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College of Languages, Linguistics and Literature

ARAB 101 Elementary Modern Standard Arabic (4)

Designed to provide students with basic knowledge of Modern Standard Arabic. Focuses on developing proficiency in the standard written Arabic language, as well as formal spoken Arabic.

ARAB 102 Elementary Modern Standard Arabic (4)

Focuses on developing proficiency in the standard written Arabic language as well as formal spoken Arabic. It introduces a wide range of situation-based texts and topics that build vocabulary, grammar, and general communicative competence. Pre: 101.

ARAB 201 Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic (4)

Designed for students who have successfully completed a year of Elementary Arabic. Focus is on acquisition of more complex grammatical structures, expanding vocabulary, and developing competence in a wide range of communicative situations. Pre: 102 or exam or consent. (Fall only)

ARAB 202 Intermediate Modern Standard Arabic (4)

Designed for students who have successfully completed three semesters of Arabic. Focus is on intensive practice of interactive functional skills such as listening comprehension and fundamental conversation strategies. Pre: 201 or exam or consent. (Spring only)

ARAB 301 Third-Level Arabic I (3)

Develop proficiency in reading/listening comprehension in Modern Standard Arabic. The instructional materials consist of authentic written, visual and audio materials. Classes meet 3 hours weekly. Pre: 202 (or equivalent), or consent.

ARAB 302 Third-Level Arabic II (3)

Continuation of third-level Arabic I. Emphasis on developing writing and interaction ability at advanced levels of proficiency. Course includes extensive reading, composition exercises, listening skills, conversation practice and extensive review of Arabic grammar.
Developing fluency is the main objective of this course. Classes meet 3 hours weekly. Pre: 301 (or equivalent), or consent.

ASL 101 Elementary American Sign Language I (3)

Development of basic receptive and expressive conversational skills in American Sign Language; linguistic structure introduced inductively through mix of lectures and discussion; includes discussion of history and culture of Deaf community in the U.S.

ASL 102 Elementary American Sign Language II (3)

Continued development of basic receptive and expressive conversational skills in American Sign Language; linguistic structure introduced inductively through mix of lectures and discussion; discussion of history and culture of Deaf community in the U.S. Pre: 101 (or equivalent).

ASL 201 Intermediate American Sign Language I (3)

Continued development of receptive and expressive conversational skills in American Sign Language; linguistic structure introduced inductively through mix of lectures and discussion; includes discussion of history and culture of Deaf community in the U.S. Pre: 102 (or equivalent).

ASL 202 Intermediate American Sign Language II (3)

Continued development of receptive and expressive conversational skills in American Sign Language; linguistic structure introduced inductively through mix of lectures and discussion; includes discussion of history and culture of Deaf community in the U.S. Pre: 201.

CAM 101 Introduction to Modern Khmer (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets five hours weekly

CAM 102 Introduction to Modern Khmer (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or exam or consent.

CAM 103 Conversing in Khmer I (2)

Online course aims to develop students’ proficiency skills in speaking and listening at the first year level for the purpose of communication, travel, and for enjoyment.

CAM 104 Conversing in Khmer II (2)

Online course aims to develop students’ proficiency skills in speaking and listening at the first year level for the purpose of communication, travel, and for enjoyment. Pre: 103 or consent.

CAM 105 Reading/Writing Khmer (2)

Online course aims to develop the student’s proficiency skills in reading and writing Khmer at the First Year level.

CAM 107 First Year Khmer (2)

Continuation of 105. This online course aims to develop proficiency skills in listening, reading, and writing Khmer at the first year level. Use a multimedia CD-ROM and a textbook to complement the web-based instruction. Pre: 105 (or equivalent) or consent. (Spring only)

CAM 112 Intensive Elementary Khmer (10)

CAM 201 Intermediate Modern Khmer (4)

Continuation of 102. Conversation, reading, writing. Meets five hours weekly. Pre: 102 or exam or consent.

CAM 202 Intermediate Modern Khmer (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or exam or consent.

CAM 203 Cambodian Folktales of the Hare I (2)

Introduction to classical Cambodian folktales of the Hare. The Hare, known as ‘Judge Rabbit,’ is one of the most famous figure in Oral folktale stories. Pre: 102 or 107, or consent

CAM 205 Second Year Khmer I (2)

Online course aims to develop student’s proficiency-based units exploring Cambodian language and culture and focusing on reading and writing at the intermediate level. Pre: 102 or 105, or consent. (Fall only)

CAM 206 Cambodian Folktales of the Hare II (2)

Introduction to classical Cambodian folktales of the Hare. Familiarize students to Cambodian basic language, cultures, and custom as seen in daily life. Pre: 203 or consent. (Spring only)

CAM 207 Second Year Khmer II (2)

Continuation of 205. Online course provides opportunities for learners to enhance their linguistic, discourse and sociolinguistic competencies in Khmer at the intermediate level. Use a multimedia CD-ROM and a textbook to complement the web-based instruction. Pre: 201 or 205, or consent. (Spring only)

CAM 212 Intensive Intermediate Khmer (10)

CAM 301 Third-Level Khmer (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced reading, writing, conversation and comprehension. Emphasis on modern contemporary texts. Computer assisted learning. Lab work. Pre: 202 or 212 (or equivalent), or consent.

CAM 302 Third-Level Khmer (3)

Continuation of 301. Computer assisted learning. Lab work. Pre: 301 (or equivalent), or consent.

CAM 303 Accelerated Third-Level Cambodian (6)

Continuation of 212. Practice in idiomatic conversation and extensive reading. Integrated development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Meets 10 hours weekly. Pre: 212.

CAM 305 Third Year Khmer I (2)

Online course provides opportunities for learners to enhance their linguistic, discourse and sociolinguistic competencies in Khmer at the advanced level. Use a multimedia CD-ROM and a textbook to complement the web based instruction. (Fall only) Pre: 207 or consent.

CAM 306 Third Year Khmer II (2)

Continuation of 305. Online course provides opportunities for learners to enhance their linguistic, discourse and sociolinguistic competencies in Khmer at the advanced level. Use a multimedia CD-ROM and a textbook to complement the web-based instruction. Pre: 305 or consent. (Spring only)

CAM 401 Fourth-Level Khmer (3)

Continuation of 302. Computer assisted learning. Advanced reading in current literature; discussion of social and cultural issues; advanced conversation and composition. Pre: 302 (or equivalent), or consent.

CAM 402 Fourth-Level Khmer (3)

Continuation of 401. Computer assisted learning. Pre: 401 (or equivalent), or consent.

CAM 415 Khmer Language in the Media (3)

Focus on advanced reading, writing, aural comprehension and speaking skills through the study of Khmer newspaper, radio, TV, audio/video clips and film. Repeatable one time. Pre: 402 (or equivalent), or consent.

CHAM 101 Elementary Chamorro (3)

Introduction to Chamorro, emphasis on listening and speaking, language structure. Meets three hours weekly.

CHAM 102 Elementary Chamorro (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills; emphasis on oral and reading proficiency. Meets five hours weekly. Pre: 101 (or equivalent), or consent.

CHAM 201 Intermediate Chamorro (4)

Continuation of 102. Emphasis on comprehension and language production (speaking). Meets five hours weekly. Pre: 102 (or equivalent), or consent.

CHAM 202 Intermediate Chamorro (4)

Continuation of 201. Emphasis on comprehension and language production. Pre: 201 (or equivalent), or consent.

CHN 101 Elementary Mandarin (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing, grammar. Meets one hour, four times a week. Pre: placement test.

CHN 101A Elementary Mandarin (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing, grammar. Meets one hour, four times a week. Pre: placement test.

CHN 102 Elementary Mandarin (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

CHN 102A Elementary Mandarin (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

CHN 103 Accelerated Elementary Mandarin (8)

Content of 101 and 102 covered in one semester. Meets two hours, four times a week. Pre: placement test.

CHN 105 Elementary Chinese for Business Professionals (8)

Accelerated, intensive elementary course focusing on everyday listening, speaking, reading, and writing communicative needs of business professionals in the Chinese business context. Pre: consent. (Fall only)

CHN 111 Elementary Conversational Mandarin I (3)

Development of basic skills (listening, speaking and grammar) of spoken Mandarin with application to some familiar everyday topics.

CHN 112 Elementary Conversational Mandarin II (3)

Continuation of 111. Pre: 101 or 111 or consent.

CHN 201 Intermediate Mandarin (4)

Continuation of 101 and 102. Meets one hour a day, four times a week. Pre: 102 or 103 or 105; or consent.

CHN 201A Intermediate Mandarin (4)

Continuation of 101 and 102. Meets one hour a day, four times a week. Pre: 102 or 103 or 105; or consent.

CHN 202 Intermediate Mandarin (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

CHN 204 Accelerated Intermediate Mandarin (8)

Content of 201 and 202 covered in one semester. Meets two hours, four times a week. Pre: placement test and 102 or 103 or 105; or consent.

CHN 205 Intermediate Chinese for Business Professionals (8)

Accelerated, intensive intermediate course focusing on everyday listening, speaking, reading, and writing communicative needs of business professionals in the Chinese business context. Pre: 105 (or equivalent) or consent.

CHN 211 Intermediate Conversational Mandarin I (3)

Further development of listening and speaking skills in Mandarin. The student is expected to be able to comprehend and produce speech at the paragraph level. Pre: 102 or 103 or 112, or consent.

CHN 212 Intermediate Conversational Mandarin II (3)

Continuation of 211. Pre: 201 or 211, or consent.

CHN 251 Reading and Writing Chinese I (3)

For students who have completed the conversational Mandarin courses up through 212 and wish to continue on to 301, or others who can handle daily conversation in Mandarin but cannot read or write in the language. Pre: 212 or consent.

CHN 252 Reading and Writing Chinese II (3)

Continuation of 251. Pre: 251 or consent.

CHN 301 Third-Level Mandarin (4)

Vocabulary building and extended mastery of sentence structures of modern Chinese through reading and related conversation. Meets one hour a day, four times a week. Pre: 202 or 204 or 205 or 252; or consent.

CHN 302 Third-Level Mandarin (4)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or consent.

CHN 303 Accelerated Third-Level Mandarin (8)

Content of 301 and 302 covered in one semester. Meets two hours, four times a week. Pre: 202 or 204 or 205 or 252; or consent.

CHN 305 Third-Year Chinese for Business Professionals (8)

Accelerated, intensive advanced course focusing on general advanced listening, speaking, reading, and writing communicative needs of business professionals in the Chinese business context. Pre: 205 (or equivalent) or consent.

CHN 311 Mandarin Conversation (3)

Systematic practice on everyday topics of conversation. Lab work. Pre: 202 or 204 or 252; or consent.

CHN 312 Mandarin Conversation (3)

Continuation of 311. Pre: 311 or consent.

CHN 319 Chinese Dialect Studies (V)

Advanced Cantonese or other Chinese dialects. Repeatable one time. CR/NC for native Chinese speakers. Pre: consent.

CHN 331 Advanced Chinese Listening and Writing (3)

Web-based training in Chinese listening, reading, and writing to develop skills at the advanced level. Activities combine independent work with communicative activities on the course website. Features language exchange with native speakers. Repeatable one time. Pre: 301 (or concurrent) or consent.

CHN 332 Advanced Chinese Reading and Writing (3)

Web-based training in Chinese reading and writing to develop skills at the advanced level. Activities combine independent work with communicative activities on the course web site. Ideal for in-service professionals seeking language development and maintenance. Repeatable one time. Pre: 301 (or concurrent) or consent.

CHN 399 Directed Third-Level Reading (V)

For those who need special assistance, e.g., in reading texts in their area of specialization or at a pace more rapid than those of standard courses. CR/NC only. Repeatable three times. Pre: consent.

CHN 401 Fourth-Level Mandarin (4)

Extensive reading in academic topics. Meets one hour a day, four times a week. Pre: 302 or 303 or 305; or consent.

CHN 402 Fourth-Level Mandarin (4)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or consent.

CHN 404 Accelerated Fourth-Level Mandarin (8)

Content of 401 and 402 covered in one semester. Meets two hours, four times a week. Pre: 302 or 303 or 305; or consent.

CHN 405 Fourth-Year Chinese for Business Professionals (8)

Accelerated, intensive advanced course focusing on specialized advanced listening, speaking, reading, and writing communicative needs of business professionals in the Chinese business context. Pre: 305 (or equivalent) or consent. (Spring only)

CHN 411 Advanced Mandarin Conversation (3)

Systematic practice on academic topics of conversation. Lab work. Pre: 302 or 303, or consent.

CHN 412 Advanced Mandarin Conversation (3)

Continuation of 411. Pre: 411 or consent.

CHN 421 (Alpha) Chinese Translation (3)

Training in techniques; theory of translation. (B) Chinese–English; (C) English–Chinese. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as TI 420(Alpha))

CHN 441 Fourth Year Reading and Writing: Advanced Topics I (3)

Asynchronous web-based course. Interaction with teacher and fellow students to prepare for, read, and reflect on authentic texts on academic, research-oriented topics with a view to meeting learners’ eventual independent research needs. Pre: 401 (or concurrent) or equivalent or consent. (Fall only)

CHN 442 Fourth Year Reading and Writing: Advanced Topics II (3)

Asynchronous web-based course, with focus on meeting learners’ eventual independent research needs. Pre: 401 (or concurrent) or consent. (Spring only)

CHN 451 Structure of Chinese (3)

Introduction to phonology and morphology of Mandarin Chinese; some discussion of usage and linguistic geography. Pre: 202 or 204; or consent.

CHN 452 Structure of Chinese (3)

Introduction to syntax and semantics of Mandarin Chinese; some discussion of usage and linguistic geography. Pre: 202 or 204; or consent.

CHN 453 Study of Chinese Characters (3)

Origin, structure, and evolution. Pre: 402, 461; or consent. (Alt. years)

CHN 454 Study of Chinese Characters (3)

Continuation of 453. Pre: 453 or consent. (Alt. years)

CHN 455 Chinese Pragmatics and Discourse (3)

Introduction to pragmatics and discourse analysis of Mandarin Chinese; some discussion of usage and linguistic geography. Pre: 202, 204; or consent.

CHN 456 Chinese Semantics and Communication (3)

Study of the meaning of Chinese sentences in isolation, in discourse contexts, and in written texts. Pays equal attention to theoretical issues and practical problems in Chinese semantics and communication. Pre: 202 or 204, or consent. (Once a year)

CHN 457 Chinese Words and the Lexicon (3)

Defines properties of the Chinese lexicon, introduces its principles, approaches, and methodologies in Chinese lexicology, outlines similarities and differences between the Chinese and English lexicons, and advances students’ Chinese language proficiency. Pre: 202 or 205, or consent. (Alt. years: fall)

CHN 461 Introduction to Classical Chinese (3)

Analysis of basic structural patterns through selected readings in various texts. Pre: 302 or consent.

CHN 470 Language and Culture of China (3)

Extensive exposure–chiefly through tape recordings, classroom conversation, and outside readings–to history, culture, and institutions. Pre: 202 or 204, or consent.

CHN 485 Academic/Professional Chinese I (3)

Focus on academic and professional reading, writing, speaking, and listening in order to train students to the Superior (according to ACTFL standards) level of language proficiency. Repeatable one time when taken in China as part of the UH Chinese Flagship Program. Pre: 402 or consent.

CHN 486 Academic/Professional Chinese II (3)

Continuation of 485. Focus on academic and professional reading, writing, speaking, and listening in order to train students to the Superior (according to ACTFL standards) level of language proficiency. Repeatable one time when taken in China as part of the UH Chinese Flagship Program. Pre: 402 or consent.

CHN 487 (Alpha) Readings in 20th Century Chinese Literature (3)

Representative works of writers from People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. (B) short stories; (C) poetry and drama; (D) novels and essays. Repeatable two times. Pre: 402 or consent.

CHN 488 Flagship Rhetoric and Composition Abroad (3)

Designed for students participating in the Flagship Capstone Year in China taught entirely in Chinese. Students will improve their knowledge of and ability to use Chinese to effectively communicate in writing. A-F only. Pre: 486 or consent.

CHN 489 Flagship Media and Society Abroad (3)

Designed for students participating in the Flagship Capstone Year in China taught entirely in Chinese. Students will improve their knowledge of Chinese media, how it operates, and its effects on Chinese society. A-F only. Pre: 486 or consent.

CHN 490 Flagship Experience Abroad (V)

Designed for students participating in the Flagship Capstone Year in China taught entirely in Chinese. Students will take two courses taught in Chinese in their field at Nanjing or Beijing Union University. Repeatable one time, up to six credits. CR/NC only. Pre: 486 or consent.

CHN 491 Oral Fluency Through Chinese Films (3)

Development of listening and speaking skills through discussion of Chinese films. Students will be required to watch the films before class. Pre: 301 or consent.

CHN 495 Internship Program (V)

Faculty supervised participation in the operations of an organization in a position making use of students’ Chinese language skills in Hawai‘i. Students must achieve a grade of B- in CHN 302 to take this course. Repeatable two times, up to 12 credits. CHN majors only. Junior/senior standing only. Pre: 302 (with a minimum grade of B-) or consent.

CHN 496 Overseas Internship in China (V)

Supervised internships in a Chinese-speaking institution in China. Students must pass 486 with a B- or higher and be accepted to the Flagship Capstone Year in China to take this. Repeatable two times, up to 12 credits. CR/NC only. Pre: 461 and 485 and 486 (with a minimum grade of B- or better) and proficiency assessment and acceptance to Flagship Capstone year in China.

CHN 499 Directed Fourth-Level Reading (V)

For those who need special assistance, e.g., in reading texts in area of specialization or at a pace more rapid than those of standard courses. CR/NC only. Repeatable three times. Primarily for graduate students from other departments. Pre: consent

CHN 601 Introduction to Study of Contemporary Chinese Linguistics (3)

Panoramic overview of major perspectives in contemporary Chinese linguistics. Readings on recent developments of fields. Report on selected research papers and present analysis of linguistic phenomena of interest. Pre: 452 or consent. (Alt. years)

CHN 610 (Alpha) Chinese Poetry (3)

Critical study of major traditional Chinese poetic forms. (B) ancient (to 5th century); (C) medieval (5th–10th century). Pre: 461 or consent for (B), 610B or consent for (C).

CHN 612 Traditional Chinese Fiction (3)

Formal and thematic analysis of short stories, historical romances, and novels. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 402 or consent.

CHN 631 (Alpha) History of Chinese Language (3)

(B) phonology; (C) syntax. Pre: 451, LING 421, or consent for (B); 452 or consent for (C).

CHN 633 Chinese Dialects (3)

Synchronic description of a Chinese dialect other than Cantonese and Mandarin; contrastive and comparative studies with Mandarin. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 451 and 452, or consent.

CHN 634 Chinese Syntax and Semantics (3)

Verbal categories, aspects, focus devices, resultative and directional compounds, coverbial constructions. Interaction between syntax and semantics. Pre: 452 or consent.

CHN 642 Contrastive Analysis of Mandarin and English (3)

Pre: 452.

CHN 643 Methods in Teaching Chinese as Second Language (3)

Problems in language learning and teaching. Practice in preparing and presenting lessons with materials based on comparative linguistic analysis. Materials, teaching aids, test construction. Pre: 451 and 452, or consent.

CHN 645 Practicum: Teaching Chinese Language (3)

For graduate students pursuing teaching Chinese language. Students gain practical skills and hands-on experiences in creating instructional and assessment materials and teaching an actual Chinese language class using the self-developed materials effectively. Pre: 643 or consent. (Alt. years: fall)

CHN 650 (Alpha) Topics in Chinese Language (3)

Extensive studies of selected topics (B) teaching and testing: specific problems in teaching Chinese including characters and cultural elements; proficiency and communicative ability; (C) cognitive grammar. A-F only for (C). Pre: 451 and 452, or consent. Once a year.

CHN 655 Current Topics in Chinese Grammar (3)

Current approaches to Chinese grammar and related issues and debates, focusing on the papers published by leading Chinese linguists employing these approaches. Pre: 452, 455, or 456; or consent. (Alt. years)

CHN 660 Second Semester Classical Chinese (3)

Builds on the foundation laid in 461; introduces complex syntactic patterns, advanced vocabulary; teaches sophisticated reading strategies and cultural literary contexts; exposes students to a wide range of intermediate level texts. Repeatable two times. Pre: 461 or consent. (Spring only)

CHN 661 Advanced Classical Chinese (3)

Pre: 660 and consent.

CHN 662 Advanced Classical Chinese (3)

Pre: 661 and consent.

CHN 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only. Pre: consent.

CHN 750 (Alpha) Research Seminar in Chinese Language (3)

(B) teaching methods; (C) structure; (D) classical grammar; (E) sociolinguistics. Pre: 643 for (B) and (E); 452 for (C) and (D).

CHN 753 (Alpha) Research Seminar in Chinese Literature (3)

Study of authors, a genre, a period, or a problem. (M) modern; (T) traditional. Repeatable one time for (M). A-F only for (M). Pre: EALL 611, WS 613, WS 615, or WS 650; or consent for (M); 612, or consent for (T). (Cross-listed as WS 753) (Alpha))

CLAS 121 Ancient Egypt: Mummies, Pharaohs, and Gods (3)

An overview of ancient Egyptian civilization through lectures and class discussion on Egyptian literature, archaeology, history, religion and society.

CLAS 122 Greek, Roman, and Ancient Mythology (3)

Combines readings and analyses of myths from the ancient world including Europe, Asia, Africa, and Hawai‘i, with an emphasis on comparative analysis of cultures and religions.

CLAS 123 Greek and Latin Elements in English (3)

Important roots, prefixes, and suffixes for building a literary vocabulary.

CLAS 124 Greek and Latin Elements in Scientific Terminology (3)

Important roots, prefixes, and suffixes for building a scientific vocabulary.

CLAS 151 World Myth to 1500 C.E. (3)

Reading and analysis of myths and legends from around the globe, from before the dawn of writing to 1500 C.E. Students will learn to interpret traditional stories from several theoretical and cross-cultural perspectives. A-F only.

CLAS 301 Biblical Hebrew I (3)

Orthography and structure of Biblical Hebrew, history and development of Hebrew as the sacred language of Judaism, overview of religious and historical development of the Hebrew Bible. Pre: sophomore standing or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as REL 301)

CLAS 302 Biblical Hebrew II (3)

Reading of selected prose passages from the Hebrew Bible; analysis of literacy forms, paying special attention to stories which have played an important role in the development of the Abrahamic religions. Minimum C- grade required for prerequisites. Pre: 301/REL 301. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as REL 302)

CLAS 305 Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics I (3)

Decipherment of hieroglyphs and reading of Middle Egyptian literary texts. (Fall only)

CLAS 306 Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics II (3)

Decipherment of hieroglyphs and reading of Middle Egyptian literary texts, including Tale of Sinuhe. Pre: 305 or permission of instructor. (Spring only)

CLAS 321 History of the Written Word (3)

A hands-on history of writing beginning in Ancient Greece and Rome. Content includes the development of the alphabet, scripts, books, libraries, and writing in ancient culture. Sophomore standing or consent.

CLAS 323 Greek and Roman Drama (3)

Survey of Greek and Roman drama, both tragedies and comedies, tracing the history of a genre that contains some of the wittiest and most agonizing moments in ancient literature. Pre: sophomore standing or higher.

CLAS 324 Nature in the Ancient World (3)

Study of the relationship between the Greeks and Romans and the natural environment. Particular attention will be given to the place of nature in ancient science, philosophy, literature, and “real life.” Pre: sophomore standing or higher.

