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Danielle Tokoro: Ethnic Studies

Mentor: Davianna McGreggor

Year 1/2

Title: Perpetuation of Traditional Limu Practices – Nurturing Hawaiʻi’s Limu Resources

In September 2014, over 30 traditional limu practitioners from six Hawaiian islands came
together to share knowledge, experience and concerns and form a network called The Limu Hui.
According to the Hui, “Gathering and network-building is a key approach for restoring limu
knowledge, practice and abundance. Gathering our limu gatherers nutures trust, accelerates
knowledge sharing, and grows collaboration towards common goals.” The kupuna of The Limu
Hui are interested in documenting and sharing their traditional knowledge and practices to pass
on to future generations. For my project, I will be working with Professor Davianna Pōmaikaʻi
McGregor (Department of Ethnic Studies) and The Limu Hui to conduct oral history interviews
with the kupuna of The Limu Hui. I will also transcribe the interviews and work with the Limu
Hui team to develop 5-7 minute vignettes that can be shared on the Limu Hui web page.

 

Keala Safford: Food Science and Human Nutrition

Mentor: Kainoa Revilla: Food Science and Human Nutrition

Year 1/2

Title: Contemporary First Food Feeding Practices for Native Hawaiian Infants

Abstract: This study will provide data about food provided to the growing keiki of the Moku of
Ko‘olauloa. Ko’olauloa is a rural area, where access to major grocery stores are limited. Families
are more apt to have gardens to compensate for having to travel far to purchase groceries and be
sustainable. In analyzing the feeding habits of Native Hawaiian infants, we aim to assess the
dietary diversity of the diet. Kennedy et al., suggests that eating a variety of foods helps to
achieve adequate nutrient intake. Dietary diversity is often used as an indicator of health for
infants. According to Arimond et al., a diverse diet is associated with the nutritional status of a
child and is crucial especially for non-breastfed children because the foods eaten must provide all
energy and nutrient needs for their physical and mental development. Through this study, we
hope to identify the meal patterns of contemporary Native Hawaiian babies. This may allow for
cultural foods to be incorporated into standardized meal plans and is a contribution to Ea. This
work may lead to future programs to educate Native Hawaiian parents about how to incorporate
cultural Hawaiian first food practices into practice. Since children develop a liking for foods
through their eating experiences early in life, using cultural practices to promote food exploration
early in life can promote diverse food eating habits later in life which may relate to better health.

 

Kelsey Nichols: Global Environmental Science

Mentor: Noelani Puniwai: Hawaiian Studies

Title: Ocean Interaction in a Wavering World

Year 1/2

Abstract: As the global society becomes increasingly integrated and threatened by the consequences of
climate change, the effects of the ocean on surrounding cultures needs to be better understood so
solutions can provide protection for cultural identity and survival. As the numbers of total
visitors to Oʻahu continue to increase annually, the overall goal is to maintain and augment
Hawaii’s rich integration of history and society throughout the islands. In order to understand
what is actually occurring, interviews were conducted with a sample group to relate their
personal experiences with the ocean, general observations, and reflections on their perspective in
relation to others. Currently the focus will center on summarizing, analyzing, and raising new
questions. This project will work in conjunction with scores of quantitative data already provided
by lifeguards on the Big Island. For this, it is first necessary to sort and work through the data.
Once complete, analysis will be done independent of the first project and then concomitantly in
order to ascertain any patterns or trends. Due to the amount of information, this project will
extend until the end of the spring semester. Funding will only need to cover salary so that I can
develop my skills through these projects.

 

Ikaika Lowe: Hawaiian Studies

Mentor: Kamana Beamer: Richardson School of Law and the Hawai‘inuiākea School of Hawaiian Knowledge

Title: Water, Land, and the Overthrow Undergraduate Fellowship

Abstract: This research mentorship will work on developing skills in conducting
analysis of original source materials including: categorizing, sorting, and indexing
materials toward the publication of a draft chapter in an edited book volume. We will
analyze the relationship between land sales after the illegal overthrow of the
Hawaiian Kingdom and water resources for sugar plantation agriculture. In addition,
we will document the changes to the land and water resource law after the overthrow
and the overall relationship between the plantation need for water and the overthrow.

 

Shelby Dolim: Department of Psychology

Mentor: Dr. David Cicero: Department of Psychology

Title: Spirituality’s Effect on the Quality of Life in People with Schizophrenia

The objective of this study is to determine whether people of Hawaii with schizophrenia are more
inclined to experience a higher quality of life because of their association with a religious group. Further
investigation of the effects of spirituality on people with schizophrenia is important because it could determine practical lifestyle changes that could lead patients to be happier, and healthier, ultimately increasing vitality. When individuals with schizophrenia self-identify as religious, they are likely to experience a higher quality of life, because of self-forgiveness and/or divine intervention which allows for both repentance and guilt to be addressed (Hook et.al, 2010). Previous studies have examined the effects of religion on schizophrenia, and determined religion has been used by patients to cope with their illnesses. Nearly 61% in London and 80% in North America utilized religion to cope with their symptoms (Mohr & Huguelet, 2004, pg. 373). This study could determine which faith is of the most value to people of Hawaii with schizophrenia. Religion is a realistic tool that could provide a sense of purpose, act as a coping mechanism, and promote community for schizophrenics; comprehensively decreasing the typical sense of isolation and depression. Therefore, I hypothesize: people of Hawaii with schizophrenia that self-identify as spiritual or religious have a higher quality of life as to non-religious people with schizophrenia. Suicide is the leading cause of death for those with schizophrenia, due to depression (Soppitt & Birchwood 1997). Because there is no definite cure for Page 2 of 3 schizophrenia, focusing on variables that affect their quality of life may ultimately decrease the number of suicides and increase their longevity.

 

Kahealani Acosta: Tropical Plant and Soil Science

Mentor: Dr. Noa Lincoln: Tropical Plant and Soil Science

Year 1/2

Title: Diagnosing Nutrient Deficiencies in Hawaiian Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)

Abstract: What are the effects of nutrient deficiencies in Hawaiian breadfruit? Despite
the array of potential ecological, social, and economic benefits, there has been very little research
conducted regarding optimal breadfruit growth. This project looks to conduct a classic
agronomic experiment known as a “minus-1.” In this experiment, the plants are deprived of a
single nutrient while given everything else it needs for healthy growth. The purpose of the
experiment is to examine the effects of each nutrient deficiency. I will measure the effects of the
deficiency in multiple ways, including plant growth, documenting physical symptoms, and
measuring indicators of plant water usage, photosynthesis, and health.

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