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Ocean & Earth Sciences

Past climate change swings orchestrated early human migration waves out of Africa


A small group of Homo sapiens left Africa around 100,000 years ago in a series of astronomically-paced slow migration waves and arrived for the first time in southern Europe around 80,000-90,000 years ago, according to a new study published in the journal Nature. These results by a team of researchers from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa challenge prominent anthropological models that assume a single …

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UH and Tohoku University collaborate for disaster sciences


A partnership between the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and Tohoku University, one of Japan’s top research universities is redefining disaster science. The collaboration began shortly after the March 2011 disaster events that struck Japan, including the powerful earthquake that triggered a devastating tsunami. The UH Mānoa College of Social Sciences and the School of Ocean and Earth Science Technology’s Hawaiʻi Sea Grant program have been working with Tohoku ever …

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Unexpected changes in high-level equatorial winds surprise scientists

Profile of equatorial winds for 13 QBO cycles. Yellow = east winds, blue = west winds.

One of the most repeatable, predictable phenomena of atmospheric winds threw scientists for a loop February 2016 by breaking its long-standing routine. However, a study published last week in Science presents a mechanism to explain this unexpected and unprecedented disruption. The international group of atmospheric scientists was led by Scott Osprey of the National Centre for Atmospheric Science at the …

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UH Water Resources Research Center receives nearly $1M for water sustainability project


Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced the investment of $26.6 million by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) into 45 projects that will spur innovative conservation initiatives on both rural and urban farms across the country. The University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Water Resources Research Center (WRRC) received nearly $1 million of this funding to conduct a three-year research project focusing on …

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[VIDEO] Students around the world challenged to Make the Ala Wai Awesome

The Ala Wai Canal in Waikīkī is part of the 19-square-mile Ala Wai watershed.

An international design challenge has been launched to rehabilitate a critical Oʻahu watershed that contains one of the nation’s most polluted bodies of water. During the September IUCN World Conservation Congress, University of Hawaiʻi President David Lassner announced the Make the Ala Wai Awesome Student Design Challenge, with up to $10,000 in total prize money for the winning entries. “We …

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Grants awarded for zooplankton research

Daisuke Lab Group

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa assistant professor Daisuke Takagi is the recipient of a National Science Foundationgrant “Hydrodynamics of outer flow at low Reynolds numbers for locomotion and flow control” from the Chemical, Bioengineering, Environmental and Transport Systems division for $297,941 (starting June 15, 2016 for a duration of 3 years). The Army Research Office grant “Modeling the collective behavior …

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Science meets art in ArtSci 2016 exhibit


Ten scientists from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa partnered with ten members of the Honolulu Printmakers in the ArtSci 2016 Where Art and Science Meet exhibition, September 7–30 at the Honolulu Museum of Art School. The scientists and artists shared processes and insights into their respective practices to create the pieces for the exhibition. With a variety of printmaking techniques …

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ARCS Foundation honors top doctoral candidates in STEM fields

From left are Andrew Turner, Glen Chew, BJ Fulton, Jamal Haidar, Emily First, Amy Hruska, Bill Wright, Bob Nakata, Melia Iwamoto and Amanda Lee.

An astronomy doctoral candidate whose software automated the search for small planets has been named the ARCS Foundation Honolulu 2016 Scholar of the Year. Benjamin “BJ” Fulton received the 2016 Columbia ARCS Award in Astronomy. He was one of 12 University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa graduate students awarded unrestricted grants from the foundation’s Honolulu chapter, which has been supporting outstanding University …

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New PacIOOS website provides ocean information, data and services

Explore the new PacIOOS website from mobile device or laptop.

The Pacific Islands Ocean Observing System (PacIOOS) has launched a new website at www.pacioos.org. Its goal is to further PacIOOS’ mission to empower ocean users, decision-makers and stakeholders across the Pacific Islands with accurate and reliable coastal and ocean information, data and services. The new website provides user-friendly tools and easy access to PacIOOS’ observations of waves, sea surface currents …

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Geology professor has studied Kilauea volcano for 40 years

Michael Garcia at Kīlauea summit

Hawaiʻi Island’s volcano has been erupting for more than 30 years, making it the one of longest-flowing volcano on Earth. Because of its remarkable and frequent activity, Kīlauea is one of the best studied volcanoes on Earth. University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa Geology Professor Michael Garcia has been leading studies of the chemistry of lavas from this volcano for 40 …

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