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Sustainability (SUST)

SUST 101 Dynamic Earth (3)

The natural physical environment; the landscape; rocks and minerals, rivers and oceans; volcanism, earthquakes, and other processes inside the Earth; effects of human use of the Earth and its resources. Field trip. (Cross-listed as ERTH 101) DP

SUST 102 The Natural Environment (3)

Introduction to physical geography including weather, climate,
vegetation, soils, geology, and landforms. Environmental issues and natural hazards. (Cross-listed as GEO 101) DP

SUST 103 An Introduction to Integrative Systems Biology: Hawaiian Biomes as a Framework (4)

Lecture/discussion introduces students to the field of biology through the integration of microbiology and macrobiology into a single, comprehensive systems biology with a focus on Hawaiian biomes and ecosystem sustainability. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as OEST 103)

SUST 111L Biology & Society Laboratory (1)

(1 3-hr Lab) Explores connections between biological principles and everyday life with a focus on the environment. Topics include environmental health and sustainability with examples from Hawai‘i. Not a BIOL major elective. (Cross-listed as BIOL 101L)

SUST 112 Introduction to the Environment, Climate Change, & Sustainability (3)

Introduction to the environment, climate change, and sustainability as they apply to ecosystems. Sustainability will be introduced through active learning exercises that address sustainable development and the three pillars of sustainability. Repeatable one time. A-F only. (Cross-listed as GES 102 and OCN 102)

SUST 112L Introduction to the Environment and Sustainability Lab (1)

Introduction to a variety of quantitative and qualitative approaches and methodologies to describe and assess key components to the environment. A-F only. Pre: 112 (or concurrent) or GES 102 (or concurrent) or OCN 102 (or concurrent). (Cross-listed as GES 102L and OCN 102L)

SUST 113 Quantifying Global and Environmental Change (3)

Introductory mathematical approaches to quantifying key aspects of global and environmental change. Includes data analysis, graphical representation and modeling of population growth, greenhouse gas emissions and fate, sustainable resource utilization, and sea level change. A-F only. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as ERTH 102)

SUST 114 Sustainable Cities (3)

How do we plan cities to meet long-term social, economic, and
environmental needs? Students will learn about sustainability as it relates to issues like energy, transportation, housing, land, water, and food. Emphasis on writing instruction. A-F only. (Cross-listed as PLAN 101)

SUST 115 Sustainability in a Changing World (3)

Environmentally sustainable and non-sustainable practices, and the impacts of climate change, on the development and spread of human societies from pre-history to the 1500s in Asia, Africa, Europe, the Americas, and Hawai‘i/Oceania. Active learning environment. (Cross-listed as OCN 105)

SUST 116 Humans and the Environment (3)

Prepares students to make decisions such as where to build/buy a house, sustainable use of natural resources, and what environmental actions relevant to society and Earth’s ecosystem are appropriate on a local and global scale. A-F only. (Cross-listed as ERTH 106)

SUST 120 Chemistry in a Sustainable World (3)

Introduction to chemistry for non-science majors. Discussion of the role of natural and man-made chemicals in everyday life, with an emphasis on sustainable and environmentally-sensitive use of chemicals to improve our world. A-F only. Students who successfully completed CHEM 100 with a grade of C or better will not be allowed to enroll in 120/CHEM 110 without instructor override. Students who successfully complete 120/CHEM 110 with a grade of C or better will not be allowed to enroll in 100 without instructor override. (Cross-listed as CHEM 110)

SUST 156 Sustainable Food and Energy Field Course (V)

Examines the nexus of food, energy, and water in Hawai‘i for sustainable development. Repeatable two times, up to nine credits. (Cross-listed as TPSS 156)

SUST 157 Global Environmental History (3)

Explores the influence of nature–climate, topography, plants, animals, and microorganisms–on human history and the way people, in turn, have influenced the natural world around them. (Cross-listed as HIST 157)

SUST 170 Religion and the Environment (3)

Examines the roles contemporary religious groups play in ground movements for sustainability. Introduces students to key scholars, religious leaders, and activists who are implementing sustainable solutions to pressing environmental problems. A-F only. (Cross-listed as REL 170) FGB

SUST 201 Climate Change (3)

Introduction to the science of climate change focusing on Earth’s past, present and future, specifically, the causes, consequences, and record of past changes; future projections,
mitigation, and adaptation. Appropriate for both science and non-science majors. Pre: ERTH 101 or ERTH 103 or ERTH 104 or ERTH 106 or ERTH 111 or ERTH 130 or ATMO 101 or GES 102, or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as ERTH 201)

SUST 204 Historical Ecology of Hawai‘i (3)

