Pre-Health/Pre-Law Advising Center (PAC) Advisors

Welcome to the Pre-Health/Pre-Law Advising Website! Please feel free to browse and contact us with any questions, Mahalo.

Pre-Health Advisors

Peer advisors that are trained on all the health fields that advise on. All advisors are knowledgeable of the different pathways and resources for pre-health students to achieve their professional dreams!

Pre-Law Advisors

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Thursday, 9:00am - 4:00pm

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Current News in Health & Law

5 things you need to know about antimicrobial resistance


Recently, Global leaders met at the United Nationals General Assembly in New York to address what experts are calling one of the biggest threats to global health: antimicrobial resistance. It is only the fourth time in UN history that a health issue has been discussed at the assembly, after HIV, noncommunicable diseases such as obesity, and Ebola. Antimicrobial resistance, commonly called AMR, is when bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites become resistant to the drugs typically used to treat people infected by them. The drugs, which previously would have cured people of an infection, are no longer effective in killing the microbes. Experts warn that everyone will be affected if nothing is done to address resistance as soon as possible. Drug-resistant bacteria are expected to kill 10 million people a year by 2050 -- that's one person every three seconds -- if nothing is done to solve the problem.For more information click here.

Flu vaccine is 48% effective this season, CDC says


The flu shot has reduced the risk of infections in the United States by about half this season, according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC). The predominant virus strain this season is influenza A (H3N2) strain and the effectiveness of the vaccine toward this strain is 43%, and for influenza B, it is 73%, which amounts to an overall protection of 48%, the CDC said. In the 2014-2015 season, the effectiveness was 19%. For more information click here

Time Outdoors May Deliver Better Sleep

This article suggests that spending time outdoors may improve your sleep, by a small study where they observed and took saliva samples from those who camped outdoors compared to those who stayed indoors. It showed that their was a shift in  "sleep hormones (melatonin)" from rising around sunset, and the camper's "biological night" kicked in about two hours earlier. This is important because there is evidence that shows that people with 'late' internal clocks face some health risks like obesity, diabetes, depression, and more likely to suffer daytime fatigue and accidents. That's why this study encourages you to get out in the sun when they can each day and minimize bright artificial light at night (cell phones or computer screens). Read more about it here.

Can burnt toast and roasted potatoes cause cancer?

The Food Standards Agency in the UK launched a campaign Monday to warn about cancer risks linked to eating burnt toast, over-roasted potatoes and other starchy foods cooked at high temperatures. The campaign is based on longstanding evidence from animal studies in 2002, but the link is yet to be proved in human studies. Earlier mouse studies identified that high levels of a compound called acrylamide led to an increased risk of cancer. Acrylamide is what makes bread and potatoes turn golden in color when fried, baked, toasted or roasted. The compound is formed from simple sugars, such as glucose, reacting with an amino acid, known as asparagine, when these foods are cooked at temperatures above 120 degrees Celsius. If cooked for too long, these foods turn from golden to brown and eventually black. As they do, they produce higher levels of acrylamide, further increasing your cancer risk. Read more about it here.

U.N Plans to Pay Victims of Cholera Outbreak It Caused in Haiti

cholera-haiti

In 2010, United Nations peacekeepers introduced the cholera epidemic in Haiti, and since then, approximately 9,500 Haitians died and hundreds of thousands have been sickened; after Hurricane Matthew, the incidence of the disease surged. Cholera is an infectious disease that can be fatal and can spread through contaminated drinking water. In order to compensate those who suffered from cholera, the U.N plans to give about $200 million to the communities and to those who suffered, and another $200 million to help eradicate cholera and to improve sanitation in Haiti. However, “the basic details of the proposed package are still under discussion” as the U.N does not have the funds it needs for the $400 million cholera response package. Read more about it here.

Word of the Week

Res Judicata

Res Judicata n. Latin, "the thing has been judged," meaning the issue before the court has already been decided by another court, with the same parties. Therefore, the court will dismiss the case before it as being useless. Example: an Ohio court determines that John is the father of Betty's child. John cannot raise the issue again in another state. Sometimes called res adjudicata.

