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Ocean & Earth Sciences

Sea pig and sea spider encounters highlight of Antarctic expedition

A sunny day in the inner basin of Andvord Bay. (photo credit: McKenna Lewis)

McKenna Lewis, a global environmental science (GES) undergraduate major in the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, recently returned from a 6-week expedition to Antarctica—“a once-in-a-lifetime experience in and of itself!” she said. Lewis traveled to Antarctica to be part of FjordEco, a collaborative research project led by scientists from UH Mānoa, Scripps Institute of Oceanography, and the University of Alaska ...

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Research explains near-island biological hotspots in barren ocean basins

The productive waters surrounding remote Palmyra Atoll. (photo credit: Zafer Kizilkaya)

Coral reef islands and atolls in the Pacific are predominantly surrounded by vast areas of ocean that have very low nutrient levels and low ecological production. However, the ecosystems near these islands and atolls are often extremely productive and support an enhanced nearshore food-web, leading to an abundance of species and increased local fisheries. An international team of scientists from ...

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“3D Under the Sea” selected as finalist in national video competition

HIMB_areal

  A three-minute video produced by a team from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology’s Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology and University of California, San Diego has been selected as one of nine finalists in the Ocean 180 Video Challenge, a video competition calling for video abstracts that not only summarize recently ...

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How bacteria induce settling and transformation of marine larvae investigated

A close-up image of the tubeworm Hydroides elegans with its feather-like tentacles extended from its tube. The tentacles both collect microscopic food particles from the water and serve as the place for gas exchange for the worm, passing carbon dioxide from the worm and gaining dissolved oxygen from the water. Credit: Brian Nedved.

For more than 100 years, marine biologists have sought an understanding of how the minute larvae of marine invertebrate animals—cast out into the vast ocean—find and settle in the right ecological settings for survival, growth and reproduction. A grant, totaling more than $870,000, from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation to the University of Hawaiʻi will support research to understand the ...

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UH hosts the Sultan of Tidore for disaster preparedness and resource management

From right, The Sultan of Tidore, Professor Karl Kim and the Assistant to the Sultan M. Iskandar

The Sultan of Ternate (Indonesia), His Excellency Husain Syiah, visited the University of Hawaiʻi campus on January 20, 2016. His visit was part of a United States Agency for International Development funded project, in cooperation with Hope Worldwide and led by National Disaster Preparedness Training Center Executive Director Karl Kim. The sultan was accompanied by Hope Worldwide’s Director of Disaster Operations Charles ...

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[VIDEO] New experiments determine effective treatments for box jelly stings

Angel Yanagihara collecting jellyfish in Waikiki, Hawaii

Researchers at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa developed an array of highly innovative experiments to allow scientists to safely test first-aid measures used for box jellyfish stings—from folk tales, like urine, to state-of-the-art technologies developed for the military. The power of this new array approach, published this week in the journal Toxins, is in its ability to rigorously assess the ...

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Honolulu Cookie Company and HIMB partner to save stranded whales and dolphins

Every Whale Collection gift box and Whale Collection wrap box purchased helps preserve the unique biodiversity of the Hawaiian Islands. (credit: Honolulu Cookie Company)

Honolulu Cookie Company announced a partnership with the Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology to save stranded whales and dolphins in Hawaiʻi. The company will donate part of the proceeds from the sale of its Whale Collection cookies to support HIMB’s Marine Mammal Stranding Research and Rescue Initiative and is asking for the public’s support with HIMB’s research and conservation efforts. ...

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Beneficial bacteria in Hawaiian squid attracted to fatty acids

Hawaiian bobtail squid Credit: The Squid and Vibrio Labs.

The small but charismatic Hawaiian bobtail squid is known for its predator-fooling light organ. To survive, the nocturnal cephalopod depends on a mutually beneficial relationship with the luminescent bacterium, Vibrio fischeri, which gives it the ability to mimic moonlight on the surface of the ocean, and deceive monk seals and other predators that would happily make a meal of the ...

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Novel tsunami detection network uses navigation systems on commercial ships

UH Mānoa researchers have equipped 10 Matson and Maersk Line ships with real-time geodetic GPS systems and satellite communications to create a network of low-cost tsunami sensors.

Accurate and rapid detection and assessment of tsunamis in the open ocean is critical for predicting how they will impact distant coastlines, enabling appropriate mitigation efforts. Scientists from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST) are using commercial ships operating in the North Pacific to construct a network of low-cost tsunami sensors ...

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