The Hawaiian socio-ecosystem is the product of centuries of human land use and resource exploitation. Explores the events and processes that have shaped the islands’ ecology and future sustainability. A-F only. (Cross-listed as ANTH 204)

SUST 210 Introduction to Environmental Science (3)

Analysis of our environment with emphasis on understanding relationships and interactions of physical, biological, technological, and political components using scientific methods of inquiry. Food supply and safety, water quality, pollution control, biodiversity, environmental policy. Open to nonmajors. (Cross-listed as NREM 210 and PEPS 210)

SUST 211 Agriculture, Environment, and Society (3)

Relationship of plants, soils, and the environment, and how they relate to cultural practices and society in agroecosystems with an emphasis on Hawai‘i as a model system. (Cross-listed as TPSS 200)

SUST 217 Hawaiian Perspectives in Ahupua‘a (3)

Examination of the ahupua‘a system as it was conceptualized by the ancient Hawaiians, and exploration of its relevance in modern society; an introductory class to the malama ‘aina track designed to build critical writing skills. A-F only. Pre: 107. (Cross-listed as HWST 207)

SUST 220 Agricultural and Resource Economics (3)

Introduction to basic economics concepts, including demand, supply, exchange, market price and market failure. Economic evaluation and policy for the uses of various natural resource endowments, especially in production agriculture, is included. A-F only. (Cross-listed as NREM 220)

SUST 221 Organic Food Crop Production (2)

Combined lecture/lab on the theory and practice of certified organic food production. Field visits to organic farms/markets included. Open to nonmajors. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as TPSS 220)

SUST 222 Hawaiians (3)

The sustainable social system, culture, spirituality, language, land stewardship, and governance of Native Hawaiians. Transformation of the sustainable Hawaiian social system by a capitalist economy. Resiliency, land issues, and Native Hawaiian quest for sovereign governance. (Cross-listed as ES 221)

SUST 250 Introduction to Sustainability from Social Science Perspectives (3)

Introduction to key concepts and theories in social sciences in relation to sustainability issues. (Cross-listed as SOC 230 and TAHR 250)

SUST 251 Scientific Principles of Sustainability (3)

Introduction to the scientific principles of sustainability, including the ecology of managed and natural ecosystems, global change biology, ecological principles of natural resource management, renewable energy technologies, and the environmental impacts of humans. (Cross-listed as NREM 251 and TPSS 251)

SUST 260 Introduction to Environmental Humanities (3)

Introduction to the environmental humanities, which rests at the intersection of the arts, humanities, and environmental studies. (Cross-listed as IS 260)

SUST 304 Global and Local Perspectives on Severe Weather (3)

Dynamics and structure of the main types of severe weather (tropical cyclones, supercell storms, tornadoes, flash floods, hailstorms, fog, etc.); future changes due to climate change; risk assessment; severe weather in Hawai‘i. ATMO, GES, GG, GEO, GES, NREM, or OCN students only. A-F only. (Alt years: Spring) (Cross-listed as ATMO 304 and GES 304) DP

SUST 310 Conservation Ethics (1)

Introduction to and discussion of ethical issues associated with biodiversity, ecology, and conservation biology. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: any DB course or consent. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as BOT 300)

SUST 311 Natural Resources Management (3)

Biological and physical science aspects of natural resource management at local, national, and global scales. Topics covered include resource management of soil, water, forests, wetlands, coasts and wildlife. A-F only. Pre: (NREM/TPSS 251 or 210; CHEM 151 or higher; and BIOL 172) with a minimum grade of C-; or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as NREM 301)

SUST 312 Natural Resource and Environmental Policy (3)

Introduction to natural resource and environmental public policy at U.S. federal, Hawai‘i
state, local, and international levels. Policy principles, legal structure, governmental agencies, statutes and programs, analytical techniques, program assessments, and contemporary ethical issues. A-F only. Pre: SUST/ NREM/PEPS 210 or or NREM/SOCS/TPSS 251 or (BIOL 101 or higher) or GEO 101 or (ERTH 101 or higher); and NREM/SUST 220 or one ECON course or two DS courses. (Cross-listed as NREM 302)

SUST 313 Plant Conservation Biology (3)

Introduction to the concepts and principles of plant conservation biology and to plant conservation-inpractice in Hawai‘i and elsewhere. A-F only. Pre: BOT/ BIOL 305 or consent. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as BOT 301)

SUST 313L Plant Conservation Biology Lab (1)

Introduction to approaches, methods, and analyses used in the study and practice of plant conservation, with an emphasis on experimental design and problem-solving. Includes both laboratory and field components. A-F only. Pre: BOT/BIOL 305 or consent. Co-requisite: BOT 301. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as BOT 301L)