CLAS 325 Greek and Roman War Literature (3)

Survey of war-related literature from Greece and Rome, its major themes, and how it reflects the wide range of social, political, intellectual, and literary perspectives on war found in the ancient world. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent.

CLAS 326 The Greek and Roman Novel (3)

Survey of Greek and Roman novels, a collection of highly entertaining texts that offer windows into various aspects of life in the ancient world. Pre: sophomore standing or higher.

CLAS 327 Ancient Greek Literature in Translation (3)

Major writers: emphasis on Homer, drama, and philosophy. Pre: sophomore standing or higher or consent.

CLAS 328 Ancient Roman Literature in Translation (3)

Major writers: emphasis on Vergil, satire, and novel. Pre: sophomore standing or higher or consent.

CLAS 329 Greek and Roman Epic (3)

A survey of Greek and Roman epic literature, beginning with Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey and proceeding through the Hellenistic Greek and Roman periods. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

CLAS 355 Archaeology of Ancient Greece (3)

Introduction to the field of Greek archaeology and methods of archaeological research in the Mediterranean. Pre: sophomore standing or higher.

CLAS 356 Archaeology of Ancient Rome (3)

Examines the archaeology of the Roman world from the Etruscan period to the reign of the emperor Constantine. Pre: sophomore standing or higher.

CLAS 366 Literatures of Ancient India (3)

Survey of South Asian literature from ancient times to the early medieval period; focusing on Sanskrit, Prakrit, and Tamil poetry traditions. Readings in English translation. (Cross-listed as IP 366)

CLAS 373 Art of Greece and Rome (3)

Minoan and Mycenaean arts; Greece and Rome. Pre: ART 175 or consent. (Cross-listed as ART 373)

CLAS 430 Persia, Greece, and Rome in the Classical Age (3)

Historical examination of the interaction between the Achaemenid and Parthian empires of Persia and the classical societies of the Mediterranean, such as the Greek city-states, Macedonia, the Hellenistic, and Roman Empires. Recommended: HIST 151. (Cross-listed as HIST 430 and PER 430)

CLAS 490 Classics Capstone (3)

The Classics capstone involves the preparation of a major research paper or project that represents the culmination of the Classics degree. Topics are chosen based on student interest and experience. CLAS majors only. Junior standing or higher. A-F only. (Fall only)

EALL 140 Introduction to Chinese Language and Culture (3)

Provides students with interesting perspectives on and some general knowledge of Chinese language, literature, and culture.

EALL 271 Japanese Literature in Translation– Traditional (3)

Survey of all major forms from the earliest era to mid-19th century.

EALL 272 Japanese Literature in Translation– Modern (3)

Survey from mid-19th century to present; emphasis on fiction.

EALL 273 Survey of Japanese Literature–KIC (3)

Survey of traditional and modern Japanese literature in translation, covering all major genres. Only offered at Konan University in Japan. Not open to students with 271 or 272.

EALL 281 Korean Literature in Translation– Traditional (3)

Survey of Korean literature from earliest times with emphasis on development and cultural context; all readings in English translation. Students write essays about the readings.

EALL 282 Korean Literature in Translation– Modern (3)

Survey of 20th-century Korean literature with emphasis on development and cultural context; all readings in English translation. Students write essays about the readings.

EALL 325 (Alpha) Japanese Film: Art and History (3)

Study and analysis of Japanese film; its history and relationship to cultural, social, philosophical, and aesthetic contexts. (B) 1900-1960; (C) 1960-present; (D) special topics. Pre: upper division standing or consent. (Cross-listed as ASAN 325)

EALL 330 Chinese Film: Art and History (3)

Study and analysis of Chinese film; its history and relationship to cultural, social, philosophical, and aesthetic contexts. (Cross-listed as ASAN 330)

EALL 360 Literary Traditions of East Asia (3)

Selected works of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean literature in English; relationships and parallels. Pre: one DH or DL course, or consent.

EALL 361 Chinese Literature: Ancient (3)

Survey of all major genres from antiquity until the ninth century. Pre: one DH or DL course, or consent.

EALL 362 Chinese Literature: Pre-modern (3)

Survey of all major genres from the ninth into the 20th-century. Pre: one DH or DL course, or consent.

EALL 363 (Alpha) 20th-Century Chinese Literature and Culture (3)

Survey of 20th-century Chinese literature in translation. Includes a variety of genres from the People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong: (B) 1919–1949; (C) 1949–present. Pre: one DH or DL course, or consent.

EALL 364 20th-Century Chinese Women Writers (3)

A survey and critical examination of contemporary Chinese women writers from China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. Traces a genealogy of women’s writing from the early 1920s up until now through novels, poetry, drama, and film. Pre: one DH or DL course, or consent. (Cross-listed as ASAN 364 and WS 346)

EALL 365 (Alpha) Traditional Chinese Fiction in Translation (3)

Survey of pre-modern Chinese fiction in translation. (B) short story; (C) novel. Pre: one DH or DL course, or consent.

EALL 366 The City in Modern Chinese Literature and Visual Arts (3)

Study of the fictional and visual representations of the city in the changing contexts of Chinese modernization from the late imperial age to the beginning of the 21st century. Pre: one DH or DL course, or consent. (Once a year)

EALL 371 Topics in Traditional Japanese Literature (3)

Reading and analysis of English translations of selected important works in the classical tradition. No knowledge of Japanese required. Repeatable two times in different topics with consent.

EALL 372 Topics in Modern Japanese Literature (3)

Reading and analysis of English translations of selected important works in modern Japanese literature. No knowledge of Japanese required. Repeatable two times in different topics with consent.

EALL 375 Topics in Japanese Cultural Studies (3)

Multi-disciplinary and historically located study of Japanese culture through the examination of literary and visual texts. Specific topics will depend upon the term. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: one DH or DL course, or consent. (Alt. years)

EALL 384 Modern Korean Women Writers and Culture (3)

Study of fiction by modern Korean women writers in the changing context of Korean culture. A-F only. Pre: sophomore standing or higher.

EALL 472 East-West Cultural Encounters (3)

Critical examination of encounters between Western and East Asian cultures across time. In addition to literary texts, the course may use sources from other media, and focus on a specific era, region, or genre. Pre: an EALL course at 200 level or above; or a DH or DL course at 200 level or above; or consent.

EALL 473 Topics in Chinese Cultural Studies: Visual Culture–Chinese Diaspora (3)

Multidisciplinary and historically located study of Chinese culture through the examination of literary/visual texts and critical essays from cultural studies. Specific topics will depend upon term. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: one DH or DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as ASAN 473)

EALL 474 Transnational Chinese Popular Culture (3)

Survey of contemporary Chinese popular entertainment forms that are produced and appreciated transnationally. Examples include martial arts genres, kung fu films, commercial novels, ballroom dancing, karaoke culture, music videos and rock music. Material will be selected based upon availability and readings will include critical essays from the fields of popular culture, media studies, and literary criticism. Pre: any 300- or 400-level DL or DH course. (Cross-listed as ASAN 474)

EALL 476 Perspectives on Chinese Cinema (3)

Introduction to Chinese cinema studies, with emphasis on the theoretical and critical approaches to Chinese film. Pre: one DH or DL course, or consent. (Once a year)

EALL 491 Senior Colloquium in East Asian Literature (3)

Comparative perspectives; some works studied in the original. Pre: third-level East Asian language.

EALL 492 (Alpha) Study of East Asian Languages (V)

Less commonly taught languages of East Asia: (B) Manchu; (C) Mongolian. Recommended: previous experience in history, linguistics, or languages. Repeatable one time. Pre: consent.

EALL 601 Current Issues in East Asian Language Pedagogy (3)

Survey on East Asian language pedagogy designed to develop students’ familiarity with and facility in addressing the major issues, initiatives, and innovations in the field. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

EALL 602 Introduction to East Asian Linguistics (3)

Introduction to cross-linguistic comparison of the writing systems, dialects, history, phonology, morphology, and syntax of Chinese, Japanese, and Korean. Pre: CHN 451 and 452, or JPN 451, or KOR 451 and 452; or consent. (Once a year)

EALL 603 (Alpha) Bibliographical and Research Methods (3)

Traditional and modern references and other library materials basic to research in all areas of East Asian studies: (C) Chinese; (J) Japanese; (K) Korean. Pre: CHN 402 for (C); JPN 407 (alpha) for (J); KOR 402 for (K).

EALL 611 Topics in 20th Century Chinese Literary and Cultural Studies (3)

Critical scholarship in Chinese literature and cultural studies, broadly defined to include the People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and others. Reading knowledge of Chinese desirable but not required. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as ASAN 612)

EALL 647 Contemporary Chinese Documentary: Record, Expression, Cultural Space (3)

Introduction to contemporary Chinese independent documentary with these goals: to achieve in-depth understanding of Chinese society through documentary; be familiar with theoretical debates on documentary form; and understand documentary as a cultural discourse. Pre: 473 or 476, or instructor consent. (Alt. years: fall)

EALL 665 Special Topics in East Asian Literary Culture & Society (3)

In-depth study of selected topics and issues in modern/contemporary East Asian literary and cultural studies using an interdisciplinary, inter-regional, and transnational approach, from an intercultural perspective. Repeatable two times in different topics, but need consent for second repeat. A-F only. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as ASAN 665)

EALL 691 Introduction to Classical Tibetan (3)

Introduction to Classical Tibetan grammar and vocabulary with emphasis on the earliest Tibetan texts; reading and analysis of pre-classical, classical and postclassical texts.

EALL 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only. Pre: consent.

EALL 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times.

EALL 735 Seminar in Comparative East Asian Literature (3)

Comparison of authors, modes, topics, and genres in poetry and prose; theoretical and practical criticism. Pre: consent.

EALL 750 Seminar in Comparison of East Asian Languages (3)

Comparison of lexicon, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, etc., of two or more East Asian languages, contact influence on them. Pre: CHN 451, CHN 452, or JPN 451; or consent.

EALL 800 Dissertation Research (1)

Repeatable unlimited times.

ELI 070 Intermediate Academic Listening and Speaking (0)

Introduction to the academic English language listening/speaking demands required at the university. Instruction and practice of effective note-taking skills, listening strategies, delivery of presentations, and participation in academic discussions. Designed as a bridge to ELI 080. CR/ NC only.

ELI 072 Intermediate Academic Reading (0)

Introduction to the academic English-language reading demands required at the university. Instruction and practice of effective means to understand text patterns, increase reading fluency and comprehension, and develop vocabulary. Designed as a bridge to ELI 082. CR/NC only.

ELI 073 Intermediate Academic Writing (0)

Extensive practice in expository writing. Analysis and use of rhetorical devices. Individual conferences and tutoring as required. CR/NC only.

ELI 080 Advanced Academic Listening and Speaking (0)

Further development of the academic English-language listening/speaking skills and strategies required at the university. Instruction and practice of effective note-taking skills, critical listening strategies, delivery of effective academic presentations and leading of academic discussions. Pre: 070 or placement by examination.

ELI 082 Advanced Academic Reading (0)

Further development of skills and strategies for dealing with the high demands of academic reading by focusing on becoming efficient and autonomous readers. Instruction and practice of developing critical reading strategies and building field-specific vocabulary. Pre: 072 or placement by examination. CR/NC only.

ELI 083 Advanced Academic Writing for Graduate Students (0)

Introduction to academic writing conventions common at the graduate level. Students explore academic writing in their disciplines, develop clarity of written expression, and improve command over textual, rhetorical, and discursive conventions common in academic writing. Pre: 073 or placement by examination.

ELI 111 Practicum for International Teaching Assistants (3)

Extensive practice for international teaching assistants in speaking in classroom situations with emphasis on oral skills, American cultural expectations and classroom management. CR/NC only. Pre: 080.

ENG 100 Composition I (3)

Introduction to the rhetorical, conceptual and stylistic demands of writing at the university level; instruction in composing processes, search strategies, and writing from sources. Students may not earn credit for both ENG 100 and 190. Pre: placement. Freshmen only.

ENG 100A Composition I (3)

Introduction to the rhetorical, conceptual and stylistic demands of writing at the university level; instruction in composing processes, search strategies, and writing from sources. Students may not earn credit for both ENG 100 and 190. Pre: placement. Freshmen only.

ENG 190 Composition for Transfer Students to UHM (3)

Introduction to the rhetorical, conceptual and stylistic demands of writing at the university level; instruction in composing processes, search strategies, and writing from sources. Restricted to students with more than 24 credits. Students may not earn credit for both ENG 100 and 190. A-F only. Pre: placement.

ENG 200 Composition II (3)

Further study of rhetorical, conceptual, and stylistic demands of writing; instruction develops the writing and research skills covered in Composition I. Pre: FW.

ENG 209 Business Writing (3)

Practice in informative, analytical, persuasive writing. Pre: FW. Students may not earn credit for both ENG 209 and BUS 209.

ENG 270 Introduction to Literature: Literary History (3)

Study of significant works of selected historical periods. A significant portion of class time is dedicated to writing instruction. Repeatable one time. Requires a minimum of 4,000 words of graded writing. Pre: FW.

ENG 270A Introduction to Literature: Literary History (3)

Study of significant works of selected historical periods. A significant portion of class time is dedicated to writing instruction. Repeatable one time. Requires a minimum of 4,000 words of graded writing. Pre: FW.

ENG 271 Introduction to Literature: Genre (3)

Study of significant works of selected genres. A significant portion of class time is dedicated to writing instruction. Repeatable one time. Requires a minimum of 4,000 words of graded writing. Pre: FW.

ENG 271A Introduction to Literature: Genre (3)

Study of significant works of selected genres. A significant portion of class time is dedicated to writing instruction. Repeatable one time. Requires a minimum of 4,000 words of graded writing. Pre: FW.

ENG 272 Introduction to Literature: Culture and Literature (3)

Study of significant works of selected cultures and cultural formations. A significant portion of class time is dedicated to writing instruction. Repeatable one time. Requires a minimum of 4,000 words of graded writing. Pre: FW.

ENG 272A Introduction to Literature: Culture and Literature (3)

Study of significant works of selected cultures and cultural formations. A significant portion of class time is dedicated to writing instruction. Repeatable one time. Requires a minimum of 4,000 words of graded writing. Pre: FW.

ENG 273 Introduction to Literature: Creative Writing and Literature (3)

Study of significant works through analytical and creative writing. Repeatable one time. Pre: FW. No waiver.

ENG 273A Introduction to Literature: Creative Writing and Literature (3)

Study of significant works through analytical and creative writing. Repeatable one time. Pre: FW. No waiver.

ENG 300 Introduction to Rhetoric (3)

History of theory and practices of rhetoric from Classical to contemporary periods; e.g., Plato, Aristotle, Cicero, Quintilian, Augustine, Sidney, K. Burke, DeMan. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 302 History of the English Language (3)

Basic concepts and methods for the study of the English language; general history of the language; grammar and usage, issues of language diversity and standardization; English as a world language. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 303 Modern English Grammar (3)

Introduction to the structure of present-day English for native speakers and others with advanced competency. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 306 Argumentative Writing (3)

Theory and practice of written argument; emphasis on the role of invention in argumentative discourse and on the nature of rhetorical proof. Pre: FW and either 200 or one ENG DL course, or consent.

ENG 307 Rhetoric, Composition, and Computers (3)

Introduction to computer-based writing and reading technologies. Study of principles of traditional and online composition. Writing traditional and multimedia essays. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 308 Technical Writing (3)

Combined lecture/ lab preparing students to write about technical subjects for specialists and laypersons. Introduces theory of technical communication and document design and teaches students to make use of relevant technology. A-F only. Pre: FW and either 200 or one ENG DL course; or consent.

ENG 311 Autobiographical Writing (3)

Writing clear, effective prose based on the writer’s own experiences and ideas. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 313 Creative Writing (3)

Basic principles of the craft as developed through writing in two of the following genres: fiction, poetry, drama, screenwriting, and creative nonfiction. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 320 Introduction to English Studies (3)

Introduction to English Studies at UH Mânoa, including the purpose, practice, and potential of literary and rhetorical study of texts; consideration given to Hawaiian and/or Pacific texts in cultural and historical context. Restricted to ENG manors/ minors and Secondary Education-English majors only. Prerequisite to 400-level work for ENG majors. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 321 Backgrounds of Western Literature (3)

Sources of European and American literary themes and allusions; myth, legend, and folklore of Western cultures; e.g., Classical texts, Arthurian romances, King James Bible. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 326 Literature and (Post) Colonialism (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of colonial, post-colonial, and/or commonwealth literatures from regions such as Africa, India, the Pacific, and the Caribbean. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 330 Medieval Literature (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of literature before 1500. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 331 Renaissance Literature in English (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of prose, poetry, and drama in English from 1500 to 1660. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 332 Restoration/18th Century Literature in English (Except American) (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of prose, poetry, and drama in English from 1660 to 1780, exclusive of Milton. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 333 19th Century Literature in English (Except American) (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of 19th century prose and poetry in English. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 335 Literature in English After 1900 (Except American) (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of prose, poetry, and drama in English from 1900 to the present. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 336 American Literature to Mid-19th Century (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of prose, poetry, and drama in American literature through the middle of the 19th century. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 337 American Literature Mid-19th to Mid20th Century (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of prose, poetry and drama in American literature from the middle of the 19th century to the middle of the 20th century. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 338 American Literature Since Mid-20th Century (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of American literature since approximately 1950. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 360 Prose Fiction (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of the form, function, and development of prose fiction genres such as short story and novel. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 361 Poetry (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the analysis of imagery, sound, language, form, and structure in poems. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 362 Drama (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of the form, function, and development of the genre of drama. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 363 Film (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of the form, function, and development of cinematic narrative techniques. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 364 Non-fiction Prose (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of non-fiction prose such as essays, biographies, autobiographies, speeches, political and legal documents, conversion and captivity narratives, testimonials, science writing, and travel writing. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 366 Shakespeare and Film (3)

Comparative analysis of selected plays by Shakespeare and films which appropriate, reenact, adapt, or offer variations on his texts. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 369 The Novel (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of the novel in English. Repeatable one time for different topics. Pre: one DL course. (Alt. years: fall)

ENG 370 Literatures of Hawai‘i (3)

Writings of various ethnic groups in Hawai‘i, ancient to contemporary. Songs, stories, poetry, fiction, essays that illustrate the social history of Hawai‘i. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as ES 370)

ENG 371 Literature of the Pacific (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of the literature of the Pacific, including Pacific voyagers and contemporary writings in English by Pacific Islanders. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as PACS 371)

ENG 372 Asian American Literature (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of Asian American literature by writers from a variety of backgrounds. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as ES 372)

ENG 373 African American Literature (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of African American literature by writers from a variety of backgrounds. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 374 Race, Ethnicity, and Literature (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of race and ethnicity as the basis for literary inquiry. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 375 Philippine Contemporary Literature in English (3)

Critical survey of 20th-century Philippine literature written in English; cultural values. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as IP 363)

ENG 376 Philippine Literature and Folklore in Translation (3)

Philippine folk literature translated into English: epics, myths, legends, and other folklore. Classic works of vernacular writers. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as IP 396)

ENG 378 Native Hawaiian Literature in English (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of Native Hawaiian literature, ancient to contemporary, in translation and in English, that demonstrate the depth and breadth of the Native Hawaiian literary tradition. Pre: one DL course.

ENG 380 Folklore and Oral Tradition (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of folktales, legends, ballads and other folklore genres in various cultures; consideration given to folklore/ literature relationships. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 381 Popular Literature (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of popular literature genres, such as detective fiction, science fiction, the thriller, the romance, and westerns. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 382 Gender, Sexuality and Literature (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of literary constructions of gender and sexuality. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as WS 381)

ENG 383 Children’s Literature (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of children’s literature; may include study of children’s book illustration. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 384 Literature and Technology (3)

Basic concepts and representative texts for the study of literature in relation to technological developments. May include history of the book, impact of printing and computer networks, science fiction. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 385 Fairy Tales and Their Adaptations (3)

Comparative analysis of selected tales of magic and their adaptations across history, cultures and media such as book illustration and film. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent.

ENG 404 English in Hawai‘i (3)

English language in Hawai‘i viewed historically and in a multicultural context, with attention to politics, religion, race, and education, from 1820 to present. Pre: two ENG DL courses or consent.

ENG 405 Teaching Composition (3)

Theory, observation, and practice in teaching writing, especially the use of one-on-one and small group instruction. Pre: two ENG DL courses; or consent. Recommended: 306.

ENG 405L Teaching Composition (1)

Theory, observation, and practice in teaching writing, especially the use of one-on-one and small group instruction. Repeatable three times. CR/NC only. Pre: 405 or consent.

ENG 406 Advanced Argumentative Writing (3)

Advanced study of both the philosophical and practical dimensions of written reasoning. Emphasis on argument as a process of inquiry. Pre: FW and either 200 or one ENG DL course, or consent.

ENG 407 Writing for Digital Media (3)

Combined lecture/lab on writing and rhetoric for the internet. Includes theories of rhetoric and digital media, as well as practice in designing and delivering curated and original web-based content. Pre: two ENG DL courses or consent.

ENG 408 Professional Editing (3)

Discussion and practice in the professional editing of articles, reports, books; logic, clarity, coherence, consistency of tone and style, grammar and punctuation. Pre: 303, 306, 311, 313, or 405; or consent.

ENG 409 Studies in Composition/Rhetoric/ Language (3)

Intensive study of selected topics, problems, themes, issues, and/or writers in composition, rhetoric, and/or English language. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 410 Form and Theory of Poetry (3)

Poetic theories and techniques for students interested in writing poetry. Pre: 313 or consent.

ENG 411 Poetry Workshop (3)

Writing, evaluating poems. Repeatable one time. Pre: 410 or consent.

ENG 412 Nonfiction Writing (3)

Workshop analysis of nonfiction as a literary form. Repeatable one time. Pre: 306, 311, or 313; or consent.

ENG 413 Form and Theory of Fiction (3)

Narrative techniques for students interested in writing fiction. Pre: 313 or consent.

ENG 414 Fiction Workshop (3)

Writing, evaluating fiction. Repeatable one time. Pre: 413 or consent.

ENG 416 Studies in Creative Writing (3)

Intensive study of selected topics, problems, themes, writers, or modes of creative writing in a workshop setting. Repeatable one time. Pre: 313 and 410, 412, or 413; or consent.

ENG 420 Studies in Literature and Culture (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in regard to cultural studies and the reading and interpretation of cultural texts. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 421 Studies in Comparative Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in the field of comparative literature. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 427 Studies in Literary Criticism and Theory (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in the field of literary criticism and critical theory. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 430 Studies in Medieval Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in Old/Middle English literature from 500-1500, including works in modern translation. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 431 Studies in 16th and 17th Century Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in texts written during the period 1500-1700. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 432 Studies in 18th Century Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in texts written during the period 1660-1830, the “long” 18th century. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 433 Studies in 19th Century Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in texts written during the 19th century. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 434 Studies from 20th Century to Present (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in texts written from the 20th century to the present. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 440 Single Author (3)

Intensive study of the works and literary milieu of a single author considered significant by most scholars in English Studies. The English Department maintains a list of versions focusing on specific authors. Repeatable one time for a different author, with consent. Pre: two ENG DL courses or consent.

ENG 442 Geoffrey Chaucer (3)

Intensive study of the works and literary milieu of Geoffrey Chaucer. Pre: two ENG DL courses or consent

ENG 445 William Shakespeare (3)

Intensive study of the works and literary milieu of William Shakespeare. Repeatable one time. Pre: two ENG DL courses or consent.