From Law.com; The People's Dictionary: Gerald and Kathleen Hill

Possessory Interest

Possessory Interest n. in real estate, the intent and right of a person to occupy and/or exercise control over a particular plot of land. A possessory interest is distinguished from an interest in the title to property, which may not include the right to immediately occupy the property. Example: a long-term lease.

From Law.com; The People's Dictionary: Gerald and Kathleen Hill

Sine Qua Non

Sine Qua Non (see-nay kwah nahn) prep. Latin for "without which it could not be," an indispensable action or condition.

From Law.com; The People's Dictionary: Gerald and Kathleen Hill

Temporary Restraining Order

Temporary Restraining Order  Akin to a preliminary injunction, it is a judge's short-term order forbidding certain actions until a full hearing can be conducted. Often referred to as a TRO.

From The United States Courts Website

Motion in limine

Motion in limine  A pretrial motion requesting the court to prohibit the other side from presenting, or even referring to, evidence on matters said to be so highly prejudicial that no steps taken by the judge can prevent the jury from being unduly influenced.

From The United States Courts Website

Voir Dire

Voir dire (vwahr [with a near-silent r] deer) n. from French "to see to speak," the questioning of prospective jurors by a judge and attorneys in court. Voir dire is used to determine if any juror is biased and/or cannot deal with the issues fairly, or if there is cause not to allow a juror to serve (knowledge of the facts; acquaintanceship with parties, witnesses or attorneys; etc.).

From Law.com; The People's Law Dictionary: Gerald and Kathleen Hill

Non-communicable Disease

Non-communicable disease (NCD) n. is a medical condition or disease that is not caused by infectious agents (non-infectious or non-transmissible).

From the Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health

Vaccine

vaccine n. a suspension of attenuated or killed microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, or rickettsiae), administered for prevention, amelioration, or treatment of infectious disease.

From the Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health

Amicus Curiae

Amicus Curiae. Latin for "friend of the court." It is advice formally offered to the court in a brief filed by an entity interested in, but not a party to, the case.

From United States Courts, Glossary of Legal Terms

Inter Alia

Inter Alia, prep. Latin for "among other things." This phrase is often found in legal pleadings and writings to specify one example out of many possibilities. Example: "The judge said, inter alia, that the time to file the action had passed."

From Law.com; The People's Law Dictionary: Gerald and Kathleen Hill.

Circadian Rhythm

Circadian rhythm n. the regular recurrence in cycles of about 24 hours from one point to another, such as certain biological activities that do this regardless of the long periods of darkness or other changes in environmental conditions.

From the Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health

Ablation

Ablation n. a form of treatment that uses electrical energy, heat, cold, alcohol, or other modalities to destroy a small section of damaged tissue.

Epidemic

Epidemic n. a widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time.

Paresthesia

Paresthesia n. an abnormal sensation, typically tingling or pricking (“pins and needles”), caused chiefly by pressure on or damage to peripheral nerves.

Viroid

Viroid n. an infectious particle, similar to but smaller than a virus, that consists solely of a strand of RNA and is capable of causing disease in plants.

From the Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health

Halation

Halation n. a blurring of the visual image by glare

POLST

POLST Acronym. POLST stands for Physician's Order for Life Sustaining Treatment. A POLST form is a document that informs a health care provider the level of treatment requested by a patient regarding resuscitation and life support.

Fraud

Fraud n. Deceit, Trickery. Specifically: intentional perversion of truth in order to induce another to part with something of value or to surrender a legal right.

From the Merriam-Webster Dictionary online. Check out this interesting article about fraud: Fraud in the Hawaii community.

Borborygmus

Borborygmus n. rumbling in the stomach.

Periarteritis

Periarteritis n. inflammation of the external coats of an artery and of the tissues around the artery.

