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Indo-Pacific Languages and Literatures

CAM 101 Introduction to Modern Khmer (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets five hours weekly

CAM 102 Introduction to Modern Khmer (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or exam or consent.

CAM 103 Conversing in Khmer I (2)

Online course aims to develop students’ proficiency skills in speaking and listening at the first year level for the purpose of communication, travel, and for enjoyment.

CAM 104 Conversing in Khmer II (2)

Online course aims to develop students’ proficiency skills in speaking and listening at the first year level for the purpose of communication, travel, and for enjoyment. Pre: 103 or consent.

CAM 105 Reading/Writing Khmer (2)

Online course aims to develop the student’s proficiency skills in reading and writing Khmer at the First Year level.

CAM 107 First Year Khmer (2)

Continuation of 105. This online course aims to develop proficiency skills in listening, reading, and writing Khmer at the first year level. Use a multimedia CD-ROM and a textbook to complement the web-based instruction. Pre: 105 (or equivalent) or consent. (Spring only)

CAM 112 Intensive Elementary Khmer (10)

CAM 201 Intermediate Modern Khmer (4)

Continuation of 102. Conversation, reading, writing. Meets five hours weekly. Pre: 102 or exam or consent.

CAM 202 Intermediate Modern Khmer (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or exam or consent.

CAM 203 Cambodian Folktales of the Hare I (2)

Introduction to classical Cambodian folktales of the Hare. The Hare, known as ‘Judge Rabbit,’ is one of the most famous figure in Oral folktale stories. Pre: 102 or 107, or consent

CAM 205 Second Year Khmer I (2)

Online course aims to develop student’s proficiency-based units exploring Cambodian language and culture and focusing on reading and writing at the intermediate level. Pre: 102 or 105, or consent. (Fall only)

CAM 206 Cambodian Folktales of the Hare II (2)

Introduction to classical Cambodian folktales of the Hare. Familiarize students to Cambodian basic language, cultures, and custom as seen in daily life. Pre: 203 or consent. (Spring only)

CAM 207 Second Year Khmer II (2)

Continuation of 205. Online course provides opportunities for learners to enhance their linguistic, discourse and sociolinguistic competencies in Khmer at the intermediate level. Use a multimedia CD-ROM and a textbook to complement the web-based instruction. Pre: 201 or 205, or consent. (Spring only)

CAM 212 Intensive Intermediate Khmer (10)

CAM 301 Third-Level Khmer (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced reading, writing, conversation and comprehension. Emphasis on modern contemporary texts. Computer assisted learning. Lab work. Pre: 202 or 212 (or equivalent), or consent.

CAM 302 Third-Level Khmer (3)

Continuation of 301. Computer assisted learning. Lab work. Pre: 301 (or equivalent), or consent.

CAM 303 Accelerated Third-Level Cambodian (6)

Continuation of 212. Practice in idiomatic conversation and extensive reading. Integrated development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Meets 10 hours weekly. Pre: 212.

CAM 305 Third Year Khmer I (2)

Online course provides opportunities for learners to enhance their linguistic, discourse and sociolinguistic competencies in Khmer at the advanced level. Use a multimedia CD-ROM and a textbook to complement the web based instruction. (Fall only) Pre: 207 or consent.

CAM 306 Third Year Khmer II (2)

Continuation of 305. Online course provides opportunities for learners to enhance their linguistic, discourse and sociolinguistic competencies in Khmer at the advanced level. Use a multimedia CD-ROM and a textbook to complement the web-based instruction. Pre: 305 or consent. (Spring only)

CAM 401 Fourth-Level Khmer (3)

Continuation of 302. Computer assisted learning. Advanced reading in current literature; discussion of social and cultural issues; advanced conversation and composition. Pre: 302 (or equivalent), or consent.

CAM 402 Fourth-Level Khmer (3)

Continuation of 401. Computer assisted learning. Pre: 401 (or equivalent), or consent.

CAM 415 Khmer Language in the Media (3)

Focus on advanced reading, writing, aural comprehension and speaking skills through the study of Khmer newspaper, radio, TV, audio/video clips and film. Repeatable one time. Pre: 402 (or equivalent), or consent.

CHAM 101 Elementary Chamorro (3)

Introduction to Chamorro, emphasis on listening and speaking, language structure. Meets three hours weekly.

CHAM 102 Elementary Chamorro (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills; emphasis on oral and reading proficiency. Meets five hours weekly. Pre: 101 (or equivalent), or consent.

CHAM 201 Intermediate Chamorro (4)

Continuation of 102. Emphasis on comprehension and language production (speaking). Meets five hours weekly. Pre: 102 (or equivalent), or consent.

CHAM 202 Intermediate Chamorro (4)

Continuation of 201. Emphasis on comprehension and language production. Pre: 201 (or equivalent), or consent.

FIL 101 Beginning Filipino (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing skills. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets four hours weekly, includes one hour out-of-class field experience (Co-curricular cultural activities) weekly.