SUST 314 Global Environmental Issues (3)

Use and abuse of natural resources and humanity’s progress toward developing a sustainable relationship with its supporting environment. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as GEO 302)

SUST 315 Water and Society (3)

Interaction of people with water at household, community, regional, national, and international scales, from cultural, political, economic, and biophysical perspectives. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as GEO 305)

SUST 316 Environmental Ethics (3)

Application of traditional moral theories to environmental issues. Development and evaluation of specific environmental ethical theories. Application of ethical theories to environmental decision-making. A-F only. Pre: 210 or GEO 101 or PHIL 101 or PHIL 103. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as NREM 306)

SUST 317 Malama ‘Āina Resource Management Visual Technologies (3)

Requires a broad set of knowledge systems. Will introduce students to a variety of visual technologies for use in resource management and the ethical application of these technologies. Pre: 107. (Cross-listed as HWST 307)

SUST 318 Race, Indigeneity, and Environmental Justice (3)

Introduction to environmental justice, explores the premise that all people have a right to a life-affirming environment. Will examine environmental racism, and the geographical dimensions of race and indigeneity. Pre: one DS or DH course, or consent. (Cross-listed as ES 308)

SUST 320 Environment and Agriculture (3)

Overview of environmental issues and impacts associated with agriculture, specifically pest management issues, and options for environmentally responsible management and amelioration of these impacts. (Cross-listed as PEPS 310)

SUST 321 Hawai‘i and the Pacific (3)

Hawai‘i as part of the Pacific community: selected historical and contemporary problems of Pacific areas; cultural and economic imperialism, land alienation, and the impact of development on Pacific peoples. Pre: one DS or DH course. (Cross-listed as ES 320)

SUST 322 Globalization and Environment (3)

Debates on globalization and development, population and resources; root causes of environmental degradation; impacts of globalization on environmentalism and environmental change; social approaches to managing environmental change. Junior standing or higher. (Cross-listed as GEO 322)

SUST 323 Applied Principles of Environmental & Energy Policy (3)

Introduction to the methods and techniques of environmental and energy policy in relation to energy systems. Analysis of enacted policies from case studies to understanding the effectiveness, challenges, contradictions, and limitations of each. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: any 100 or 200 level OCN course, or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as OCN 321 and PPC 340)

SUST 324 Global Environmental Politics (3)

Evolution of international politics, law and decision-making on a variety of environmental concerns; from endangered species to pollution to climate change. Interaction of population, development, and environment in global governance. (Cross-listed as POLS 324)

SUST 325 Communicating Sustainability (3)

Application of scientific communication theory, strategic communication, and multimedia techniques to select issues of environmental sustainability. COM majors only. A-F only. Pre: COM 201 (with a minimum grade of B) or consent. (Cross-listed as COM 325)

SUST 326 Geography, Environment, and Society (3)

Examines the geography of resources and environmental change with a holistic and multi-scale perspective. Social approaches to resolving environmental problems. Sophomore standing or higher. (Cross-listed as GEO 325)

SUST 330 Culture and Environment (3)

Critically examines changing views of nature, nature-culture relationships, and perceptions of the environment across different cultures. (Cross-listed as GEO 330)

SUST 332 Economics of Global Climate Change (3)

Nature and causes of global climate change and economic solutions. Topics include valuing climate change impacts, energy solutions, environmental implications, societal adaptation, and international cooperation. A-F only. Pre: 120 or 130 or 131, or consent. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as ECON 332)

SUST 333 Climate Change and Cultural Response: Past, Present, and Future (3)

Climate change is a reality, yet there is much uncertainty about how it will affect our lives. Investigates cultural response to climate change, using studies of the past to plan for the future. (Alt. years: spring) (Cross-listed as ANTH 333)

SUST 335 Society and Environment (3)

Relationship of humans with natural environment; role of culture in ecological systems. Pre: 152. (Cross-listed as ANTH 335)

SUST 336 Energy Economics and Policy (3)

Analysis of economic and policy aspects of energy use, and interactions of markets for various nonrenewable and renewable energy options. Evaluations of policies to develop alternative energy sources. Pre: ECON 120 or ECON 130 or ECON 131. (Cross-listed as ECON 336)

SUST 338 Inter-woven Structures (3)

Studio investigation of threads under tension through the thematic lens of environmental vulnerability and resiliency. Exploration of art practice as embodied knowledge with specific attention to weaving as a means of meaning and place-making. A-F only. Pre: ART 116 or consent. (Cross-listing as ART 338)

SUST 340 Human Values and the Environment (3)

