Pre-Physical Therapy at UH Mānoa
Text compiled from the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) website, the American Board of Physical Therapy Residency and Fellowship Education (ABPTRFE) website, the Federation of State Boards of Physical Therapy (FSBPT) website, NAAHP’s Medical Professions Admission Guide: Strategy for Success, and the UHM 2017-2018 Catalog.
Physical Therapy Programs in Hawai`i: None
Physical therapists may advance their career by becoming a board certified clinical specialist through the American Board of Physical Therapy Specialties (ABPTS). Although it is not mandatory, the option to be “board-certified” is available. The areas for certification include:
- Cardiovascular and Pulmonary
- Clinical Electrophysiology
- Sports Physical Therapy
- Women’s Health
Click here to access more information regarding Physical Therapy Specialty Certification.
Physical therapists work in a variety of settings, including private practice, outpatient rehabilitation centers, hospitals and clinics, sports facilities, skilled nursing facilities, community and government health agencies, and home health agencies. Although most are involved in practice, some physical therapists conduct research or teach in higher education.
For more information on job outlook, click here.
Related Careers: occupational therapy, rehabilitation counseling, sports medicine, athletic training, and personal training.
Physical Therapy vs. Occupational Therapy:
Both Physical Therapists (PT) and Occupational Therapists (OT) interact with patients and have the ultimate goal of providing patients as much assistance to recover from injuries and/or to live as productively and independently as possible. However, there are also very important differences between the two fields. The main difference is that OT is concerned with improving the client’s performance in daily activities and to optimize their independence, whereas a PT is focused on improving the client’s body movement. Additionally, OTs consider the patient not only based on their injuries, but how that disability could affect their developmental, cognitive, emotional and behavioral abilities. PTs are more direct in treating the physical source of the problem.
Physical Therapy Programs
Years of Schooling Required to Become a Physical Therapist:
7+ years of education
- Undergraduate Preparation (~4 years);
- Physical Therapy School (~3 years);
- Residency (¾ -3 years, optional);
- Fellowship (½-3 years, optional).
Although not all schools list a bachelor’s degree as a requirement for admission, few students are admitted without one. Completing a bachelor’s degree is highly recommended. Admission to physical therapy schools is highly competitive, and a bachelor’s degree significantly strengthens a student’s application and provides students with greater options for advancement and career opportunities. For help choosing a major, please see the “Choosing a Major for Professional Schools in Health” webpage.
Upon graduation from physical therapy school, students are awarded the Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT). The DPT is the required entry-level degree awarded for all accredited programs.
Matriculation statistics for the 2015-2016 admission cycle.
|Applicants||Matriculants||Percentage of Applicants that Matriculate|
|UH Mānoa Applicants||72||18||25%|
Based on data acquired by the National Association of Academic Advisors for Health Professions (NAAHP).
Post-Baccalaureate and Special Masters Programs
There are a large number of Post-Baccalaureate and Special Masters Programs offered across the nation. Although these programs vary greatly in terms of degree offerings, course curriculum, and program duration, they are all geared to help students in preparation for professional school by taking relevant graduate level courses or to meet the necessary prerequisites courses for their intended program. For more information, please visit our Post-Baccalaureate and Specials Masters Programs page.
Combined Degree Programs
Many physical therapy schools offer combined degree programs: DPT/PhD to combine physical therapy with research or teaching; DPT/MBA to combine physical therapy with business administration; DPT/MPH to combine physical therapy with public health; and so on. Combined degrees can be offered concurrently, sequentially, or in combination, and often extend the number of years in physical therapy school.
What to Expect in PT School
About eighty percent of the physical therapy curriculum consists of didactic instruction in the basic sciences; the remaining twenty percent is devoted to clinical instruction. After graduation, licensed physical therapists who desire advanced training or specialization can complete a residency, and if desired, a fellowship.
The Licensing Examination(s)
The National Physical Therapy Exam (NPTE) is a national examination required for physical therapy licensure in the United States. In addition, DPT graduates may also need to pass state jurisprudence exams and/or meet other requirements, depending on the state in which they intend to practice. All physical therapists must be licensed to practice.
