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Public Health Sciences (PH)

PH 201 Introduction to Public Health (3)

Introduces public health concepts with an emphasis on principles and tools for population health, disease prevention, health professions and healthcare systems, and public health professions and systems. A-F only.

PH 202 Public Health Issues in Hawai‘i (3)

Application of general public health concepts and tools with broader public health issues as they relate to the State of Hawai‘i. A-F only. Pre: 201.

PH 203 Introduction to Global Health (3)

Introduction to the basic principles of global PH. Topics include the application of these principles to global PH issues, exploration of links between health, economic, and social status, health disparities and global interventions. A-F only. Pre: 201.

PH 210 Quantitative Reasoning for Public Health (3)

Inductive and deductive reasoning; tabular, symbolic, verbal, and graphical forms of functions and relations; graphs and pictorial representations of data; interpretations of probabilistic data; surveys and statistical studies as related to public health. PH majors only. A-F only.

PH 301 Seminar in Public Health Issues (3)

Seminar will explore current issues and case studies in epidemiology, issues and causes of chronic and infectious diseases, how the environment interacts with health, and how social and behavioral factors affect personal health.

PH 305 Native Hawaiian Health Determinants (3)

Seminar to work with faculty in applying evidence-based knowledge on social determinants of health in the formation of research, policy, and program development for improving population health and reducing health disparities for Native Hawaiians. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: 201 and 202. (Spring only)

PH 310 Introduction to Epidemiology (3)

Lecture/discussion on the fundamental principles of epidemiology, exploring patterns of disease, threats to health and EPI methods for prevention, control, and treatment. PH majors only. A-F only. Pre: 201, and 210 or MATH 140 or MATH 161 or higher.

PH 325 Youth Risk and Protection–Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy (3)

Application of public health, related to youth health risks and protective factors using an eco-developmental framework. A-F only. Pre: 201 and PSY 100.

PH 330 The United States Health Care System (3)

Overview of the U.S. health care system. Topics will include health economics, health service expenditures, comparative health systems, health policy, and issues of cost containment, access, and quality of care. A-F only. Pre: 201.

PH 340 Public Health and the Environment (3)

Examines a variety of issues associated with environmental effects on disease incidence, morbidity, and mortality in relation to public health prevention strategies. Sophomore standing and above.

PH 341 Public Health Biology and Pathophysiology (3)

Explores the biological basis of human disease and the role public health measures play in reducing both the extent and impact of chronic and acute diseases on individuals and society. A-F only. Pre: 201, and one of the following: BIOL 101 or BIOL 171 or BIOL 172 or PHYL 103 or PHYL 141 or FSHN 185.

PH 350 Introduction to Biostatistics (3)

Basic biostatistics methods in public health and biomedical research. Topics covered include data collection, data analyses, and interpretation of statistical results. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only.

PH 410 Advanced Epidemiology (3)

Students will gain a deeper understanding of the core concepts used in epidemiologic research and practice. Upon completion, students will have the knowledge and skills necessary to conduct an epidemiologic study. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: 201 and 310.

PH 411 Nutrition and Disease Prevention (3)

Lecture/discussion. Examines a variety of issues associated with the effects of diet on disease incidence, morbidity, and mortality in relation to public health prevention strategies. Junior standing or higher. Pre: 310.

PH 420 Social Behavioral Health I: Health Promotion for Individuals and Groups (3)

Focus on the application of social and behavioral theory in health education, and how health promotion programs are constructed for various populations with an emphasis on cultural diversity and social determinants of health. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: 201 and PSY 100.

PH 422 Social Behavioral Health II: Health Promotion in Communities (3)

Introduction to health education and health promotion programming in public health, and to social/behavioral theories used to develop health interventions that affect communities, institutions, and policies. Introduction to common program planning models. A-F only. Pre: 420.

PH 425 Tobacco & Community Disparities (3)

Assessing the facilitators and barriers of smoking initiation, cessation, and exposure to second-hand smoke within communities. Use of photovoice and its application to policy and addressing disparities. A-F only. Pre: 201.

PH 430 Health Policy and Management (3)

Examines the role that health policy and management plays in population-based public health practice, including the delivery, quality, and costs of health care and the structure, process, and outcomes of health services delivery. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: 201 and 202.