Examination of nature-culture dynamic over a range of contexts–literary ecology, systems ecology, political ecology, eco-feminism, environmental ethics–in order to articulate new possibilities for interdisciplinary understanding of the human place in nature. A-F only. Pre: any ENG DL or PHIL or GEO course, or consent. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as IS 340)

SUST 341 Land Tenure and Use in Hawai‘i (3)

Dynamics of change: indigenous Hawaiian land tenure; Great Mahele and Kuleana Act; ethnic succession of land ownership; concentration of ownership today; effects of land development on ethnic communities. Pre: one DS or DH course. (Cross-listed as ES 340)

SUST 350 Sustainable Development (3)

Transdisciplinary introduction to sustainable development. Interactions between environment, economy, and public policy, especially in Hawai‘i. Topics include: curse of paradise, global warming, energy use, health, poverty, population, water resources, traffic congestion, biodiversity, pollution controls. Pre: 120 or 130 or 131, or consent. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as ECON 350)

SUST 351 Economic Change and Hawai‘i’s People (3)

Hawai‘i’s economic transformation from sustainable communal subsistence through mercantile capitalism, plantation capitalism, and global finance capital and impact on its people. Alternative sustainable enterprises for a self-sufficient island economy. Pre: one DS or DH course. (Cross-listed as ES 350)

SUST 356 Aloha Kanaloa-Marine Resources and Abundance (3)

Undergraduate course exposing students to the resources and processes of the ocean, research, and management approaches, as well as a Hawaiian worldview of oceanic elements. Junior standing or higher. Pre: HWST 107. (Cross-listed as HWST 356)

SUST 358 Basic Environmental Benefit Cost Analysis (3)

Fundamentals of benefit-cost analysis with extensions to environmental impacts and projects; case studies. Pre: 220/NREM 220 or ECON 130 or consent. (Cross-listed as NREM 358)

SUST 367 Sustainability, Technoscience, and Social Justice (3)

Examines politics of sustainability and technoscience with an explicit attention to social justice and power relations in society. A-F only. Pre: WS 151 or any 200- or 300-level WS course, or SOC 100 or any 200-level SOC course, or consent. (Fall only) (Crosslisted as SOC 367 and WS 367)

SUST 371 Genetics: Theory to Application (3)

Fundamentals of genetic theory using traditional breeding and biotechnological procedures in insect and plant pathogen management for sustainable agricultural production. Repeatable one time. A-F only. (Cross-listed as PEPS 371 and TPSS 371)

SUST 380 Environmental Law and Politics (3)

Focuses on theories, laws, policies, ethics, and sustainable futures of Hawai‘i and the U.S. Sophomore standing or higher. Pre: any 100 or 200 level POLS course, or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as POLS 380)

SUST 387 Politics of the Ocean (3)

Study of the ocean as a political place. Engagement with theories, policies, and lived-experiences of the ocean through a political lens, including literature and experiential learning. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: any 100 or 200-level POLS course, or consent. (Cross-listed as POLS 387)

SUST 401 History of the Indian Ocean World (3)

Explores the transnational history of the Indian Ocean world, especially the region connected by the western monsoon. Topics include travel, trade, religion, colonialism, nationalism, diaspora, and globalization, including actors like slaves, sailors, women, and
merchants. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as HIST 401)

SUST 410 Sustainable Soil and Plant Health Management (2)

Provides knowledge and understanding of soils, agroecology, and sustainable approaches for plant health management, and prepares students for applied research in various tropical cropping systems. A-F only. (Alt. years: spring) (Cross-listed as PEPS 410 and TPSS 410)

SUST 411 Methods in Wildlife Management & Conservation (4)

Introduces fundamental techniques for wildlife management and conservation. In addition to hands-on training, students will learn underlying biological and ecological principles, as well as quantitative skills, with an emphasis on sustainable management. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: BIOL 171. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as NREM 410)

SUST 412 The Ocean Economy (3)

Examination of society’s interaction with the ocean. Topics include: ocean recreation, shipping, boat building, ports, offshore energy production, aquaculture, fishing, coastal construction, and coral reef protection. Pre: 120 or 130, or consent. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as ECON 409)

SUST 413 Past Global Change and the Human Era (3)

Study of past environments to understand present and future global change. Focus on terrestrial Quaternary environments and global processes. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as GEO 411)

SUST 414 The Ethics of Climate Change and Geoengineering (3)

Provide a scientific basis to examine the consequences of climate change and the
proposed geoengineering solutions, and examine the fundamental ethical basis that underlies environmental policies. A-F only. Pre: OCN 310. (Alt. years: spring) (Cross-listed as OCN 411)

