Pre-Pharmacy at UH Mānoa

Text compiled from the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP) website, Pharmacy School Admission Requirements 2013-2014, the Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy (DKICP) website, the Harcourt Assessment PCAT Candidate Information booklet, and the UHM 2015-2016 Catalog.

Pharmacy Programs in Hawai`i: UH Hilo Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy

Field Description

Pharmacists specialize in the composition and interaction of drugs, including their physiological effects on humans. Traditionally, pharmacists dispense medications, but as the primary source of information on both prescription and over-the-counter medications, they also serve as a link between physician and patient. Pharmacists often decide on the form of medication, check for drug interactions, verify appropriate drug dosages and schedules, and advise patients in the proper use of medications. The ability to communicate effectively is critical, as pharmacists must be able to communicate with physicians in professional, scientific language as well as with patients in lay terms.

Work Setting:

Pharmacists are employed in a multitude of public and private settings, including community pharmacies, hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, health maintenance organizations (HMOs), government agencies, pharmaceutical corporations, and forensic medical labs.

Related Careers: pharmacy technician or assistant, pharmaceutical research.

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Pharmacy Programs

Years of Schooling to Become a Pharmacist:

6-10 years of education:

  • Undergraduate Preparation (~2-4 years);
  • Pharmacy School (~4 years);
  • Residency (1-2 years, optional).

Pharmacy schools require a minimum of 2 years of undergraduate prerequisite coursework. Although it is possible to start pharmacy school after only two years of undergraduate preparation, completing a bachelor’s degree is recommended. Admission to pharmacy schools is highly competitive, and a bachelor’s degree strengthens a student’s application and provides students with greater options for advancement and career opportunities. For help choosing a major, please see the “Choosing a Major for Professional Schools in Health” webpage.

Degree Conferred:

Upon graduation from pharmacy school, students are awarded the Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD).

Matriculation statistics for the 2015-2016 admission cycle.

Applicants Matriculants Percentage of Applicants
that Matriculate
National Applicants 16,454 15,790 95.96%
UH Mānoa Applicants Coming soon Coming soon Coming soon

Based on Data Acquired by the National Association of Academic Advisors for Health Professions (NAAHP).

* The number of UH Mānoa applicants and matriculants are omitted for confidentiality reasons.

Gap Year

Students may choose to take a gap year after they graduate with their undergraduate degree. A “gap year” is the period of time between the end of your undergraduate education and the start of your professional school. A gap year might be a year or more depending on each person’s particular circumstances. Students may choose to participate in longer term engagement activities during their gap year. Taking a gap year would change when to apply to professional school, please see a PAC peer advisor to help you plan in when to apply and fit in a gap year experience. When deciding to take a gap year, see our Taking a Gap Year page.

Post-Baccalaureate and Special Masters Programs 

There are a large number of Post-Baccalaureate and Special Masters Programs offered across the nation. Although these programs vary greatly in terms of degree offerings, course curriculum, and program duration, they are all geared to help students in preparation for professional school by taking relevant graduate level courses or to meet the necessary  prerequisites courses for their intended program. For more information, please visit our Post-Baccalaureate and Specials Masters Programs page.

Pharmacy Graduate Programs

Graduate programs for pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences are offered to students interested in developing, analyzing, and/or studying drugs. There are many graduate program specialties offered, and upon graduating from pharmacy school, students are either awarded the Master of Science (MS) or Doctorate (PhD) Degree.  For a listing of select graduate degrees within pharmacy colleges and schools, please click here.  

Combined Degree Programs:

Many pharmacy schools offer combined degree programs: PharmD/PhD to combine pharmacy with research or teaching; PharmD/JD to combine pharmacy with law; PharmD/MPH to combine pharmacy with public health; PharmD/MBA to combine pharmacy with business administration; and so on. A PharmD/MBA is particularly helpful for those planning to open their own pharmacies. Combined degrees can be offered concurrently, sequentially, or in combination, and often extend the number of years in pharmacy school.

What to Expect in Pharmacy School:

The four-year PharmD program typically consists of three years of course work and one year of clinical internship, which is followed by licensing exams. Accelerated three-calendar year PharmD programs are offered to students who have completed all college-level prerequisites for admission. For a listing of institutions that offer this type of program, please click here.