ENG 447 John Milton (3)

Intensive study of the works and literary milieu of John Milton. Pre: two ENG DL courses or consent.

ENG 455 U.S. Women’s Literature and Culture (3)

Reading of selected works of U.S. women’s literature and cultural texts (such as art and film). Emphasis on historical and cultural context and diverse expressions of women’s gendered identities. (Cross-listed as AMST 455 and WS 445)

ENG 460 Studies in Fiction (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in prose fiction. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 461 Studies in Poetry (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in poetry. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 462 Studies in Drama (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, writers, traditions, or movements in drama. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 463 Studies in Film (3)

Intensive study of selected topics in film, e.g.: genres, major filmmakers, film theory/criticism, or film and literature. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 464 Studies in Life Writing (3)

Intensive study of forms and theories of life writing in forms such as biographies, autobiographies, oral histories, diaries, journals, letters, film, drama, and portraiture. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 470 Studies in Asian American and Asian Diaspora Literatures (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, traditions, genres, or writers relating to Asia. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 471 Studies in Postcolonial and Diasporic Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, traditions, genres, or writers in postcolonial literatures and of the literary, cultural, and theoretical issues of diasporic experiences such as immigration, assimilation, nation, and transnationalism. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 474 Studies in Pacific Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected questions, issues, traditions, writers, movements, or genres in the field of Pacific literature. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course. (Cross-listed as PACS 474)

ENG 479 Modern Pacific Women’s Poetry (3)

Critical examination of modern indigenous women’s poetry from the Pacific Islands. Thematic concentration on land, family, sexual and national oppression. Pre: two ENG DL courses; second may be taken concurrently; or consent.

ENG 480 Studies in Literature and Folklore (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, traditions, or genres in folklore and oral traditions and their performance and transformations within specific social and cultural contexts. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 481 Studies in Literature and Popular Culture (3)

Intensive study of selected problems, issues, traditions, writers, movements, or genres in the field of popular literature and/or popular culture. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent.

ENG 482 Studies in Literature and Sexuality and Gender (3)

Intensive study of selected problems and issues in the construction and representation of sexuality and gender in specific genres, social and cultural contexts, or thematic/figurative clusters. Repeatable one time. Pre: 320 and one other 300-level ENG course; or consent. (Cross-listed as WS 483)

ENG 491 Senior Honors Seminar (3)

Studies in history of ideas, periods, genres, or themes in literature. Includes research paper. Repeatable one time. Pre: enrollment in Honors Program, 320 and two 300-level ENG courses; or consent.

ENG 494 Study Abroad (V)

Intensive study in the English language of selected topics, issues or writers from the host country in a UH Mânoa-approved study abroad location. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: two ENG DL courses or consent.

ENG 495 Internship (3)

Faculty supervised participation in the operations of an organization. A-F only. Pre: two ENG DL courses, junior standing, or consent.

ENG 499 Directed Reading (V)

Repeatable up to six credits. A-F only. Pre: two ENG DL courses or consent.

ENG 500 Master’s Plan B/C Studies (1)

Enrollment for degree completion. Pre: master’s Plan B or C candidate and consent.

ENG 560 HWP Summer Writing Institute (V)

Repeatable one time.

ENG 561 HWP Summer Institute WAC (V)

Practicum in the current best approaches to teaching writing across the curriculum. Participants write, read published theory and research in composition, and demonstrate effective writing lessons. Repeatable one time.

ENG 601 Old English (3)

Structure of the language, relation to present English; reading of selected prose and poetry.

ENG 605 Theory and Practice of Teaching Composition (3)

Major contemporary theorists and classroom practices that evolve from their theories; observation and applications. A-F only.

ENG 610 Elements of Creative Writing (3)

Intensive discussion of the craft and technique of creative writing through readings in poetry, fiction, creative nonfiction, and creative writing pedagogy. A-F only. Pre: graduate standing or consent. (Fall only)

ENG 613 (Alpha) Graduate Writing Workshop (3)

Advanced practice and critical evaluation of the writing of poetry, fiction, or creative nonfiction. (B) poetry; (C) fiction; (D) nonfiction. Repeatable one time in each English graduate degree. Pre: graduate standing plus 411 for (B); 414 for (C); 412 for (D); or consent

ENG 625 (Alpha) Theories and Methods (3)

Required course in the MA student’s area of concentration. (B) theories and methods of literary study; (C) introduction to composition and rhetoric; (D) foundations of creative writing; (E) theories in cultural studies. Repeatable in different alphas. ENG majors only. A-F only. Pre: graduate standing or consent. (Fall only)

ENG 627 (Alpha) Literary Theory and Criticism (3)

(B) classical period through 18th century; (C) Romantic and post-Romantic.

ENG 664 Biography (3)

Study of one or more authors, English or American literature. Repeatable one time. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

ENG 691 MA Final Project (V)

Individual reading and research towards preparation of MA project. 3 credit hours required. CR/NC only. Repeatable one time. Pre: 625 and consent.

ENG 695 Supervised Practicum (3)

Applies course work in literature, creative writing, cultural studies, or composition and rhetoric to hands-on activities engaging publics outside of the university under direction of practicing professionals and university faculty. ENG majors only. A-F only. Pre: graduate standing and consent.

ENG 699 Directed Reading (V)

Individual reading or research. Repeatable with consent of Graduate Director. Pre: graduate standing and consent.

ENG 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: graduate standing and consent.

ENG 705 Seminar in Composition Studies (3)

Intensive study of selected issues in composition studies. Repeatable one time. Pre: 625C or consent.

ENG 709 Seminar in Rhetoric (3)

Intensive study of selected topics in the history of rhetoric, rhetorical theory, or rhetorical criticism; topic to be announced. Repeatable one time. Pre: 625C or consent.

ENG 713 Seminar in Creative Writing (3)

Advanced study in creative writing focused on thesis and dissertation projects. Repeatable one time in each English graduate degree. Pre: 613 or consent.

ENG 716 (Alpha) Seminar in Techniques in Contemporary Literature (3)

The study, from the point of view of the creative writer, of works written within the last 25 years. (B) techniques in fiction; (C) techniques in poetry; (D) techniques in creative nonfiction. Repeatable one time in each ENG graduate degree. Pre: 613 (or concurrent) or consent.

ENG 727 Seminar in Literary Criticism (3)

Intensive study of selected topics in literary theory and its practical application; topics to be announced. Repeatable two times. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

ENG 730 (Alpha) Seminar in English Literature (3)

Study of authors or a period. (C) re-reading Chaucer; (N) 14th century poetry; (P) extended Victorian lyric; (Q) modern British fiction; (R) early 17th century poetry; (S) dominant Victorians: the 1840s; (T) Baroque and English literature; (U) literature and social change; (X) literature and history; (Y) studies in satire. Repeatable one time.

ENG 735 (Alpha) Seminar in American Literature (3)

Study of authors or a period. (B) American modernism; (C) race in American literature; (D) 19th century American poetry; (E) American literature naturalism; (F) African American literature and theory; (G) American transcendentalism; (H) 19th century American novel; (J) contemporary American poetry; (N) poetry by 20th century American women; (P) women writers and multiculturalism; (Q) Asian American literature and theory; (R) relocating American literature; (S) early American literature; (T) H. Melville and T. Morrison. Repeatable one time for different alphas.

ENG 740 (Alpha) Seminar in Major Author (3)

Study of one or more authors, English or American. (C) George Eliot; (D) Emily Dickinson; (M) Milton; (S) Chaucer and his backgrounds; (T) Austen; (U) Yeats and his circle; (X) Beowulf; (Y) Faulkner’s narrative; (Z) Virginia Woolf. Repeatable one time for different alphas. A-F only. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

ENG 745 Seminar in Shakespeare (3)

Intensive study of Shakespeare.

ENG 760 (Alpha) Seminar in Literary Genres (3)

Study of one or more authors, English or American literature. (C) neoclassicism; (D) tragedy; (E) modern American short story; (F) sonnet and sonnet sequences; (G) Rest., 18th century dramatic comedy; (H) 18th century literature and art; (I) medieval drama; (J) narrative theory and criticism; (K) reinventing the author; (M) laughter and the comic arts; (N) nature of romance; (O) Victorian novel; (P) Jacobean drama; (Q) science fiction; (R) essay, past and present; (S) Eng. hymn in Western culture; (W) 18th century British women novelists; (Y) English romanticism; (Z) English novel and criticism. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

ENG 763 Seminar in Film Theory and Criticism (3)

Classic theories of representation and aesthetics; modern and contemporary cultural, psychoanalytic, and aesthetic theories as they apply to film.

ENG 764 Seminar in Life Writing (3)

Intensive study of critical and theoretical issues raised by various forms of life writing (biography, autobiography, oral history, diaries, etc.) and of their history and methodology. Repeatable one time.

ENG 770 Seminar in Cultural Studies in Asia/ Pacific (3)

Intensive study of selected issues in cultural studies in Asia and the Pacific; topics to be announced. Repeatable one time.

ENG 771 Seminar in Pacific Literatures (3)

Intensive study of selected issues in the literatures of the Pacific in English, or translated into English. Topics to be announced. Repeatable one time. Pre: graduate standing or consent. (Spring only)

ENG 772 Seminar in Literatures of Hawai‘i (3)

Introduction to comparative literature; relationship of Hawaiian to other literatures; sources and influences. Repeatable one time.

ENG 773 Seminar in Hawaiian Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected issues, genres, and traditions in Hawaiian literature written in English or translated from Hawaiian into English. Repeatable one time. Pre: graduate standing or consent. (Fall only)

ENG 775 Seminar in Cultural Studies (3)

Intensive study of selected issues in cultural studies and cultural and social theory; topics to be announced. Repeatable one time.

ENG 780 (Alpha) Seminar in Comparative Literature (3)

Introduction to comparative literature; relationship of English to other literatures; sources and influences. (B) African lit. and literary theory; (F) folklore and literature; (G) theory/practice of poetry; (H) contemporary drama; (I) mythic method; (J) postmodern fiction; (M) modernism; (N) colonial/ postcolonial; (P) postmodernism and postcolonialism; (W) medieval women writers. Repeatable one time for different alphas.

ENG 790 Seminar in Special Topics (3)

Content to be announced. Repeatable five times.

ENG 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Pre: graduate standing and consent. Repeatable nine times.

ESL 100 Composition I for Second Language Writers (3)

Extensive practice in writing expository essays; linguistic devices that make an essay effective. (Fulfills composition requirement for nonnative speakers of English only.)

FIL 101 Beginning Filipino (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing skills. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets four hours weekly, includes one hour out-of-class field experience (Co-curricular cultural activities) weekly.

FIL 102 Beginning Filipino (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

FIL 201 Intermediate Filipino (4)

Continuation of 102. Meets four hours weekly, includes one hour out-of-class field experience (Co-curricular cultural activities) weekly. Pre: 102 or consent.

FIL 202 Intermediate Filipino (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

FIL 224 Filipino for Education (4)

Continuation of 102. Lessons focus on various aspects of Philippine culture and specialized topics that cater to the needs of teachers intending to teach Filipino immigrant students or teach Filipino as a second language. Meets five hours a week; daily lab work. Pre: 102.

FIL 225 Filipino for Education (4)

Continuation of 202 or 224.

FIL 301 Third-Level Filipino I (3)

Conversation, advanced reading and composition on traditional culture and indigenous knowledge. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 202 or 225, or consent.

FIL 302 Third-Level Filipino II (3)

Conversation, advanced reading, and composition on contemporary issues. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 202 or 225, or consent.

FIL 303 Accelerated Third-Level Filipino (6)

FIL 315 Filipino Aural Comprehension (3)

Training in comprehension of spoken authentic/ simulated authentic materials presented in news broadcasts, songs, documentary narration, formal lectures, radio and television soap operas, etc. Pre: 202 or consent.

FIL 330 Filipino Film: Art and History (3)

Study and analysis of Filipino films: its history, forms, development and relationship to cultural, social, philosophical, and aesthetic context. Pre: 202 or consent.

FIL 401 Fourth-Level Filipino I (3)

Advanced reading in traditional literature; discussion of cultural implications; advanced conversation and composition. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 302 or consent.

FIL 402 Fourth-Level Filipino II (3)

Advanced reading in current literature; discussion of cultural implications; advanced conversation and composition. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 302 or consent.

FIL 415 Advanced Filipino Aural Comprehension (3)

Continuation of 315. Training in comprehension and analysis/criticism of spoken authentic materials through films. Pre: 315 or consent.

FIL 435 Filipino Translation Techniques (3)

Techniques of bilingual translation: Filipino to English and English to Filipino. A-F only. Pre: 302 or consent.

FIL 451 Structure of Filipino (3)

Introduction to phonology, morphology, syntax. Pre: 202 or consent.

FIL 461 Filipino Contemporary Literature (3)

Selected readings in poetry, short stories, and plays from early 1900s to present. Co-curricular cultural activities included. Pre: 302 or consent.

FIL 462 Filipino Contemporary Literature: 1980s-Present (3)1

Survey of literature from the 80s (1986) to the present. Co-curricular cultural activities included. Pre: 302 or consent.

FR 101 Elementary French (3)

Conversation, grammar, and reading.

FR 102 Elementary French (3)

Conversation, grammar, and reading. Pre: 101 or consent.

FR 110 Immersion French-Elementary (6)

Content of 101-102 covered in one semester. Three two-hour sessions per week.

FR 201 Intermediate French (3)

Reading, conversation, laboratory drill, composition. Pre: 102 or 110 or consent.

FR 202 Intermediate French (3)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201.

FR 210 Immersion French-Intermediate (6)

Content of 201-202 covered in one semester. Three two-hour sessions per week. Pre: 102 or 110 or consent.

FR 258 Intermediate French Abroad (3)

Intensive course of full-time formal instruction on the second-year level in French language and culture in a French-speaking country. Pre: 102 or 110 or consent.

FR 259 Intermediate French Abroad (3)

Continuation of 258.

FR 301 French Phonetics (3)

Analysis of phonological system; methods of teaching pronunciation; understanding various types of spontaneous speech. Drills in pronunciation, intonation, stress, and rhythm. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 302 Reading in French (3)

Development of language skills through reading of cultural and literary texts. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 306 Structure of French (3)

Structure of contemporary French as analyzed by descriptive linguists. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 309 Business French (3)

Reading and writing commercial materials. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 311 Conversation (3)

Systematic practice for control of spoken French. Further development of vocabulary for accurate, mature expression. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 312 Composition (3)

Emphasis on strengthening facility with language through further training in syntax, structure, and composition writing. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 321 Advanced Conversation (3)

Systematic and advanced practice for control of spoken French, advanced development for accurate, mature expression. Pre: 311 or consent.

FR 331 Survey of French Literature (3)

Major authors and movements. Pre: 311 (or concurrent) and 312; only 311 may be concurrent.

FR 332 Survey of French Literature (3)

Continuation of 331. Pre: 311 (or concurrent) and 312; only 311 may be concurrent.

FR 358 Third-Level French Abroad (3)

Intensive formal instruction at the third-year level in French language skills: reading, writing, grammar, or conversation in a French-speaking country. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 359 Third-Level French Abroad (3)

Continuation of 358.

FR 360 Intensive Third-Level French Abroad (V)

Intensive formal instruction at the third-year level in French language skills: reading, writing, grammar, or conversation in a French-speaking country. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 361 Contemporary French Civilization (3)

Survey of culture and institutions of modern France. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 364 Survey of French Civilization (3)

A historical survey of the development of French culture. The course is interdisciplinary, focusing on the relations between politics, literature, science, and the arts. A-F only. Pre: 202 or 210 or 259 or consent.

FR 391 (Alpha) Topics in French Literature (3)

(B) French film; (C) the Fantastic; (D) Francophone literature. Repeatable two times with consent. Pre: 311 or 312, or consent.

FR 399 Directed Reading (V)

Independent study of approved reading with faculty supervision. Repeatable two times. A-F only. Pre: consent.

FR 405 Advanced Oral and Written Expression (3)

Further development of listening, comprehension, speaking, and writing skills through viewing of French videotapes, reading French newspapers, frequent oral and written reports. Pre: 311 and 312, or 306, or 358, or 360; or consent.

FR 406 French-English Translation (3)

Practice in techniques based on contrastive linguistics. Translation of texts from various fields from French into English and the reverse. Pre: 306 or 309, and 312; or consent.

FR 408 Masterpieces of Medieval Literature (3)

Samplings from epic, novel, verse and prose, tale, lyric poetry, chronicle, theater, didactic literature. Elementary readings in original text in editions giving modern French translation. Pre: 331 or consent.

FR 409 Advanced Language Study: French (3)

Advanced course in spoken and written French with intensive review of alternative grammatical structures and shades of meaning in the modern language. Graduates who have not taken prerequisites may request consent. Pre: 306 or 405 (or equivalent); or consent.

FR 410 Masterpieces of 16th-Century Literature (3)

Samplings from all major writers of the period. Readings in original text in editions giving modern French equivalents for difficult words. Pre: 331 or consent.

FR 411 Masterpieces of 17th-Century Literature (3)

Principal works of major dramatists: Corneille, Moliere, Racine. Principal movements and major authors of non-dramatic prose and poetry. Pre: 331 or consent.

FR 413 Masterpieces of 18th-Century Literature (3)

Pre: 332 or consent.

FR 417 19th Century French Prose and Poetry (3)

Study of representative prose and poetry of the major trends of 19th century France: romanticism, realism, symbolism, aestheticism. Pre: 332 or consent.

FR 421 20th-Century French Theater (3)

Major French playwrights and their works: Claudel, Giraudoux, Anouilh, Sartre, Camus, etc. Pre: 332 or consent.

FR 423 20th Century French Prose and Poetry (3)

Study of representative prose and poetry of the major trends of 20th century France: modernism, surrealism, existentialism, postmodernism and multiculturalism. Pre: 332 or consent.

FR 458 Fourth-Level French Abroad (3)

Intensive course of full-time formal instruction on the fourth-year level in French linguistics, civilization, culture, and literature in a French-speaking country. Pre: 359 or 360 or equivalent.

FR 459 Fourth-Level French Abroad (3)

Continuation of 458.

FR 460 Intensive Fourth-Level French Abroad (V)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the fourthyear level in French language, culture and literature in a French-speaking country. For semester programs only. Pre: 360 or equivalent.

FR 491 (Alpha) Seminar in French Literature (3)

(B) French literature by period; (C) Francophone literature; (D) French film; (E) topic in French literature. Repeatable two time per alpha. Pre: 331 (or concurrent) and 332 (or concurrent), or consent.

FR 499 Directed Reading and Research (V)

Independent study of approved readings and research with faculty supervision. Repeatable two times. A-F only. Pre: consent.

FR 506 French for Reading Proficiency (3)

Reading of scholarly and technical French for graduate students; open to undergraduates with consent of department chair. Not applicable to undergraduate language requirement. Repeatable two times with consent. CR/NC only.

FR 601 Seminar in 20th-Century French Literature (3)

Authors and movements of modern period.

FR 609 French Renaissance (3)

Poetry, theater, prose. Emphasis on Montaigne and Rabelais. Lectures, discussions, reports.

FR 620 Masterpieces of the 17th Century (3)

Dramatic or prose works of the classical period.

FR 651 Philosophic Currents in 18th Century (3)

Philosophic movements and their impact on the social, political, and literary life of the period and the modern era.

FR 661 Advanced French-English Translation: Practice and Theory (3)

Advanced practice in translation into French and from French to English in various fields (literature, business, medicine, other), with reflection on choices. Readings in translation theory. Repeatable one time.

FR 671 History of the French Language (3)

Origins and development of French language in its cultural context. Contrastive analysis.

FR 672 Seminar in Medieval Literature (3)

Genesis and evolution of literary genres from the 12th to 15th centuries. Epic, romance, lyric poetry, prose, and drama.

FR 681 Seminar: The Novel in France (3)

Novels which have influenced movements or established techniques. Repeatable two times with consent.

FR 690 The Theater in France (3)

Historical development; major dramatists who have influenced movements or established techniques. Pre: 6 credit hours at 400 level.

FR 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent of department chair.

FR 735 Seminar in French Literature (3)

Study of authors or a period. Repeatable two times with consent. Pre: consent of instructor and French graduate advisor.

GER 101 Elementary German (3)

Conversation, grammar and reading.

GER 102 Elementary German (3)

Conversation, grammar and reading. Pre: 101.

GER 110 Intensive Elementary German (6)

Combined content of 101 and 102 covered in one intensive course. (Summer only)

GER 201 Intermediate German (3)

Conversation, grammar, reading and writing. Pre: 102.

GER 202 Intermediate German (3)

Conversation, grammar, reading and writing. Pre: 201.

GER 260 Intensive Intermediate German Abroad (V)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the second-year level in German language and culture in Germany. Pre: 102.

GER 301 Phonetics and Pronunciation Practice (3)

Analysis of the German phonological system and practice in pronunciation. Pre: 202.

GER 302 Structure of Modern German (3)

Study of syntactic and morphological structures and basic pragmatic principles. Focuses on spoken and written Modern German. Pre: 202 or 260.

GER 303 Reading and Writing (3)

Further development of reading and writing skills through the study of modern short stories by major German language authors. Pre: 202.

GER 304 Business German (3)

Advanced German conversation, reading, and writing with a special emphasis on the vocabulary and cultural context of the German business world. Pre: 202 or consent.

GER 305 Contemporary Topics in Media (3)

Development of listening and speaking, reading and writing skills through analysis and discussion of media: newspaper articles, radio, and television programs and online sources. Pre: 202 or consent.

GER 306 Conversation (3)

Intensive practice in spoken German designed to increase vocabulary and improve oral proficiency. Pre: 202 or 260.

GER 307 German for Reading I (3)

Development of reading skills through the study of short scholarly, technical, and literary texts. Pre: 202 or consent.

GER 308 German for Reading II (3)

Further development of reading skills through the study of short scholarly, technical, and literary texts. Pre: 202 or consent.

GER 312 Introduction to German Literature 1750- 1914: (3)

Reading and discussion of representative works of German literature from 1750 to 1914. Pre: 303 or consent.

GER 313 Introduction to German Literature 1914-Present (3)

Reading and discussion of representative works of German literature from 1914 to present. Pre: 303 or consent.

GER 320 German Cinema (3)

Study of German film history, film analysis, film theory, and film study. Lecture/discussion. Repeatable one time, or take LLEA 320 one time, for different topics. 6 cr. limit on GER/LLEA 320 courses. Pre: 303 or 306.

GER 360 Intensive Third-Level German Abroad (V)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the third-year level in German language and culture in Germany. Pre: 202 or 260.

GER 361 Germanic Civilization to World War II (3)

German cultural heritage and history in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland until World War II. Pre: 202 or consent.

GER 362 Modern German Culture (3)

Modern culture in post-World War II Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. Pre: 202 or consent.

GER 371 Practical German for use in Hawai‘i (3)

Use of German in practical situations in Hawai‘i, e.g., in travel industry. Pre: 202.

GER 409 Enlightenment—Sturm und Drang (3)

Lessing and his contemporaries; early dramas of Goethe and Schiller; Goethe’s early lyrics. Pre: 306 or consent.

GER 410 Classicism (3)

Classical writings of Goethe and Schiller; some reference to other writers. Pre: 306 or consent.

GER 411 Romanticism (3)

Novalis, Tieck, E. T. A. Hoffmann, Eichendorff, etc. Pre: 306 or consent.