SUST 415 Nature-Based Tourism Management (3)

Principles of nature-based tourism, including a survey of impacts, objectives, planning, and management systems. Junior standing or higher. Pre: TIM 101 or GEOG/TIM 324. (Cross-listed as GEO 415 and TIM 415)

SUST 420 Community and Natural Resource Management (3)

Theory and tools for working with groups and communities in the management of natural resources is presented using a participatory format. Topics include sustainable development, extension programming, participatory learning and communication, evaluation, and conflict management. Pre: two social science courses (with a minimum grade of C-) or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as NREM 420)

SUST 421 Sustainable Tourism Policies and Practices (3)

Seminar examining the social, environmental, economic factors of sustainable tourism development. Emphasis on methods and processes and the role of stakeholders (government, industry, host community, tourists). Group projects. A-F only. Pre: 101 and departmental approval. (Cross-listed as TIM 420)

SUST 422 Biocontrol of Invasive Species (3)

Biological control of invasive insects and weeds using natural enemies; biological control as a cornerstone of sustainable pest management; contributions of biocontrol to economic, environmental, and societal sustainability; reduced dependence on pesticides; increased sustainability of pest management. Pre: PEPS 363 or consent. (Cross-listed as PEPS 422)

SUST 423 Agriculture, Food and Society (3)

Examines historical and contemporary development of the global agro-food systems. The impacts of technological, political and economic changes to food security, environment and development. Open to nonmajors. Pre: junior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as GEO 422)

SUST 425 Environmental Geochemistry (3)

Theory and applications of contaminant/pollutant distribution in the hydrosphere-geosphere-biosphere-atmosphere system, remediation methods, prevention, industrial/agricultural best practices. Topics include aqueous geochemistry, organic, inorganic, gas phase, and ecosystem impacts of environmental contaminants. Pre: CHEM 161 and CHEM 162, or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as ERTH 425)

SUST 426 Environment, Resources and Society (3)

Human interaction with the environment. How market, property institution, and technological change affect the environment. Epistemological basis of environmental policies. Debates on controversial environmental issues. Pre: 102, 151, or consent. (Cross-listed as GEO 426)

SUST 427 Beaches, Reefs, and Climate Change (3)

Global and local aspects of climate change and paleoclimate; beach and reef processes and response to climate change; management of coastal environments; field study local sites. Repeatable one time. Junior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as ERTH 420)

SUST 433 Interdisciplinary Science Curriculum (3)

Conceptual schemes and processes for integrating science curricula within the sciences and with subject areas. Methods and models of curricular integration such as interdisciplinary, culturally relevant, place and community-based learning. Repeatable one time. (Cross-listed as EDCS 433)

SUST 436 Use, Re-use, and Radical Re-use (3)

Explores the related concepts of use, re-use, and radical re-use through an exploration of new applications of traditional fiber techniques and contexts of making. A-F only. Pre: ART 113 and 116 and one 200-level or above fiber course, and consent. Pre: ART 116 or consent. (Cross-listed as ART 436)

SUST 439 Installation/Performance–Material in Context (3)

Studio investigation of the definition/ transformation of space through artist intervention.
Emphasis on the evocative potential of materials in context (ecological, social, political, psychological) as well as experiments in non-object based interventions. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: ART 116 or consent. (Cross-listed as ART 439)

SUST 440 Vulnerability & Adaptation on Coastal Infrastructure (3)

Assessing vulnerability of coastal communities to climate change stressors and providing technical engineering solutions for adaptation. Senior standing or higher. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as CEE 440)

SUST 441 Principles of Sustainability Analysis (3)

Key principles of sustainability and its analysis. Quantification of environmental impact/assessment using target plots, mass/energy balances, and life cycle analyses (cradle to gate/grave) applied to products, processes, or systems. Use of SimaPro. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as CEE 441 and OCN 441)

SUST 442 Environmental Management Systems (3)

Introduction to the process of developing Environmental Management Systems that address the principles outlined in ISO14001:2015. Repeatable one time. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as OCN 442 and TIM 462)

SUST 444 Infrastructure: Project Impacts, Policy and Sustainability (3)

Evaluation of infrastructure impacts. Impacts regulation and mitigation. Effects of environmental and other policies on infrastructure. Infrastructure relations to sustainability. Energy consumption, transportation efficiency and infrastructure recycling. Lectures and presentations by experts and enrolled students. Senior standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: senior standing, open to engineering, science, urban planning, and economics majors. (Cross-listed as CEE 444)

SUST 445 Ethnoecology and Conservation (3)

