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Global Environmental Science (GES)

GES 100 Global Environmental Science Seminar (1)

Seminar to introduce new GES majors to the research interests of GES faculty and the research facilities available within SOEST. Restricted to GES majors. CR/NC only. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as OCN 100)

GES 102 Introduction to the Environment, Climate Change, & Sustainability (3)

Introduction to the environment, climate change, and sustainability as they apply to ecosystems. Sustainability will be introduced through active learning exercises that address sustainable development and the three pillars of sustainability. Repeatable one time. A-F only. ((Cross-listed as OCN 102 and SUST 112)

GES 102L Introduction to the Environment and Sustainability Lab (1)

Introduction to a variety of quantitative and qualitative approaches and methodologies to describe and assess key components to the environment. A-F only. Pre: 102 (or concurrent) or OCN 102 (or concurrent) or SUST 112 (or concurrent). (Cross-listed as OCN 102L and SUST 112L)

GES 304 Global and Local Perspectives on Severe Weather (3)

Dynamics and structure of the main types of severe weather (tropical cyclones, supercell storms, tornadoes, flash floods, hailstorms, fog, etc.); future changes due to climate change; risk assessment; severe weather in Hawai‘i. ATMO, GES, GG, GEO, GES, NREM, or OCN students only. A-F only. (Alt years: Spring) (Cross-listed as ATMO 304 and SUST 304) DP

GES 310 Global Change and Earth System Science (3)

Covers the Earth system, including mass and energy transfers, biogeochemical cycles, natural and anthropogenic changes on regional and global scale. GES majors only. Pre: OCN 201, ATMO 200, ERTH 101, ERTH 103, or ERTH 170; or consent.

GES 310L Global Environmental Change Laboratory (2)

(2-hr Lab) Laboratory to supplement OCN 310. Quantitative aspects of global environmental change will be addressed through problem-solving and computer modeling. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: MATH 242, PHYS 170/170L, CHEM 161/161L, and GES 310; or consent. (Fall only)

GES 319L Global Environmental Change Laboratory (2)

(2-hr Lab) Laboratory to supplement OCN 310. Quantitative aspects of global environmental change will be addressed through problem-solving and computer modeling. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: 311, MATH 242, PHYS 170/170L, and CHEM 161/161L; or consent. (Fall only)

GES 320 Aquatic Pollution (3)

Pollution of freshwater and marine systems by human activities. Causes, consequences, and correctives. GES majors only. Pre: 201, CHEM 161, BIOL 171. (Cross-listed as OCN 320)

GES 399 Directed Reading (V)

Directed reading in earth system science, oceanography, or environmental science. Repeatable up to 6 credits. GES majors only. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 399)

GES 401 Biogeochemical Systems (3)

Relationship of biogeochemical cycles in the atmosphere, lithosphere, and biosphere to global chemical cycles and planetary climatic conditions. GES degree foundation and
capstone course. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: 311, 319L, OCN 201, BIOL 172/172L, CHEM 162/162L, ERTH 101/101L, MATH 241, MATH 243 and 252A, MATH 373 (or ECON 321), ATMO 200, PHYS 170/170L, and PHYS 272/272L; or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as OCN 401)

GES 454 Earth’s Microbiome (3)

Lecture on the diversity and function of the Earth’s microbiomes, inclusive of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, symbiotic and free living microorganisms with a focus on the microbial underpinnings of the Earth’s biogeochemistry. Repeatable unlimited times. A-F only. Pre: OCN 102 or OCN 201 or BOT 305 or BIOL 305, or BIOL 171 and BIOL 172. (Alt years: Fall) (Cross-listed as OCN 454)

GES 454L Earth’s Microbiome Lab(3)

Lab on the diversity and function of the Earth’s microbiomes, inclusive of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems, symbiotic and free living microorganisms with a focus on the microbial underpinnings of the Earth’s biogeochemistry. Repeatable unlimited times. A-F only. Pre: OCN 102 or OCN 201 or BOT 305 or BIOL 305, or BIOL 171 and BIOL 172. (Alt years: Fall) (Cross-listed as OCN 454L)

GES 463 Data Analysis in Earth Science (3)

Combined lecture, discussion, and laboratory on global Earth system databases and satellite instrumentation, including computer laboratory. GES majors only. A-F only. Pre: MATH 242; or consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 463)

GES 490 Communication of Research Results (2)

Lecture/discussion to provide instruction and experience in oral and written presentation of scientific results and material. GES majors only in their final semester. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 490)

GES 499 Undergraduate Thesis (V)

Directed research in which the student carries out a scientific project of small to moderate scope with one or more chosen advisors. The student must complete a document in the style of a scientific journal article. Repeatable up to six credits. GES majors only. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as OCN 499)