FIL 102 Beginning Filipino (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

FIL 201 Intermediate Filipino (4)

Continuation of 102. Meets four hours weekly, includes one hour out-of-class field experience (Co-curricular cultural activities) weekly. Pre: 102 or consent.

FIL 202 Intermediate Filipino (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

FIL 224 Filipino for Education (4)

Continuation of 102. Lessons focus on various aspects of Philippine culture and specialized topics that cater to the needs of teachers intending to teach Filipino immigrant students or teach Filipino as a second language. Meets five hours a week; daily lab work. Pre: 102.

FIL 225 Filipino for Education (4)

Continuation of 202 or 224.

FIL 301 Third-Level Filipino I (3)

Conversation, advanced reading and composition on traditional culture and indigenous knowledge. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 202 or 225, or consent.

FIL 302 Third-Level Filipino II (3)

Conversation, advanced reading, and composition on contemporary issues. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 202 or 225, or consent.

FIL 303 Accelerated Third-Level Filipino (6)

FIL 315 Filipino Aural Comprehension (3)

Training in comprehension of spoken authentic/ simulated authentic materials presented in news broadcasts, songs, documentary narration, formal lectures, radio and television soap operas, etc. Pre: 202 or consent.

FIL 330 Filipino Film: Art and History (3)

Study and analysis of Filipino films: its history, forms, development and relationship to cultural, social, philosophical, and aesthetic context. Pre: 202 or consent.

FIL 401 Fourth-Level Filipino I (3)

Advanced reading in traditional literature; discussion of cultural implications; advanced conversation and composition. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 302 or consent.

FIL 402 Fourth-Level Filipino II (3)

Advanced reading in current literature; discussion of cultural implications; advanced conversation and composition. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 302 or consent.

FIL 415 Advanced Filipino Aural Comprehension (3)

Continuation of 315. Training in comprehension and analysis/criticism of spoken authentic materials through films. Pre: 315 or consent.

FIL 435 Filipino Translation Techniques (3)

Techniques of bilingual translation: Filipino to English and English to Filipino. A-F only. Pre: 302 or consent.

FIL 451 Structure of Filipino (3)

Introduction to phonology, morphology, syntax. Pre: 202 or consent.

FIL 461 Filipino Contemporary Literature (3)

Selected readings in poetry, short stories, and plays from early 1900s to present. Co-curricular cultural activities included. Pre: 302 or consent.

FIL 462 Filipino Contemporary Literature: 1980s-Present (3)1

Survey of literature from the 80s (1986) to the present. Co-curricular cultural activities included. Pre: 302 or consent.

HNDI 101 Elementary Hindi I (3)

Learn to express yourself in Hindi-a language that comes with a beautiful script, ancient philosophy, spicy food, and Bollywood! The course is communicative, creative, flexibly personalized for student interests. No textbook to buy.

HNDI 102 Elementary Hindi II (3)

Build on your 101 skills. Content includes Bollywood Film Festival at Honolulu Museum of Art. Create your own audiovisual projects–make movie trailers, write children’s books, or perform at South Asian events.

HNDI 201 Intermediate Hindi I (3)

Improve your communicative and cultural proficiency. Make Bollywood your language coach. Talk about cross-cultural values and practices of food, family, and friendship. Project-based course that builds bridges to your majors, minors, and other interests. Pre: 102.

HNDI 202 Intermediate Hindi II (3)

Prepare your proficiency for traveling to India. Create audio-visual presentations, documentaries, movie parodies, poetry, plays, dance, or projects from your majors/minors. Develop critical, cross-cultural, and creative skills. Bollywood built into course content. Pre: 201.

HNDI 301 Third-Level Hindi: Culture (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced listening, reading, writing, conversation skills, language structure, and culture integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities based on selected cultural themes. Pre: 202 or consent.

HNDI 302 Third-Level Hindi: Film (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced listening, reading, writing, conversation skills, language structure, and culture integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities based on selected Hindi-Urdu films. Pre: 202 or consent.

ILO 101 Beginning Ilokano (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets four hours weekly.

ILO 102 Beginning Ilokano (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

ILO 107 Ilokano for Health Sciences (3)

Development of listening, speaking, reading, writing and other communication skills designed specifically for Nursing, Dentistry, Dental Hygiene, Public Health and Social Work students. Culture integrated with language study.

ILO 201 Intermediate Ilokano (4)

Continuation of 102. Meets four hours weekly; three of four hours devoted to drill and practice. Pre: 102 or consent.

ILO 202 Intermediate Ilokano (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

ILO 301 Third-Level Ilokano (3)

Continuation of 202. Conversation, advanced reading, composition. Meets three times weekly. Pre: 202 or exam, or consent.

ILO 302 Third-Level Ilokano (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or exam, or consent.