Ecological implications of cultural uses of plants. Examines the biological basis for, and ecological effects of traditional and local resource management systems. Pre: BOT 305 or BIOL 265/265L or consent. (Cross-listed as BOT 444)

SUST 446 Hawaiian Ethnobotany (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Methods and techniques of handling and identifying plant materials used by early Hawaiians and modern Hawaiians for house and canoe construction, clothing, household and fishing items, medicine, and food preparation. Reading, laboratory, and fieldwork. Pre: BOT 440 or consent. (Cross-listed as BOT 446)

SUST 449 Climate Modeling, Data Analysis and Applications (3)

Introduction to regional and global climate modeling for environmental scientists and engineers. Learn principles of climate modeling, how to access and use climate data for sustainable engineering and environmental management solutions, and effectively communicate results. A-F only. Senior standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as ATMO 449 and CEE 449)

SUST 450 Natural History of Hawaiian Islands (3)

(2 Lec, 1 1-hr Lab) Geography, geology, climatology, biotic environment of Pacific Basin and Hawaiian Islands; endemism and evolution in terrestrial and marine biota. Pre: one semester of biological sciences at college level. (Cross-listed as BIOL 454 and BOT 450)

SUST 451 Wildlife Ecology and Management (3)

Lecture-based overview of the history, ecology, and management of wildlife species from around the world and Hawai‘i. Pre: BIOL 172 (with a minimum grade of C-) or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as NREM 450)

SUST 455 Hawaiian Sovereignty in Pacific Context (3)

Causes and dynamics of ethnic conflicts with attention to problem resolution; (B) Middle East; (C) Hawaiian sovereignty in Pacific context. Pre: one DS or DH course, or consent for (C). (Cross-listed as ES 455C)

SUST 456 Natural Resource Issues and Ethics (4)

Overview of the history of land, resources and power in Hawai‘i; players and processes influencing land and natural resources policies today explored from Native Hawaiian and other viewpoints. Extensive use of case studies. Pre: HWST 207/SUST 217 or HWST 307/ SUST 317 or HWST/SUST 356 (Cross-listed as HWST 458 and NREM 458

SUST 457 ‘Āina Mauliola: Hawaiian Ecosystems (3)

Comprehensive analysis of traditional Hawaiian and modern resource management practices. Rigorous overview of the dominant physical and biological processes from the uplands to the oceans in Hawai‘i. Pre: 217/HWST 207 or 317/HWST 307 or SUST/HWST 356. (Cross-listed as HWST 457)

SUST 458 Project Evaluation and Resource Management (3)

Principles of project evaluation and policy analysis. Shadow pricing, economic cost of taxes and tariffs; public policy for exhaustible, renewable, and environmental resources. Pre: 301. (Cross-listed as ECON 458)

SUST 459 Strategies in Hawaiian Resource Use (3)

Analyzing diverse land and water use strategies of O‘ahu, from traditional Hawaiian, scientific and economic perspectives, through classroom and on-site lectures. Topics include traditional Hawaiian methods, modern development, threatened ecosystems, ecotourism and scientific research. A-F only. Pre: 217/HWST 207 or 317/HWST 307 or SUST/HWST/356. (Cross-listed as HWST 459).

SUST 460 Hui Konohiki Practicum (3)

A “hands-on” internship in an environmental or resource-management organization in Hawai‘i. The experience will be broadened and supplemented by classroom lectures, discussion and analysis from traditional Hawaiian, scientific and economic perspectives. A-F only. Pre: 217/HWST 207 or 317/HWST 307 or SUST/HWST 356. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as HWST 460)

SUST 461 Global Ethnic Conflict (3)

Ethnic conflicts cause most wars on our globe today. Examines causes of ethnic conflict, including climate change. Will evaluate approaches to building peaceful relations between groups and developing sustainable relationships with the environment. Junior standing or higher. Pre: one DS or DH course or consent. (Cross-listed as ES 460)

SUST 480 Applied Forest Ecology (3)

Application of ecological theory to sustainable management of forest resources in Hawaii and beyond, including silviculture
(production of timber and nontimber forest products), restoration (restoring damaged or degraded forests), and conservation (conserving existing forest resources). A-F only. Pre: (311/NREM 310 and NREM 380) with a minimum grade of C-, or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as NREM 480)

SUST 481 American Environmental History (3)

Survey history of the complex relations between American societies and diverse U.S. ecosystems, from European contact and colonization to the present. (Cross-listed as AMST 425 and HIST 480)

SUST 482 Anthropology and the Environment: Culture, Power, and Politics (3)

Investigates environmental problems from an anthropological perspective, and examines the cultural politics of contestations over resources, rights, and the meanings of nature. Pre: ANTH 152 or ANTH 415 or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as ANTH 482)

