Peninsular and Latin America) and in one additional focus area (linguistics, pedagogy, translation, film studies, U.S. Latino Studies, or cultural studies). The comprehensive exam is based on the minimum reacting list and is tailored to fit the background and course work of the individual candidates.

Spanish graduate assistants, whether in Plan A or Plan B, are also required to take a course in language teaching methodology approved by the Spanish graduate faculty (e.g., SPAN 658, Seminar in Spanish Applied Linguistics or LLEA/SLS 455, Second Language Learning and Teaching Methodology).

Advanced Graduate Certificate in SLS/Spanish Applied Linguistics

Applied Linguistics

This track allows graduate students to specialize in Spanish applied linguistics. The program is flexibly tailored to the academic and professional goals of the individual student and includes courses in English and Spanish in several departments. Up to 9 credits that are counted toward the AGC SLS/Spanish may be counted toward another concurrent degree. For more information see


  • Two graduate courses in Spanish linguistics or applied linguistics topics.
  • Two graduate courses in SLS (second language analysis, second language use, second language learning, second language education, research methods).
  • One graduate course relevant to the Scholarly Paper.
  • At least one course should be a 700-level seminar.
  • Only 3 credits of SLS/SPAN 699 can count towards the AGC. Up to 6 credits can be at the 400 level, if approved by the student’s advisor.

Exit requirement: Scholarly Paper, typically a publishable research paper. The Scholarly Paper will be based on a study in Spanish applied linguistics. In accordance with the requirements of Graduate Division, the Scholarly Paper will be written in English or Hawaiian. It will be assessed by a graduate faculty member in Spanish and a graduate faculty member in SLS.