PH 435 Back to the Future: Aging in Today’s Society (3)

By 2050, more than a quarter of the world’s population will be 60 years of age or older. Explores what we know about aging today to encourage a lifetime of aging well. A-F only. Pre: 201 or SW 360 or WGSS 305 or PSY 100 or HDFS 230 or NURS 200; or consent. (Cross-listed as COA 435 and SW 435)

PH 441 Introduction to One Health (3)

Familiarizes students with the fundamentals of One Health–an
interdisciplinary field of study linking ecosystems to human and animal health. It uses contemporary examples and emphasizes oceans and human health connections. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: (201, or ANSC 200, or BIOC 141, or BIOL 101, or BIOL 171, or BOT 101, or ERTH 101, or GES 102, or OEST 101, or OCN 102, or ATMO 150, or SOC 180) with a minimum grade of C or better; or consent.

PH 445 Introduction to Environmental Microbiology (3)

Lecture/discussion. Will define the nature and biological activities of microorganisms in different environments and evaluate the effects of these microbes on human activities and health. Junior standing or higher. Pre: MICR 130 or MICR 351 or BIOL 171.

PH 460 Social Determinants of Indigenous Peoples’ Health (3)

Examines indigenous peoples’ health inequities using social determinants of health framework: considers this approach within the historical, political, cultural, and social context of Indigenous population’s health status to generate solutions. A-F only. Pre: 201.

PH 480 Application of Public Health Principles in Research and Practice (4)

Introduction to a diverse range of public health projects and associated methods while working to develop a written applied learning project literature review. Students will present their findings at a public forum. PH majors only. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: 201 and 310.

PH 485 Public Health Applied Learning Experience (3)

Allows students to execute an independent, mentor-supervised, applied learning project as implementation of skills learned in previous public health coursework. Applied project is a required component of the public health undergraduate degree program. Pre: 480.

PH 489 Public Health Undergraduate Capstone Seminar (3)

Synthesis of public health knowledge, skills, and practice acquired during the public health
undergraduate degree. Students also reflect on, finalize, and present written applied learning experience projects at a public form. Senior standing and higher. A-F only. Pre: completed public health applied learning experience and consent.

PH 492 (Alpha) Current Issues and Topics in Public Health (V)

Current and emerging issues and varying topics related to public health. (B) biostatistics; (E) epidemiology; (H) health policy and management; (S) social and behavioral health sciences; (T) public health. Each alpha repeatable one time. Open to nonmajors. Sophomore standing and above. A-F only. Pre: 201.

PH 499 Directed Reading/Research (V)

Repeatable up to six credits. PH majors only. Junior standing or higher.

PH 600 Public Health Foundations (V)

Focus will provide a broad introduction to the field of public health and orientation to overarching issues in the field. A-F only. (Fall only)

PH 602 U.S. Health Care Services and Policy (3)

Overview of the historical, conceptual, ethical and political context for health care delivery in the U.S. Explores current trends, practices and issues in the delivery of health care services in both private and public sector.

PH 610 Public Health Biology (3)

Writing-intensive asynchronous computer-based course examines biological processes and challenges relevant to the public health professional. Topics include anatomical, pathophysiological, and molecular bases of public health; genetics, immunology, ethics; disease prevention, control, and management. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as CMB 610)

PH 611 Fundamentals to One Health (3)

Familiarizes students with the fundamentals of One Health–an interdisciplinary field of study linking ecosystems to human and animal health. It uses contemporary examples and emphasizes oceans and human health connections. Graduate students only. A-F only.

PH 623 Introduction to Health Promotion Theory and Methods (3)

Individual and community health; implications for public health practice, individual and social change processes.

PH 626 Health Economics (3)

Integrated concepts in health economics and its application towards health policy issues; market failures in health care; factors affecting U.S. health care spending potential impact on equity/efficiency stemming from changes in health care delivery. A-F only. (Once a year)

PH 630 Cultural Competency in Health Care (3)

Presents both analytical and practical approaches to cultural competency domains, concepts, models, frameworks, patterns and communication that occur in cross-cultural healthcare situations. A-F only.