GER 412 Poetic Realism (3)

Masterworks by Büchner, Raabe, Storm, Keller, Meyer, Hebbel, and others. Pre: 306 or consent.

GER 415 Culture of Two Germanies: 1945-1989 (3)

Literature, culture, and film of East and West Germany, 1945-1989. Pre: 306 or consent.

GER 416 German Literature, Culture and Film: 1989 to Present (3)

Study of German literature, culture and film, 1989 to present. Credit cannot be earned for both 416 and LLEA 416. Pre: 303 or 306 or consent.

GER 428 Survey of German Lyric Poetry (3)

Individual interpretation complements lectures on theoretical and historical background. Pre: 306 or consent.

GER 460 Intensive Fourth-Level German Abroad (V)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the fourth-level in German language and culture in a German-speaking country. Pre: 360 or equivalent.

GRK 101 Elementary Greek (3)

Grammar and vocabulary, with reading of simple Greek.

GRK 102 Elementary Greek (3)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101.

GRK 201 Intermediate Greek (3)

Development of reading and translation skills. Emphasis on prose. Pre: 102 or equivalent.

GRK 202 Intermediate Greek (3)

Continuation of 201: emphasis on poetry. Pre: 201.

GRK 303 Greek Historians (3)

Selections from Herodotus, Xenophon, and others. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

GRK 304 Greek Epic (3)

Selections from Homer, Hesiod, and others. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

GRK 325 Greek Philosophy (3)

Selections from Plato, Aristotle, and others. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

GRK 332 Greek Drama (3)

Selections from Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

GRK 333 Greek Lyric (3)

Selections from Sappho, Alcaeus, and others. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

GRK 490 Seminar in Greek Studies (3)

Study of an author or phase in Greek studies. Repeatable unlimited times with consent. Pre: any two 300-level GRK courses, or consent.

HNDI 101 Elementary Hindi I (3)

Learn to express yourself in Hindi-a language that comes with a beautiful script, ancient philosophy, spicy food, and Bollywood! The course is communicative, creative, flexibly personalized for student interests. No textbook to buy.

HNDI 102 Elementary Hindi II (3)

Build on your 101 skills. Content includes Bollywood Film Festival at Honolulu Museum of Art. Create your own audiovisual projects–make movie trailers, write children’s books, or perform at South Asian events.

HNDI 201 Intermediate Hindi I (3)

Improve your communicative and cultural proficiency. Make Bollywood your language coach. Talk about cross-cultural values and practices of food, family, and friendship. Project-based course that builds bridges to your majors, minors, and other interests. Pre: 102.

HNDI 202 Intermediate Hindi II (3)

Prepare your proficiency for traveling to India. Create audio-visual presentations, documentaries, movie parodies, poetry, plays, dance, or projects from your majors/minors. Develop critical, cross-cultural, and creative skills. Bollywood built into course content. Pre: 201.

HNDI 301 Third-Level Hindi: Culture (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced listening, reading, writing, conversation skills, language structure, and culture integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities based on selected cultural themes. Pre: 202 or consent.

HNDI 302 Third-Level Hindi: Film (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced listening, reading, writing, conversation skills, language structure, and culture integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities based on selected Hindi-Urdu films. Pre: 202 or consent.

ILO 101 Beginning Ilokano (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets four hours weekly.

ILO 102 Beginning Ilokano (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

ILO 107 Ilokano for Health Sciences (3)

Development of listening, speaking, reading, writing and other communication skills designed specifically for Nursing, Dentistry, Dental Hygiene, Public Health and Social Work students. Culture integrated with language study.

ILO 201 Intermediate Ilokano (4)

Continuation of 102. Meets four hours weekly; three of four hours devoted to drill and practice. Pre: 102 or consent.

ILO 202 Intermediate Ilokano (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

ILO 301 Third-Level Ilokano (3)

Continuation of 202. Conversation, advanced reading, composition. Meets three times weekly. Pre: 202 or exam, or consent.

ILO 302 Third-Level Ilokano (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or exam, or consent.

ILO 315 Ilokano Aural Comprehension (3)

Training in listening comprehension of different authentic and simulated materials as presented in documentaries, soap operas, radio and television news and other broadcasts, formal lectures, plays, natural conversations, songs, and student-created sitcoms and dramas. Pre: 202 or consent.

ILO 331 Contemporary Ilokano Literature (3)

Conducted in Ilokano, this course explores the literary landscape of Ilokano literature from the perspective of Ilokano writers based in the Philippines as well as those outside of the country. Pre: 301 or consent.

ILO 401 Fourth-Level Ilokano (3)

Continuation of 302. Conducted in Ilokano. Advanced reading, writing, and conversation. Contemporary Ilokano literature; cultural and historical topics. Pre: 302 or equivalent.

ILO 402 Fourth-Level Ilokano (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or exam, or consent.

ILO 424 Introduction to Ilokano for Interpreters (3)

Techniques for interpreting Ilokano into English and vice versa. A-F only. Pre: 302 or consent.

ILO 425 Ilokano Interpretation Field Practicum (3)

Provide extensive practical training in consecutive, simultaneous, sight and telephonic interpreting. It requires observation and study of interpretation strategies and techniques in relevant situations. Pre: 301 or consent.

ILO 451 Structure of Ilokano (3)

Introduction to phonology, morphology, and syntax. Pre: 202 or consent.

ILO 486 Ilokano for the Mass Media (3)

Ilokano as the medium for print journalism, for radio show programming, and for television production. Pre: 302 or consent. (Fall only)

IND 101 Elementary Indonesian (4)

Emphasis on the development of communicative competence in both oral and written language.

IND 102 Elementary Indonesian (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101.

IND 103 Beginning Indonesian I (3)

Introduction into the Malay-Indonesian language for the purpose of communication, travel, further study, and enjoyment. (Fall only)

IND 104 Beginning Indonesian II (3)

Introduction into the Malay-Indonesian language for the purpose of communication, travel, further study, and enjoyment. (Spring only) Pre: 103.

IND 201 Intermediate Indonesian (4)

Continuation of 102 or 104. Pre: 102 or equivalent.

IND 202 Intermediate Indonesian (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201.

IND 203 Intermediate Indonesian I (3)

Intermediate Indonesian language study for the purpose of communication, travel, further study, and enjoyment. Pre: 102 or 104 or equivalent language skills in Indonesian or Malay, or consent. (Fall only)

IND 204 Intermediate Indonesian 2 (3)

Intermediate Indonesian language study for the purpose of communication, travel, further study, and enjoyment. Pre: 201 or 203 or equivalent language skills in Indonesian or Malay. (Spring only)

IND 301 Third-Level Indonesian (3)

Continuation of 202. Conducted in Indonesian. Meets three hours a week. Reading, discussion, composition, and projects. Pre: 202 or consent.

IND 302 Third-Level Indonesian (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301.

IND 305 Third Level Indonesian (2)

Online course consists of modular, thematic, proficiency-based units exploring the language of the contemporary Indonesian media with an emphasis on reading, writing, and listening comprehension. Not open to students who have taken IND 301. Pre: 202, 204, or consent.

IND 306 Third Level Indonesian (2)

Online course consists of modular, thematic, proficiency-based units exploring colloquial and formal Indonesian with a strong emphasis on listening and writing comprehension. Not open to students who have taken 302. Pre: 301 or 305 (or equivalent), or consent. (Spring only)

IND 307 Third Level Indonesian Conversation (2)

Topic-based course aimed to enhance student’s listening and speaking skills in the Indonesian language. Not open to students who have taken 301. Pre: 202, 204, or consent. Co-requisite: 305. (Fall only)

IND 308 Third Level Indonesian Conversation (2)

Topic-based course aimed at enhancing students’ listening and speaking skills in the Indonesian language. Not open to students who have taken 302. Pre: 301 or 307, or consent. Co-requisite: 306. (Spring only)

IND 401 Fourth-Level Indonesian (3)

Continuation of 302. Conducted in Indonesian. Meets three hours a week. Readings in various materials; speaking in various settings. Pre: 302 or 308, or consent.

IND 402 Fourth-Level Indonesian (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or 405.

IND 405 Fourth Level Indonesian (2)

Online course consists of modular, thematic, proficiency-based units exploring the language of the contemporary Indonesian media with an emphasis on reading, writing, and listening comprehension. Pre: 302, 306, or consent. (Fall only)

IND 407 Fourth Level Indonesian Conversation (1)

Topic-based course aimed to enhance students’ listening and speaking skills in the Indonesian language. Pre: 302, 306, or consent. Co-requisite: 405. (Fall only)

IND 452 Structure of Indonesian (3)

Introduction to grammar; some sociolinguistic background. Pre: 302 or equivalent, or consent.

IND 454 History of Indonesian (3)

Social and linguistic development of Indonesian from roots in earlier Malay to contemporary form and function. Pre: 202 and 452, or consent.

IND 461 Modern Indonesian Literature (3)

Selected readings, 1900 to present. Discussion and composition. Pre: 402 or consent.

IP 101 Directed Elementary Language Study (4)

Directed study of a South Asian, Southeast Asian, or Pacific language not regularly listed by the department. Pre: consent.

IP 102 Directed Elementary Language Study (4)

Continuation of 101.

IP 199 Introductory Language Study (V)

Introductory study of a South Asian, Southeast Asian, or Pacific language. Contact hours and credits determined by student interests and faculty resources. Repeatable up to eight credit hours. Pre: consent.

IP 201 Directed Intermediate Language Study (4)

Continuation of 102. Pre: consent.

IP 202 Directed Intermediate Language Study (4)

Continuation of 201.

IP 261 Topics in Indo-Pacific Literature/Culture (V)

Study of a literature or culture of the Indo-Pacific area through readings in various fields in English. Repeatable up to six credit hours. Pre: consent.

IP 273 (Alpha) Introduction to Indo-Pacific Language and Culture (3)

Introduction in English to language(s) and culture(s) of Indo-Pacific country or region. (B) Indian; (C) Southeast Asian; (D) Polynesian; (E) Philippines. Sophomore standing or higher for (C). Pre: 101 and 102 courses in relevant language or consent for (B), (D), and (E).

IP 299 Intermediate Language Study (V)

Intermediate study of a South Asian, Southeast Asian, or Pacific language. Contact hours and credits determined by student interests and faculty resources. Repeatable up to eight credit hours. Pre: at least six credit hours of elementary study in the same language.

IP 300 History of Early India (3)

Historical survey of India and South Asia from Mohenjo-Daro to the Mughal Empire, tracing political, social, religious, economic, cultural, and intellectual developments from ancient times to the 18th century. (Cross-listed as HIST 301)

IP 301 Directed Third-Level Language Study (3)

Continuation of 202. Pre: consent.

IP 302 Directed Third-Level Language Study (3)

Continuation of 301.

IP 303 Bollywood Dance, Music, and Film (3)

Unique course combining mind and body, discussion and dancing. Learn and perform Bollywood dances and the richness of their Indian poetic, classical, and folk traditions. Understand “Bollywood” in the context of cross-cultural fusion and globalization. Repeatable one time.

IP 360 Filipino Food, Music, and Rituals: Art and Culture Studies (3)

Study and analysis of the art and culture of Filipino food, music, and rituals-history, forms, social development, influences, and impact. Sophomore standing or consent.

IP 361 Southeast Asian Literature in Translation (3)

Survey in English of traditional and modern literatures of Southeast Asia. (Cross-listed as ASAN 361)

IP 362 Philippine Drama: History, Art, Culture (3)

Historical survey from precolonial to contemporary periods. Studies forms, conventions, and literature within the social, political, and cultural context of the times as reflected in the history of Philippine drama. Explores plays in the diaspora. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. A-F only. (Fall only)

IP 363 Philippine Contemporary Literature in English (3)

Critical survey of 20th-century Philippine literature written in English; cultural values. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as ENG 375)

IP 364 Philippine Popular Culture (3)

Appreciation, re-examination, and analysis of Philippine popular culture produced in the Philippines and in the diaspora; an evaluation of such forms using critical hermeneutic frames. A-F only. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

IP 365 South Asian Literature in Translation (3)

Survey of traditional and modern literatures of South Asia; literature written originally in English.

IP 366 Literatures of Ancient India (3)

Survey of South Asia literature from ancient times to the early medieval period; focusing on Sanskrit, Prakrit and Tamil poetry traditions. Readings in English translation. (Cross-listed as CLAS 366)

IP 367 Persian Theater and Culture (3)

Study of Persian and Iranian theater and culture with an overview of history from 2500 B.C. to the contemporary era. Pre: THEA 101 or consent. (Cross-listed as PER 367)

IP 368 Introduction to South/Southeast Asian Film, History, Theory and Appreciation (3)

Study and analysis of South/Southeast Asian films– history, forms, development, theoretical framework and relationship to cultural, social, philosophical and aesthetic context. (B) Filipino; (C) Iranian. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. A-F only for (B). ((C) Cross-listed as PER 368)

IP 369 (Alpha) Study Abroad (3)

(B) Samoa; (C) Tahiti; (E) Vietnam. Repeatable one time for (B) and (C). Pre: instructor consent for (C).

IP 370 Philippine Travelogue: People, Places, and Practices (3)

A virtual guided tour of the Philippines that explores its multi-culture diversity through its people, places, and practices. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only.

IP 373 Vedic Hindu Mythology (3)

Study of major Hindu myths of the Vedic Sanskrit literature within the perspective of ancient Indian civilization. Literary sources will be tapped for understanding creation, cosmogony and celestial, atmospheric and terrestrial divinities. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. A-F only. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as REL 373)

IP 374 Classical Hindu Mythology (3)

Study of major myths of Epic Sanskrit literature, primarily with focus of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Literary sources will be tapped for appreciating myths and epics, especially with reference to dharma, karma, ways of life. Sophomore standing or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as REL 374)

IP 375 Philippine Traditional Games and Pastimes (3)

Introduces an experiential approach in the study of games and pastimes from various regions in the Philippines. It also focuses on the historical and socio-cultural aspects of Philippine games. Sophomore standing or higher.

IP 376 Philippine Diasporic Literatures (3)

Appreciation, reexamination, and analysis of Philippine literature of exile; a reevaluation of Philippine writing from the diaspora. Sophomore standing or higher or consent.

IP 377 Critical Discourses in IPLL Studies: Philippines (3)

Revaluation and analysis of critical discourses in Philippine languages and literatures and an examination of alternative perspectives to the prevailing studies on Philippine culture; an appreciation of emerging knowledge on the Philippines. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent.

IP 382 Philippine Visual Art from Burial Jars to Burning Effigies (3)

Introduction to the arts and material culture of the Philippines from the pre-colonial to the contemporary period through the examination of sculpture, metalwork, ceramics, textiles, and painting from various ethnolinguistic groups. Sophomore standing or higher. (Cross-listed as ART 382)

IP 389 Theories in Ilokano Studies (3)

Examines the various theories employed in the study of Ilokano society, language, and culture from a variety of historical periods. A-F only. Junior standing or higher, or consent. (Alt. years: spring)

IP 391 Literary Cultural Relations (Philippines and Southeast Asia) (3)

An appreciation, a reexamination, and an analysis of the literary and cultural relations among the various nation states of Southeast Asia. Various texts are examined to establish the connections of these nation states. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. (Alt. years)

IP 395 Polynesian Folklore in Translation (3)

Traditional Polynesian genres (legends, myths, folktales, fables, proverbs, songs, riddles, jokes) examined in translation and culturally and structurally interpreted. Pre: one of ENG 270-272.

IP 396 Philippine Literature and Folklore in Translation (3)

Philippine folk literature translated into English: epics, myths, legends, and other folklore. Classic works of vernacular writers. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as ENG 376)

IP 399 Third-Level Language Study (V)

Third-level study of a South Asian, Southeast Asian, or Pacific language. Contact hours and credits determined by student interests and faculty resources. Repeatable up to six credits. Pre: at least 6 credits of intermediate study of the same language.

IP 401 Directed Fourth-Level Language Study (3)

Continuation of 302. Pre: consent.

IP 402 Directed Fourth-Level Language Study (3)

Continuation of 401.

IP 411 Ilokano Literature in Translation (3)

Overview of Ilokano literature from the early writings to the major works of contemporary writers. A-F only. Pre: ILO 201 or consent.

IP 427 (Alpha) Topics in Samoan Literature (3)

(B) Writings of Albert Wendt; (C) Samoan women writers. Pre: SAM 227 or one of ENG 270-272; or consent for (B). Pre: SAM 227 or one of ENG 270- 273 or WS 245; or consent for (C).

IP 431 Rizal’s Literary Works in Translation (3)

Interpretation and analyses of Rizal’s novels Noli and Fili as they relate to the social, political, and historical context of the Spanish regime in the Philippines. Pre: one DL course, or consent.

IP 432 The Writings of Carlos Bulosan (3)

Intensive study of the major writings of Carlos Bulosan; his literary and cultural milieu with thematic concentration on aesthetics and the issues of diasporic experiences (e.g., immigration, assimilation, nation, etc.) and transnationalism. Pre: 361 or 363 or 396 or 431 or any ENG DL.

IP 465 (Alpha) Hawaiian and Indo-Pacific Teaching Practicum (3)

An experienced-based introduction to various approaches in language teaching methodologies and techniques. Students’ skills in teaching the Hawaiian or an Indo-Pacific language are developed through supervised teaching, class planning and evaluation. (B) Southeast Asian languages. Repeatable one time. CR/NC only. Pre: 402-level of the language practicum or consent; (B) CAM 402 or IND 402 or THAI 402 (or concurrent) and consent of instructor or equivalent language skills.

IP 470 Folklore (3)

Theory and method of comparative and analytical folklore study, with special applications to Pacific traditions. Pre: ANTH 152 or consent.

IP 499 Directed Studies (V)

Study of a Pacific, South Asian, or Southeast Asian language through vernacular readings in various academic fields. Repeatable. Pre: third-level language and consent.

IP 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

ITAL 101 Elementary Italian (3)

Conversation, grammar, and reading.

ITAL 102 Elementary Italian (3)

Conversation, grammar, and reading. Pre: 101 or consent.

ITAL 110 Immersion Italian-Elementary (6)

Combined content of 101 and 102 covered in one summer session. (Summer only)

ITAL 160 Intensive Elementary Italian Abroad (V)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the first-year level in Italian language and culture in Italy.

ITAL 201 Intermediate Italian (3)

Reading, conversation, composition. Pre: 102 or 110.

ITAL 202 Intermediate Italian (3)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201.

ITAL 258 Intermediate Italian Abroad (3)

Intensive course of full-time formal instruction in Italy on the second-year level in Italian language and culture. Pre: 102 or 110 or 160.

ITAL 259 Intermediate Italian Abroad (3)

Continuation of 258.

ITAL 311 Conversation (3)

Systematic practice for control of spoken Italian. Further development of vocabulary for accurate, mature expression. Pre: 202 or consent.

ITAL 358 Third-Level Italian Abroad (3)

Intensive formal instruction at the third-year level in Italian language skills: reading, writing, grammar, or conversation in an Italian-speaking country. Pre: 202 or 259 or equivalent.

ITAL 359 Third-Level Italian Abroad (3)

Continuation of 358.

ITAL 360 Intensive Third-Level Italian Abroad (V)

Intensive formal instruction at the third-year level in Italian language skills: reading, writing, grammar, or conversation in an Italian-speaking country. Pre: 202 or equivalent.

ITAL 458 Fourth-Level Italian Abroad (3)

Intensive course of full-time formal instruction in Italy on the fourth-year level in Italian language, linguistics, culture, and literature. Pre: 359 or 360 or equivalent.

ITAL 459 Fourth-Level Italian Abroad (3)

Continuation of 458.

ITAL 460 Intensive Fourth-Level Italian Abroad (V)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the fourth-year level in Italian language and culture in Italy. For semester programs only. Pre: 360 or equivalent.

JPN 100 Elementary Japanese, Special (3)

Same material as 101, covered more quickly for students with some language background. Pre: placement test.

JPN 101 Elementary Japanese (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing, grammar. Meets one hour, four times a week, plus lab work. Pre: placement test or consent.

JPN 102 Elementary Japanese (4)

Continuation of 100 or 101. Pre: 100 or 101, or consent.

JPN 105 Accelerated Elementary Japanese (8)

Content of 101 and 102 covered in one semester. Meets two hours, four times a week. Pre: consent.

JPN 111 Elementary Japanese for Oral Communication I (3)

The first of a series of courses focusing on speaking and listening skills necessary to performing in common situations in Hawai‘i and Japan. Pre: consent.

JPN 112 Elementary Japanese for Oral Communication II (3)

Continuation of 111. Pre: 100 or 101 or 111, or consent.

JPN 201 Intermediate Japanese (4)

Continuation of 101 and 102. Meets one hour, four times a week, plus lab work. Pre: 102, 105, or placement test; or consent.

JPN 202 Intermediate Japanese (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or placement test; or consent.

JPN 205 Accelerated Intermediate Japanese for Pre-Professionals (8)

Content of 201 and 202 covered in one semester. Emphasis on practical Japanese used in professional contexts. Meets two hours, four times a week. Pre: 102, 105; or consent.

JPN 211 Intermediate Japanese for Oral Communication I (3)

Continuation of 111-112. Pre: 102 or 105 or 112; or consent.

JPN 212 Intermediate Japanese for Oral Communication II (3)

Continuation of 211. Pre: 201 or 211, or consent.

JPN 217 Introduction to Japanese Reading and Writing with Basic Kanji (3)

For students who have completed the oral communication courses up through JPN 212 and wish to continue on to JPN 301. Also appropriate for semi-bilingual students who lack literacy skills. Pre: 212 or consent.

JPN 258 Intermediate Japanese Abroad (4)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the second-year level in Japanese language and culture in Japan. Pre: 102 or 105.

JPN 259 Intermediate Japanese Abroad (4)

Continuation of 258. Pre: 201 or 258, or consent.

JPN 301 Third-Year Japanese (4)

Transitional course employing four skills (listening, speaking, reading, writing) and grammar training to prepare students to address academic content in Japanese. Meets one hour, four times a week, plus lab work. Pre: 202, 205, 217, or placement test; or consent

JPN 302 Third-Year Japanese (4)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or placement test, or consent.

JPN 305 Accelerated Third-Year Japanese (8)

Content of 301 and 302 covered in one semester. Meets two hours, four times a week, plus lab work. Pre: 202, 205, 217, or consent.

JPN 307 Special Japanese Reading and Writing (3)

For bilingual students whose aural and spoken skills in Japanese were acquired informally. Emphasis on reading and writing through 301 level. Pre: placement test.

JPN 308 Special Japanese Reading and Writing (4)

For bilingual students whose aural and oral skills in Japanese were acquired informally. Emphasis on reading and writing. Pre: placement test or consent of instructor

JPN 311 Third-Year Japanese for Professional Communication I (3)

Training in oral communication skills essential for operating in a Japanese-speaking professional environment or workplace. Pre: 202, 205, 212, or placement test; or consent. (Fall only)

JPN 312 Third-Year Japanese for Professional Communication II (3)

Training in oral communication skills essential for operating in a Japanese-speaking professional environment or workplace. Pre: 311 or placement test, or consent. (Spring only)

JPN 315 Third-Year Japanese Aural Comprehension (3)

Training in strategies for listening to various types of spoken material presented in narrations, interviews, news broadcasts, and lectures, etc. Pre: 302 or consent.

JPN 318 Oral Fluency Through Film (3)

Training in oral communication and comprehension skills utilizing the spoken text and visual segments from Japanese film and television dramas. Pre: 301 or consent.

