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Ocean & Earth Sciences

UH Mānoa partners in National Microbiome Initiative

President Barack Obama at the National Institute of Health. (AP Photo/Gerald Herbert)

On May 13, the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy announced a new National Microbiome Initiative (NMI), a coordinated effort to better understand microbiomes—communities of microorganisms that live on and in people, plants, soil, oceans and the atmosphere—and to develop tools to protect and restore healthy microbiome function. This initiative represents a combined federal agency investment of more ...

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Fishing networks study may save sharks

Bigeye thresher shark (photo courtesy of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries)

Tuna fishers who network with their competition may be able to stop thousands of sharks a year from being accidentally captured and killed in the Pacific Ocean. Researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University and the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa found if fishers communicated more with their rivals, it could lead ...

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[VIDEO] Shark study helps explain higher incidence of encounters off Maui

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa researchers Carl Meyer, left, and Kim Holland tagging a tiger shark.

Important research out of the University of Hawaiʻi is providing state leaders with critical information to better develop outreach and awareness efforts to minimize possibly dangerous encounters with tiger sharks. After a spike in shark bites off of Maui in 2012 and 2013, the State Department of Land and Natural Resources turned to the experts at the UH Mānoa Hawaiʻi ...

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Board of Regents’ Medal for Excellence in Research awarded

From left, Brian W. Bowen, Loïc Le Marchand and Kristin Pauker

The 2016 Regents’ Medal for Excellence in Research was awarded to Brian W. Bowen, Loïc Le Marchand and Kristin Pauker. The research medal is awarded by the University of Hawaiʻi Board of Regents in recognition of scholarly contributions that expand the boundaries of knowledge and enrich the lives of students and the community. Regents’ medal honorees Brian W. Bowen Research professor, ...

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UH leads $20M research partnership to secure Hawaiʻi’s water future

system-water-research-grant

Increasing population, changing land use practices and issues relating to climate change are contributing to growing concerns over water quality and quantity in Hawaiʻi. To help the state address this critical issue, the National Science Foundation has awarded $20 million to the University of Hawaiʻi to do a five-year, groundbreaking study of water sustainability issues through a collaboration called ʻIke ...

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Student projects shine at UH Mānoa Undergraduate Showcase

UH Mānoa Undergraduate Showcase

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa undergraduate students from all fields of study will present their faculty-supervised research project or creative work at the Undergraduate Showcase on Friday, May 6. This free and open-to-the-public event will feature 130 presentations and posters by 150 undergraduate students in the disciplines of arts and humanities, engineering and computer sciences, natural sciences and social sciences. ...

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Whitlow Au awarded gold medal by Acoustical Society of America

Whitlow Au at Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology with dolphin BJ.

Whitlow W. L. Au, emeritus research professor at the Hawaiʻi Institute of Marine Biology (HIMB), has been named recipient of the gold medal of the Acoustical Society of America (ASA) for contributions to understanding underwater biosonar and for service to the acoustical society. The gold medal, which will be presented at the 171st meeting of the ASA on May 25, ...

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Jellyfish researcher Angel Yanagihara chosen as a Fulbright Specialist

Angel Yanagihara collecting jellyfish in Waikiki, Hawaii

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa researcher Angel Yanagihara has been selected as a Fulbright Specialist by the J. William Fulbright Council for International Exchange of Scholars. Yanagihara is an assistant research professor at the John A. Burns School of Medicine and the Békésy Laboratory of Neurobiology in the Pacific Biosciences Research Center. Her expertise and innovative technologies were specifically sought in ...

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Protecting diversity on coral reefs: DNA may hold the key

Coral reef in the Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument teeming with fishes. (credit: James Watt, courtesy of PMNM/NOAA)

Coral reefs are widely known for their stunning array of color, shape and forms of life, making them a model for extreme biodiversity. Hidden within the multitude of reef inhabitants, but no less important, is their genetic diversity— variability in DNA that gives species the capacity for adaptation, speciation and resilience in the face of stress. Research published on April 27 by a ...

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Coral toolkit allows floating larvae to transform into reef skeletons

Two newly settled juveniles and a swimming larva on coralline algae. (credit: H Putnam)

In a study published today, researchers from the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa, Rutgers University and the University of Haifa identified key and novel components of the molecular “toolkit” that allow corals to build their skeletons (called biomineralization) and described when—in the transformation from floating larvae to coral skeleton—these components are used. Corals are the sum of a symbiotic relationship between cnidarian animals and millions of ...

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