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Visualizing galaxy orbits in the local supercluster

Orbits of galaxies in the Local Supercluster. Credit: Brent Tully.

A team of astronomers from Maryland, Hawaiʻi, Israel and France has produced the most detailed map ever of the orbits of galaxies in our extended local neighborhood, showing the past motions of almost 1,400 galaxies within 100 million light years of the Milky Way. The team, including co-author Brent Tully of the Institute for Astronomy at the University of Hawaiʻi, reconstructed the galaxies’ motions from 13 …

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Power up with water drops

A water drop illuminating 15 green LEDs

Frustrated trying to charge your phone on the go? A newly developed energy harvesting method may soon lead to technologies that will allow you to keep your phone charged, without external chargers. A University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa research team led by Tianwei “David” Ma, interim associate dean and professor in civil engineering in the College of Engineering, has developed a new method of generating electricity …

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Origin of modern humans more complicated than originally thought

Map of sites and postulated migratory pathways associated with modern humans dispersing across Asia during the Late Pleistocene.

A new study calls for a re-evaluation of our understanding of when and how humans left Africa and what happened once they arrived in Asia. The study by researchers from the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa and the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History was published in Science. Most people are familiar with the traditional Out of Africa model that currently dominates the literature …

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Mealani Research Station is breeding success

Prime-bred cattle

Mealani Research Station on Hawaiʻi Island, an agricultural experiment station of the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, is the “perfect living lab for researching cattle production in the tropics and subtropics,” said Kyle Caires, assistant extension agent in the college’s Department of Human Nutrition, Food and Animal Sciences. In this field, genetics is key, and the station’s breeding program is thriving. Mealani’s Angus bulls …

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UH launches master of landscape architecture program

A site design exercise; students around a tree

The School of Architecture at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa will offer a new professional graduate degree, the master of landscape architecture (MLA), beginning in fall 2018. Graduates will obtain a thorough knowledge of the core skills and applications of contemporary landscape architecture with a focus on sustainable design in tropical and subtropical, Hawaiian and Asia/Pacific environments. The MLA, the first landscape architecture degree offered in …

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Researchers chart economic inequality across the ages

In the largest study of its kind, researchers from 14 institutions, including the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa, saw disparities in wealth mount with the rise of agriculture, specifically the domestication of plants and large animals, and increased social organization. The findings by the international team are published in Nature. The United States, researchers noted, currently has one of the highest levels of inequality …

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Magdy F. Iskander honored for electromagnetic research and education

A new book The World of Applied Electromagnetics—In Appreciation of Magdy Fahmy Iskander, published by Springer, commemorates four decades of Iskander’s research in electromagnetic and wireless communications technologies and contributions to engineering education. Iskander is an electrical engineering professor and director of the Hawaiʻi Center for Advanced Communications in the College of Engineering at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. Two of Iskanderʻs former graduate students, Akhlesh Lakhtakia, who serves …

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Critical shortage of care found in Hawaiʻi’s early learning system

Cover of "Hawaiʻi Early Learning Need Assessment" report

A new report from the University of Hawaiʻi Center on the Family finds that Hawaiʻi lacks sufficient childcare and preschool seats to meet the community’s needs, and has some of the nation’s least-affordable care. The report provides a statewide assessment of the early learning system for children from birth through age five and focuses on child care and preschool centers, family child care homes and …

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Mobile app for visually impaired field tested at Yosemite National Park

Group testing UniD mobile app in Yosemite

In continuing efforts to “audio describe the world,” researchers at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa took part in a project that brought 26 blind and visually impaired people to Yosemite National Park for user testing of the UniD mobile app. Associate Professor Brett Oppegaard in the School of Communications in the College of Social Sciences is the principal investigator of the UniDescription project. The group tested the new audio description of Yosemite’s brochure …

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There’s a deeper fish in the sea

A CT scan of the Mariana snailfish. The green shape, a small crustacean, is seen in the snailfish’s stomach. Image credit: Adam Summers/University of Washington

The ocean’s deepest fish doesn’t look like it could survive in harsh conditions thousands of feet below the surface. Instead of giant teeth and a menacing frame, the fishes that roam the deepest parts of the ocean are small, translucent, bereft of scales—highly adept at living where few other organisms can. Meet the deepest fish in the ocean, a new …

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