PH 633 Indigenous Health Activism (1)

Examines how Indigenous Peoples and their allies (individually and collectively) accomplish social change in society. A-F only. Graduate students only. Pre: consent of instructor.

PH 635 Indigenous Health Seminar (3)

Examines public health through an Indigenous lens, integrates competencies across all public health disciplines, and will apply them in context of working for and with Indigenous communities to improve health and wellness. PH majors or consent. Graduate students only. A-F only. (Fall only)

PH 641 Advanced Topics in Health Policy (3)

Examines major federal and local policies that impact health and health care delivery in the U.S. and other nations; considers effectiveness of these policy-making institutions for improving population health; covers methods in policy analysis. A-F only. Pre: 602 or consent.

PH 646 Grant Writing in Public Health (1)

Lecture/discussion on grant writing with public health focus. Includes basic components of grant proposals, assessing appropriate funding opportunities, data sources/resources for justifying grants, and the funder’s perspective. Student will prepare a brief foundation grant proposal. A-F only. (Once a year)

PH 648 Program Planning, Management, Evaluation, and Leadership (3)

Foundation to inform, educate, and improve health for individuals, communities, and populations. Knowledge/acquisition of skills through program planning, management, evaluation and leadership that span the social-ecological range from individual-level to population-level programs. EPID and PH majors only. A-F only.

PH 649 Needs Assessment (3)

Knowledge and skills acquisition in conducting needs assessment in public health practice.

PH 650 Ecological Epidemiology (2)

Applications of population biology, pathogen/host life history, and population genetics to infectious disease epidemiology, including micro- and macroparasites, and implications to disease control and prevention of strategies. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Alt. years: spring) (Cross-listed as TRMD 650)

PH 652 Interdisciplinary Seminar (1)

Topics such as contemporary issues in global health and population studies, international health programs, demographic methods, global economy and health, human right and humanitarian assistance, social justice, global environmental changes and health. Pre: consent.

PH 653 Global Health and Human Security (3)

Provides the knowledge, skills, and attitudes required to successfully manage health security crises and protect human vulnerability in the global context with a special focus on problems with high likelihood and risk in the Pacific.

PH 655 Biostatistics I (3)

Introduction to statistical methods for public health sciences. Probability, experimental design, t tests and analysis of variance, 2X2 contingency tables, linear regression, introduction to life tables.

PH 656 Biostatistics II (3)

Poisson distribution, Fisher’s exact test, contrasts in ANOVA, two way ANOVA, multiple linear regression and analysis of covariance, path analysis, logistic regression, method of maximum likelihood, likelihood ratio tests. Pre: 655, completion of one semester of calculus; or consent.

PH 658 Computer Applications in Public Health (3)

Applications of computers to problems common to public health. Emphasis on data analysis and processing using existing computer programs.

PH 659 Methods of Demographic Analysis (3)

Statistical evaluation and analysis of population data; data sources; population growth; composition; standardization of rates; mortality and the life table; nuptiality and fertility; distribution, migration, and urbanization; projections and stable population theory. (Cross-listed as SOC 659)

PH 663 Principles of Epidemiology I (3)

Introduction to epidemiologic principles and methods. Topics covered include: outbreak investigation, measures of morbidity and mortality, measurements of risk, biological variability, screening, measurements of error, sampling, statistical significance, study design, and association and causation.

PH 664 Principles of Epidemiology II (3)

Lecture/discussion on: design and interpretation of experimental and observational studies; causation and casual inference; biases in study design; random error and statistics role in epidemiology; and epidemiological data analysis. A-F only. Pre: 655 and 663, or consent.

PH 665 Concepts in Immunology and Immunopathogenesis (2)

Immunological concepts relating to infectious diseases and host pathogen interactions. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: MICR 461 (or equivalent) or consent. (Cross-listed as TRMD 604)

PH 666 Seminar in Infectious Disease Control (3)

Strategies for controlling important infectious diseases in the Pacific area. Emphasis on epidemiology, ecology, and public health principles. Pre: 663 (or concurrent) and one semester in microbiology, or consent.