More than 25% of the programs in this field require the following UHM courses for admission:
BIOL 171/171L and 172/172L
Introduction to Biology I and II 8 cr.
CHEM 161/161L and 162/162L General Chemistry I and II 8 cr.
PHYS 151/151L and 152/152L
(or PHYS 170/170L and 272/272L)
College Physics I and II
(or General Physics I and II)
8 or 9 cr.
MATH 140 or higher Precalculus or higher 3 cr.
PSY/SOCS 225 or ECON 321 Statistics 3 cr.
PHYL 141/141L and 142/142L
(or PHYL 301/301L and 302/302L)
Human Anatomy and Physiology I and II 8 or 10 cr.
BIOL 275 or 375, or MICR 351, or MCB/MICR 461
Advanced Biology Course (Cell and Molecular Biology, Genetics, Biology of Microorganisms, or Immunology) 3 cr.
PSY 100 Survey to Psychology
PSY 240 (Fall only) or 371 (Spring only) Advanced Psychology Course (Developmental or Abnormal) 3 cr.
ENG 100 English Composition 3 cr.
KRS 354/354L Exercise and Sport Physiology* 5 cr.
HLTH 110 or 125 at KCC Medical Terminology 1 or 2 cr.
Additional requirements may include CPR certification and courses such as kinesiology (KRS 305, 353, 415, 416, 419, 420, 421, or 463), social sciences, and humanities. It is also recommended that non-science majors take additional upper-division or advanced science electives beyond the prerequisites listed above. A summary of the prerequisites can be found here.
CHEM 171/171L might not be accepted by physical therapy schools in place of CHEM 161/161L and 162/162L. Students should double check with the schools they are interested in if the schools would accept CHEM 171/171L in place of CHEM 161/161L and 162/162L.
* KRS 354/354L is a major restricted course. Its prerequisites are KRS 113 or PHYL 103 or PHYL 142/142L (or concurrent), or BIOL 171/171L (or concurrent). To enroll, complete the prerequisites for KRS 354/354L and email the instructor for an override. More seats may be available during the spring and summer semesters.
Click here for a four-year sample plan.
Click here for a sample general timeline.
Experience and Personal Development
Work or volunteer experience involving direct contact with people with disabilities, illness, or other disadvantages is essential. Physical therapy schools may require anywhere from 30 to 200+ hours of observation or experience and may request that one of your letters of recommendation come from a licensed physical therapist. Some schools specify a minimum number of different settings for observation/experience, and may even specify a minimum number of hours in each setting. Be sure to check the specific requirements for each school!
Experience opportunities are available at hospitals, nursing homes, senior centers, shelters, rehabilitation facilities, etc.
Gaining experience in the health professional field in which you are interested is also a huge benefit in figuring out if that is the field you want to work in and provides you with a deeper understanding of the field. Some professional schools want to see that you have experience in their field and some schools may require a large amount of particular experience such as hands-on, patient contact experience or experience shadowing a professional in that field. Schools need to be certain that the students they accept are capable of completing the curriculum and are likely to become strong professionals in the field. Schools may see this through the experiences students had.
Admissions committees seek students who have completed the pre-requisites, have high overall and science/math GPAs, performed well on the entrance exam, and have balanced course loads which are challenging yet realistic. These are indications that students are capable of completing the curriculum. Opportunities for exam preparation can be found here: Entrance Exam Preparation Opportunities.
Experiences can provide proof that students will likely be strong practitioners. Admission committees seek students who demonstrated empathy, compassion, and a commitment to public service which can be shown through community service or volunteer work. Committees also want to see high ethical and moral standards and a conscientious work ethic as well as demonstrated maturity through judgement, responsibility, and dependability. Work ethics can be shown through employment opportunities.
Committees seek students who understand the field and what it entails. Different experiences that could provide exposure to the field include enrichment opportunities, internships, shadowing, or volunteering. Through experiences students may show that they have excellent communication skills and a high degree of professionalism in all aspects of life, and potentially gain strong letters of recommendation from supervisors.