JPN 332 Advanced Japanese Reading and Writing (3)

Web-based training in Japanese reading and writing to develop skills at the advanced level. Course activities combine independent work with communicative activities on the website. Ideal for in-service professionals seeking language development and maintenance. Repeatable one time. Pre: 301 (or concurrent) or consent.

JPN 350 Introduction to Japanese Linguistics (3)

Introduction to major areas of linguistic description as applied to Japanese language. Pre: 301 or 307, or consent.

JPN 358 Third-Level Japanese Abroad (4)

Intensive course of full-time formal instruction on the third-year level in Japanese language and culture in Japan. Pre: 202, 205, 217, or consent.

JPN 359 Third-Level Japanese Abroad (4)

Continuation of 358. Pre: 301 or 358.

JPN 370 Language in Japanese Society (3)

Review of the use of Japanese respect language in relation to social structure, interpersonal relationships, and ways of thinking. Pre: 301 or consent.

JPN 399 Directed Third-Level Reading (V)

For those who need special assistance, e.g., reading texts in area of specialization or at a pace more rapid than those of standard courses. CR/NC only. Repeatable three times. Pre: consent.

JPN 401 Fourth-Year Japanese I (4)

Continuation of 302 and 305 emphasizing all four skills. Transition to longer and more complex written and spoken Japanese. Meets 50 minutes, four times a week. Pre: 302, 305, 308, or placement test; or consent.

JPN 402 Fourth-Year Japanese II (4)

Continuation of 401. Transition to longer and more complex written and spoken Japanese. Meets 50 minutes, four times a week. Pre: 401 or placement test; or consent.

JPN 403 Fourth-Year Japanese for Advanced Speakers I (3)

Continuation of 308 for bilingual students. Pre: 308 or placement; or consent.

JPN 404 Fourth-Year Japanese for Advanced Speakers II (3)

Continuation of 403 for bilingual students. Pre: 403 or placement; or consent.

JPN 405 Fourth-Level Japanese Reading: Accelerated (8)

Content of 401 and 402 covered in one semester. Meets two hours, four times a week. Pre: 302, 305, 308, or placement test

JPN 407 (Alpha) Readings in Original Texts (3)

JPN 407 (Alpha) Readings in Original Texts (3) (D) academic and journalistic texts; (E) modern literature. Repeatable one time in different alphas. Pre: 401, 403, or 405; or consent.

JPN 415 Japanese Aural Comprehension (3)

Training in comprehension of spoken material presented in news broadcasts, documentary narration, formal lectures, etc. Pre: 402, 405; or consent. May be concurrent with 407.

JPN 420 Fourth-Level Spoken Japanese (3)

Training in oral communication skills in varied social contexts. Pre: 402 or 405.

JPN 421 Japanese Composition (3)

Writing skills refined through practice in various styles (essays, letters, etc.). Pre: 401, 404, or 405; or consent.

JPN 423 Advanced Listening and Speaking (3)

Training in listening and speaking for bilingual and other advanced learners. Emphasis on formal Japanese such as academic lectures, news, exchanges in business settings, public speaking, etc. Pre: 421 or consent.

JPN 424 English to Japanese Translation (3)

Training in techniques of translating English in Japanese. Pre: 407D or 407E, or consent. (Cross-listed as TI 424)

JPN 425 Japanese to English Translation (3)

Training in techniques of translating Japanese into English. Pre: 407D or 407E, or consent. (Cross-listed as TI 425)

JPN 431 Advanced Business Writing (3)

Training in advanced business writing for bilingual and other advanced learners. Japanese writing intensive. Pre: 421 or consent.

JPN 451 Structure of Japanese (3)

Introduction to phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics of modern colloquial Japanese. Pre: 401, 404, or 405; and 350 or LING 320; or consent.

JPN 452 Introduction to Japanese Pedagogical Grammar (3)

Introduction to teaching of basic Japanese grammatical patterns. Pre: 350 or LING 320, and 407; or consent.

JPN 458 Fourth-Level Japanese Abroad (4)

Intensive course of full time instruction on the fourth-year level in Japanese language and culture in Japan. Pre: 302, 305, 308, 359, or consent.

JPN 459 Fourth-Level Japanese Abroad (4)

Continuation of 458. Pre: 401 or 458.

JPN 461 Introduction to Classical Japanese (3)

Basic classical Japanese grammar to develop reading skills. Pre: 302 or consent.

JPN 466 Readings in Classical Japanese (3)

Introduction to major genres of prose and poetry. Repeatable one time with permission. Pre: 461 or consent.

JPN 471 Okinawan Language and Culture (3)

Focuses on the language, heritage, and folk culture of Okinawa. Pre: 202, 205, or consent.

JPN 472 Okinawan Language and Literature (3)

Focuses on Okinawan literature across various genres and periods. Pre: 202, 205, or consent.

JPN 475 Introduction to Japanese Sociolinguistics (3)

Application of general linguistics to social phenomena such as group identity, language and gender, dialects and intercultural communication. Pre: 350 and 370, or consent.

JPN 485 Advanced Readings in Modern Japanese Literature (3)

Advanced course to foster speed, accuracy and attention to stylistic issues in modern Japanese literature. Pre: 407D and 407E, or consent.

JPN 486 Advanced Readings in Modern Japanese Contemporary Topics (3)

Advanced course to foster speed, accuracy, and attention to content in reading modern discursive texts. Pre: 407D and 407E, or consent.

JPN 490 Advanced Japanese Language Study (3)

Advanced course in spoken and written Japanese stressing intensive research using the Internet, electronic mail in Japanese and conventional media. Oral presentations, written reports and journal writing. Repeatable one time. Pre: 485 or equivalent and consent.

JPN 493 Project Work in Japanese (3)

Enhances Japanese language skills through a field-based research project on a topic of the individual student’s choice. Interviews, surveys, observations, written materials and A/V-assisted oral presentations. Repeatable one time. Pre: 402 or 405 or equivalent, or consent.

JPN 495 (Alpha) Internship Program (3)

Analysis of intercultural communication processes under faculty supervision through participation in an organization serving native speakers of Japanese. (B) business, repeatable one time; (C) travel industry internship. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: 370 or consent for (C); 431 for (B).

JPN 499 Directed Fourth-Level Reading (V)

For those who need special assistance, e.g., in reading texts in area of specialization or at a pace more rapid than those of standard courses. Primarily for graduate students from other departments. CR/NC only. Repeatable three times. Pre: consent.

JPN 601 Japanese Phonology and Morphology (3)

Introduction to the phonology and morphology of modern colloquial Japanese. Pre: 451 or consent.

JPN 602 Japanese Syntax and Semantics (3)

Introduction to theories of syntax, sentence structure, parts of speech, constituency, grammatical relations and case marking, word order, passives, causatives, tense, aspect, and embeddings. Pre: 451 or consent.

JPN 604 Introduction to Japanese Language Pedagogy (3)

Training in the identification and analysis of general problems in Japanese language learning, teaching, and testing by examining theoretical issues and conducting classroom research. Pre: 407 or equivalent, and 451; or consent.

JPN 605 Research Methodology in Japanese Linguistics and Language Teaching (3)

Japanese-specific training in the formulation of testable hypotheses, in basic statistical and other evaluation techniques, and in the organization and presentation of ideas and data in paper, abstracts, etc. Pre: 407 or equivalent.

JPN 606 Japanese Sociolinguistics (3)

Introduces theories of language use and provides training in the methodology and analysis of Japanese sociolinguistics. Pre: 407 and 475 or equivalent, or consent.

JPN 610 (Alpha) Japanese Poetry (3)

Historical survey of major poetic types. Repeatable one time with consent. (B) classical; (C) medieval and Edo; (D) modern. Pre: 466 or consent for (B) and (C); 485 or consent for (D).

JPN 611 (Alpha) Modern Japanese Literature (3)

Representative literary works, emphasis on fiction; (B) Meiji–Taisho (1868–1926); (C) Showa–Heisei (1926–present). Each alpha repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 485 or consent

JPN 612 Edo Literature (3)

Critical reading and analysis; emphasis on prose. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 466 or consent.

JPN 613 Medieval Japanese Literature (3)

Critical reading and analysis of Kamakura and Muromachi literature, emphasis on prose. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 466 or consent.

JPN 614 Classical Japanese Literature (3)

Critical reading and analysis of Heian literature; emphasis on prose. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 466 or consent.

JPN 620 Practicum: Teaching Japanese Language (Alpha) (3)

For graduate students who are planning to teach Japanese as a foreign language. Through lectures and discussions on language learning and teaching, and through observation and teaching of a Japanese language class, students will learn to make informed decisions about curriculum and instruction, and will develop instructional skills and practices for analyzing their teaching experiences. (B) beginning level Japanese instruction; (C) advanced level Japanese instruction. Each alpha may be taken one time. Pre: 604 or EALL 601, or consent. (Once a year for (B) and (C)).

JPN 626 Introduction to Japanese Manuscripts and Xylographs (3)

Introduction to Classical Japanese writing system as found in the xylographs and manuscripts of the Heian and Kamakura periods; reading and analysis of the texts in original script. Repeatable one time. Pre: 461 or 466, or consent. (Alt. years)

JPN 631 History of the Japanese Language (3)

Survey, theories of origin; related topics in linguistic methodology. Pre: 461 and 601, or consent.

JPN 632 Teaching Japanese as a Second Language (3)

Practical overview of major problems; motivation; adult second language learning; communicative and linguistic competence; practical classroom techniques of teaching and testing. Pre: 604 or consent.

JPN 633 Advanced Japanese Sociolinguistics (3)

Variations in language form and use depending on social factors. Pre: 601 or 602 (or concurrent), and 606; or consent.

JPN 634 Advanced Japanese Syntax and Semantics (3)

Theoretical problems in description of Japanese; contributions of Japanese linguistic study to syntactic theory. Pre: 602 or consent.

JPN 640 Topics in Japanese Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected topics in Japanese literature, primarily of the modern period. English translations of original texts will be provided whenever available. Repeatable unlimited times with consent. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as ASAN 640)

JPN 641 Traditional Literary Theory (3)

Reading and analysis of major works of literary theory and criticism from the classical, medieval, and Edo periods. A-F only. Pre: 466 or consent.

JPN 642 Kambun (3)

Introduction to kambun [the Japanese manner of reading and writing classical Chinese], with critical reading of kambun by Japanese authors. A-F only. Pre: 461 or consent.

JPN 650 (Alpha) Topics in Japanese Linguistics (3)

(C) Japanese/English contrastive analysis; (G) structure; (H) historical change; (K) history of Japanese language studies (Kokugo-gaku-shi); (M) morphophonemics; (P) pedagogy; (S) sociolinguistics. Pre: 601 and 602 for (C); 634 for (G); 631 for (H) and (K); 601 for (M); 632 for (P); 633 for (S).

JPN 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only. Pre: consent of chair.

JPN 710 (Alpha) Research Seminar in Japanese Literature (3)

(M) modern; Pre: 611 (P) pre-modern; Pre: 612, 613, or 614.

JPN 730 (Alpha) Research Seminar in Japanese Linguistics (3)

(C) Japanese/English contrastive analysis; (G) structure; (H) historical change; (K) history of Japanese language studies (Kokugo-gakushi); (M) morphophonemics; (P) pedagogy; (S) sociolinguistics. Pre: 451, or 601 and 602 for (C); 634 for (G); 631 for (H) and (K); 601 for (M); 632 for (P); and 633 for (S).

KOR 101 Elementary Korean (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing, grammar. Meets one hour, four times a week, plus lab work. Pre: consent.

KOR 102 Elementary Korean (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

KOR 105 Accelerated Elementary Korean (8)

Content of KOR 101 and 102 covered in one intensive course. Four 2-hour sessions per week, Monday-Thursday, plus daily lab work. Pre: placement test or consent. (Fall only)

KOR 111 Elementary Conversational Korean I (3)

Development of basic skills (listening, speaking and grammar) of spoken Korean, with application to some familiar everyday topics. Pre: consent.

KOR 112 Elementary Conversational Korean II (3)

Continuation of 111. Pre: 101 or 111, or consent.

KOR 201 Intermediate Korean (4)

Continuation of 101 and 102. Meets one hour, four times a week, plus lab work. Pre: 102 or placement test; or consent.

KOR 202 Intermediate Korean (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or placement test; or consent.

KOR 205 Accelerated Intermediate Korean (8)

Content of KOR 201 and 202 covered in one intensive course. Four 2-hour sessions per week, Monday-Thursday, plus daily lab work. Pre: 102, 105, 112, placement test; or consent. (Spring only)

KOR 211 Intermediate Conversational Korean I (3)

Further development of listening and speaking skills. The student is expected to be able to comprehend and produce speech at the paragraph level. Pre: 102 or 112, or consent

KOR 212 Intermediate Conversational Korean II (3)

Continuation of 211. Pre: 201 or 211, or consent.

KOR 301 Third-Level Korean (3)

Continuation of 201 and 202. Major emphasis on comprehension of modern written Korean. Chinese characters. Pre: 202 or consent. (Fall only)

KOR 302 Third-Level Korean (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or consent. (Spring only)

KOR 305 Accelerated Third-Level Korean (6)

Content of 301 and 302 covered in one intensive summer course. Five 3-hour sessions per week, Monday-Friday. Pre: 202, 205, placement test, or consent. (Summer only)

KOR 307 Readings in Chinese Characters I (3)

Training intermediate and advanced learners of Korean to master the reading, writing and usage of some 250 basic Chinese characters as they are used in a wide variety of Korean reading texts. Pre: 202 or consent.

KOR 308 Readings in Chinese Characters II (3)

Continuation of 307, covering an additional 250 basic Chinese characters. Pre: 307 or consent.

KOR 380 Korean Proficiency Through TV Drama (3)

Increasing Korean proficiency to advanced level through TV drama, which provides culturally and situationally rich contexts. Includes an emphasis on instruction in writing. Pre: 302 or consent.

KOR 399 Directed Third-Level Reading (V)

For those who need special assistance, e.g., in reading texts in area of specialization or at a pace more rapid than those of standard courses. Offered if staff available. CR/NC only. Repeatable three times. Pre: consent.

KOR 401 Fourth-Level Korean (3)

Continuation of 302. Pre: 302 or consent. (Fall only)

KOR 402 Fourth-Level Korean (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or consent. (Spring only)

KOR 403 High-Advanced Korean I (3)

Continuation of 402. Emphasis on highest level of listening, speaking, reading and writing, with application to Korean culture, using authentic materials. Pre: 402 or consent. (Fall only)

KOR 404 High-Advanced Korean II (3)

Continuation of 403. Emphasis on highest level of listening, speaking, reading and writing, with application to Korean culture using authentic materials. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 411 Advanced Oral Communication in Korean (3)

Fourth-year advanced Korean course to increase learners’ oral fluency and accuracy; with an emphasis on formal speaking. Covers linguistic proficiency as well as social and cultural proficiencies. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 420 Korean Composition (3)

Training in modern structural and stylistic techniques; writing on designated themes. Repeatable one time. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 421 Media Analysis in Korean I (3)

Focus on analyzing, comparing, and evaluating current media materials in South Korea to develop professional language skills and to deepen knowledge and understanding of contemporary Korean society. A-F only. Pre: 402, or consent. (Once a year)

KOR 422 Media Analysis in Korean II (3)

Focus on analyzing, comparing, and evaluating current media materials in South Korea and North Korea to develop professional language skills and to deepen knowledge and understanding of contemporary North Korea. A-F only. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 425 Selected Readings in Korean (3)

Selected readings in various disciplines. Includes an emphasis on instruction in writing. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 451 Structure of Korean (3)

Introduction to phonology, morphology, and history. Pre: 302 or consent.

KOR 452 Structure of Korean (3)

Introduction to syntax and semantics. Pre: 302 or consent.

KOR 470 Language and Culture of Korea (3)

Relation of Korean language to literature, history, philosophy, social structure, values, and interpersonal relationships; social and regional varieties. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 480 Korean Oral Proficiency Through Film (3)

Study of Korean culture through films to elevate students’ Korean proficiency level and improve their knowledge of Korea. Emphasis on writing instruction. Requires a minimum of 16 pages of graded writing. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 485 (Alpha) Korean for Career Professionals (V)

Combined lecture-conference on functional command of various discourse-level features in Korean in domain of (B) economics; (C) political science; (D) computer science; (E) engineering; (F) travel industry management; (G) business; (H) law; (I) medicine; (J) nursing and public health, and (K) others. K includes an emphasis on instruction in writing. Repeatable one time. Pre: 402 or diagnostic assessment procedures or consent.

KOR 486 (Alpha) Korean for Academic Purposes (V)

Content taught in Korean by professional school Korean faculty and flagship instructor in domain of (B) economics; (C) political science; (D) computer science; (E) engineering; (F) travel industry management; (G) business; (H) law; (I) medicine; (J) nursing and public health, and (K) others. Repeatable one time. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 493 Introduction to Traditional Korean Literature (3)

Critical readings from earliest times and presentations that emphasize genre, style, and context. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 494 Introduction to Modern Korean Literature (3)

Critical readings of 20th-century materials and presentations that emphasize context and the development of style. Pre: 402 or consent.

KOR 495 Internship Program (V)

Supervised internship with Korean professional hosts on O‘ahu. Students will also attend an on-campus preparatory and follow-up language class. A-F only. Pre: 486, diagnostic assessment procedures; or consent.

KOR 496 Korean Abroad (V)

Supervised internship with Korean professional hosts in Korea. Students also undergo a one-week training module designed to prepare them to maximize the benefits of the overseas internship. Repeatable up to 3 times. CR/ NC only. Pre: 495, diagnostic assessment procedures; or consent.

KOR 499 Directed Fourth-Level Reading (V)

For those who need special assistance, e.g., in reading texts in area of specialization or at a pace more rapid than those of standard courses. Primarily for graduate students from other departments. CR/NC only. Repeatable three times. Pre: consent of department chair.

KOR 613 (Alpha) Korean Verse (3)

Intensive and analytical reading of selected works of Korean lyric and didactic verse (e.g., hyangga, changga, hanshi, sijo, kasa, free form): (M) modern; (T) traditional. Pre: 494 or consent for (M), 493 or consent for (T).

KOR 614 (Alpha) Korean Narrative (3)

Intensive and analytical reading of selected works of Korean narrative (e.g., myth, p’ansori, shaman song, essay, biography, fiction): (M) modern; (T) traditional. Pre: 494 or consent for (M), 493 or consent for (T).

KOR 615 (Alpha) Korean Drama (3)

Intensive and analytical reading of selected materials in Korean performing arts (e.g., spectacle, farce play, mask dance, staged narratives, theatrical drama): (M) modern; (T) traditional. Pre: 494 or consent for (M), 493 or consent for (T).

KOR 621 Media Research in Korean (3)

Focuses on searching, analyzing, and evaluating media data for research in areas of student specializations. Students are required to write short analysis papers and a final research paper. Pre: diagnostic assessment (equivalent to ILR Level 2) or consent. (Once a year)

KOR 622 Comparative Studies of Contemporary South and North Korean Language (3)

Comparing and analyzing language data to investigate language heterogeneity problems, its causes, and importance of comparative studies in NK/SK language differences; differences in language policy, grammar, and vocabulary, pronunciation, and discourse style. Pre: 621 or consent. (Once a year)

KOR 623 Interdisciplinary Research in Korean (3)

Combined lecture-discussion on preparing students to be able to conduct interdisciplinary research in Korean. Require advanced-level Korean proficiency. Pre: diagnostic assessment (equivalent to ILR Level 2) or consent. (Once a year)

KOR 624 (Alpha) Analysis of Korean Academic Discourse (3)

Co-taught by Korean faculty of professional schools and Korean instruction in domain of (B) economics; (C) political science; (D) computer science; (E) travel industry management; (G) business; (H) law; (I) medicine; (J) nursing and public health; and (K) others. Exclusively in Korean. Repeatable one time. Pre: 485 or 623 or consent. (Once a year)

KOR 631 History and Dialects of Korean Language (3)

Survey of various hypotheses on the genetic relationship of Korean; evolution of Korean from the 15th century to the present; Korean dialects. Pre: 451 and 452, or consent.

KOR 632 Korean Phonology and Morphology (3)

Review of Korean vocalic and consonantal phonology. Phonological and morphological analysis of Korean derivation and inflection. Pre: 451 or consent.

KOR 633 Korean Syntax and Semantics (3)

Review of theoretical problems in Korean syntax and semantics; different approaches; and contributions of Korean linguistic study to syntactic and semantic theory. Pre: 452 or consent.

KOR 634 Korean Sociolinguistics (3)

Variations in form and use depending on sociocultural factors. Role of language in politics, mass media, group identity, bilingualism, and intercultural communication. Pre: 470 or consent.

KOR 635 Pedagogy of Teaching Korean as a Second Language (3)

Identification and analysis of major problems in Korean language learning, teaching, testing, and materials development by examining theoretical issues and conducting classroom research; practical techniques of teaching and testing skills in listening, reading, speaking, writing and culture. Pre: 451 and 452; or consent.

KOR 636 Korean Conversation Analysis (3)

Theoretical framework of discourse analysis and review of Korean conversational discourse structures, such as turn-taking, sequence organization, and discourse markers; training for data collection, transcription, and data analysis. A-F only. Pre: 451 and 452; or consent. (Alt. years: fall)

KOR 640 Literary Translation of Korean (3)

The art and craft of translating traditional and modern Korean literary works into English. Repeatable four times. Pre: 493 and 494, or consent.

KOR 645 Research in Korean Language Acquisition (3)

Integrating the conceptual aspects of statistics and scientific analysis of human language behavior into the study of Korean as a foreign language. Pre: 635 or consent.

KOR 652 Major Authors in Modern Korean Literature (3)

Advanced study of major Korean fiction writers from the 1910s to the present with emphasis on critical reading of their lives and writings to arrive at informed appraisal of their contribution to modern Korean literature. Repeatable one time. Pre: 494 or consent.

KOR 655 Practicum: Teaching Korean as a Second Language (3)

Designed for graduate students pursuing Korean language teaching, while developing practical teaching skills through class observation, action research and discussion under supervision. Pre: 635 or consent.

KOR 664 Topics and Issues in Modern Korean Literature (3)

Intensive study of selected topics and issues in modern/contemporary Korean fiction, focusing on texts that problematize critical sociocultural issues in the evolving contexts of modern Korean intellectual history. Repeatable one time. Pre: 494 or consent.

KOR 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only. Pre: consent.

KOR 720 Research Seminar in Korean Literature (3)

Advanced study of an author, school, period, genre, or problem leading to a research paper. Repeatable four times. Pre: consent.

KOR 730 Research Seminar in Korean Language (3)

Advanced study in history and dialects, phonology and morphology, syntax and semantics, sociolinguistics, or pedagogy, leading to a research paper. Repeatable four times. Pre: consent.

LAIS 360 (Alpha) Studies in Culture (3)

Politics of culture and representation. Will consider issues, traditions, movements, texts, and cultural icons for their significance for national and regional identity formation, intercultural relations and global flows of images, people, and capital. (B) Latin America; (C) Iberian Peninsula. Pre: sophomore or consent.