PH 667 Infectious Disease Micro II (3)

Will cover different families of animal viruses of importance to human diseases. The genome, structure, replication, as well as host immune responses, epidemiology, clinical features, and animal models will be presented. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: TRMD 604 and MICR 351, or consent. (Cross-listed as TRMD 605)

PH 669 Epidemiological Study Design Critique (2)

Critique of study design using published public health literature. Emphasis on exchange of ideas, alternative approaches; stresses epidemiology as science of public health. Repeatable unlimited times. A-F only. Pre: 663 or consent.

PH 671 Community and Public Health Practice (2)

Community organization and development applicable to the delivery of health services. Understanding community dynamics, mobilizing community groups for effective health care practice and delivery. Pre: 647 or consent. (Cross-listed as SW 674)

PH 672 Leading and Managing Health Programs (3)

Assess how to organize community partnerships to create and communicate a shared vision for a changing future; discuss solutions to organizational and community challenges; maximize motivation to reach public health goals. A-F only.

PH 673 Native Health Ethics, Law, and Politics (3)

Review theories and laws concerning health care ethics, policy, and practice using Indigenous case studies. Topics include Indigenous health systems, advocacy, and the intersecting issues of self-determination, ethics, agenda setting, and the policy cycle. A-F only. (Once a year)

PH 674 Advanced Native Hawaiian Health Determinants (3)

Applications of evidence-based knowledge about the social determinants of health in the formation of research, policy, and program development for improving population health and reducing health disparities for Native Hawaiians. A-F only.

PH 675 Community Engaged Research and Practice (2)

Explores collaborative and engaged approaches with communities in public health research and practice. With a focus on Indigenous Peoples’ health, we delve into Indigenous knowledge and empowerment in evaluation, needs assessment, intervention, and health promotion. PH majors or consent. Graduate students only. Pre: 655 and 673.

PH 676 Hawai‘i Public Health Policies on Infectious Diseases (1)

Examines quarantine/ isolation of patients infected with Hanson’s disease. Focus on PH policies before 1823 and after; analysis of other infections in Hawai‘i and the world to examine differences in policies and their effect on the public. Graduate students only. Repeatable one time. A-F only.

PH 677 Managing Global Health Service Delivery (3)

Provides knowledge, skills, attitudes and resources that health managers require to manage and maintain the quality of partnerships, facilities, programs, community services, people, drugs, and information in limited resources settings. PH majors only. A-F only.

PH 680 Health Emergencies in Large Populations (3)

Health Emergencies in Large Populations is run by the Center for Excellence in Disaster Management and Humanitarian Assistance and the Red Cross. It provides knowledge, practical skills, and networking for global health practitioners. A-F only.

PH 681 Environmental Determinants of Health (3)

Environmental factors in personal and community health; implications for public health practice. Consideration of major issues from local, U.S., and international perspectives.

PH 683 Global Nutrition (2)

Examination of global food and nutrition problems, programs, issues, policies, and strategies for improvement. A-F only. Pre: statistics and consent. (Alt. years: fall) (Cross-listed as FSHN 683)

PH 684 Supplemental and Nutritional Approaches in Disease Prevention and Treatment (3)

Examines a variety of issues associated with nutritional and supplemental approaches to reduce disease incidence, morbidity, and mortality in relation to public health prevention strategies. PH majors only. (Cross-listed as FSHN 684)

PH 686 Advanced Child and Adolescent Nutrition (3)

Addresses nutrition, growth, and development in children and adolescents and nutrition-related issues, such as childhood obesity and chronic disease risk factors, with a focus on current research in the Pacific region. Pre: FSHN 370 or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as FSHN 686)

PH 688 Indigenous Peoples’ Food Systems, Environment and Health (3)

Explores Indigenous Peoples’ food systems as local food resources Indigenous People acquire through specific cultural knowledge of traditional territories. Global forces transforming these food systems and their impact on population health and nutrition are explored. PH majors or consent. Graduate students only. (Cross-listed as FSHN 688)

PH 689 Nutritional Epidemiology (3)

Dietary, biochemical, anthropometric and clinical methods used for evaluating nutrition and diet in the etiology and epidemiology of disease. Pre: 663 and FSHN 685, or consent. (Cross-listed as FSHN 689)

PH 690 Global Health Challenges (3)

Addresses critical, contemporary, and transnational issues best addressed by cooperative international action. Health issues are examined in the context of intersecting effects of limited resources, socioeconomics, politics, and environmental change. A-F only. (Once a year)