SUST 484 Contemporary Art and Ecology (3)

Explores the recent history of environmental and ecological art; provides a critical framework for the contemporary image politics of environmentalism, ecology, sustainability, and climate change. A-F only. Pre: ART 176 or consent.(Cross-listed as ART 484) DH

SUST 494 Environmental Problem Solving (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Senior-level capstone for NREM and related majors. Ecosystem management within problemsolving context. Applications of research and analytical methods, management tools to case studies. Focus on student teamwork and oral communications. NREM majors only. A-F only. Pre: Senior standing or consent. (Cross-listed as NREM 494)

SUST 495 Sustainability Capstone (3)

Capstone for undergraduate students in interdisciplinary studies focusing on sustainability. The capstone experience provides an opportunity for students to gain knowledge and research experience in an applied setting. Repeatable one time. IS majors only. Senior standing or higher. A-F only.

SUST 496 Sustainability & Resilience Seminar (1)

Weekly seminar covering research, processes, and initiatives related to sustainability and resilience in practice. The intent is to foster intellectual engagement and to help and encourage students to spawn their own original research ideas. Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only.

SUST 608 Literacy Across the Disciplines (3)

Explores theoretical and practical principles of literacy and sustainability across academic disciplines, investigating the role of language and literate practices of reading, writing, speaking, visualizing, and representing in social, cultural, and educational contexts. Graduate students only. A-F only. (Crosslisted as EDCS 608)

SUST 610 Seminar on Water in History (3)

Explores how various forms of salt, fresh, and brackish water have played transformative roles in the evolution of human communities throughout history. (Cross-listed as HIST 608)

SUST 611 Resource and Environmental Policy Analysis(3)

Exploration of institutional and policy dimensions of natural resource development, management, allocation, markets and pricing, focusing on their environmental impacts. Emphasis on policy analysis using case studies and empirical findings. Original paper required. A-F only. Pre: grade of Cor above in ECON 130 or NREM/SUST 220, or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as NREM 611)

SUST 612 Predicting and Controlling Degradation in Human-Dominated Terrestrial Ecosystems (3)

Historic, present, and projected trends in understanding and managing human-dominated ecosystems; predicting, measuring and mitigating degradation especially in terrestrial ecosystems with a focus on small volcanic islands in tropical settings. A-F only. Pre: NREM 301/ SUST 311 and NREM 304 (or equivalent) and NREM 600. Recommended NREM 461, or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as NREM 612)

SUST 613 Advanced Methods in Wildlife Management & Conservation (4)

Introduces advanced techniques for wildlife management and conservation. In addition to hands-on training, students will learn underlying biological and ecological principles, as well as quantitative skills, with an emphasis on sustainable management. A-F only. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as NREM 610)

SUST 620 Environmental Planning and Policy (3)

Overview of urbanization and environmental change. An examination of environmental laws, policies, planning and urban design strategies designed to minimize and mitigate urban impacts. Repeatable one time. A-F only. (Cross-listed as PLAN 620)

SUST 621 Coastal Flood Mitigation (3)

Design and solutions to coastal flood mitigation problems. Topics include climate adaptation; engineering solutions and best practices to mitigate coastal risk under different ocean hazard scenarios; and ecological approaches to mitigate coastal risk. Pre: consent; knowledge of AutoCAD and ORE 661 desirable. (Cross-listed as CEE 621 and ORE 621)

SUST 623 Science and Science Curriculum, PK-12 (3)

Application of recent developments in science, sustainability, curriculum development, and learning theory to pre-kindergarten through secondary school. Science philosophy, content and methodology stressed, including inquiry, nature of science, sustainability, and
science literacy. Repeatable one time. (Cross-listed as EDCS 623)

SUST 624 Coastal Modeling (3)

Coastal modeling using the SMS Surface-Water Modeling software. Applications to solving coastal problems for different ocean hazard scenarios by applying models for tides, waves, coastal circulation, wave-current interaction, sediment transport, and/or morphology change. Pre: consent; knowledge of ORE 607 desirable. (Cross-listed as CEE 624 and ORE 624)

SUST 625 Climate Change, Energy and Food Security in the Asia/Pacific Region (3)

Analysis of planning responses to human-induced climate change and related environmental problems. Part of the Asia/Pacific Initiative taught in collaboration with universities throughout the region via videoconferencing. (Cross-listed as PLAN 625)

SUST 627 Coastal Geology (3)

Geological history and geologic framework of the Hawaiian shoreline. Modern climate change, paleoclimate, focus on sea level change. Modern coastal management and problems in the coastal environment. Coastal planning. Repeatable one time, credit earned one time. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as ERTH 620)