Students should aim to have a well-rounded life that balances academics which include a broad liberal arts education with the humanities and social sciences, research, social activities, and personal interests (hobbies, skills, sports, etc.) through Clubs and Organizations.
Students may choose to take a gap year after they graduate with their undergraduate degree to gain more experience. When deciding to take a gap year, see our Taking a Gap Year page.
When applying for professional school, you will be asked to list and describe the experiences you have gained in preparation for the profession of your interest. Rather than having to recall from memory all your experiences, having an experience log will allow you to fill out your application with more ease. Students can use their C.V. as a record of these experiences. However, an experience log can include additional beneficial information, such as your employer’s contact information and a reflection portion of what you learned. You may choose to make a personalized experience log or use our sample by clicking here.
Please click on the following links to explore the different opportunities.
- Clubs and Organizations
- Community Service
- Entrance Exam Preparation
Although there are resources that “rank” schools, the rankings are rarely pertinent for individual applicants. More important is whether there is a good match between applicant and school.
To find schools that are good a fit for you (PAC peer advisors can help you in this process):
- Assess your individual strengths and weaknesses, your professional interests, learning style, and personality;
- Start by considering all schools, which usually includes all 200+ schools;
- Create your “Long List” by omitting the schools that do not match your professional interests, learning style, and personality;
- Once you have your GRE scores, create your “Short List” by categorizing the schools into ‘Reach’, ‘Match’, and ‘Safety’, ranking the schools by preference, and finally choosing how many schools to apply to. Be sure to apply to schools in all 3 categories (“Reach,” “Match,” and “Safety.”) and to select schools that you would really want to attend if/when accepted.
Here is more information on researching and selecting schools to apply for. If possible, visit the schools to see their facilities, talk to admissions directors, and chat with students.
Application statistics for the 2015-2016 admission cycle.
|Applicants||Applications||Average # of Applications/Applicant||Range of # of Schools Applied To|
|UH Mānoa Applicants||72||482||6.69||1-30|
|UH Mānoa Matriculants||18||148||8.22||1-30|
Based on data acquired by the National Association of Academic Advisors for Health Professions (NAAHP).
School UH Mānoa Students Matriculated into for the 2015-2016 Admission Cycle
California State University, Sacramento
Loma Linda University
Long Island University-Brooklyn Campus
Samuel Merritt University
Touro University Nevada
University of California, San Francisco-San Francisco State University
University of Colorado
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
University of Puget Sound
University of Southern California
Western University of Health Sciences
Top 10 Schools UH Mānoa Students Applied to for the 2015-2016 Admission Cycle (Ordered from Most to Least Popular
1. Pacific University
2. Chapman University
3. Western University of Health Sciences
4. University of Washington
5. West Coast University
6. University of Puget Sound
6. University of the Pacific
8. Azusa Pacific University
8. Mount St. Mary’s University
8. University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Most physical therapy schools require applicants to take a standardized test called the Graduate Record Examination (GRE).
Preparation: Your most important preparation for the GRE is your undergraduate courses, many of which sharpen your writing and verbal reasoning skills. Remember that the verbal sections are not only the most accurate predictor of how well you will do in physical therapy school, but also the most difficult scores to improve.
GRE Summary: The GRE assesses your knowledge and skills in Verbal Reasoning, Analytical Writing, and Quantitative Reasoning. The test requires approximately 3 hours and 45 minutes to complete. The GRE is offered in computer-based and paper-based formats, and is offered year-round for computer-based administrations and up to three times per year for paper-based administrations.
GRE Scoring: The Verbal and Quantitative sections each receive a score between 130 and 170, in 1-point increments. The Analytical Writing section is scored on a scale of 0 to 6, in half-point increments. GRE scores are often reported as percentiles, with the median score (50th percentile) among examinees being 150 for the Verbal and Quantitative sections and 3.5 for the Analytical Writing section. Scores at around the 55th percentile or higher are considered competitive for physical therapy programs.