ILO 315 Ilokano Aural Comprehension (3)

Training in listening comprehension of different authentic and simulated materials as presented in documentaries, soap operas, radio and television news and other broadcasts, formal lectures, plays, natural conversations, songs, and student-created sitcoms and dramas. Pre: 202 or consent.

ILO 331 Contemporary Ilokano Literature (3)

Conducted in Ilokano, this course explores the literary landscape of Ilokano literature from the perspective of Ilokano writers based in the Philippines as well as those outside of the country. Pre: 301 or consent.

ILO 401 Fourth-Level Ilokano (3)

Continuation of 302. Conducted in Ilokano. Advanced reading, writing, and conversation. Contemporary Ilokano literature; cultural and historical topics. Pre: 302 or equivalent.

ILO 402 Fourth-Level Ilokano (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or exam, or consent.

ILO 424 Introduction to Ilokano for Interpreters (3)

Techniques for interpreting Ilokano into English and vice versa. A-F only. Pre: 302 or consent.

ILO 425 Ilokano Interpretation Field Practicum (3)

Provide extensive practical training in consecutive, simultaneous, sight and telephonic interpreting. It requires observation and study of interpretation strategies and techniques in relevant situations. Pre: 301 or consent.

ILO 451 Structure of Ilokano (3)

Introduction to phonology, morphology, and syntax. Pre: 202 or consent.

ILO 486 Ilokano for the Mass Media (3)

Ilokano as the medium for print journalism, for radio show programming, and for television production. Pre: 302 or consent. (Fall only)

IND 101 Elementary Indonesian (4)

Emphasis on the development of communicative competence in both oral and written language.

IND 102 Elementary Indonesian (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101.

IND 103 Beginning Indonesian I (3)

Introduction into the Malay-Indonesian language for the purpose of communication, travel, further study, and enjoyment. (Fall only)

IND 104 Beginning Indonesian II (3)

Introduction into the Malay-Indonesian language for the purpose of communication, travel, further study, and enjoyment. (Spring only) Pre: 103.

IND 201 Intermediate Indonesian (4)

Continuation of 102 or 104. Pre: 102 or equivalent.

IND 202 Intermediate Indonesian (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201.

IND 203 Intermediate Indonesian I (3)

Intermediate Indonesian language study for the purpose of communication, travel, further study, and enjoyment. Pre: 102 or 104 or equivalent language skills in Indonesian or Malay, or consent. (Fall only)

IND 204 Intermediate Indonesian 2 (3)

Intermediate Indonesian language study for the purpose of communication, travel, further study, and enjoyment. Pre: 201 or 203 or equivalent language skills in Indonesian or Malay. (Spring only)

IND 301 Third-Level Indonesian (3)

Continuation of 202. Conducted in Indonesian. Meets three hours a week. Reading, discussion, composition, and projects. Pre: 202 or consent.

IND 302 Third-Level Indonesian (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301.

IND 305 Third Level Indonesian (2)

Online course consists of modular, thematic, proficiency-based units exploring the language of the contemporary Indonesian media with an emphasis on reading, writing, and listening comprehension. Not open to students who have taken IND 301. Pre: 202, 204, or consent.

IND 306 Third Level Indonesian (2)

Online course consists of modular, thematic, proficiency-based units exploring colloquial and formal Indonesian with a strong emphasis on listening and writing comprehension. Not open to students who have taken 302. Pre: 301 or 305 (or equivalent), or consent. (Spring only)

IND 307 Third Level Indonesian Conversation (2)

Topic-based course aimed to enhance student’s listening and speaking skills in the Indonesian language. Not open to students who have taken 301. Pre: 202, 204, or consent. Co-requisite: 305. (Fall only)

IND 308 Third Level Indonesian Conversation (2)

Topic-based course aimed at enhancing students’ listening and speaking skills in the Indonesian language. Not open to students who have taken 302. Pre: 301 or 307, or consent. Co-requisite: 306. (Spring only)

IND 401 Fourth-Level Indonesian (3)

Continuation of 302. Conducted in Indonesian. Meets three hours a week. Readings in various materials; speaking in various settings. Pre: 302 or 308, or consent.

IND 402 Fourth-Level Indonesian (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or 405.

IND 405 Fourth Level Indonesian (2)

Online course consists of modular, thematic, proficiency-based units exploring the language of the contemporary Indonesian media with an emphasis on reading, writing, and listening comprehension. Pre: 302, 306, or consent. (Fall only)

IND 407 Fourth Level Indonesian Conversation (1)

Topic-based course aimed to enhance students’ listening and speaking skills in the Indonesian language. Pre: 302, 306, or consent. Co-requisite: 405. (Fall only)

IND 452 Structure of Indonesian (3)

Introduction to grammar; some sociolinguistic background. Pre: 302 or equivalent, or consent.

IND 454 History of Indonesian (3)

Social and linguistic development of Indonesian from roots in earlier Malay to contemporary form and function. Pre: 202 and 452, or consent.