SUST 628 Urban Environmental Problems (3)

Seminar that examines environmental problems associated with urbanization. Reviews strategic approaches and collaboration among key actors to address such problems. (Cross-listed as PLAN 628)

SUST 632 Planning in Hawai‘i and Pacific Islands (3)

Urban and regional planning in island settings. Experiences in Hawai‘i, Polynesia, Melanesia, and Micronesia. Pre: graduate standing. (Cross-listed as PLAN 632)

SUST 636 Renewable Energy Economics and Policy (3)

Analysis of economic and policy aspects of renewable energy use, and interactions of markets for renewable energy and other energy options. Evaluations of policies to develop renewable energy options. Pre: college calculus and principles of microeconomics; or consent. (Cross-listed as ECON 636)

SUST 637 Resource Economics (3)

Analysis of problems of development and management of natural resources with emphasis on resources in agriculture and role in economic development. Pre: ECON 608 and 629. (Cross-listed as ECON 637 and NREM 637)

SUST 638 Environmental Resource Economics (3)

Principles of policy design and evaluation for environmental resources management, forestry and watershed conservation, and sustainable economic development. Pre: ECON 604 or 606; or consent. (Cross-listed as ECON 638)

SUST 640 Land Systems Science (3)

Through discussion of primary land systems science literature and use of environmental modeling software, this interdisciplinary course explores how drivers, states, and trends in human appropriation of land affect socio-ecological system function. Pre: NREM 477 or NREM 677 or GEO 470 or GEO 476 or ERTH 460 or ERTH 461. (Alt. years: Fall) (Cross-listed as NREM 640)

SUST 641 (Alpha) Seminar (3)

Study in trends, research, and problems of implementation in teaching field. (P) place-based education. Each alpha repeatable two times. COE-related majors only. Pre: graduate and/or undergraduate courses in education and/ or social sciences or consent. (Cross-listed as EDCS 640P)

SUST 647 Urban and Regional Planning for Sustainability (3)

Focus on ideology, conceptual models, accounting frameworks, appropriate technologies, and indicators of planning for sustainability. Central and local policies, plans, and best practices in various countries and settings will be covered. Graduate students only. A-F only. (Cross-listed as PLAN 647)

SUST 652 Kānāwai Lawai‘a: Hawa‘i’s Ocean and Fisheries Laws (3)

Seminar on pre-contact, customary laws on fishing and ocean stewardship, their codification in written laws during the Hawaiian Kingdom period, and changes and impacts through U.S. annexation and statehood, including current models of ocean governance. (Alt. years: Fall) (Cross-listed as HWST 652)

SUST 658 Advanced Environmental Benefit Cost Analysis (3)

Advanced environmental benefit-cost analysis will require that proficiency be demonstrated on fundamentals and address topics related to sustainability, including income equality, non-market goods, risk, cost of public funds, and the social discount rate. (Cross-listed as NREM 658)

SUST 659 He Ali‘i Ka ‘Āina; Land, Resources, and Leadership (3)

Seminar focused on leadership challenges in Mālama ‘Āina to bridge ancestral and contemporary systems to better steward resources, produce abundance, work with and in community, and pivot large institutions for a better Aloha ‘Āina future. (Cross-listed as HWST 659)

SUST 661 Hawaiian Vascular Plants (3)

(2 Lec, 1 3-hr Lab) Identification, systematics, evolution, and biogeography of native plants. Field trips. Pre: 461 or consent. (Cross-listed as BOT 661)

SUST 670 Sociology of Sustainability (3)

Analyses of sustainability, environmental, and technoscience issues from sociological perspectives. Graduate students only. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as SOC 670)

SUST 677 Marine Renewable Energy (3)

Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems: applicability, thermodynamics, design challenges; wave energy converters: floating devices, oscillating water column, optimal hydrodynamic performance; current, tidal, and offshore wind power. Pre: ORE 607; basic knowledge of thermodynamics desirable. (Cross-listed as ORE 677)

SUST 695 Applied Theories of Landscape Architecture (3)

Graduate seminar on discussion of central ideas and theories in landscape architecture and environmental design, drawing on primary literature and speculative or built design work over many decades of thought. Graduate students only. A-F only. (Cross-listed as ARCH 695)

SUST 696 Sustainability & Resilience Seminar (1)

Weekly seminar covering research, processes, and initiatives related to sustainability and resilience in practice. The intent is to foster intellectual engagement and to help and encourage students to spawn their own original research ideas. Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only.

SUST 763 Research Seminar: Agricultural Geography (3)

(Cross-listed as GEO 763)