After graduating from pharmacy school, increasing numbers of students are seeking residency training in institutional or community practice or other specialty areas. Residency is sometimes a requirement for employment in hospitals or as clinical faculty at pharmacy schools. Some residencies are offered in conjunction with a graduate degree, such as an MS, MBA, or MPH.

The Licensing Examination(s):

Graduates of accredited pharmacy schools are eligible to sit for the North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX), a national exam for pharmacy licensure in the United States. Pharmacy licensure is regulated at the state level, and students may need to pass other exams such as the Multistate Pharmacy Jurisprudence Examination (MPJE) or satisfy other requirements, depending on the state in which they intend to practice. All pharmacists must be licensed in order to practice!

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Prerequisites

Most importantly, remember that requirements vary from school to school!  You must research to create a list of all the prerequisites you will need to apply to the schools you are interested in attending.

More than 25% of the programs in this field require the following UHM courses for admission:

BIOL 171/171L and 172/172LIntroduction to Biology I and II8 cr.
BIOC or BIOLBiochemistry (Please see the Pharmacy School Admissions Requirements below for specific requirements.
400 level recommended to prepare for the PCAT)*
3 to 5 cr.
CHEM 161/161L and 162/162LGeneral Chemistry I and II8 cr.
CHEM 272/272L and 273/273LOrganic Chemistry I and II9 cr.
COMG 151 or 251Personal and Public Speaking or Public Speaking3 cr.
ECON 130 or 131Economics3 cr.
ENG 100 and higherComposition I and higher6 cr.
ART, DNCE, ENG, ES, HIST, HWST, LING, MUS, PHIL, REL, THEA, and/or foreign languageHumanities (Please see the Pharmacy School Admissions Requirements below for specific requirements)6 to 12 cr.
MATH 215 (and 216)
or MATH 241 (and 242)
Applied Calculus I (and II)
or Calculus I (and II)
7 or 8 cr.
MICR 130/140L
(or MICR 351/351L**)
General Microbiology
(or Biology of Microorganisms)
5 cr.
PHYL 141/141L and 142/142L
(or PHYL 301/L and 302/L)
Human Anatomy and Physiology I and II8 or 10 cr.
PHYS 151/151L (and 152/152L)
or PHYS 170/170L (and 272/272L)
College Physics I (and II)
or General Physics I (and II)
8 or 9 cr.
PSY/SOCS 225 or ECON 321Statistics3 cr.

*Please note that the prerequisites for BIOL/MBBE/PEPS 402 and BIOC 441 are BIOL 275 and CHEM 273. BIOL 275L is also a prerequisite for BIOL/MBBE/PEPS 402.

**Please note that the prerequisites for MICR 351/L are BIOL 171 and CHEM 272/L. BIOL 275/L are recommended for MICR 351.

For the Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy (DKICP), the following courses are also required:

ART, DNCE, ENG, ES, HIST, HWST, LING, MUS, PHIL, REL, THEA, and/or foreign languageHumanities***6 cr.
ANTH, HIST, ECON, GEOG, POLS, PSY, SOC, WS, etc.Social/Behavioral Sciences***6 cr.
ANTH 152, GEOG 102, HIST 151 or 152, REL 150, etc.Cultural Diversity***3 cr.

***Courses used to fulfill these requirements may not double-dip with other pharmacy school prerequisites.  Please check with each school for specific requirements.  DKICP does not accept double-dip courses.

Biochemistry, Calculus 2, and Physics 1 and 2 are not prerequisites for DKICP.

Additional requirements may include courses such as additional humanities and social sciences. It is also recommended that non-science majors take additional upper-division or advanced science electives beyond the prerequisites listed above.

CHEM 171/171L might not be accepted by pharmacy schools in place of CHEM 161/161L and 162/162L. Students should double check with the schools they are interested in if the schools would accept CHEM 171/171L in place of CHEM 161/161L and 162/162L.

Review the Pharmacy School Admission Requirements (PSAR) for the specific requirements of each school.

Click here for a four-year sample plan.

Click here for a sample general timeline.

