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Science & Engineering

A chilling discovery about the universe’s molecular building blocks of life

Color-composite image of the Galactic Center and Sagittarius B2

Researchers at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Department of Chemistry’s W.M. Keck Research Laboratory in Astrochemistry, along with colleagues at the universities of Virginia and Southern California, have provided conclusive evidence about complex organic molecules: formation of these key molecules, relevant to the origin of Earth’s living organisms such as aldehydes and ketones, is driven by a cosmic-ray-triggered nonequilibrium …

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Research on cavefish may lead to therapeutic methods in autism, schizophrenia

manoa-biology-cavefish_Cropped

A research group led by University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa biology Assistant Professor Masato Yoshizawa has found similarities between behavior in cavefish and humans with autism and schizophrenia. With this significant discovery, the researchers are attempting to resolve fundamental mechanisms of these diseases, and eventually hope to develop therapeutic methods in autism and schizophrenia. An article focusing on these implications appeared in …

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UH receives laboratory animal care accreditation

Photo: UH Animal Resource Center Services

On July 1, 2016, the University of Hawaiʻi was awarded full accreditation by the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care (AAALAC) International. In addition to assuring the public that research animals at UH receive the utmost care while contributing to experimental research and education, the accreditation enables UH researchers to qualify for grants that are only available to …

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Botany graduate student received Fulbright Grant

Ashley McGuigan

Ashley McGuigan, graduate student in the Biology Department at UHM, received a grant from the Fulbright Student Program, a program wherein students design their own research project and typically work with advisers at foreign universities or other institutes of higher education. Austin describes more about her research and path to this field of study: I grew up in Minnesota until I moved to …

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[VIDEO] New Lyon Arboretum laboratory will expand Hawaiian plant conservation

Keoni Kikala, a botanical support student assistant, in the Hawaiian Rare Plant Program Micropropagation Laboratory in the Lyon Arboretum.

With more than 400 federally endangered or threatened plants, Hawaiʻi is considered an “endangered species hotspot.” This means the tissue culture work of the Hawaiian Rare Plant Program Micropropagation Laboratory at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa’s Lyon Arboretum is critical. “If you lose one species it’s going to be a ripple effect,” said Erin King, a Hawaiian Rare Plant …

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NSF funds undergraduate DNA and biodiversity research

REU undergraduates

The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa has received a Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Site award from the National Science Foundation (NSF). Through this award, undergraduates will use high-throughput DNA sequencing, phylogenetic methods and bioinformatics to study microbiomes and the identities and origins of Hawaiʻi’s endemic, native and introduced organisms. Mentorship will be provided by faculty from the UH Mānoa …

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Startup venture accelerator XLR8UH announces fourth cohort

XLR8UH cohort 4 members have access to valuable mentorship from experienced entrepreneurs and investors.

The University of Hawaiʻi selected 12 teams as finalists for the fourth cohort of its XLR8UH startup venture accelerator. The pioneering enterprises in this round include: paddleboards for the disabled, organic cookies using locally sourced ingredients, an app for concussion patients and an online platform for students to search for scholarships. These teams have the potential to receive $25,000 to $50,000 for …

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Online resources in STEM education project receives national library grant

Institute of Museum and Library Services logo

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa’s Rich Gazan has been awarded an Institute of Museum and Library Services grant for the project Online Q&A in STEM Education: Curating the Wisdom of the Crowd. The project received $491,973 in funding. Gazan is an associate professor in the College of Natural Sciences’ Department of Information and Computer Sciences. In partnership with Chirag Shah at …

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Klaus Sattler publishes carbon nanomaterials sourcebook

Professor Klaus Sattler

Klaus Sattler, a professor at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Department of Physics and Astronomy, has edited the first reference book to cover the field of carbon nanomaterials in a comprehensive fashion, reflecting its interdisciplinary nature that brings together physics, chemistry, materials science, molecular biology, engineering and medicine. The two-volume Carbon Nanomaterials Sourcebook contains 1324 pages and 799 illustrations in 53 chapters. …

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