IND 461 Modern Indonesian Literature (3)

Selected readings, 1900 to present. Discussion and composition. Pre: 402 or consent.

IP 101 Directed Elementary Language Study (4)

Directed study of a South Asian, Southeast Asian, or Pacific language not regularly listed by the department. Pre: consent.

IP 102 Directed Elementary Language Study (4)

Continuation of 101.

IP 199 Introductory Language Study (V)

Introductory study of a South Asian, Southeast Asian, or Pacific language. Contact hours and credits determined by student interests and faculty resources. Repeatable up to eight credit hours. Pre: consent.

IP 201 Directed Intermediate Language Study (4)

Continuation of 102. Pre: consent.

IP 202 Directed Intermediate Language Study (4)

Continuation of 201.

IP 261 Topics in Indo-Pacific Literature/Culture (V)

Study of a literature or culture of the Indo-Pacific area through readings in various fields in English. Repeatable up to six credit hours. Pre: consent.

IP 273 (Alpha) Introduction to Indo-Pacific Language and Culture (3)

Introduction in English to language(s) and culture(s) of Indo-Pacific country or region. (B) Indian; (C) Southeast Asian; (D) Polynesian; (E) Philippines. Sophomore standing or higher for (C). Pre: 101 and 102 courses in relevant language or consent for (B), (D), and (E).

IP 299 Intermediate Language Study (V)

Intermediate study of a South Asian, Southeast Asian, or Pacific language. Contact hours and credits determined by student interests and faculty resources. Repeatable up to eight credit hours. Pre: at least six credit hours of elementary study in the same language.

IP 300 History of Early India (3)

Historical survey of India and South Asia from Mohenjo-Daro to the Mughal Empire, tracing political, social, religious, economic, cultural, and intellectual developments from ancient times to the 18th century. (Cross-listed as HIST 301)

IP 301 Directed Third-Level Language Study (3)

Continuation of 202. Pre: consent.

IP 302 Directed Third-Level Language Study (3)

Continuation of 301.

IP 303 Bollywood Dance, Music, and Film (3)

Unique course combining mind and body, discussion and dancing. Learn and perform Bollywood dances and the richness of their Indian poetic, classical, and folk traditions. Understand “Bollywood” in the context of cross-cultural fusion and globalization. Repeatable one time. (Cross-listed as ASAN 303)

IP 360 Filipino Food, Music, and Rituals: Art and Culture Studies (3)

Study and analysis of the art and culture of Filipino food, music, and rituals-history, forms, social development, influences, and impact. Sophomore standing or consent.

IP 361 Southeast Asian Literature in Translation (3)

Survey in English of traditional and modern literatures of Southeast Asia. (Cross-listed as ASAN 361)

IP 362 Philippine Drama: History, Art, Culture (3)

Historical survey from precolonial to contemporary periods. Studies forms, conventions, and literature within the social, political, and cultural context of the times as reflected in the history of Philippine drama. Explores plays in the diaspora. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. A-F only. (Fall only)

IP 363 Philippine Contemporary Literature in English (3)

Critical survey of 20th-century Philippine literature written in English; cultural values. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as ENG 375)

IP 364 Philippine Popular Culture (3)

Explores the ethics of Philippine popular culture forms; teaches students how to produce, act, and perform in a select media form; and engages students in writing a critical analysis of these pop cultural expressions. A-F only. Pre: sophomore standing or consent.

IP 365 South Asian Literature in Translation (3)

Survey of traditional and modern literatures of South Asia; literature written originally in English.

IP 366 Literatures of Ancient India (3)

Survey of South Asia literature from ancient times to the early medieval period; focusing on Sanskrit, Prakrit and Tamil poetry traditions. Readings in English translation. (Cross-listed as CLAS 366)

IP 367 Persian Theater and Culture (3)

Study of Persian and Iranian theater and culture with an overview of history from 2500 B.C. to the contemporary era. Pre: THEA 101 or consent. (Cross-listed as PER 367)

IP 368 Introduction to South/Southeast Asian Film, History, Theory and Appreciation (3)

Study and analysis of South/Southeast Asian films– history, forms, development, theoretical framework and relationship to cultural, social, philosophical and aesthetic context. (B) Filipino; (C) Iranian. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. A-F only for (B). ((C) Cross-listed as PER 368)

IP 369 (Alpha) Study Abroad (3)

(B) Samoa; (C) Tahiti; (E) Vietnam. Repeatable one time for (B) and (C). Pre: instructor consent for (C).

IP 370 Philippine Travelogue: People, Places, and Practices (3)

A virtual guided tour of the Philippines that explores its multi-culture diversity through its people, places, and practices. Sophomore standing or higher. A-F only.