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Experience and Personal Development

Gaining experience in the health professional field in which you are interested is a huge benefit in figuring out if that is the field you want to work in and provides you with a deeper understanding of the field. Some professional schools want to see that you have experience in their field and some schools may require a large amount of particular experience such as hands-on, patient contact experience or experience shadowing a professional in that field. Schools need to be certain that the students they accept are capable of completing the curriculum and are likely to become strong professionals in the field. Schools may see this through the experiences students had.

Admissions committees seek students who have completed the pre-requisites, have high overall and science/math GPAs, performed well on the entrance exam, and have balanced course loads which are challenging yet realistic. These are indications that students are capable of completing the curriculum. Opportunities for exam preparation can be found here: Entrance Exam Preparation Opportunities.

Experiences can provide proof that students will likely be strong practitioners. Admission committees seek students who demonstrated empathy, compassion, and a commitment to public service which can be shown through community service or volunteer work. Committees also want to see high ethical and moral standards and a conscientious work ethic as well as demonstrated maturity through judgement, responsibility, and dependability. Work ethics can be shown through employment opportunities.

Committees seek students who understand the field and what it entails. Different experiences that could provide exposure to the field include enrichment opportunitiesinternshipsshadowing, or volunteering. Through experiences students may show that they have excellent communication skills and a high degree of professionalism in all aspects of life, and potentially gain strong letters of recommendation from supervisors.

Students should aim to have a well-rounded life that balances academics which include a broad liberal arts education with the humanities and social sciences, research, social activities, and personal interests (hobbies, skills, sports, etc.) through Clubs and Organizations.

Students may choose to take a gap year after they graduate with their undergraduate degree to gain more experience. When deciding to take a gap year, see our Taking a Gap Year page.

When applying for professional school, you will be asked to list and describe the experiences you have gained in preparation for the profession of your interest. Rather than having to recall from memory all your experiences, having an experience log will allow you to fill out your application with more ease. Students can use their C.V. as a record of these experiences. However, an experience log can include additional beneficial information, such as your employer’s contact information and a reflection portion of what you learned. You may choose to make a personalized experience log or use our sample by clicking here.

Please click on the following links to explore the different opportunities.

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Researching Schools

There are currently about 129 accredited pharmacy schools in the US, each unique in its mission, philosophy, criteria, and strengths.  Applicants can research schools using the Pharmacy College Application Service (PharmCAS) School Directory. A physical copy of the Pharmacy School Admission Requirements (PSAR) is available for use.Although there are resources that rank schools, the rankings are rarely pertinent for individual applicants. More important is whether there is a good match between applicant and school.

To find schools that are good a fit for you (PAC peer advisors can help with this process):

  1. Assess your individual strengths and weaknesses, your professional interests, learning style, and personality;
  2. Start by considering all schools, which usually includes all 129 schools;
  3. Create your “Long List” by omitting the schools that do not match your professional interests, learning style, and personality;
  4. Once you have your PCAT scores, create your “Short List” by categorizing the schools into ‘Reach’, ‘Match’, and ‘Safety’, ranking the schools by preference, and finally choosing how many schools to apply to. Be sure to apply to schools in all 3 categories (“Reach,” “Match,” and “Safety.”) and to select schools that you would really want to attend if/when accepted.

Here is more information on researching and selecting schools to apply for. If possible, visit the schools to see their facilities, talk to admissions directors, and chat with students.

Application statistics for the 2015-2016 admission cycle.

Applicants Applications Matriculants Average Number of
Applications per Applicant
Range of Number of
Schools applied to
Percentage of Applicants
that Matriculate
National Applicants 16,454 70,752 15,790 4.30 N/A 95.96%
UH Mānoa Applicants Coming soon Coming soon Coming soon Coming soon Coming soon Coming soon

Based on Data Acquired by the National Association of Academic Advisors for Health Professions (NAAHP).

* The number of UH Mānoa applicants and matriculants are omitted for confidentiality reasons.

 

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Entrance Exam

Most pharmacy schools require applicants to take a standardized test called the Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT). The Pharmacy College Application Service (PharmCAS) School Directory identifies which schools require the PCAT.

Preparation:  Your most important preparation for the PCAT is your undergraduate courses, many of which sharpen your writing and verbal reasoning skills.  Remember that your verbal scores are not only the most accurate predictor of how well you will do in pharmacy school, but also the most difficult scores to improve.