LAIS 361 Spanish Literature in Translation (3)

Reading and discussion of classic works of Spanish literature. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LAIS 362 Latin American Literature (3)

Reading and discussion of classic works of Latin American literature. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LAIS 363 U.S. Latino Culture and Literature (3)

The culture and history of U.S. Latinos through an analysis of their literature and arts and their sociopolitical relationship to the U.S. mainstream culture. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LAIS 365 Spanish Film (3)

A chronological survey of films from Spain, from the Silent Era to the present. Conceptually, a cultural history of Spain in the 20th century, as seen through films. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LAIS 366 Latin American Film (3)

A chronological survey of films from Latin America, from the Silent Era to the present. Conceptually, a cultural history of Latin America in the 20th century, as seen through films. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LAIS 368 Households in Cross-cultural Perspective (3)

Study of cross-cultural patterns in household and community level organizations in Latin America and elsewhere. Topics may include gender relations, kinship structures, political economy, impacts of colonialism, modernization, and globalization on households. Sophomore standing or higher. (Cross-listed as ANTH 368)

LAIS 372 (Alpha) Indigenous Peoples of Latin America (3)

Survey of the history and culture of the indigenous peoples of Latin America through a study of their literature, texts and practices. (B) Mesoamerica; (C) Andean South America. Repeatable one time for different alphas. Pre: sophomore standing or consent. (Cross-listed as ANTH 372 (Alpha))

LAIS 380 Studies in Culture: Portugal and Brazil (3)

Surveys the cultures of the Portuguese-speaking world from pre-Lusitanian times, including connections with Africa, Asia, the U.S., and Hawai‘i. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LAIS 468 Colonial Latin American History (3)

Pre-Columbian civilizations: Spanish and Portuguese colonization; political, economic, social and religious evolution to 1810; independence. Pre: 360 or consent. (Cross-listed as HIST 478)

LAIS 478 New World Rituals and Ideologies (3)

Study of cross-cultural patterns in ritual behaviors and creolization of African, indigenous, and Iberian ideological frameworks in the Americas. Topics may include syncretic religions (voodoo, candomble), Andean Christianity, spiritual conquest, conceptions of death, etc. Sophomore standing or higher. Minimum C- required grade for prerequisites. Pre: 360, or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as ANTH 478 and REL 478)

LAIS 495 Topics in Latin American and Iberian Studies (3)

Combined lecture-discussion on selected themes–political, social, cultural–in Iberian or Latin American topics. Topics pre-announced. Repeatable one time. Pre: 360 B or C, or consent. (Once a year)

LAIS 683 Hispanic Cultural Studies (3)

Critical overview of contemporary theories on Hispanic culture. Issues of identity such as mestizaje, hybridity, and pluralism will be discussed from a hemispheric perspective. Pre: consent.

LATN 101 Elementary Latin (3)

Grammar and vocabulary, with reading of simple Latin.

LATN 102 Elementary Latin (3)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101.

LATN 201 Intermediate Latin (3)

Development of reading and translation skills. Emphasis on prose. Pre: 102 or equivalent.

LATN 202 Intermediate Latin (3)

Continuation of 201: emphasis on poetry. Pre: 201.

LATN 303 Roman Historians (3)

Selections from Caesar, Sallust, and others. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

LATN 304 Roman Epic (3)

Selections from Virgil, Ovid, and others. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

LATN 325 Roman Philosophy (3)

Selections from Lucretius, Cicero, and Seneca. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

LATN 332 Roman Drama (3)

Selections from Plautus, Terence, and Seneca. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

LATN 333 Roman Lyric (3)

Selections from Catullus, Horace, and others. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

LATN 338 Roman Novel (3)

Selections from Petronius and Apuleius. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

LATN 345 Roman Satire (3)

Selections from Horace and Juvenal. Pre: 201 and 202, or consent.

LATN 490 Seminar in Roman Studies (3)

Study of an author or phase in Roman studies. Repeatable unlimited times with consent. Pre: any two 300-level LATN courses, or consent.

LING 102 Introduction to the Study of Language (3)

Non-formal introduction to language, emphasizing the everyday use of language, its relevance to contemporary issues in society, and local language issues. Content studied through lecture, readings, and writing; emphasis on writing as a grading criterion

LING 103 Language and Symbolic Reasoning (3)

Introduction to language as a formal symbolic system and to the techniques of analysis and reasoning that reveal its workings. A-F only.

LING 105 Language Endangerment, Globalization, and Indigenous Peoples (3)

Focus on language endangerment and globalization. Students are introduced to case studies on language endangerment from around the world and throughout history. Offered through the distance-learning Unit Mastery program. A-F only.

LING 120 Language as a Window to the Mind (3)

Introduction to language-related phenomena, which gives insight into the organization of the human mind. Combines lecture, discussion and group projects.

LING 123 Logic and Language (3)

Introduces logic as a way of understanding the meanings of everyday words and sentences, as well as the inferences that humans draw from them. Topics include propositional logic, first-order logic, elementary set theory, and relations.

LING 150 (Alpha) Language in Hawai‘i and the Pacific (3)

Introduction to the study of language and language-related issues, with a focus on Hawai‘i and the Pacific; (B) unit mastery; (C) lecture discussion. A-F only.

LING 170 The Language of Children (3)

Survey of findings about the child’s acquisition of language.

LING 201 Language Documentation for NonLinguists (2)

Provides training in the fundamentals of language documentation and conservation for non-linguists. Repeatable two times. CR/NC only. Pre: proficiency in a lesser studied language and consent.

LING 320 General Linguistics (3)

Introduction to the formal analysis of language, focusing on phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, historical linguistics, language acquisition, and related topics.

LING 331 Computer Applications (3)

Background; uses for machine translation, dictionary programs, speech synthesis, grammar modeling, etc. Pre: 320 (or concurrent) or consent.

LING 344 Languages of the World (3)

Survey of major language families; typological classification and language universals; writing systems, “contact” languages. Variety of grammatical structures illustrated by selected languages. Pre: 320 or consent.

LING 346 The Philippine Language Family (3)

Introduction; phonological and grammatical systems; historical developments; emphasis on Filipino, Cebuano, and Ilokano. Pre: grade of B or better in 102 or 320 and experience with a Philippine language, or consent.

LING 347 Pidgin and Creole Languages (3)

Nature, history, structure, and geographic distribution of pidgins and creoles. Pre: 102 or consent. (Alt. years) (Cross-listed as IS 347)

LING 410 Articulatory Phonetics (3)

Intensive training in recognition, reproduction, and recording of human speech sounds; preparation for fieldwork with unrecorded languages and for clinical work in speech pathology.

LING 412 Psycholinguistics (3)

The mental processes involved in producing, understanding, and acquiring language. Students will conduct a small psycholinguistic experiment. Open to non-majors. Pre: one of 102, 320, or PSY 100; or consent.

LING 414 Introduction to Linguistic Anthropology (3)

Introduction to the ethnographic study of speech and language. Pre: ANTH 152. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as ANTH 414 and IS 414)

LING 415 Language and Gender (3)

The role of language in the construction of gender and in the maintenance of the gender order. Field projects explore hypotheses about the interaction of language and gender. No previous knowledge of linguistics required. A-F only. (Cross-listed as ANTH 413)

LING 416 Language as a Public Concern (3)

How does language serve as a proxy for larger social questions? Focuses on four main themes: language revitalization, discrimination on the basis of accent, gender miscommunication and the English Only Movement. A-F only. Pre: 102 or 320 or consent.

LING 420 Morphology (3)

Theory of word structure; analysis of a variety of morphological types. Pre: 320 (or concurrent) or consent.

LING 421 Introduction to Phonological Analysis (3)

Phonological analysis and theory. Pre: 410.

LING 422 Introduction to Grammatical Analysis (3)

Syntactic analysis and grammatical theory. Pre: 320 or consent.

LING 423 Cognitive Linguistics (3)

Conceptual systems and language from a cognitive science perspective. Linguistic evidence on conceptual structure, reasoning, categorization, and understanding. Open to non-majors. Pre: 102, 320, ICS 111, or PSY 100; or consent.

LING 430 Animal Communication (3)

Investigates animal communication from the perspective of modern linguistics. Dispels common misconceptions about “talking animals” and shows how the cognitive, biological, and environmental needs and opportunities of animals determine what and how they communicate. Pre: 102 or consent.

LING 431 Computational Modeling (3)

Hands-on introduction to modeling language. Focuses on connectionism, relations between language perception,and motor control. Requires no programming experience. Open to non-majors. Pre: 102, 320, ICS 111, or PSY 100; or consent.

LING 441 Meaning (3)

Theories of how literal and figurative language encode meaning and processes of meaning encoding and decoding. Open to non-majors. Pre: 102, 320, ICS 111, or PSY 100; or consent.

LING 445 Polynesian Language Family (3)

Introduction to the language family of Hawaiian, Samoan, Tahitian, Tongan, etc.; models of migration and settlement and linguistic evidence; subgrouping and reconstruction of Proto-Polynesian; linguistic characteristics of present-day languages; language endangerment and conservation in Polynesia. Pre: 320 with a grade of B or better, or consent.

LING 451 Induction of Linguistic Structure (3)

Phonological and grammatical structures of a previously uncodified language are determined by linguistic analysis of data obtained from speakers of the language. Pre: 102 or 320, or consent.

LING 470 Children’s Speech (3)

Individual strategies, baby talk, language socialization, language variation including multilingualism. Relation of cognitive to language development. Pre: 320.

LING 499 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable up to 3 credits. CR/NC only. Pre: consent.

LING 500 Master’s Plan B/C Studies (1)

Enrollment for degree completion. Pre: master’s Plan B or C candidate and consent.

LING 611 Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics (3)

Principles of acoustics and audition as they relate to speech sounds, use of computer-based analysis tools to investigate acoustic properties of speech. Pre: 421 or consent.

LING 615 The Nature of Language (3)

Language as a communication system, current theories of grammar, meaning, sociolinguistics, linguistic change and comparison.

LING 617 Language Acquisition and Language Revitalization (3)

Provides training relevant to the study and revitalization of heritage languages and endangered languages. Pre: 320 or equivalent.

LING 618 Data Science for Linguistic Research (2)

Introduction to data science for linguistic research. Repeatable one time. Pre: 421 or 422, or consent.

LING 619 Practical Exercises in Data Science for Linguistic Research (1)

Exercises in data science for linguistic research. Repeatable one time. Pre: 421 or 422, or consent.

LING 621 Phonology (3)

Phonological theory and problems of analysis. Pre: 421 or consent. (Fall only)

LING 622 Grammar (3)

Grammatical theory and problems of analysis. Pre: 422 or consent.

LING 623 Semantics and Pragmatics (3)

Ways in which the interpretation of sentences in natural language depends upon the literal meaning of propositions and their logical (semantic) and conversational (pragmatic) inferences. Pre: 422 or consent.

LING 624 Discourse and Grammar (3)

Usage-based examination of grammar in the context of spontaneous spoken language, including the role of discourse on synchronic and diachronic grammatical structure, discourse in interaction, and discourse in language documentation. Pre: 622 (or concurrent) or consent.

LING 630 Field Methods (3)

Work with native speakers of lesser-known languages to develop techniques for data collection and analysis. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: 421 and 422 and one of 621 or 622; or consent.

LING 631 Language Data Processing (3)

Preparation of language data for computer processing; use ready-made programs; write simple language processing programs using SNOBOL4. Applications to student’s research. Pre: 421 and 422, or consent.

LING 632 Laboratory and Quantitative Research Methods (3)

Laboratory and quantitative methods for research on language. Introduction to hardware, software, research designs, and basic analysis techniques commonly used in quantitative language research. Combines lecture, laboratory work ,and discussion. Pre: graduate standing.

LING 635 Linguistics of Sign Languages (3)

Universals and uniqueness in the phonological, morphological, and syntactic structures of sign languages, taught inductively with emphasis on hands-on analysis. Opportunities exist for skills development in American or Ho Chi Minh City sign languages. Graduate students only. Pre: 320 or consent.

LING 636 Hawai‘i Sign Language Linguistics: Documentation, Conservation, and Revitalization of HSL (3)

Descriptive information on the phonological, morphological, and syntactic structures and lexicon of Hawai‘i Sign Language (HSL); language skills development in HSL; and guided research related to the documentation, conservation, and revitalization of HSL. Graduate students only. Pre: 320 or consent.

LING 640 (Alpha) Topics in Linguistics (3)

History of the discipline, schools of linguistic thought, current issues, etc. Repeatable unlimited times. (E) English linguistics; (F) phonology and phonetics; (G) general; (H) history of the discipline; (S) sociolinguistics; (X) syntax; (Y) psycholinguistics. Pre: consent.

LING 645 The Comparative Method (3)

Introduction to historical-comparative linguistics; attention to both Indo-European and languages with few or no written records. Pre: 421 and 422, or consent.

LING 646 Issues in Historical Linguistics (3)

Continuation of 645. Addresses advanced topics in historical linguistics that have generated controversy rather than consensus. Pre: 645. Repeatable two times.

LING 670 Developmental Linguistics (3)

Survey of the literature in language acquisition; emphasis on relation to linguistic theory. Pre: 421 and 422, or consent.

LING 680 Introduction to Language Documentation (3)

Covers history, method, and theory behind language documentation, and the role of language endangerment in the field. Discussion on skills required to undertake documentation; topics may vary depending on the emphases of the instructor. Pre: 320 or consent.

LING 699 Directed Research (V)

CR/NC only. Repeatable unlimited times. Maximum six credit hours. Pre: graduate standing and consent.

LING 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable up to 12 credit hours.

LING 710 Techniques of Language Documentation (3)

Students learn to conduct best practice digital language documentation projects, from equipment purchase to data collection to data annotation to archiving and presentation. Pre: 680 or consent.

LING 720 Language Typology (3)

Language typology deals with how and why the elements of language interact and function. Students acquire a broad overview of this grammatical make-up of languages in general and understanding of FunctionalTypological linguistics. Graduate students only. Pre: 320 and 422 or consent. (Alt. years)

LING 730 Advanced Laboratory Research (3)

Advanced laboratory methods for research in linguistics. Specialized and/or advanced uses of hardware, software, research designs, and analysis techniques. Specific topic varies: check with department. Combines lecture, laboratory work and discussion. Repeatable four times. Pre: 632 or consent.

LING 750 (Alpha) Seminar (3)

Reporting and discussion of current research in linguistics. (E) ethnolinguistics; (F) phonology and phonetics; (G) general; (M) semantics; (Q) language acquisition; (R) written language; (S) sociolinguistics; (X) syntax; (Y) psycholinguistics. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

LING 770 Areal Linguistics (3)

Structures of languages of various areas of the world; diffusion. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

LING 799 Apprenticeship in Teaching Linguistics (V)

Experience-based introduction to college-level teaching; doctoral students serve as student teachers to professors; responsibilities include supervised teaching and participation in planning and evaluation. Repeatable one time. Pre: admission to doctoral program and consent.

LING 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times.

LLEA 121 Ancient Egypt: Mummies, Pharaohs, and Gods (3)

An overview of ancient Egyptian civilization through lectures and class discussion on Egyptian literature, archaeology, history, religion and society. (Cross-listed as CLAS 121)

LLEA 122 Greek, Roman, and Ancient Mythology (3)

Combines readings and analyses of myths from the ancient world including Europe, Asia, Africa, and Hawai‘i, with an emphasis on comparative analysis of cultures and religions. (Cross-listed as CLAS 122)

LLEA 123 Greek and Latin Elements in English (3)

Important roots, prefixes, and suffixes for building a literary vocabulary. (Cross-listed as CLAS 123)

LLEA 124 Greek and Latin Elements in Scientific Terminology (3)

Important roots, prefixes, and suffixes for building a scientific vocabulary. (Cross-listed as CLAS 124)

LLEA 151 World Myth to 1500 C.E. (3)

Reading and analysis of myths and legends from around the globe, from before the dawn of writing to 1500 C.E. Students will learn to interpret traditional stories from several theoretical and cross-cultural perspectives. A-F only. (Cross-listed as CLAS 151)

LLEA 199 Directed Language Study (V)

Study in European languages not taught regularly, depending on demand and staff. Pre: consent of department chair.

LLEA 236 Italian Film (3)

Study of Italian film history and technique. A-F only.

LLEA 237 French Film (3)

Study of French film history and technique. A-F only. Pre: freshman standing.

LLEA 264 French Culture for Americans (3)

Study of the shared cultural and historical foundations of France and the U.S. both past and present. A-F only.

LLEA 270 Freaks and Monsters (3)

Monsters, freaks and otherness in literature, film, history and medicine. Suitable for non-literature majors.

LLEA 301 Biblical Hebrew I (3)

Orthography and structure of Biblical Hebrew, history and development of Hebrew as the sacred language of Judaism, overview of religious and historical development of the Hebrew Bible. Pre: sophomore standing or consent. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as CLAS 301 and REL 301)

LLEA 302 Biblical Hebrew II (3)

Reading of selected prose passages from the Hebrew Bible; analysis of literacy forms, paying special attention to stories which have played an important role in the development of the Abrahamic religions. Minimum C- grade required for prerequisites. Pre: 301/REL 301. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as CLAS 302 and REL 302)

LLEA 305 Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics I (3)

Decipherment of hieroglyphs and reading of Middle Egyptian literary texts. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as CLAS 305)

LLEA 306 Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics II (3)

Decipherment of hieroglyphs and reading of Middle Egyptian literary texts, including Tale of Sinuhe. Pre: 305 or permission of instructor. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as CLAS 306)

LLEA 320 German Cinema (3)

Study of German film history, film theory, film analysis, and film style. Repeatable one time or take GER 320 one time for different topics. 6 cr. limit on GER/LLEA 320 courses. Sophomore standing only.

LLEA 321 History of the Written Word (3)

A hands-on history of writing beginning in Ancient Greece and Rome. Content includes the development of the alphabet, scripts, books, libraries, and writing in ancient culture. Sophomore standing or consent. (Cross-listed as CLAS 321)

LLEA 323 Greek and Roman Drama (3)

Survey of Greek and Roman drama, both tragedies and comedies, tracing the history of a genre that contains some of the wittiest and most agonizing moments in ancient literature. Pre: sophomore standing or higher. (Cross-listed as CLAS 323)

LLEA 324 Nature in the Ancient World (3)

Study of the relationship between the Greeks and Romans and the natural environment. Particular attention will be given to the place of nature in ancient science, philosophy, literature, and “real life.” Pre: sophomore standing or higher. (Cross-listed as CLAS 324)

LLEA 325 Greek and Roman War Literature (3)

Survey of war-related literature from Greece and Rome, its major themes, and how it reflects the wide range of social, political, intellectual, and literary perspectives on war found in the ancient world. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as CLAS 325)

LLEA 326 The Greek and Roman Novel (3)

Survey of Greek and Roman novels, a collection of highly entertaining texts that offer windows into various aspects of life in the ancient world. Pre: sophomore standing or higher. (Cross-listed as CLAS 326)

LLEA 327 Ancient Greek Literature in Translation (3)

Major writers: emphasis on Homer, drama, and philosophy. Pre: sophomore standing or higher or consent. (Cross-listed as CLAS 327)

LLEA 328 Ancient Roman Literature in Translation (3)

Major writers: emphasis on Vergil, satire, and novel. Pre: sophomore standing or higher or consent. (Cross-listed as CLAS 328)

LLEA 329 Greek and Roman Epic (3)

A survey of Greek and Roman epic literature, beginning with Homer’s Iliad and Odyssey and proceeding through the Hellenistic Greek and Roman periods. Pre: sophomore standing or consent. (Cross-listed as CLAS 329)

LLEA 334 Italian Literature as Film (3)

Exploration of the distinction between literature and film as artistic genres as well as study of major works of literature in respect to the present, from the Middle Ages through the 20th century. A-F only. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LLEA 335 French Literature Since 1800 (3)

Rapid reading in translation; lectures, discussions, reports. Pre: junior standing or one course in French language or literature.

LLEA 336 French African Literature (3)

Black African literature in French in 20th century. Major themes of negritude, national political unity, colonialism, traditional culture. Pre: junior standing or one course in French language or literature.

LLEA 337 Topics in Italian Literature in Translation (3)

Introduction to Italian literature in translation, with varying topics in different iterations. Repeatable one time. Sophomore standing or consent.

LLEA 339 French Literature as Film (3)

Exploration of the distinction between literature and film as artistic genres as well as study of major works of literature in respect to the present, from the Middle Ages through the 20th century. Pre: sophomore standing.

LLEA 340 Classical German Literature (3)

Readings in translation from dramatic works of Lessing, Goethe, Schiller. Philosophic and aesthetic views of leading writers of the Enlightenment, Storm and Stress, and classical periods.

LLEA 341 German Opera and Literature (3)

Introduction to German opera, its history, and analysis. Developing critical skills through analysis of German opera music and literature. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent.

LLEA 342 German Fascism and Propaganda (3)

Lecture/discussion. Study of German Fascism and propaganda in German literature, art, and film. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only.

LLEA 350 Russian Short Story (3)

Origin and development (19th and 20th century); periods, themes, styles, and major authors. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LLEA 351 19th-Century Russian Literature (3)

Survey in English of major writers from Pushkin through Chekhov; lectures, discussions, short papers. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LLEA 352 Russian Literature 1900–1950 (3)

Survey in English of major Russian writers from 1900–1950. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LLEA 353 20th-Century Russian Arts and Culture (3)

Aspects of culture (literature, film, theater, music, arts, etc.) in 20th century Russian society. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LLEA 354 Russian Literature Today (3)

Survey in English of contemporary authors and their works for perspective of reality and poetic representation. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LLEA 355 Russian Film (3)

A study of Russian film from the 1920’s to the present. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

LLEA 362 Gender and Sexuality in the Classical World (3)

Critical examination of the construction of gender identity and sexuality in ancient Greece and Rome. Junior standing or higher. (Once a year) (Cross-listed as HIST 362)

LLEA 364 Survey of French Civilizations (3)

A historical survey of the development of French and Francophone cultures. The course is interdisciplinary, dealing with politics, music, art, other forms of cultural expression, and daily life.

LLEA 371 Europeans in the Pacific (3)

European presence in the Pacific, in relation to literature, art, culture, civilization. Not applicable to language requirement. (Section 1 taught in Hawaiian. Pre: HAW 202 or consent. Section 2 taught in English.)

LLEA 390 Teaching Practicum in Large Lecture Courses (1)

Supervised undergraduate teaching practicum in large-lecture LLEA courses. Repeatable two times. CR/NC only. Pre: completion of course in which practicum will be done and consent of instructor, no waiver.

LLEA 399 Directed Reading (V)

Pre: limited to senior majors with a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.7 or a minimum GPA of 3.0 in major, and consent of department chair.

LLEA 416 German Literature, Culture and Film: 1989 to Present (3)

Study of German literature, culture and film, 1989 to present. Credit cannot be earned for both 416 and GER 416. Sophomore standing or higher.

LLEA 455 Second Language Learning and Teaching Methodology (3)

Hybrid technology intensive course for pre- or in-service teachers of world languages. Topics: online learning, curriculum and lesson planning, assessment, language teaching approaches, technology for learning world languages. Junior standing or higher. (Cross-listed as LLL 455)

LLEA 470 Freaks and Monsters 2: The Ethics of Otherness (3)

An interdisciplinary examination of corporeal Otherness. Unusual real and fictional bodies from fairground history, art, anatomy, literature, natural history and ethnology. Discussion of the moral, medical, philosophical and aesthetic dilemmas of spectacular difference. Pre: 270 or consent.

LLEA 471 (Alpha) Fantasy and the Fantastic (3)

Cross-cultural study of fantasy and the fantastic in short stories, fairy tales, films and novels from Europe and the Americas in English translation. Discussion of illusion, identity, time, the future, the bizarre and major concepts in fantasy literature. (B) fairies, devils and fantasy; (C) the fantastic, the strange and science fiction. Repeatable one time in different alphas. Pre: 270 or consent.