IP 373 Vedic Hindu Mythology (3)

Study of major Hindu myths of the Vedic Sanskrit literature within the perspective of ancient Indian civilization. Literary sources will be tapped for understanding creation, cosmogony and celestial, atmospheric and terrestrial divinities. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. A-F only. (Fall only) (Cross-listed as REL 373)

IP 374 Classical Hindu Mythology (3)

Study of major myths of Epic Sanskrit literature, primarily with focus of the Ramayana and Mahabharata. Literary sources will be tapped for appreciating myths and epics, especially with reference to dharma, karma, ways of life. Sophomore standing or consent. (Spring only) (Cross-listed as REL 374)

IP 375 Philippine Games, Sports and Martial Arts (3)

Introduces an experiential approach in the study of Philippine traditional games, sports, and martial arts. It also focuses on the historical and socio-cultural aspects of games, sports, and martial arts. Sophomore standing or higher.

IP 376 Philippine Diasporic Literatures (3)

Appreciation, reexamination, and analysis of Philippine literature of exile; a reevaluation of Philippine writing from the diaspora. Sophomore standing or higher or consent.

IP 377 Critical Discourses in IPLL Studies: Philippines (3)

Revaluation and analysis of critical discourses in Philippine languages and literatures and an examination of alternative perspectives to the prevailing studies on Philippine culture; an appreciation of emerging knowledge on the Philippines. Pre: sophomore standing or higher, or consent.

IP 382 Philippine Visual Art from Burial Jars to Burning Effigies (3)

Introduction to the arts and material culture of the Philippines from the pre-colonial to the contemporary period through the examination of sculpture, metalwork, ceramics, textiles, and painting from various ethnolinguistic groups. Sophomore standing or higher. (Cross-listed as ART 382)

IP 389 Theories in Ilokano Studies (3)

Examines the various theories employed in the study of Ilokano society, language, and culture from a variety of historical periods. A-F only. Junior standing or higher, or consent. (Alt. years: spring)

IP 391 Literary Cultural Relations (Philippines and Southeast Asia) (3)

An appreciation, a reexamination, and an analysis of the literary and cultural relations among the various nation states of Southeast Asia. Various texts are examined to establish the connections of these nation states. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. (Alt. years)

IP 394 Philippine Sociolinguistics: Language Use, Ideologies, and Identities (3)

Examines the intersection between language and society, specifically Philippine languages in the Philippines and in the Filipino diasporic communities. Will examine how language policies, discourses, and ideologies share people’s use of language. Sophomore standing or higher. (Cross-listed as LING 394)

IP 395 Polynesian Folklore in Translation (3)

Traditional Polynesian genres (legends, myths, folktales, fables, proverbs, songs, riddles, jokes) examined in translation and culturally and structurally interpreted. Pre: one of ENG 270-272.

IP 396 Philippine Literature and Folklore in Translation (3)

Philippine folk literature translated into English: epics, myths, legends, and other folklore. Classic works of vernacular writers. Pre: one ENG DL course or consent. (Cross-listed as ENG 376)

IP 399 Third-Level Language Study (V)

Third-level study of a South Asian, Southeast Asian, or Pacific language. Contact hours and credits determined by student interests and faculty resources. Repeatable up to six credits. Pre: at least 6 credits of intermediate study of the same language.

IP 401 Directed Fourth-Level Language Study (3)

Continuation of 302. Pre: consent.

IP 402 Directed Fourth-Level Language Study (3)

Continuation of 401.

IP 411 Ilokano Literature in Translation (3)

Overview of Ilokano literature from the early writings to the major works of contemporary writers. A-F only. Pre: ILO 201 or consent.

IP 427 (Alpha) Topics in Samoan Literature (3)

(B) Writings of Albert Wendt; (C) Samoan women writers. Pre: SAM 227 or one of ENG 270-272; or consent for (B). Pre: SAM 227 or one of ENG 270-273 or WGSS 245; or consent for (C).

IP 431 Rizal’s Literary Works in Translation (3)

Interpretation and analyses of Rizal’s novels Noli and Fili as they relate to the social, political, and historical context of the Spanish regime in the Philippines. Pre: one DL course, or consent.

IP 432 The Writings of Carlos Bulosan (3)

Intensive study of the major writings of Carlos Bulosan; his literary and cultural milieu with thematic concentration on aesthetics and the issues of diasporic experiences (e.g., immigration, assimilation, nation, etc.) and transnationalism. Pre: 361 or 363 or 396 or 431 or any ENG DL.

IP 465 (Alpha) Hawaiian and Indo-Pacific Teaching Practicum (3)

An experienced-based introduction to various approaches in language teaching methodologies and techniques. Students’ skills in teaching the Hawaiian or an Indo-Pacific language are developed through supervised teaching, class planning and evaluation. (B) Southeast Asian languages. Repeatable one time. CR/NC only. Pre: 402-level of the language practicum or consent; (B) CAM 402 or IND 402 or THAI 402 (or concurrent) and consent of instructor or equivalent language skills.

IP 470 Folklore (3)

Theory and method of comparative and analytical folklore study, with special applications to Pacific traditions. Pre: ANTH 152 or consent.

