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Ocean & Earth Sciences

Organism responsible for paralytic shellfish poisoning could affect fisheries

Schooling jack mackerel. Credit: Adam Obaza/ NOAA

New research published in Scientific Reports by scientists at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology suggests that ingestion of the toxic dinoflagellate Alexandrium fundyense changes the energy balance and reproductive potential of a particular copepod, a small crustacean, in the North Atlantic that is key food source for young fishes, including many commercially important species. Alexandrium fundyense is a photosynthetic ...

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Corals and humans share genes

manoa-jabsom-coral

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa scientists at the John A. Burns School of Medicine and the Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB) have published new research showing that corals share many of the genes humans possess, especially those that can sense temperature and acidity, both of which are important to keeping both coral and humans healthy. The findings, published in the journal eLife, are the ...

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Scientists discover world’s largest known sponge in Papahānaumokuākea MNM

The massive sponge — the size of a minivan, the largest on record — was found in summer 2015 at a depth of 2117 m in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. Image courtesy NOAA.

Researchers in the summer of 2015 were surveying an ocean ridge in a marine conservation area off the shores of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands and amid ordinary ocean floor fare — a bit of coral, some volcanic rock — they came across something surprising: they discovered what they say is the world’s largest known sponge. Roughly the size of a ...

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UH Mānoa partners in National Microbiome Initiative

President Barack Obama at the National Institute of Health. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)

On May 13, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy announced a new National Microbiome Initiative (NMI), a coordinated effort to better understand microbiomes—communities of microorganisms that live on and in people, plants, soil, oceans and the atmosphere—and to develop tools to protect and restore healthy microbiome function. This initiative represents a combined federal agency investment of more ...

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Fishing networks study may save sharks

Bigeye thresher shark (photo courtesy of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries)

Tuna fishers who network with their competition may be able to stop thousands of sharks a year from being accidentally captured and killed in the Pacific Ocean. Researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University and the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa found if fishers communicated more with their rivals, it could lead ...

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[VIDEO] Shark study helps explain higher incidence of encounters off Maui

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa researchers Carl Meyer, left, and Kim Holland tagging a tiger shark.

Important research out of the University of Hawaiʻi is providing state leaders with critical information to better develop outreach and awareness efforts to minimize possibly dangerous encounters with tiger sharks. After a spike in shark bites off of Maui in 2012 and 2013, the State Department of Land and Natural Resources turned to the experts at the UH Mānoa Hawaiʻi ...

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Board of Regents’ Medal for Excellence in Research awarded

From left, Brian W. Bowen, Loïc Le Marchand and Kristin Pauker

The 2016 Regents’ Medal for Excellence in Research was awarded to Brian W. Bowen, Loïc Le Marchand and Kristin Pauker. The research medal is awarded by the University of Hawaiʻi Board of Regents in recognition of scholarly contributions that expand the boundaries of knowledge and enrich the lives of students and the community. Regents’ medal honorees Brian W. Bowen Research professor, ...

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UH leads $20M research partnership to secure Hawaiʻi’s water future

system-water-research-grant

Increasing population, changing land use practices and issues relating to climate change are contributing to growing concerns over water quality and quantity in Hawaiʻi. To help the state address this critical issue, the National Science Foundation has awarded $20 million to the University of Hawaiʻi to do a five-year, groundbreaking study of water sustainability issues through a collaboration called ʻIke ...

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Student projects shine at UH Mānoa Undergraduate Showcase

UH Mānoa Undergraduate Showcase

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa undergraduate students from all fields of study will present their faculty-supervised research project or creative work at the Undergraduate Showcase on Friday, May 6. This free and open-to-the-public event will feature 130 presentations and posters by 150 undergraduate students in the disciplines of arts and humanities, engineering and computer sciences, natural sciences and social sciences. ...

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Whitlow Au awarded gold medal by Acoustical Society of America

Whitlow Au at Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology with dolphin BJ.

Whitlow W. L. Au, emeritus research professor at the Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB), has been named recipient of the gold medal of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) for contributions to understanding underwater biosonar and for service to the acoustical society. The gold medal, which will be presented at the 171st meeting of the ASA on May 25, ...

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