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Kahua A‘o — A Learning Foundation: Using Hawaiian Language Newspaper Articles for Place and Culture-based Geoscience Teacher Education and Curriculum Development

Project Summary

Kahua Aʻo provides up-to-date research-, place-, culture-, and standards-based Earth science STEM (science, technology, engineering, mathematics) lessons with activities that are ready to implement.  Teachers of culturally diverse students will find the lessons particularly relevant to the 30% of Hawai'i’s K-12 students who are of Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander ancestry.  Kahua Aʻo is a collaborative effort among the College of Education, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology (SOEST), and School of Hawaiian Knowledge (Hawaiʻinuiākea), funded by NSF.

  • Hawaiian Language Newspapers

    Articles from Hawaiian language newspapers published between 1834 and 1948 provide a foundation for Kahua A‘o lessons.  More than 100 Hawaiian newspapers served as a repository for Hawai‘i’s rich, oral literature as well as a space to share news and commentary on current issues.  King David Kalākaua was called the editor king for his work on various Hawaiian newspapers.  Hawaiian newspapers convey an intellectual tradition that greatly values detailed environmental knowledge. 

  • Connecting to Our Past

    Articles provide insights into Hawai‘i’s experiences of storms, drought, winds, rains, volcanic activity, and tsunami, and are evidence of high literacy rates and environmental awareness in Hawaiian communities. Kahua A‘o draws upon a database of more than 4,000 of these articles, as well as mo‘olelo (traditional stories), all of which record the deep indigenous knowledge gained through tradition, experience and careful observation.

  • Innovation

    Ninety-five percent of the Hawaiian-language repository remains untapped. Kahua A‘o increases these historical, cultural, and place-based resources for educators and scientists and brings Native Hawaiian voices and viewpoints into earth science education in innovative ways.