IP 499 Directed Studies (V)

Study of a Pacific, South Asian, or Southeast Asian language through vernacular readings in various academic fields. Repeatable. Pre: third-level language and consent.

IP 699 Directed Research (V)

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.

MAO 101 Beginning Maori I (3)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing, grammar. Meets three hours weekly.

MAO 102 Beginning Maori II (3)

Continuation of 101. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 101.

MAO 201 Intermediate Maori I (3)

Continuation of 102. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 102.

MAO 202 Intermediate Maori II (3)

Continuation of 201. Meets three hours weekly. Pre: 201.

MAO 261 Maori Literature and Culture (3)

Survey of literature concerning myths, traditions, poetry and song as well as contemporary literature (in English) relating to the Treaty of Waitangi, Maori prophetic sayings. Students who have previously taken this course as PACS 492 may not take this course. Pre: consent.

MAO 301 Advanced Maori Language and Culture (3)

Advanced Maori language and culture. Pre: 202, no waiver. (Fall only)

MAO 302 Advanced Maori Language and Culture (3)

Advanced Maori language and culture. Pre: 301. (Spring only)

MAO 361 Modern Maori Literature and Culture (3)

Survey of modern Maori and Hawaiian literature and culture from the mid-twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. Pre: 261 or consent. (Fall only)

MAO 384 Te Reo Waiata: Mâori Language in Song (3)

Survey and analysis of Maori song poetry texts, traditional and contemporary, and their development and performance over time. Pre: 102 or HAW 202, or consent.

MAO 401 Fourth-Level Maori I (3)

Continuation of 302. Conducted in Maori. Advanced reading, writing, and conversation. Cultural contemporary and historical topics. Pre: 302 or consent.

MAO 402 Fourth-Level Maori II (3)

Continuation of 401. Conducted in Maori. Advanced reading, writing, and conversation. Cultural contemporary and historical topics. Pre: 401 or consent.

PALI 381 Elementary Pali I (3)

Reading simple texts from Pali canon. Grammar taught as needed for the reading. Pre: SNSK 182 or equivalent).

PALI 382 Elementary Pali II (3)

Continuation of 381.

PALI 481 Intermediate Pali I (3)

Continuation of 382. Reading various Hinayâna texts. Pre: 382.

PALI 482 Intermediate Pali II (3)

Continuation of 481.

PER 257 Persian Literature and Culture in Translation (3)

Survey of classical and contemporary Persian literature in translation.

PER 367 Persian Theater and Culture (3)

Study of Persian and Iranian theater and culture with an overview of history from 2500 B.C. to the contemporary era. Pre: THEA 101 or consent. (Cross-listed as IP 367)

PER 368C Introduction to South/Southeast Asian Film, History, Theory and Appreciation (3)

Study and analysis of South/Southeast Asian films–history, forms, development, theoretical framework and relationship to cultural, social, philosophical and aesthetic context. (C) Iranian. Sophomore standing or higher, or consent. (Cross-listed as PER 368)

PER 430 Persia, Greece, and Rome in the Classical Age (3)

Historical examination of the interaction between the Achaemenid and Parthian empires of Persia and the classical societies of the Mediterranean, such as the Greek city-states, Macedonia, the Hellenistic, and Roman Empires. Recommended: HIST 151. (Cross-listed as CLAS 430 and HIST 430)

PRAK 481 Introduction to Prakrit I (3)

Survey of principal Prakrit languages; selected readings and analysis. Pre: PALI 381, PALI 382, SNSK 281, and SNSK 282; or equivalent.

PRAK 482 Introduction to Prakrit II (3)

Continuation of 481.

SAM 101 Elementary Samoan (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing skills. Structural points introduced inductively. History and culture. Meets four hours weekly.

SAM 102 Elementary Samoan (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

SAM 201 Intermediate Samoan (4)

Continuation of 102. Meets four hours weekly, three of four hours devoted to drill and practice. Pre: 102.

SAM 202 Intermediate Samoan (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

SAM 227 Overview of Samoan Literature in English (3)

Survey of major writers of Samoan literature in English; lectures, discussions, short paper.

SAM 301 Third-Level Samoan: Traditional Culture (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced reading and composition with development of language structure integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities based on selected traditional cultural topics. Meets three times weekly; additional lab work. Pre: 202 or consent.

SAM 302 Third-Level Samoan: Contemporary Culture (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced reading and composition with development of language structure integrated in a variety of communicative and creative activities based on selected contemporary cultural topics. Pre: 202 or consent.

SAM 321 Samoan Conversation: Traditional Contexts (3)

Systematic practice on various topics for control of spoken Samoan in traditional contexts. Pre: 202 or equivalent; or consent.

SAM 322 Samoan Conversation: Contemporary Contexts (3)

Systematic practice on various topics for control of spoken Samoan in modern contexts. Pre: 202 or equivalent; or consent.

