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Ocean & Earth Sciences

UH researchers link quality of coastal groundwater with reef degradation on Maui

Land-use practices on tropical oceanic islands can have large impacts on reef ecosystems, even in the absence of rivers and streams. Land-based pollutants, such as fertilizers and chemicals in wastewater, infiltrate into the groundwaters beneath land and eventually exit into nearshore ecosystems as submarine groundwater discharge (SGD)—seeping into the coastal zone beneath the ocean’s surface. In a study published recently …

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New model reveals adaptations of world’s most abundant ocean microbe

Researchers from David Karl’s laboratory at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and from Professor Jens Nielsen’s laboratory at Chalmers University of Technology in Göteborg, Sweden, developed a computer model which takes into account hundreds of genes, chemical reactions and compounds required for the survival of Prochlorococcus, the most abundant photosynthetic microbe on the planet. They found that Prochlorococcus has made …

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A new study concludes warm climate is more sensitive to changes in CO2

It is well-established in the scientific community that increases in atmospheric CO2 levels result in global warming, but the magnitude of the effect may vary depending on average global temperature. A new study, published this week in Science Advances and led by Tobias Friedrich from the International Pacific Research Center (IPRC) at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, concludes that warm climates are more sensitive to changes in CO2 levels than cold …

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Undergraduate journal Mānoa Horizons publishes first issue

Mānoa Horizons, a new peer-reviewed academic journal featuring high quality creativity, innovation and research conducted and synthesized by undergraduate students at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, has published its first issue this fall. Under the editorship of Christine Beaule, Mānoa Horizons represents a partnership among the UHMānoa’s Honors Program, Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program and the honors faculty. The journal will be published annually in the fall and …

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Hawaiʻi high school student awarded for developing ocean research methods

Christopher Lindsay, a 17-year-old high school student from Honolulu was recently awarded a $50,000 Davidson Fellows Scholarship from the Davidson Institute of Talent Development for his project, Kahakai to Hohonukai: Environmental Studies of Marine Biota Using Underwater Time-Lapse Photography and Multiple Camera Arrays at Various Depths. He is one of only 4 students from across the country to receive this …

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UH Mānoa receives funding to evaluate ocean observing technologies

As part of a national collaboration, researchers at the Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB) and Department of Oceanography have been awarded over $1 million to test and evaluate the accuracy and utility of technology used to observe aquatic ecosystems. The HIMB and Department of Oceanography are part of the School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology at the …

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Hauʻoli Mau Loa Foundation supports graduate student conservation fellows

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and University of Hawaiʻi Hilo graduate students have been selected as conservation fellows, funded by Hauʻoli Mau Loa Foundation. These students were chosen because of their strong academic records as undergraduates, their connections to and integration with the local conservation community, their passion for the ʻāina and keen interest in preserving and protecting shared and …

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375 National Academy of Sciences members: Don’t abandon Paris Climate Agreement

On Sept. 20, 2016, 375 members of the National Academy of Sciences, including 30 Nobel Laureates and two University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa oceanographers, published an open letter that draws attention to the serious risks of climate change. The letter also highlights the urgent need to reduce heat-trapping emissions as part of the Paris Agreement. The scientists warn that a …

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Hawaiian language newspaper research presentation

The Institute of Hawaiian Language Research and Translation (IHLRT) presents Ka Wā Ma Mua, Ka Wā Ma Hope (Using the Past to Inform the Present and Future) on October 18, 4 p.m. at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa’s Hamilton Library Hawaiian and Pacific Collections, Room 501. This presentation will explore the wealth of knowledge held in the Hawaiian language …

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