PH 691 Fundamentals of Environmental Epidemiology (2)

Examines the complex relationship between environmental contaminants and human health. Emphasis on environmental epidemiology study design, environmental exposure monitoring and risk assessment, disease and environmental exposure mapping, and spatial data analysis and modeling with GIS. A-F only. (Once a year)

PH 695 Promoting Physical Activity (3)

Overview of the theoretical and applied study of physical activity epidemiology. Physical activity content includes benefits, factors that influence, levels, valid instruments to assess, and programs to promote physical activity. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as KRS 695)

PH 699 Directed Reading/Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

PH 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

PH 701 Health Communication (3)

Skills-oriented course introduces the basic structure of health communication strategies in different settings, selected elements of communication theory, the development of health communication material, and a practical training in motivational counseling skills. Pre: 623 or consent.

PH 702 Health Promotion Research (3)

Focus on research methods commonly used in health promotion. Topics will include randomized trials, quasi-experimental design, sampling, measurement, and correlational studies. Labwork will focus on the use of SPSS to analyze data for applied research problems. A-F only. Pre: 623 and 655, or consent.

PH 704 Community-Based Participatory Research (3)

Explores ways academic and lay communities collaborate on research, key theoretical perspectives in the development of CBPR, and the challenges in implementing CBPR approaches. Format includes lectures, discussions, readings, writing assignments, and a fieldwork project. A-F only.

PH 728 Indigenous Applied Research Methods (3)

(2 hr Lec, 1 hr Computer Lab) Qualitative and quantitative
methods for research with Indigenous communities. Special focus on methodological, ontological, and ethical issues unique to condusting research with Indigenous communities. PH majors only. A-F only.

PH 729 Scientific Explorations in Social Justice for Indigenous People (V)

Provides students with an advanced application of health disparities research methodologies to address health and social injustices faced by Indigenous people. Builds on previous courses to advance and produce scientific scholarship. PH majors only or consent. Graduate students only. A-F only. Pre: 728.

PH 742 Qualitative Research for Public Health Sciences (3)

Provides a basic understanding of qualitative research approaches, methodologies, and techniques and for public health research and practice (needs assessment, program development, and evaluation strategies). Graduate students only.

PH 747 Statistical Methods in Epidemiological Research (3)

Multiple variable statistical methods currently used in chronic disease epidemiology. Logistic regression, conditional logistic regression, proportional hazards regression modelling, generalized estimating equation-based methods, delta method approximations, exact tests. Pre: 656 and 658 and 664.

PH 748 Chronic Disease Epidemiology (3)

Will cover selected topics in chronic diseases with critical analysis of the current epidemiologic literature. Methodologic issues, contemporary findings and recommendations for future research will be discussed. A-F only. Pre: 663 or consent.

PH 749 Epidemiology of Diabetes and Obesity (2)

Provides an overview of the epidemiology and prevention of metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and associated complications. Discusses methodological issues associated with evaluating these in epidemiologic studies. A-F only. Pre: 663 or consent. (Cross-listed as FSHN 749)

PH 750 Health Behavior Change (3)

Provide an understanding of the relationship between health behaviors and outcomes including psychological, physiological, and quality of life aspects. It will also focus on the major theories of behavior and behavior change. Emphasis will be placed on understanding concepts, principles, explanations, and how these are translated into practical interventions for adoption and maintaining behavior change. A-F only. Pre: 623 or consent.

PH 751 Social Epidemiology (3)

Examine the epidemiologic study of the social distribution and social determinants of states of health, including the identification of social-environmental exposures and their relation to physical and mental health outcomes. Repeatable one time. A-F only.

PH 752 Applied Longitudinal Data Analysis (3)

Covers modern methods for longitudinal data analysis. Topics include random effects and growth curve models, generalized linear models for longitudinal data including generalized estimating equations, and generalized linear mixed models. A-F only. Pre: 656 and 658, or consent.

PH 753 Survival Analysis (3)

Construction and interpretation of various types of life tables, treatment of censored data, proportional hazards, relative risk regression models, and parametric survival analysis. Pre: 655 or consent.