SAM 421 Samoan Ceremonial Speech (3)

Development of oratory skills in Samoan ceremonial speech. Emphasis on institutionalized applications such as the kava ceremony and formal speechmaking. Pre: 302 or 322, or consent.

SAM 422 Samoan Ceremonial Speech (3)

Continuation of 421. Pre: 421 or consent.

SAM 431 Samoan Oral Traditions (3)

Historical survey and analysis of the oral traditions and genealogies of Samoa with special emphasis on the relationship of these traditions with Samoan ceremonial speech. Pre: 302.

SAM 432 Samoan Oral Traditions II (3)

Continuation of 431. Pre: 431 or consent.

SAM 452 Structure of Samoan (3)

Study of modern Samoan grammar including some sociolinguistic background. Pre: 202 or LING 102, or consent.

SAM 461 Traditional Samoan Literature (3)

A survey of the major genres of traditional Samoan literature. Taught in the Samoan language. Pre: 302 or consent.

SNSK 101 Introduction to Sanskrit I (4)

Introduction to basic Sanskrit grammar; reading and analysis of progressively difficult classical texts.

SNSK 102 Introduction to Sanskrit II (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101.

SNSK 201 Intermediate Sanskrit I (3)

Continuation of 102. Reading and analysis of classical texts with review of grammar. Pre: 102.

SNSK 202 Intermediate Sanskrit II (3)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201.

SNSK 381 Third-Level Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 282. Reading and analysis of various classical texts. Pre: 282.

SNSK 382 Third-Level Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 381. Introduction to Veda.

SNSK 481 Fourth-Level Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 382. Reading, analysis, and interpretation of various Vedic or Sanskrit texts selected according to students’ interests. Pre: 382.

SNSK 482 Fourth-Level Sanskrit (3)

Continuation of 481.

SNSK 685 Advanced Readings in Sanskrit (3)

Advanced study of Sanskrit literature (kâvya) and systematic thought (sâstra), alongside reading and discussion of scholarship on these topics. Specific content will change each semester. Repeatable unlimited times for different topics. Pre: 282 (with a minimum grade of B).

TAHT 101 First Year Tahitian I (3)

Basic core skills of listening, speaking and grammar of spoken Tahitian in a condensed format. Meets three 50-minute sessions weekly.

TAHT 102 First Year Tahitian II (3)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

TAHT 201 Second Year Tahitian I (3)

Intermediate core skills of listening, speaking and knowledge of grammar for spoken Tahitian in a condensed format. Meets three 50-minute sessions weekly. Pre: 102.

TAHT 202 Second Year Tahitian II (3)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

TAHT 301 Third-Level Tahitian (3)

Continuation of 202. Conversation, advanced reading, composition. Pre: 204 or consent.

TAHT 302 Third-Level Tahitian (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or consent.

TAHT 358 Third-Level Tahitian Abroad (3)

Full-time formal instruction at the University of French Polynesia in Tahiti. Third-year level in Tahitian language and culture. A-F only. Pre: 204 and consent.

TAHT 359 Third-Level Tahitian Abroad (3)

Continuation of 358. A-F only. Pre: 301 or 358; and consent.

TAHT 401 Fourth-Level Tahitian (3)

Continuation of 302. Advanced conversation, reading, and writing with focus on modern formal and colloquial Tahitian styles. The language in the realms of storytelling, radio, folklore, traditional and modern writing. Survey of modern and classical language. Pre: 302 or consent.

TAHT 402 Fourth-Level Tahitian (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or consent.

TAHT 458 Fourth-Level Tahitian Abroad (3)

Full-time formal instruction at the University of French Polynesia in Tahiti. Fourth-year level in Tahitian language and culture. A-F only. Pre: 302 and consent.

TAHT 459 Fourth-Level Tahitian Abroad (3)

Continuation of 458. A-F only. Pre: 401 or 458, and consent.

THAI 101 First-Level Thai I (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets one hour daily, Monday–Friday; four out of five hours devoted to directed drill and practice; regular on-line lab work and review of audiovisual materials.

THAI 102 First-Level Thai II (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101, or 103 and 105, or consent.

THAI 103 Beginning Conversational Thai I (2)

Development of basic skills (listening, speaking, and grammar) of spoken Thai. Regular online lab work and review of audiovisual materials. Not open to students who have taken 101. Co-requisite: 105.

THAI 104 Beginning Conversational Thai II (2)

Continuation of 103. Development of basic skills (listening, speaking, and grammar) of spoken Thai. Regular online lab work and review of audiovisual materials. Not open to students who have taken 102. Pre: 103 and 105, or 101. Co-requisite: 106.

THAI 105 Beginning Reading and Writing Thai I (2)

Development of literacy skills in Thai for those who cannot read or write in the language. Focus on Thai script reading and writing. Not open to students who have taken 101. Co-requisite: 103, or consent.

