Research Highlights

Antibiotic-resistant gonorrhea
Hawai‘i’s laboratory-based surveillance of gonococcal susceptibility is instrumental in detecting gonococcal resistance. (Al Katz)

Global security and pandemic risk
Victoria Fan, Dean Jamison, and Larry Summers have calculated the potential cost of a 1918 flu recurrence, and find an expected flu cost of $1tn a year (Victoria Fan)

Information about the nutrient value and mercury concentrations in fish is now available via a mobile phone application
Mobile phone app empowers pregnant women, The Royal Gazette, December 2015
Instant information: a new mobile phone application shows the nutritional value and mercury concentrations of local and imported fish species (Catherine Pirkle)

New study on the effect of social support on life quality of HIV/AIDS patients
AIDS Care, August 2015
Several empirical studies, particularly those conducted in developed countries, have linked social support to quality of life among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWA) (Yuanan Lu)

Isolation and characterization of newly isolated promoter gene from white shrimp
PLoS One, April 2015
Current development of transgenic shrimp research has been hampered due to the lack of the suitable promoters and efficient transfection methods for crustaceans (Yuanan Lu)

A new tool to comprehensively evaluate school connectedness programs
Journal of School Health, March 2015
Evidence shows that school connectedness is important to youth wellness. (Jane Chung-Do)

Patient navigators help reduce cancer screening disparities on Molokai
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, February 2015
Significant racial disparities in cancer mortality are seen between Medicare beneficiaries (Kathryn L. Braun)

Cross-sectional analysis of low health literacy and cancer screening among Chinese Americans
BMJ Open, January 2015
Examination of the relationship between low health literacy (LHL) and meeting US Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF) guidelines for cervical, colorectal and breast cancer screening among Chinese Americans (Tetine Sentell)

New study on understanding public knowledge, attitude and practice regarding current air pollution and health effect on children in Shanghai
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, January 2015
Cross-sectional survey to assess the status of, and factors associated with, residents’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) related to air pollution and respiratory health of children in Shanghai (Yuanan Lu)

High rates of Native Hawaiian and older Japanese adults hospitalized with dementia in Hawai‘i
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, December 2014
Comparing rates of inpatients with a dementia diagnosis for disaggregated Asian and Pacific Islanders with those of whites according to age (18–59, 60–69, 70–79, 80–89, ≤90) for all adults hospitalized in Hawai‘i between December 2006 and December 2010 (Tetine Sentell)

Test the potential use of humanized anti-HIV-Tat single chain antibody as a novel approach against neuroAIDS
Journal of Neuroinflammation, November 2014
BackgroundHIV-1 Tat is essential for HIV replication and is also a well-known neurotoxic factor causing HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND). (Yuanan Lu)

Maternal quality and safety outcomes for Asians and Pacific Islanders in Hawai‘i: an observational study from five years of statewide data
BMC Pregnancy & Childbirth, August 2014
Empirical evidence regarding maternal quality and safety outcomes across heterogeneous Asian and Pacific Islanders subgroups in the United States is limited, despite the importance of this topic to health disparities research and quality improvement efforts (Tetine Sentell)

New study on understand public’s knowledge and perception to current air pollution in China
Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health, April 2014
Rapid economic development in China has been accompanied by environmental pollution, most notably air pollution. (Yuanan Lu)

A review on current occurrence and clinical management on HCV and HIV co-infection
Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, March 2014
Hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related liver diseases have contributed to increased morbidity and mortality in HIV-1-infected individuals in the era of effective antiretroviral therapy. (Yuanan Lu)

Exploring pathways to knowledge with Indigenous Peoples
Gerontologist, February 2014
Although indigenous peoples have lower life expectancies than the social majority populations in their countries, increasing numbers of indigenous people are living into old age. (Kathryn L. Braun)

New study on constitutional expression of brain derived growth factor as a neuroprotective effector against neuroAIDS
PLoS One, February 2014
HIV-1 associated dementia remains a significant public health burden. (Yuanan Lu)