LLEA 499 Directed Reading and Research (V)

Independent study of approved reading and research with faculty supervision. Repeatable two times. A-F only. Pre: consent and departmental approval.

LLEA 500 Master’s Plan B/C Studies (1)

Enrollment for degree completion. Pre: master’s Plan B or C candidate and consent.

LLEA 630 Seminar in Research Methods (3)

Study of basic research methods and tools, including technology. Print and electronic source materials. Information literacy. A-F only. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

LLEA 671 Western Literature and Cultures in the Pacific (3)

Impact of and reaction to western writings and cultural influences in the Pacific as represented in texts from the 16th century to the present. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

LLEA 680 (Alpha) Topics in Literature (3)

Study in English of a topic, period, or genre; aesthetic considerations common to European literatures: (B) the modern novel; (C) European literature as a path to self-knowledge; (D) Middle Ages; (E) introduction to literary theory. MA candidates in European languages read works in their major in the original. Pre: graduate standing or consent of department chair.

LLEA 681 (Alpha) Topics in Language (3)

Study in English of topics, periods, etc., in the languages taught in the department: (B) comparison of Romance languages; (C) interpersonal communication; (D) social perspectives. Repeatable two times for different alphas (up to 9 credits). Pre: graduate standing or consent.

LLEA 682 Masterpieces of Medieval Welsh Literature (3)

Key prose and poetry underlying the Arthurian tradition in Europe. Language instruction leading to reading knowledge of medieval Welsh. Pre: consent.

LLEA 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent of department chair.

LLEA 700 Thesis Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times.

LLL 150 Literature and Social Change (3)

Study of works produced in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, and Oceania from prehistory to the present, showing how the spoken and the written word reflect and effect social change. A-F only.

LLL 455 Second Language Learning and Teaching Methodology (3)

Hybrid technology intensive course for pre- or in-service teachers of world languages. Topics: online learning, curriculum and lesson planning, assessment, language teaching approaches, technology for learning world languages. Junior standing or higher. (Cross-listed as LLEA 455)

MAO 101 Beginning Maori I (3)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing, grammar. Meets three hours weekly.

MAO 102 Beginning Maori II (3)

Continuation of 101. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 101.

MAO 201 Intermediate Maori I (3)

Continuation of 102. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 102.

MAO 202 Intermediate Maori II (3)

Continuation of 201. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 201.

MAO 261 Maori Literature and Culture (3)

Survey of literature concerning myths, traditions, poetry and song as well as contemporary literature (in English) relating to the Treaty of Waitangi, Maori prophetic sayings. Students who have previously taken this course as PACS 492 may not take this course. Pre: consent.

MAO 301 Advanced Maori Language and Culture (3)

Advanced Maori language and culture. Pre: 202, no waiver. (Fall only)

MAO 302 Advanced Maori Language and Culture (3)

Advanced Maori language and culture. Pre: 301. (Spring only)

MAO 361 Modern Maori Literature and Culture (3)

Survey of modern Maori and Hawaiian literature and culture from the mid-twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Pre: 261 or consent. (Fall only)

MAO 384 Te Reo Waiata: Mâori Language in Song (3)

Survey and analysis of Maori song poetry texts, traditional and contemporary, and their development and performance over time. Pre: 102 or HAW 202, or consent.

MAO 401 Fourth-Level Maori I (3)

Continuation of 302. Conducted in Maori. Advanced reading, writing, and conversation. Cultural contemporary and historical topics. Pre: 302 or consent.

MAO 402 Fourth-Level Maori II (3)

Continuation of 401. Conducted in Maori. Advanced reading, writing, and conversation. Cultural contemporary and historical topics. Pre: 401 or consent.

PALI 381 Elementary Pali I (3)

Reading simple texts from Pali canon. Grammar taught as needed for the reading. Pre: SNSK 182 or equivalent).

PALI 382 Elementary Pali II (3)

Continuation of 381.

PALI 481 Intermediate Pali I (3)

Continuation of 382. Reading various Hinayâna texts. Pre: 382.

PALI 482 Intermediate Pali II (3)

Continuation of 481.

PER 257 Persian Literature and Culture in Translation (3)

Survey of classical and contemporary Persian literature in translation.

PER 367 Persian Theater and Culture (3)

Study of Persian and Iranian theater and culture with an overview of history from 2500 B.C. to the contemporary era. Pre: THEA 101 or consent. (Cross-listed as IP 367)

PER 368C Introduction to South/Southeast Asian Film, History, Theory and Appreciation (3)

Study and analysis of South/Southeast Asian films–history, forms, development, theoretical framework and relationship to cultural, social, philosophical and aesthetic context. (C) Iranian. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as PER 368)

PER 430 Persia, Greece, and Rome in the Classical Age (3)

Historical examination of the interaction between the Achaemenid and Parthian empires of Persia and the classical societies of the Mediterranean, such as the Greek city-states, Macedonia, the Hellenistic, and Roman Empires. Recommended: HIST 151. (Cross-listed as CLAS 430 and HIST 430)

PERS 101 Beginning Modern Persian I (4)

Listening, reading, writing, speaking skills, language structure, and culture integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities.

PERS 102 Beginning Modern Persian II (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

PERS 111 Intensive Beginning Modern Persian (6)

Combined content of 101 and 102 covered in one intensive course.

PERS 201 Intermediate Modern Persian I (4)

Continuation of 102. Listening, reading, writing, speaking skills, language structure, and culture integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities. Pre 102, 111, or consent.

PERS 202 Intermediate Modern Persian II (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

PERS 301 Third-Level Modern Persian I (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced reading, writing, conversation, and comprehension in modern Persian. Pre: 202 or consent.

PERS 302 Third-Level Modern Persian II (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or consent.

PERS 401 Fourth-Level Modern Persian I (3)

Conducted in Persian. Advanced reading, writing, and conversations. Cultural contemporary and historical topics. Pre: 302 or consent.

PERS 402 Fourth-Level Modern Persian II (3)

Conducted in Persian. Advanced reading, writing, and conversations. Cultural contemporary and historical topics. Pre: 401 or consent.

PERS 451 Structure of Modern Persian (3)

Introduction to phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics of Modern Persian. Pre: 202 or consent.

PORT 101 Elementary Portuguese (3)

Conversation, grammar and reading.

PORT 102 Elementary Portuguese (3)

Conversation, grammar and reading. Continuation of 101. Pre: 101.

PORT 103 Intensive Elementary Portugese (3)

Intensive elementary Portuguese course covers content of 101 and 102 combined. Hybrid format combines 3 credits online and 3 credits face to face. HSL. (Fall only)

PORT 201 Intermediate Portuguese (3)

Reading, conversation, writing, laboratory drill. Pre: 102.

PORT 202 Intermediate Portuguese (3)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201.

PORT 303 Conversation (3)

Intensive practice in spoken Portuguese, focusing on the preparation and completion of oral tasks and presentations. 40% or more of the grade is based on 3-4 oral communication presentations. Pre: 202.

PORT 360 Third-Level Portuguese Abroad (V)

Intensive, formal instruction at the third-year level in Portuguese language: reading, writing, pronunciation, grammar, or conversation in a Portuguese-speaking country. Repeatable one time. Pre: 202.

PORT 460 Fourth-Level Portuguese Abroad (V)

Intensive formal instruction at the fourth-year level in Portuguese language, linguistics, culture, civilization, film, or literature in a Portuguese-speaking country. Repeatable one time. Pre: 360.

PRAK 481 Introduction to Prakrit I (3)

Survey of principal Prakrit languages; selected readings and analysis. Pre: PALI 381, PALI 382, SNSK 281, and SNSK 282; or equivalent.

PRAK 482 Introduction to Prakrit II (3)

Continuation of 481.

RUS 101 Elementary Russian (3)

Conversation, reading, writing, grammar.

RUS 102 Elementary Russian (3)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

RUS 201 Intermediate Russian (3)

Reading, conversation, grammar, composition. Pre: 102 or consent.

RUS 202 Intermediate Russian (3)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

RUS 209 Russian Phonetics (3)

Basic theory of Russian sound system; practice in pronunciation, intonation, and fluency. Pre: 102 or 201 (or concurrent).

RUS 260 Intensive Intermediate Russian Abroad (V)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the second-year level in Russian language and culture in Russia. Pre: 102.

RUS 303 Advanced Russian (3)

Systematic practice for control of spoken and written Russian, vocabulary building, fluency in various subjects, accuracy in sentence structure, phrasing stylistic appropriateness. Pre: 202.

RUS 304 Advanced Russian (3)

Continuation of 303.

RUS 306 Russian Structure (3)

Advanced grammar; complexities of standard contemporary Russian; word formation and verb system. Pre: 202 or consent.

RUS 311 Readings in Russian Civilization and Literature (3)

Mid-level readings in Russian civilization and literature of edited and adapted texts. Pre: 202.

RUS 312 Readings in Russian Civilization and Literature (3)

Continuation of 311. Pre: 311.

RUS 360 Intensive Third-Level Russian Abroad (V)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the third-year level in Russian language and culture in Russia. Pre: 202 or 260.

RUS 399 Directed Reading (V)

Independent study of approved reading with faculty supervision. Repeatable two times or up to six credits. A-F only. Pre: 202 and consent and departmental approval.

RUS 403 Advanced Conversation and Composition (3)

Systematic practice on selected topics; vocabulary building and development of fluency; writing short reports, narratives. Pre: 304 or consent.

RUS 404 Advanced Conversation and Composition (3)

Continuation of 403. Pre: 403.

RUS 418 Advanced Reading and Translation: Modern Prose (3)

Readings in various fields, emphasizing idiomatic usage. Pre: 312 or consent.

RUS 419 Advanced Reading of Russian Press (3)

Materials from Soviet/Russian newspapers and magazines. Pre: 311 or consent.

RUS 431 Russian Folklore (3)

Selected Russian folk narratives, bylinas, songs, and proverbs. Influence of folklore on major Russian authors. Pre: 312 or consent.

RUS 441 Russian Short Story (3)

Origin and development (19th and 20th century); the major writers. Pre: three years of Russian or consent.

RUS 442 Russian Novel (3)

Origin and development from 18th century to present. Pre: three years of Russian language or consent.

RUS 451 Topics in 19th- and 20th-Century Russian Literature (3)

Focus upon the selected writings of one major Russian writer of the 19th century (e.g., Pushkin, Gogol, Lermontov, Dostoevsky, or Tolstoy) or 20th century (e.g., Bely, Blok, Bulgakov, Chekhov, Pasternak, Sholokhov, or Solzhenitsyn). Repeatable unlimited times with consent. Pre: 312, LLEA 351; or consent.

RUS 452 Topics in 19th- and 20th-Century Russian Literature (3)

Continuation of 451. Pre: 312, LLEA 352, or consent.

RUS 460 Intensive Fourth-Level Russian Abroad (V)

Intensive advanced courses of formal instruction on the fourth-year level in Russian language and culture in Russia. Pre: 360 or equivalent.

RUS 495 Seminar (3)

Literary or linguistic topics, movements, genres, or their representatives. Repeatable unlimited times with consent. Pre: consent of chair.

RUS 499 Directed Reading/Research (V)

Independent study of approved reading with faculty supervision. Repeatable up to six credits. A-F only. Pre: 303 (or equivalent), consent or departmental approval.

SAM 101 Elementary Samoan (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing skills. Structural points introduced inductively. History and culture. Meets four hours weekly.

SAM 102 Elementary Samoan (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

SAM 201 Intermediate Samoan (4)

Continuation of 102. Meets four hours weekly, three of four hours devoted to drill and practice. Pre: 102.

SAM 202 Intermediate Samoan (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

SAM 227 Overview of Samoan Literature in English (3)

Survey of major writers of Samoan literature in English; lectures, discussions, short paper.

SAM 301 Third-Level Samoan: Traditional Culture (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced reading and composition with development of language structure integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities based on selected traditional cultural topics. Meets three times weekly; additional lab work. Pre: 202 or consent.

SAM 302 Third-Level Samoan: Contemporary Culture (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced reading and composition with development of language structure integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities based on selected contemporary cultural topics. Pre: 202 or consent.

SAM 321 Samoan Conversation: Traditional Contexts (3)

Systematic practice on various topics for control of spoken Samoan in traditional contexts. Pre: 202 or equivalent; or consent.

SAM 322 Samoan Conversation: Contemporary Contexts (3)

Systematic practice on various topics for control of spoken Samoan in modern contexts. Pre: 202 or equivalent; or consent.

SAM 421 Samoan Ceremonial Speech (3)

Development of oratory skills in Samoan ceremonial speech. Emphasis on institutionalized applications such as the kava ceremony and formal speechmaking. Pre: 302 or 322, or consent.

SAM 422 Samoan Ceremonial Speech (3)

Continuation of 421. Pre: 421 or consent.

SAM 431 Samoan Oral Traditions (3)

Historical survey and analysis of the oral traditions and genealogies of Samoa with special emphasis on the relationship of these traditions with Samoan ceremonial speech. Pre: 302.

SAM 432 Samoan Oral Traditions II (3)

Continuation of 431. Pre: 431 or consent.

SAM 452 Structure of Samoan (3)

Study of modern Samoan grammar including some sociolinguistic background. Pre: 202 or LING 102, or consent.

SAM 461 Traditional Samoan Literature (3)

A survey of the major genres of traditional Samoan literature. Taught in the Samoan language. Pre: 302 or consent.

SLS 130 Introduction to Pidgin in Hawai‘i (3)

Introduction to contemporary Pidgin in Hawai‘i; sociolinguistics of Pidgin; language attitudes; language discrimination; the role of Pidgin in contemporary Hawai‘i, including in media, educational, and interpersonal contexts.

SLS 150 Learning Languages and Communicating Interculturally in a Global Multilingual World (3)

Historical/global perspective on being/becoming multilingual/multicultural, encompassing cases of second language learning, teaching, use, growth, change, loss across the world, ancient times to present, supporting individuals’ motivations and abilities concerning second languages and cultures.

SLS 218 Introduction to Second Language Learning and Technology (3)

Introduction to the use of technology in second language learning; pros and cons of specific new applications and established technologies; project-based and oriented; developing multilingual/multicultural understanding through technology. Includes an emphasis on instruction in writing.

SLS 250 Learning and Using Second Languages: Strategies, Careers, and Economies (3)

Reviews practices of second language learning and maintenance through learning strategies and through second language use in field contexts (at work, in internships, through study abroad and professionally); addresses economics of second language use/learning. (Spring only)

SLS 280 Bilingualism: Cognition and Culture (3)

Introduction to bi-/multilingualism as a phenomenon at the level of society and as a characteristic of individual speakers; discussion of recent media reports and popular myths about bilingualism in relation to research-based evidence.

SLS 302 Second Language Learning (3)

Theoretical foundations for the learning and teaching of second/ foreign languages. Includes an emphasis on instruction in writing. Pre: upper division standing.

SLS 303 Second Language Teaching (3)

Survey of methodology; basic concepts and practices. Pre: 302 (or concurrent).

SLS 312 Techniques in Second Language Teaching: Reading and Writing (3)

Methods and materials. Issues in teaching; survey of available materials and practice in their adaptation. Includes an emphasis on instruction and feedback in oral communication. Pre: 302 (or concurrent).

SLS 313 Techniques in Second Language Teaching: Listening and Speaking (3)

Methods and materials. Issues in teaching; survey of available materials and practice in their adaptation. Includes an emphasis on instruction and feedback in oral communication. Pre: 302 (or concurrent).

SLS 408 Multilingual Education (3)

Survey and analysis of current thinking and practices in multilingual and multicultural education, including bilingual education; special emphasis on ESL/EFL. Includes an emphasis on instruction in writing. Pre: 302 or 600 (or concurrent); or consent.

SLS 418 Instructional Media (3)

Theoretical foundation and practical applications of using electronic and audiovisual media in second language teaching. Pre: 303 (with minimum grade of C), or 600 (with minimum grade of B or concurrent); or consent.

SLS 430 Pidgin and Creole English in Hawai‘i (3)

Major historical descriptive, pedagogical aspects; pidgin and creole languages, linguistic change, language variation. Work with actual language data. Laboratory work required. Pre: 302 (or concurrent), or LING 102, or 600 (or concurrent); or consent.

SLS 441 Language Concepts for Second Language Learning and Teaching (3)

Language analysis— phonology, syntax, semantics, discourse for teaching second languages. Pre: one of 302 (or concurrent), LING 102, LING 320, 600 (or concurrent), or graduate standing; or consent.

SLS 460 English Phonology (3)

Basic course in English phonetics and phonology; emphasis on areas of interest to language teachers. Pre: 302 (or concurrent) or 600 (or concurrent).

SLS 475 Practicum for Future Language Professionals (3)

Students observe and assist mentor teachers (minimum of 40 hours) at cooperating schools in multilingual contexts, examining the intersection of theory and practice in language learning and teaching and applying knowledge from other SLS courses. A-F only. Pre: 302 and 303.

SLS 480 (Alpha) Topics in Second Language Studies (3)

Variable topics in special areas of second language studies: (E) second language learning; (N) second language analysis; (P) second language pedagogy; (R) second language research; (U) second language use. Repeatable three times in different topics. Pre: 302 (or concurrent) for (E), (N), (R), (U); 303 (or concurrent) for (P). Not applicable toward graduate degrees offered within SLS.

SLS 485 Professionalism in SLS (3)

Capstone for SLS majors. Reflection on experiences via the major, articulation of professional values, exploration of diverse approaches to professionalism in SLS, and formal compilation of a professional portfolio. SLS majors only. Senior standing or higher. A-F only. Pre: 302 and 303.

SLS 490 Second Language Testing (3)

Measurement and evaluation of achievement and proficiency in second language learning. Pre: 302 (or concurrent), 441, LING 102, or 600 (or concurrent).

SLS 499 Directed Reading/Research (V)

For interdisciplinary studies majors. Pre: a minimum cumulative GPA of 2.7 or a minimum GPA of 3.0 in major, or consent of department chair. Repeatable unlimited times.

SLS 600 Introduction to Second Language Studies (3)

Introduction to basic professional and research issues in second language studies; integration of theory, research, and practice for prospective second or foreign language teachers and researchers. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SLS 610 Introduction to Teaching Second Languages (3)

Survey and analysis of second language teaching traditions and perspectives. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SLS 612 Alternative Approaches to Second Language Teaching (3)

Examination, comparison with conventional approaches; interpersonal relationships in language teaching. Pre: consent

SLS 613 Second Language Listening and Speaking (3)

Key issues; overview and critique of published materials; practice in developing syllabi and other materials. Pre: consent.

SLS 614 Second Language Writing (3)

Problems in teaching second language composition. Survey materials; use, modification, and development. Error analysis. Pre: consent.

SLS 618 Language and Learning Technologies (3)

A wide range of emerging technologies for language learning and research will be explored. Online/faceto-face discussions and hands-on experiential learning are integrated with learner’s goals, best practices, and theoretical foundations. Pre: consent. (Once a year)

SLS 620 Second Language Reading (3)

Survey of research in reading process; teaching methodology; psycholinguistic investigations; comparison of reading in first and second languages. Pre: consent.

SLS 630 Second Language Program Development (3)

Designing, implementing, and evaluating language programs; systems-based approach to program and curriculum development. Pre: consent.

SLS 640 English Grammar (3)

Descriptive English grammar in relation to second language learning and teaching.

SLS 642 Comparative Grammar and Second Languages (3)

Comparative study of two or more languages. Consideration of language transfer in second language learning, role of typological features. Pre: consent

SLS 650 Second Language Acquisition (3)

Survey of theories and research on second language learning by children and adults, learning naturalistically and in formal settings. Relationships are explored between SLA research and language teaching. Pre: 441 (or concurrent) or consent.

SLS 660 Sociolinguistics and Second Languages (3)

Theoretical and applied aspects of language, culture, and society, and research methods in sociolinguistics, as they relate to second and foreign language issues. Pre: consent.

SLS 670 Second Language Quantitative Research (3)

Quantitative research methods; design of research studies; techniques in collecting data; statistical inference; and analysis and interpretation of data. Pre: 490 and graduate standing; or consent.

SLS 671 Research in Language Testing (3)

Advanced issues in language testing research including recent developments in the following areas: language testing hypotheses, item analysis, reliability, dependability, and validity. Pre: 490 or consent.

SLS 672 Second Language Classroom Research (3)

Survey of research on second language classrooms and analysis of methodological issues. Pre: consent.

SLS 673 Applied Psycholinguistics and Second Language Acquisition (3)

Theory and research in psycholinguistics as related to second language perception, production, acquisition, and instruction. Pre: 441 or LING 422, or consent.

SLS 674 Survey Research Methods in Second Language Studies (3)

Hands-on experience in language survey research including planning and creating survey instruments (both interviews and questionnaires), administering, compiling and analyzing survey data (quantitatively and qualitatively), and reporting the results. Pre: consent. (Once a year)

SLS 675 Second Language Qualitative Research (3)

Philosophical and theoretical approaches, methodology, and ethics in second language qualitative research. Pre: 660 (or concurrent) or consent.

SLS 676 Interpretive Qualitative Inquiry (3)

Explores a range of qualitative inquiry methods and theories. Through a project-based approach, students will develop and carry out inquiry relevant to their own interests, immediate learning/teaching needs, and long term professional goals. Pre: 660 (or concurrent) or consent.

SLS 678 Discourse Analysis in Second Language Research (3)

Survey of approaches to discourse; microanalytic qualitative research; theory and methodology. Pre: 660 or consent.

SLS 680 (Alpha) Topics in Second Language Studies (3)

Variable topics in special areas of second language studies: (E) second language learning; (N) second language analysis; (P) second language pedagogy; (R) second language research methodology; (U) second language use. Repeatable one time for different alphas. Pre: 650 for (E); consent for (N) and (P); 670 or 675 or 678, or consent for (R); 660 for (U).

SLS 690 ESL Teaching Practicum (3)

Student teaching in ESL classroom. Pre: advancement to candidacy and consent.

SLS 695 Master’s Plan B/C Studies (1)

Enrollment for degree completion. Repeatable unlimited times, but credit earned one time only. CR/NC only. Pre: master’s Plan B or C candidate and consent.

SLS 699 Directed Reading/Research (V)

Individual reading in various fields of ESL. CR/NC only. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent of graduate chair and instructor.

SLS 700 Thesis Research (V)

Individual reading in various fields of ESL. Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only. Pre: consent of graduate chair and instructor.

SLS 730 Seminar in Second Language Education (3)

Current issues and problems. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: advancement to candidacy or consent.

SLS 750 Seminar in Second Language Acquisition (3)

Issues in theory and research in second language acquisition of child and adult. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

SLS 760 Seminar in Second Language Use (3)

Second language/dialect use in multilingual communities. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

SLS 775 Seminar in Second Language Qualitative Research (3)

Qualitative research in second language and multilingual contexts. Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

SLS 799 Apprenticeship in Teaching (V)

An experienced-based introduction to college-level teaching; graduate students serve as student teachers to professors; responsibilities include supervised teaching, and participation in planning and evaluation. Repeatable unlimited times. CR/NC only. Pre: graduate standing and consent.

SLS 800 Dissertation Research (V)

Repeatable eight times, up to 12 credits. Satisfactory/Unsatisfactory only.