PCAT Summary:  The PCAT assesses your knowledge and skills in Biology, Chemistry, Quantitative Ability, Reading Comprehension, and Writing. The test requires ~4 hours to complete, and entails ~240 multiple choice questions and one 30-minute essay. The PCAT is administered in a computer-based format, and is offered about nine times each year, in July, September, and January. Additional test dates are offered at select locations in October and November.

PCAT Scoring:  Each of the five multiple choice sections receives a score between 200 and 600; the Writing Sample receives a score between 1 and 6. Scores are often reported as a percentile, with the median score (50th percentile) among examinees being ~400 for each of the multiple choice sections. Many schools have cut-offs for acceptable PCAT scores; students should consult the PSAR to determine the policies of the schools they are interested in applying to.

*A few pharmacy schools require the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) or the American College Testing Assessment (ACT) for admission. Check with your specific schools for information.

**UPDATE: Effective immediately, the PCAT is recommended, not required for applying to the DKICP. 

Commercial Test Preparation Companies: 

Here is more information on how to prepare for an entrance exam.

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Application Process

There are three general steps in applying to pharmacy schools: the primary application, the secondary application, and the interview. The process follows an accelerated timeline.

1.  Primary applications for most schools must be filed with the Pharmacy College Application Service (PharmCAS), which is a centralized application system. PharmCAS usually opens in mid-July. It includes a personal statement (4500 characters)Once the application is complete, PharmCAS forwards it to whichever schools the student has designated. The PharmCAS application fee is about $150 for the first program designation and $55 for each additional program designation. For schools with rolling admission, submit your primary application as early as possible.

2.  Secondary applications or supplementary forms are specific to individual schools; pharmacy schools send these to applicants after they have received the PharmCAS application. Both frequently request additional information, essays, and letters of recommendation. Some schools screen applicants before the applications or forms are sent out. However, secondary applications and supplementary forms differ in that the latter is not a formal application.

Note: Most pharmacy schools participate in PharmCAS. Students interested in applying to other schools must complete each of their prospective schools’ individual applications. For these schools, the application process consist only of steps 2 and 3.

3.  Interviews: After reviewing the primary and secondary applications (or supplementary forms), pharmacy schools invite promising applicants to interview. Applicants are responsible for all costs incurred while interviewing, including airfare, lodging, ground transportation, professional attire, and meals. To learn more about interviews, attend our upcoming interview-related orientations and workshops here. For sample interview questions click here.

Re-applying Students: Many applicants may not be admitted to the professional school that they desire on their first try. However, if an when you choose to re-apply, there are many things to consider before re-submitting another application the following cycle. For more information on how to improve your application, click here.

Tips:

  • The more you know about a school, the better your chances of being accepted.
  • Many application questions can be answered by reading the PSAR.
  • Contact individual schools’ admissions offices to find out how they handle:
    • Advanced Placement (AP) credits
    • International Baccalaureate (IB) credits
    • College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) credits
    • military credits
    • courses taken at a community college
    • non-US coursework
    • courses taken for credit/no credit instead of a grade
    • residency issues
    • time limits for prerequisite science courses

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Financial Planning

Financial Planning is a crucial step in applying to pharmacy schools. It is important for students to create a plan and make decisions in their educational expenses. Students are highly encouraged to budget their finances before, during, and after pharmacy school. To learn more about financial planning, click here.

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Additional Information

UH Mānoa’s Pre-Health/Pre-Law Advising Center (PAC) has reference books, lists of volunteer opportunities, academic planning worksheets, and one-on-one advising by peers who can help you prepare for and apply to pharmacy school.

Associations American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy (AACP)

American Pharmacy Association (APhA) Career Pathways Online Assessment Tool

Pharmacy For Me
Entrance Exam Pharmacy College Admission Test (PCAT)
Researching Schools Pharmacy College Application System (PharmCAS) School Directory
Applications Pharmacy College Application Service (PharmCAS)
Financial Aid Financial Aid by AACP
Programs in Hawaii Daniel K. Inouye College of Pharmacy
Current OpportunitiesHealth – Current Opportunities
EngagementHealth – Clubs and Organizations