From the Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health

Vitiligo

Vitiligo n. the appearance on otherwise normal skin of non-pigmented white patches of varied sizes; hair in the affected areas is usually white. Epidermal melanocytes are completely lost in depigmented areas by an auto-immune process. 

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Cadaverine

Cadaverine n. a foul-smelling diamine formed by bacterial decarboxylation of lysine; poisonous and irritating to the skin; found in decaying meat and fish 

Sealant

Sealant n. a thin, plastic coating painted on the chewing surfaces of teeth -- usually the back teeth (the premolars and molars) -- to prevent tooth decay. The sealant quickly bonds into the depressions and grooves of the teeth, forming a protective shield over the enamel of each tooth.

Microcephaly

Microcephaly n. abnormal smallness of the head, a congenital condition associated with incomplete brain development.

Veneer

Veneer n.  a thin, custom-made shell of tooth-colored plastic or porcelain that is bonded directly to the front side of natural teeth to improve their appearance -- for example, to replace lost tooth structure, closed spaces, straighten teeth, or change color and/or shape.

Emolument

Emolument n. the returns arising from office or employment usually in the form of compensation or perquisites.

From Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 

Muscae Volitantes

Muscae Volitantes n. the appearance of moving spots before the eyes, arising from remnants of the embryologic hyaloid vascular system in the vitreous humor. These are the "floaters" you see when you stare off into the distance.

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Dermatopathology

Dermatopathology (from Greek δέρμα, derma, "skin"; πάθος, pathos, "fate, harm"; and -λογία, -logia) is a joint subspecialty of dermatology and pathology and to a lesser extent of surgical pathology that focuses on the study of cutaneous diseases at a microscopic and molecular level.

Neoplasia

Neoplasia n."The formation of tumors or a tumorous condition."

From the Merriam Webster Dictionary

Eczema

Eczema n."Atopic dermatitis, commonly referred to as eczema, is a chronic skin disorder categorized by scaly and itching rashes. People with eczema often have a family history of allergic conditions like asthma, hayfever, or eczema."

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Roseola

Roseola n. a symmetric eruption of small, closely aggregated patches of rose-red color caused by human herpesvirus-6.

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Whelp

Whelp v. the action of a female dog giving birth to a puppy.

From the Oxford Dictionary.

Obdormition

Obdormition n. Numbness of an extremity due to pressure on the sensory nerve.

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Vitrectomy

Vitrectomy n. The surgical removal of the vitreous (transparent gel that fills the eye from the iris to the retina).

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Mamelon

Vitrectomy n. One of three rounded protuberances present on the cutting edge of an incisor tooth when it erupts. These are worn away by use. 

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Vitrectomy

Vitrectomy n. The surgical removal of the vitreous (transparent gel that fills the eye from the iris to the retina). The surgery utilizes an instrument that simultaneously removes the vitreous by suction and cutting and replaces it with saline or some other fluid. 

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Chagoma

Chagoma n. A small granuloma in the skin caused by early multiplication of Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas disease), a disease transmitted by bloodsucking bugs and caused by a parasitic protozoan, which can lead to damage in the heart and central nervous system.

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Fardel

Fardel n. In medical terminology, it is the total measurable penalty that is incurred as a result of the occurrence of a genetic disease in one individual; one of two major quantitative consideration in the prognostic aspect of genetic counseling , the other being risk of occurrence.

From the Stedman's Medical Dictionary

Power of Attorney

Power of Attorney n. is a document that allows you to appoint a person or organization to handle your affairs while you're unavailable or unable to do so. There person or organization you appoint is referred to as an "Attorney-in-fact" or "Agent"View this like for more info

Attractive Nuisance

Attractive Nuisance n. In the legal area of torts, a hazardous object or condition that is likely to attract children who are unable to appreciate the risk posed by the object or condition, and to whom the landowner can therefore be held liable for injuries.View 10 Common Attractive Nuisances Here

Lupus

noun | lu·pus | \ˈlü-pəs\

A disease that affects the nervous system, joint, and skin.

From the Merriam-Webster Dictionary