SNSK 181 Introduction to Sanskrit (4)

Introduction to basic Sanskrit grammar; reading and analysis of progressively difficult classical texts.

SNSK 182 Introduction to Sanskrit (4)

Continuation of 181.

SNSK 281 Intermediate Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 182. Reading and analysis of classical texts with review of grammar. Pre: 182.

SNSK 282 Intermediate Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 281. Pre: 281.

SNSK 381 Third-Level Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 282. Reading and analysis of various classical texts. Pre: 282.

SNSK 382 Third-Level Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 381. Introduction to Veda.

SNSK 481 Fourth-Level Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 382. Reading, analysis, and interpretation of various Vedic or Sanskrit texts selected according to students’ interests. Pre: 382.

SNSK 482 Fourth-Level Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 481.

SNSK 685 Advanced Readings in Sanskrit (3)

Advanced study of Sanskrit literature (kâvya) and systematic thought (sâstra), alongside reading and discussion of scholarship on these topics. Specific content will change each semester. Repeatable unlimited times for different topics. Pre: 282 (with a minimum grade of B).

SOCS 101 First Year Experience (1)

Brings together topics, discussion, and peer support to increase success at UH Mânoa and the College of Social Sciences. The emphasis is on knowledge, skills, and behaviors leading to graduation and sharing the first-year experience.

SPAN 101 Elementary Spanish (3)

Conversation, grammar, reading.

SPAN 102 Elementary Spanish (3)

Conversation, grammar, reading. Pre: 101.

SPAN 103 Intensive Elementary Spanish (6)

Course content of SPAN 101 and 102 covered in one semester. Three two-hour sessions per week.

SPAN 201 Intermediate Spanish (3)

Continuation of oral practice and grammar study; increasing emphasis on reading and written composition. Pre: 102 or 103.

SPAN 201A Intermediate Spanish (3)

Continuation of oral practice and grammar study; increasing emphasis on reading and written composition. Pre: 102 or 103.

SPAN 202 Intermediate Spanish (3)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201.

SPAN 202A Intermediate Spanish (3)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201.

SPAN 203 Intensive Spanish for Business (6)

SPAN 201 and 202 content combined, oriented to business Spanish. Three 50-minute sessions per week plus online work. Pre: 102 or 103.

SPAN 258 Intermediate Spanish Abroad (3)

Intensive course of full-time formal instruction on the second-year level in Spanish language and culture in a Spanish-speaking country. Pre: 102 or 103.

SPAN 259 Intermediate Spanish Abroad (3)

Continuation of 258.

SPAN 300 Legends, Stories, and Current Events (3)

Development of language skills through reading of literary and cultural texts. Pre: 202 (or concurrent) or 203 or 259.

SPAN 301 Language and Writing I (3)

Improvement of Spanish vocabulary, language accuracy, and expression of ideas in Spanish through writing. Pre: 202 or 203 or 259, or consent.

SPAN 302 Language and Writing II (3)

Improvement of Spanish vocabulary, language accuracy, and expression of ideas in Spanish through writing. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent.

SPAN 303 Conversation I (3)

Intensive practice in spoken Spanish, focusing on the preparation and completion of oral tasks and presentations. Pre: 301 (or concurrent), or consent.

SPAN 304 Conversation II (3)

Continuation of 303. Pre: 303 or consent.

SPAN 305 Introduction to Spanish-English Translation (3)

Practical introduction to SpanishEnglish translation with translations of texts from Spanish to English and the reverse. Pre: 301 or 310 or consent.

SPAN 306 (Alpha) Spanish for Professionals (3)

Language as used in specific professions. (B) commercial Spanish; (C) medical Spanish. Sophomore standing or higher. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent.

SPAN 308 Introduction to Spanish-English Interpreting (3)

Students will begin to develop the listening and memory skills for direct and inverse interpretation. Sophomore standing or higher. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent

SPAN 310 Spanish for Heritage Speakers (3)

Focuses on standard and academic varieties of Spanish for English-dominant heritage speakers in order to improve their literacy skills. Pre: placement exam. (Fall only)

SPAN 320 Gateway to Hispanic Literature (3)

Introduction and development of Spanish skills for critical reading and writing, rhetoric, and vocabulary. Choices with particular emphasis on literary analysis and academic writing. Online course. Pre: 301 or 310 or consent.

SPAN 330 Phonetics and Pronunciation Practice (3)

Analysis of the Spanish phonological system, in contrast with English. Practice in pronunciation. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent.

SPAN 351 Spanish Cultural Perspectives (3)

Survey of the history and cultures of Spain. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent.

SPAN 352 (Alpha) Latin American Cultural Perspectives (3)

Survey of the history and cultures of Latin America. (B) Pre-Columbian and Colonial periods; (C) Independence, nationhood and current issues. Repeatable one time for other topics, but not for the same topic. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent.

SPAN 358 Third-Level Spanish Abroad (3)

Intensive formal instruction at the third-year level in Spanish language skills: reading, writing, grammar, or conversation in a Spanish-speaking country. Pre: 202 or 259 or equivalent.

SPAN 359 Third-Level Spanish Abroad (3)

Continuation of 358.

SPAN 360 Intensive Third-Level Spanish Abroad (V)

Intensive formal instruction at the third-year level in Spanish language skills: reading, writing, grammar, or conversation in a Spanish-speaking country. Pre: 202 or equivalent

SPAN 361 Spanish Literature I (3)

Reading and discussion of representative works of Spanish literature: origins to 18th century. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent.

SPAN 362 Spanish Literature II (3)

Reading and discussion of representative works of Spanish literature: 18th century to present. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent.

SPAN 371 Spanish-American Literature (3)

Reading and discussion of representative works of Spanish-American literature: Colonial period through Romanticism. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent.

SPAN 372 Spanish-American Literature (3)

Reading and discussion of representative works of Spanish-American literature: Modernism to the present. Pre: 301 or 310, or consent.

SPAN 396 Introduction to Hispanic Film (3)

Introduction to the study and analysis of genres, techniques, and cinematic styles as used in Hispanic film. Pre: 301 or 310 or consent.

SPAN 399 Directed Reading (V)

Independent study of approved reading with faculty supervision. Repeatable two times. A-F only. Pre: 301 (or concurrent), consent and departmental approval.

SPAN 400 Spanish Language in Society (3)

Explores issues in Spanish language in society (media, communication, advertising, government, technology). Introduces and examines current sociolinguistic and sociopragmatic issues. Pre: 330 or consent.

SPAN 403 Advanced Composition and Conversation (3)

Advanced practice; emphasis on building active vocabulary. Pre: 302 or consent.

SPAN 405 Spanish-English Translation (3)

Factors in the art of translation. Practice in translating material from Spanish to English and the reverse. Pre: 305 or consent. (Cross-listed as TI 404)

SPAN 408 Spanish-English Interpreting (3)

Practical course on consecutive and simultaneous interpreting from English into Spanish and from Spanish into English, plus cross-cultural considerations related to the interpreting profession. Pre: 308 or consent.

SPAN 451 Historical Spanish Linguistics (3)

Evolution of Spanish from Latin; modern social and geographical dialects. Pre: 302 or 330, or consent.

SPAN 452 Introduction to Spanish Linguistics (3)

Analysis of morphology, syntax, and semantics. Pre: 302 or 330, or consent.

SPAN 458 Fourth-Level Spanish Abroad (3)

Intensive course of full-time formal instruction on the fourth-year level in Spanish linguistics, civilization, culture, and literature in a Spanish-speaking country. Pre: any two of 301, 302, 303, 358, 359, or 360.

SPAN 459 Fourth-Level Spanish Abroad (3)

Continuation of 458.

SPAN 460 Intensive Fourth-Level Spanish Abroad (V)

Intensive course of formal instruction on the fourth-year level in Spanish language and culture in a Spanish-speaking country. For semester programs only. Pre: 360 or equivalent.

SPAN 461 Spanish Neoclassicism/Romanticism (3)

Representative works from Spanish Neoclassicism (18th century) and Romanticism (19th century). Genres: theater, poetry, essay, novel. Pre: 361 or 362, or consent.

SPAN 477 U.S. Latino Literature (3)

Study of the literature of U.S. Hispanics written in Spanish or bilingually. Pre: 371 or 372, or consent.

SPAN 478 Hispanic Women’s Literature (3)

The feminine experience in Western literary and cultural traditions as seen by women in Spain and Latin America. Pre: one of 361, 362, 371 or 372; or consent.

SPAN 480 Hispanic Theater (3)

Study of representative authors and plays from Spain and Latin America. Repeatable one time. Pre: one of 361, 362, 371, or 372; or consent.

SPAN 495 (Alpha) Topics in Hispanic Scholarship (3)

Hispanic authors, periods, or themes. (B) literature and society, DL; (C) Hispanic poetry, DL; (D) literature and film, DH. Repeatable for other topics, but not for the same topic. Pre: one of 361, 362, 371, or 372; or consent.

SPAN 496 Studies in Latin American and Iberian Film (3)

Intensive study of selected topics in Latin American and/or Iberian cinemas; e.g. national or regional cinemas, periods, movements or issues, major filmmakers, film theory and criticism. Repeatable two times. Pre: one of 361, 362, 371, 372, or 396; or consent.

SPAN 499 Directed Reading and Research (V)

Independent study of approved readings and research with faculty supervision. A-F only. Repeatable two times. Pre: consent of instructor and departmental approval.

SPAN 605 Spanish Translation Studies (3)

Study of social, cultural, and pragmatic issues in Spanish Translation Studies. Graduate students only. Pre: consent. (Alt. years)

SPAN 653 Spanish Dialectology (3)

Introduction to the dialects of Spanish spoken around the world. Lectures and discussions cover the variation and change of Spanish phonology, lexicon, morphology, and syntax. Graduate students only. Pre: consent. (Alt. years)

SPAN 658 Seminar in Spanish Applied Linguistics (3)

Repeatable unlimited times with consent. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SPAN 659 Topics in Spanish Applied Linguistics (3)

Supervised participation in online course at UNED University (Spain) relevant to student’s specialization for Second Language Studies or Spanish Applied Linguistics. Students also complete projects and meet with advisor to check progress. Repeatable two times for different topics. Graduate students only. Pre: Spanish Proficiency assessment: B- (CERFL) or Advanced low (ACTFL).

SPAN 660 Medieval Spanish Literature (3)

Representative readings in prose and poetry, from origins through 15th century. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SPAN 665 (Alpha) Golden Age Literature (3)

Spanish literature from the 16th and 17th centuries. (B) theater; (C) prose; (D) poetry; (E) Cervantes. Pre: graduate standing.

SPAN 669 19th-Century Spanish Realism (3)

Nineteenth-century Spanish realism in the novel. Authors include Galdós, Clarin, Alarcón, Pardo Bazán, Blasco-Ibáñez, Valera. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SPAN 670 (Alpha) 20th-Century Spanish Literature (3)

Representative works from 20th-century literature. Genres: poetry, theater, essay, novel. (B) generation of 1898; (C) pre-Civil War; (D) post-Civil War. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SPAN 680 Spanish-American Novel (3)

Critical analysis of major Spanish-American novels. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SPAN 681 Colonial Spanish-American Literature (3)

Spanish-American literature from period of discovery to independence. Representative authors such as Sor Juana, Bernal Díaz del Castillo. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SPAN 682 Spanish-American Poetry (3)

Study of representative poets from all periods: Martí, Darió, Mistral, Guillén, Neruda, Paz, etc. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SPAN 683 Spanish-American Short Story and Essay (3)

Study of representative writers from various periods: Sor Juana, Palma, Quiroga, Reyes, Borges, etc. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SPAN 695 Seminar in Hispanic Literature (3)

A period, author, genre, or region. Repeatable unlimited times with consent. Pre: graduate standing or consent.

SPAN 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent of department chair.

TAHT 103 First Year Tahitian I (3)

Basic core skills of listening, speaking and grammar of spoken Tahitian in a condensed format. Meets three 50-minute sessions weekly.

TAHT 104 First Year Tahitian II (3)

Basic core skills of listening, speaking and grammar of spoken Tahitian in a condensed format. Meets three 50-minute sessions weekly. Pre: 103 or consent.

TAHT 203 Second Year Tahitian I (3)

Intermediate core skills of listening, speaking and knowledge of grammar for spoken Tahitian in a condensed format. Meets three 50-minute sessions weekly. Pre: 104.

TAHT 204 Second Year Tahitian II (3)

Intermediate core skills of listening, speaking and knowledge of grammar for spoken Tahitian in a condensed format. Meets three 50-minute sessions weekly. Pre: 203 or consent.

TAHT 301 Third-Level Tahitian (3)

Continuation of 202. Conversation, advanced reading, composition. Pre: 204 or consent.

TAHT 302 Third-Level Tahitian (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or consent.

TAHT 358 Third-Level Tahitian Abroad (3)

Full-time formal instruction at the University of French Polynesia in Tahiti. Third-year level in Tahitian language and culture. A-F only. Pre: 204 and consent.

TAHT 359 Third-Level Tahitian Abroad (3)

Continuation of 358. A-F only. Pre: 301 or 358; and consent.

TAHT 401 Fourth-Level Tahitian (3)

Continuation of 302. Advanced conversation, reading, and writing with focus on modern formal and colloquial Tahitian styles. The language in the realms of storytelling, radio, folklore, traditional and modern writing. Survey of modern and classical language. Pre: 302 or consent.

TAHT 402 Fourth-Level Tahitian (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or consent.

TAHT 458 Fourth-Level Tahitian Abroad (3)

Full-time formal instruction at the University of French Polynesia in Tahiti. Fourth-year level in Tahitian language and culture. A-F only. Pre: 302 and consent.

TAHT 459 Fourth-Level Tahitian Abroad (3)

Continuation of 458. A-F only. Pre: 401 or 458, and consent.

THAI 101 First-Level Thai I (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets one hour daily, Monday–Friday; four out of five hours devoted to directed drill and practice; regular on-line lab work and review of audiovisual materials.

THAI 102 First-Level Thai II (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101, or 103 and 105, or consent.

THAI 103 Beginning Conversational Thai I (2)

Development of basic skills (listening, speaking, and grammar) of spoken Thai. Regular online lab work and review of audiovisual materials. Not open to students who have taken 101. Co-requisite: 105.

THAI 104 Beginning Conversational Thai II (2)

Continuation of 103. Development of basic skills (listening, speaking, and grammar) of spoken Thai. Regular online lab work and review of audiovisual materials. Not open to students who have taken 102. Pre: 103 and 105, or 101. Co-requisite: 106.

THAI 105 Beginning Reading and Writing Thai I (2)

Development of literacy skills in Thai for those who cannot read or write in the language. Focus on Thai script reading and writing. Not open to students who have taken 101. Co-requisite: 103, or consent.

THAI 106 Beginning Reading and Writing Thai II (2)

Continuation of 105. Development of literacy skills in Thai for those who cannot read or write in the language. Focus on Thai script reading and writing. Not open to students who have taken 102. Pre: 105 or 101.

THAI 107 Reading and Writing Thai Script (3)

Focus on Thai script reading and writing skills. For students with some aural and spoken skills in Standard Thai equivalent to those completing THAI 102 or higher, but cannot read or write in Thai script. Lab work. Pre: consent.

THAI 112 Intensive Elementary Thai (10)

THAI 201 Second-Level Thai I (4)

Continuation of 104 and 106, or 102. Integrated development of skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Thai script. Meets 5 hours/week, regular online lab work and review of on-line audio visual materials. Pre: 104 and 106, or 102.

THAI 202 Second-Level Thai II (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

THAI 212 Intensive Intermediate Thai (10)

THAI 301 Third-Level Thai I (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced conversation and reading, emphasis on modern written texts. Regular on-line lab work. Pre: 202 or equivalent or consent.

THAI 302 Third-Level Thai II (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or equivalent.

THAI 303 Accelerated Third-Level Thai (6)

Continuation of 202. Meets six hours a week. Advanced conversation and reading; emphasis on modern written texts. Lab work. Pre: 202 or equivalent.

THAI 401 Fourth-Level Thai I (3)

Continuation of 302/303. Advanced conversation and reading of specialized, scholarly texts. Pre: 302 or 303 or equivalent.

THAI 402 Fourth-Level Thai II (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401.

THAI 404 Accelerated Fourth-Level Thai (6)

Continuation of 303. Meets six hours a week. Advanced conversation and reading of specialized, scholarly texts. Pre: 303.

THAI 415 Thai Language in the Media (3)

Development of reading and aural comprehension of authentic Thai language used in print and broadcast media through reading Thai newspapers, viewing and listening to Thai television and radio programs. Oral and written reports. Repeatable one time. Pre: 402, 404 (or equivalent), or consent.

THAI 451 Structure of Thai (3)

Introduction to information structure of Thai as a basis for developing reading skills. Analysis of rhetorical, sentence, and word structure from different types of written texts. Pre: 402 or consent.

THAI 452 Structure of Thai (3)

Continuation of 451. Pre: 451 or consent.

THAI 461 (Alpha) Readings in Thai Contemporary Prose Literature: the Short Story (3)

Selected readings in Thai short stories from early 1930s to present. Oral and written reviews (B) 1930-1969; (C) 1970-present. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 402 or consent.

THAI 462 (Alpha) Readings in Thai Contemporary Prose Literature: the Novel (3)

Selected readings in Thai novels from early 1930s to present. Oral and written reviews. (B) 1930–1969; (C) 1970–present. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 402, 461(B) or 461(C), or consent.

TI 401 Principles of Translation (3)

Student awareness of the translation process and the criteria for evaluating translations. Includes readings and discussions of the translation process, terminology research as well as intensive practice in precise writing, paraphrasing, and summarizing. Pre: at least 300-level proficiency in a second language.

TI 403 Introduction to Interpretation (3)

Develop an awareness of the principles and the basic skills involved in the three modes of bilingual interpreting: simultaneous and consecutive interpreting and sight translation. Repeatable one time. Pre: at least 300-level proficiency in a second language.

TI 404 Spanish-English Translation (3)

Factors in the art of translation. Practice in translating material from Spanish to English and the reverse. Pre: SPAN 305 or consent. (Cross-listed as SPAN 405)

TI 405 Court Interpreting I (3)

Introduction to the legal system, as well as theoretical principles, ethics, practical techniques, and current issues surrounding the practice and profession of court and other legal interpreting. Repeatable one time.

TI 406 Community Interpreting (3)

Basic principles, ethics and skills involved in community interpreting in medical, legal, and social service settings; practical information about the community interpreter’s role and profession; practice of various community interpreting situations and techniques. Repeatable one time.

TI 407 Court Interpreting II (3)

Combined lecture/ discussion/practice. Continuation of 405 Court Interpretation, diving deeper into the practical side of oral interpreting for various proceedings, including arraignments, trials, witness testimonies, etc. Must

TI 408 Medical Interpreting (3)

Healthcare interpreting requires students to understand basic biosystems, common illnesses and treatments, as well as interpreting skills. Students must have 402 or above equivalency of second language skills (or instructor approval). Repeatable one time. Pre: 406 or consent.

TI 409 Professional Orientation and Internship (3)

A three-part course consisting of business models for interpreters, a language-specific practicum lab, and an internship. Repeatable one time. Pre: 403 or 406. (Spring only)

TI 412 (Alpha) Technical Translation (3)

Translation of nonfiction texts into English. Emphasis on editing target version and producing camera-ready copy. (J) Japanese; (K) Korean; (M) Mandarin; (O) other; (S) Spanish. Repeatable one time. Pre: 411, senior or graduate standing, and pass CITS screening exam. Co-requisite: 414 and 452.

TI 414 (Alpha) Translation Skills (into Second Language) (3)

Translation into a Second Language. Processes, methodology, and techniques. Web-based. (J) Japanese; (K) Korean; (M) Mandarin; (O) other; (S) Spanish. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: a previous translation course, or consent.

TI 420 (Alpha) Chinese Translation (3)

Training in techniques; theory of translation. (B) Chinese– English; (C) English–Chinese. Pre: consent. (Cross-listed as CHN 421(Alpha))

TI 422 Computer-Assisted Translation (3)

(1 Lec, 1 1.5-hr Lab) The use of computers as aids in the translation process. Basic desktop publishing and technical writing. Computer aids for terminology studies and glossary building. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: 421, senior or graduate standing, and pass CITS screening exam. Co-requisite: 402, 412, 452.

TI 424 English to Japanese Translation (3)

Training in techniques of translating English in Japanese. Pre: JPN 407D or JPN 407E, or consent. (Cross-listed as JPN 424)

TI 425 Japanese to English Translation (3)

Training in techniques of translating Japanese into English. Pre: JPN 407D or JPN 407E, or consent. (Cross-listed as JPN 425)

TI 432 (Alpha) Consecutive Interpretation (3)

Extensive note-taking and note-reading in a bilingual context. Focuses on the translation of numbers, acronyms, initials, and economic and financial information. (J) Japanese; (K) Korean; (M) Mandarin; (O) other; (S) Spanish. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: CITS screening exam.

TI 442 (Alpha) Simultaneous Interpretation (3)

Simultaneous interpretation of speeches. Focus on the study of formulaic and frozen language characteristically used in international meetings. (J) Japanese; (K) Korean; (M) Mandarin; (O) other; (S) Spanish. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: CITS screening exam.

TI 452 (Alpha) Sight Translation (3)

Focus on the ability to translate orally information from a written text. Emphasis on improving linguistic (discourse analysis) and communicative (public speaking) skills. (J) Japanese; (K) Korean; (M) Mandarin; (O) other; (S) Spanish. Repeatable one time. A-F only. Pre: CITS screening exam.

TI 499 Directed Reading/Studies (V)

Independent study of approved readings and research with faculty supervision. Repeatable two times, up to nine credits. A-F only.

TONG 101 Beginning Tongan (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Structural points introduced inductively. History and culture. Meets four (4) hours weekly.

TONG 102 Beginning Tongan (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

TONG 201 Intermediate Tongan (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. History and culture. Meets four (4) hours weekly. Pre: 102 or consent.

TONG 202 Intermediate Tongan (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

URDU 205 Reading and Writing in Urdu (1)

Introduces students to the Nastaliq (Urdu) script, alphabets, their various forms, and combination rules. Reading and writing is emphasized. A-F only. Pre: HNDI 102 or consent. Co-requisite: HNDI 201 or consent. (Fall only)

VIET 101 Elementary Vietnamese (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets one hour daily, Monday–Friday; four out of five hours devoted to directed drill and practice.

VIET 102 Elementary Vietnamese (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

VIET 201 Intermediate Vietnamese (4)

Continuation of 102. After completion, most students should be able to use all major sentence patterns to produce sounds, combinations of sounds, tones, and intonation and have some understanding of Vietnamese culture. Meets one hour daily, Monday– Friday. Pre: 102 or equivalent.

VIET 202 Intermediate Vietnamese (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

VIET 301 Third-Level Vietnamese (3)

Continuation of 202. Emphasis on increased proficiency and cultural understanding through interaction with Vietnamese media, including newspapers, radio, film, etc. Pre: 202 or equivalent.

VIET 302 Third-Level Vietnamese (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or consent.

VIET 401 Fourth-Level Vietnamese (3)

Continuation of 302. Emphasis on cultural understanding through modern literary Vietnamese. Pre: 302 or equivalent.

VIET 402 Fourth-Level Vietnamese (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or consent.

VIET 461 Introduction to Vietnamese Literature (3)

Selected readings in major genres; emphasis on analysis. Modern literature. Pre: 402 or consent.

VIET 699 Directed Reading/Research (V

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.