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Pregnant women of Filipino ancestry should be monitored more closely for preterm birth

Baby's Foot In Mother's Hand

UH medical research links higher rates of premature births among Filipino women to genetic variant Scientists at the University of Hawai`i (UH) have uncovered a genetic explanation for why Filipino women in the state have a higher chance of delivering their babies before full term. Preterm birth is the leading cause of newborn deaths in the United States. Being born ... Read More »

Expanding energy research with solar net zero energy classrooms

Energy efficient building

As part of ongoing energy efficiency and solar research being conducted by the University of Hawaii’s Hawaii Natural Energy Institute (HNEI), six solar photovoltaic (PV) arrays totaling 15 kW in capacity were recently installed in Hawaii.  Emerging and innovative technologies are being evaluated and compared against traditional and well-established products in the solar industry. Three net zero energy (NZE) buildings ... Read More »

Health data to be collected on Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders

Hawaii hula dancers

“A huge step forward” is how John A. Burns School of Medicine (JABSOM) Dean Jerris Hedges describes the announcement about the U.S. government taking steps to improve the collection of health data for Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said the Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders National Health Interview Survey, beginning February 2014, will include ... Read More »

Biologist Sheila Conant wins national conservation award

Conant releasing a Nihoa Millerbirds on Nihoa Island

The Ralph W. Schreiber award honors extraordinary scientific contributions to the conservation, restoration, and preservation of birds and their habitats Dr. Sheila Conant, a former chair of the UH Mānoa Zoology Department who has studied Hawai‘i’s native and endangered species for nearly 50 years, has won the American Ornithologists’ Union’s Ralph W. Schreiber Award. Conant is an O‘ahu native and ... Read More »

Astronomer obtains the first image of a normal galaxy in the early universe

Image of movement of gas in the galaxy

University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa astronomer Regina Jorgenson has obtained the first image that shows the structure of a normal galaxy in the early universe. The results were presented at the winter American Astronomical Society meeting in Washington, DC. The galaxy, called DLA2222-0946, is so faint that it is virtually invisible at all but a few specific wavelengths. It is ... Read More »

Marine tubeworms need nudge to transition from larvae state

Adult marine tubeworms

Intriguing bacterium-animal interaction may have implications for boat owners and the mariculture industry, UH Manoa researchers say A common problem at Pearl Harbor, biofouling affects harbors around the world.  It’s the process by which barnacles, muscles, oysters, and tubeworms accumulate on the bottom of boats and other surfaces.  Now researchers at the University of Hawai‘i at Mānoa’s Kewalo Marine Laboratory ... Read More »

Energetics of the deep-water bluntnose sixgill shark

Bluntnose sixgill shark

Deep sea sharks get less attention than their surface-loving counterparts.  Take for example the bluntnose sixgill shark (Hexanchus griseus).  At 16 feet in length, this shark is almost large as a white shark or a tiger shark, and the species has a wide global distribution.   H. griseus might be a top predator, but because he tends to be found up ... Read More »

The Kanak Awakening: New book about nationalism in New Caledonia

The Kanak Awakening

The Center for Pacific Islands Studies (CPIS)  is pleased to announce the publication of a new volume in its Pacific Islands Monograph Series (PIMS) — The Kanak Awakening: The Rise of Nationalism in New Caledonia by David Chappell, UH Manoa History Department and CPIS affiliate faculty. This study examines the rise in New Caledonia of rival identity formations that became increasingly polarized in the 1970s and examines in particular the ... Read More »

Monsters in the dark: Supermassive black holes and their destructive habits

Blue Einstein ring

Nicholas McConnell, the IfA’s Beatrice Watson Parrent Postdoctoral Fellow, delivered an informative and entertaining talk about the largest (“supermassive”) black holes in the Universe at a Frontiers of Astronomy Community Event held on the UH Mānoa campus. The first thing McConnell explained is that supermassive black holes live in galaxies. In keeping with the Halloween theme, he began by explaining ... Read More »

Batteries put to test in PV plan

Solar panels

The Hawai‘i Natural Energy Institute (HNEI) is actively involved with several issues of energy storage.  One important aspect relates to the increased utilization of renewable resources by electric utilities in the State of Hawaii.  Some of these resources (such as solar and wind energy) are intermittent, and this can present a problem of storing the energy generated when it is ... Read More »

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