THAI 106 Beginning Reading and Writing Thai II (2)

Continuation of 105. Development of literacy skills in Thai for those who cannot read or write in the language. Focus on Thai script reading and writing. Not open to students who have taken 102. Pre: 105 or 101.

THAI 107 Reading and Writing Thai Script (3)

Focus on Thai script reading and writing skills. For students with some aural and spoken skills in Standard Thai equivalent to those completing THAI 102 or higher, but cannot read or write in Thai script. Lab work. Pre: consent.

THAI 112 Intensive Elementary Thai (10)

THAI 201 Second-Level Thai I (4)

Continuation of 104 and 106, or 102. Integrated development of skills in listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Thai script. Meets 5 hours/week, regular online lab work and review of on-line audio visual materials. Pre: 104 and 106, or 102.

THAI 202 Second-Level Thai II (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

THAI 212 Intensive Intermediate Thai (10)

THAI 301 Third-Level Thai I (3)

Continuation of 202. Advanced conversation and reading, emphasis on modern written texts. Regular on-line lab work. Pre: 202 or equivalent or consent.

THAI 302 Third-Level Thai II (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or equivalent.

THAI 303 Accelerated Third-Level Thai (6)

Continuation of 202. Meets six hours a week. Advanced conversation and reading; emphasis on modern written texts. Lab work. Pre: 202 or equivalent.

THAI 401 Fourth-Level Thai I (3)

Continuation of 302/303. Advanced conversation and reading of specialized, scholarly texts. Pre: 302 or 303 or equivalent.

THAI 402 Fourth-Level Thai II (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401.

THAI 404 Accelerated Fourth-Level Thai (6)

Continuation of 303. Meets six hours a week. Advanced conversation and reading of specialized, scholarly texts. Pre: 303.

THAI 415 Thai Language in the Media (3)

Development of reading and aural comprehension of authentic Thai language used in print and broadcast media through reading Thai newspapers, viewing and listening to Thai television and radio programs. Oral and written reports. Repeatable one time. Pre: 402, 404 (or equivalent), or consent.

THAI 451 Structure of Thai (3)

Introduction to information structure of Thai as a basis for developing reading skills. Analysis of rhetorical, sentence, and word structure from different types of written texts. Pre: 402 or consent.

THAI 452 Structure of Thai (3)

Continuation of 451. Pre: 451 or consent.

THAI 461 (Alpha) Readings in Thai Contemporary Prose Literature: the Short Story (3)

Selected readings in Thai short stories from early 1930s to present. Oral and written reviews (B) 1930-1969; (C) 1970-present. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 402 or consent.

THAI 462 (Alpha) Readings in Thai Contemporary Prose Literature: the Novel (3)

Selected readings in Thai novels from early 1930s to present. Oral and written reviews. (B) 1930–1969; (C) 1970–present. Repeatable one time with consent. Pre: 402, 461(B) or 461(C), or consent.

TONG 101 Beginning Tongan (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Structural points introduced inductively. History and culture. Meets four (4) hours weekly.

TONG 102 Beginning Tongan (4)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

TONG 201 Intermediate Tongan (4)

Listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. History and culture. Meets four (4) hours weekly. Pre: 102 or consent.

TONG 202 Intermediate Tongan (4)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

URDU 205 Reading and Writing in Urdu (1)

Introduces students to the Nastaliq (Urdu) script, alphabets, their various forms, and combination rules. Reading and writing is emphasized. A-F only. Pre: HNDI 102 or consent. Co-requisite: HNDI 201 or consent. (Fall only)

VIET 101 Elementary Vietnamese I (3)

Listening, speaking, reading, writing. Structural points introduced inductively. Meets one hour, three times a week.

VIET 102 Elementary Vietnamese II (3)

Continuation of 101. Pre: 101 or consent.

VIET 201 Intermediate Vietnamese I (3)

Continuation of 102. After completion, most students should be able to use all major sentence patterns to produce sounds, combinations of sounds, tones, and intonation and have some understanding of Vietnamese culture. Pre: 102 or equivalent.

VIET 202 Intermediate Vietnamese II (3)

Continuation of 201. Pre: 201 or consent.

VIET 301 Third-Level Vietnamese (3)

Continuation of 202. Emphasis on increased proficiency and cultural understanding through interaction with Vietnamese media, including newspapers, radio, film, etc. Pre: 202 or equivalent.

VIET 302 Third-Level Vietnamese (3)

Continuation of 301. Pre: 301 or consent.

VIET 401 Fourth-Level Vietnamese (3)

Continuation of 302. Emphasis on cultural understanding through modern literary Vietnamese. Pre: 302 or equivalent.

VIET 402 Fourth-Level Vietnamese (3)

Continuation of 401. Pre: 401 or consent.

VIET 461 Introduction to Vietnamese Literature (3)

Selected readings in major genres; emphasis on analysis. Modern literature. Pre: 402 or consent.

VIET 699 Directed Reading/Research (V

Repeatable unlimited times. Pre: consent.