Technical Report #181.
March 2012. Tango, L.K., D. Foote, K.N. Magnacca, S.J. Foltz, K.
Cutler. 2012. Biological inventory of anchialine pool invertebrates
at Pu‘uhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical Park and Pu‘ukoholā
Heiau National Historic Site, Hawai‘i Island.
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Inventories for major groups of invertebrates were completed at
anchialine pool complexes in Pu‘uhonua o Hōnaunau National Historical
Park (PUHO) and Pu‘ukoholā Heiau National Historic Site (PUHE) on the
island of Hawai‘i. Nine pools within two pool complexes were surveyed at
PUHO, along with one extensive pool at the terminus of Makeāhua Gulch at
PUHE. At both parks, inventories documented previously unreported
diversity, with pool complexes at PUHO exhibiting greater species
richness for most taxa than the pool at PUHE. Inventories at PUHO
recorded five species of molluscs, four species of crustaceans
(including the candidate endangered shrimp Metabetaeus lohena),
two species of Orthoptera, four species of Odonata (including the
candidate endangered damselfly Megalagrion xanthomelas), fourteen
species of Diptera, nine taxa of plankton, and thirteen species of ants;
inventories at the PUHE pool produced only one species of mollusc, two
species of crustacean, at least one
species of Orthoptera, four species of Odonata, thirty species of
Diptera, five taxa of plankton, and four species of ants. Further survey
work may be necessary to document
the full diversity of pool fauna, especially in species-rich groups like
the Diptera. Inventory data will be used to generate a network wide
database of species presence and distribution, and will aid in
developing management plans for anchialine pool resources.
Abstract, introduction, methods, results, discussion,