Greece and Rome; Roman Military History; Epigraphy
PhD Freiburg, 1962
Since my PhD at Freiburg/Germany in 1962 about the Roman Emperors’ Bodyguard, archaic warriors caught my interest. After epigraphy of the Roman imperial army, I now do archaeology of Eurasian warriors, their dances, fighting skills, and beliefs as found in myths and bronze castings, from Germanic Europe to the Dawn of Japan.
I teach courses on Greek and Roman History; The Ancient Near East; The Spanish and Portuguese Sea-Borne Empires; World Cultures.
Among my books are:
- Dawn of Japan. Emperor, Gods, and Warriors on Jimmu’s Mirror, with Tomoko Fukushima (Wiesbaden, 2010)
- Emperor Hadrian’s Speeches to the African Army - a New Text (Mainz, 2006)
- Ancient Germanic Warriors (London, New York, 2004).
- Riding for Caesar: The Roman Emperors' Horse Guard (Cambridge, Mass., 1994).
- Die Denkmäler der Kaiserreiter (Cologne, 1994).
- Roman Army Studies I and II (Amsterdam and Stuttgart, 1984 and 1992, respectively).
- Iuppiter Dolichenus (Aalen, 1980); Mithras-Orion (Leiden, 1980).
- Guards of the Roman Armies (Bonn, 1978).
- Equites Singulares Augusti (Bonn, 1965).