PH 754 Neuroepidemiology (3)

Lecture/discussion providing an overview of the epidemiology of neurological and neurodegenerative diseases and their risk factors, and methodological considerations for the study of these diseases. Pre: 663 or consent. (Fall only)

PH 755 Seminar in Tropical Medicine and Public Health (1)

Weekly discussion and reports on current advances in tropical medicine and public health. Repeatable unlimited times. (Cross-listed as TRMD 690)

PH 756 Special Topics in Tropical Medicine (V)

Advanced instruction in frontiers of tropical medicine and public health. Repeatable unlimited times. Repeatable unlimited times. (Cross-listed as TRMD 705)

PH 757 Evolution, Epidemiology, and Public Health (2)

Will explore several aspects of human health through the perspective of how natural selection and evolution influence disease risk, with the aim of improving treatment and prevention. Graduate students only. A-F only. Pre: 663 (with a minimum grade of B).

PH 765 Health Program Evaluation (3)

Examines advanced principles of and frameworks for evaluation. Students integrate utilization-focused evaluation methods to improve service delivery and quality, outcomes and impact to improve community and population health. A-F only.

PH 770 (Alpha) Doctoral Seminar in Translational Research (3)

Required for students in the PhD Public Health program. (C) health disparities research; (D) evidence-based public health; (E) topics in health policy; (F) leadership. A-F only. Pre: departmental approval.

PH 771 Teaching Practicum (V)

Provide doctoral students with theoretical and practical teaching and course development experiences under the guidance of a faculty mentor. Students will have a portfolio documenting their accomplishments. Repeatable unlimited times. Graduate standing in PH only. A-F only. Pre: 602 and 623 and 655 and 663 and 681 and 770(Alpha), or departmental approval.

PH 772 Research Practicum (V)

Hands-on research experience with a faculty mentor. Meet in small groups to discuss issues related to research in public health. Final project will be submission of a publishable quality paper. Graduate standing in PH only. A-F only. Pre: 602 and 623 and 655 and 663 and 681 and 770(Alpha), or departmental approval.

PH 775 Public Health Proposal and Dissertation Writing (2)

Intended for doctoral students to complete and defend their proposals and dissertations. Research and presentation methods will be reviewed, and students will be provided critiques by instructor and classmates on their written and presented work. Repeatable two times. A-F only. Pre: consent or PhD in PH or EPID only.

PH 781 Environmental Health Lab Methods (2)

Hands-on training for laboratory methods used in monitoring and detecting environmental health risk factors; learning and application of immunological-, animal cell culture- and molecular biology-based techniques for studying environmental pathogens and toxic pollutants. A-F only. (Once a year)

PH 788 Seminar in Public Health Sciences (V)

Topics related to recent developments in major areas; student and faculty research activities. Sections: (1) biostatistics; (2) environmental health; (3) epidemiology; (4) public health nutrition. Repeatable unlimited times.

PH 789 Integrative Seminar (2)

Integrative seminar in public health required as part of the student capstone experience to bring together key aspects of their courses, competencies, and practicum. A-F only. Pre: completed PH field practicum and consent.

PH 791 Advanced Public Health Practice (3)

Observation, study, and supervised practical work in student’s area of specialization. A-F only. Pre: public health degree candidate and completion of 15 PH credit hours and consent.

PH 792 (Alpha) Current Issues and Topics in Public Health (V)

Current and emerging issues and topics related to public health. (B) biostatistics; (D) environmental health; (E) epidemiology; (H) health policy and management; (I) Native Hawaiian and Indigenous Health; (S) social and behavioral health sciences; (U) public health. Repeatable unlimited times. PH majors only for (D) and (I).

PH 793 Special Practicum/Project (V)

Supervised practical training beyond the required practicum in an area of particular interest. Provides additional opportunity to synthesize, integrate, and apply practical skills and knowledge in a public health work environment. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: completion of practicum and consent.

PH 794 (Alpha) Exploration in Public Health (V)

Investigation of emergent fields of inquiry in public health. (B) biostatistics; (D) environmental health; (E) epidemiology; (H) health policy and management; (I) Native Hawaiian and Inigenous health; (S) social and behavioral health sciences; (U) public health. Repeatable unlimited times. PH majors only.

PH 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Pre: consent.