Official Test Preparation Material
- GRE Overview
- The Official Guide to the GRE revised General Test, from ETS
- Practice Questions on the GRE website
- FREE Diagnostic Exam on the GRE website
Commercial Test Preparation Companies
- Gale Courses
- Offered through the Hawai’i State Public Library System, free test prep courses with a Hawai’i State Library Card.
- Princeton Review
- NextStep Test Prep
Here is more information on how to prepare for an entrance exam.
1. Primary applications for most schools must be filed with the Physical Therapist Centralized Application Service (PTCAS), which is a centralized application system. It includes a personal statement (4500 characters). Once the application is complete, PTCAS forwards it to whichever schools the student has designated. The PTCAS application fee is about $140 for the first program designation and $45 for each additional program designation. For schools with rolling admission, submit your primary application as early as possible.
2. Secondary applications or supplementary forms are specific to individual physical therapy schools. Schools may include these applications in the PTCAS application. Other schools may send these applications after they have received the PTCAS application. Both frequently request additional information, essays, letters of recommendation, and/or fees. Some schools may even screen applicants before the applications or forms are sent out. However, secondary applications and supplementary forms differ in that the latter is not a formal application.
Note: Most physical therapy schools participate in PTCAS. Students interested in applying to other schools must complete each of their prospective schools’ individual applications. For these schools, the application process consist only of steps 2 and 3.
3. Interviews: After reviewing the primary and secondary applications (or supplementary forms), physical therapy schools invite promising applicants to interview. Applicants are responsible for all costs of interviewing, including airfare, lodging, ground transportation, professional attire, and meals. To learn more about interviews, attend our upcoming interview-related orientations and workshops here. For sample interview questions click here.
Re-applicants: Many applicants may not be admitted to the professional school that they desire on their first try. However, if an when you choose to re-apply, there are many things to consider before re-submitting another application the following cycle. For more information on how to improve your application, click here.
- The more you know about the school, the better your chances of being accepted.
- Contact individual schools’ admissions offices to find out how they handle:
- Advanced Placement (AP) credits
- International Baccalaureate (IB) credits
- College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) credits
- courses taken at a community college
- non-US coursework
- courses taken for credit/no credit instead of a grade
- residency issues
- time limits on prerequisite science courses
APTA Financial Education Program: Students are invited to visit the new APTA Financial Education Program, an online tool designed to increase financial literacy, including in the area of student debt. This free educational platform offers an individualized experience to users through videos, articles, webinars, quizzes, online communities, live chats, calculators, and more. Go to https://enrich.apta.org
WICHE: Hawai`i residents are eligible to participate in the Professional School Exchange Program (PSEP), a service of the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE). PSEP enables qualified residents from WICHE participating states affordable access to enroll in selected out of state professional healthcare programs at participating WICHE institutions when such programs are not available at a public institution in their home state. Many Hawai‘i residents must attend professional schools out-of-state to obtain the necessary education and training needed for professional healthcare positions. Therefore, the State of Hawai‘i, through WICHE PSEP, helps subsidize the tuition costs for qualifying Hawai‘i residents to attend a participating WICHE PSEP program. In return, WICHE PSEP students are required to return to work in the State after completing their program of study.
PSEP selected students pay reduced levels of tuition at the WICHE participating institution. The home state pays a negotiated “support fee” designed to cover a portion of the cost of the students’ education; this fee is paid directly to the enrolling program’s institution. No payments are made directly to students. Students enrolled at public institutions generally pay the resident tuition rate, however, students may be required to pay the unmet non-resident tuition differential if the WICHE PSEP support fee does not cover the entire non-resident tuition differential. Students enrolled at private institutions pay the balance of the full private tuition minus the WICHE PSEP support fee.
Support is available to a limited number of Hawai‘i residents studying physical therapy and enrolling at participating WICHE PSEP schools. For a list of participating schools, click here.
For more information on the Hawai’i WICHE PSEP program, please visit www.hawaii.edu/wiche.
Note: To be considered for this scholarship, you must apply one full year in advance of matriculation, generally in the summer of your application year.