Bob Krauss in his office Bob Krauss Research Index
an index of English-language newspapers from Hawaiʻi, 1840-1944

Citation Format

Sample Citation:

Krauss Card No.: 400190
Krauss Heading: Dance
Title: Trial to outlaw the hula
Newspaper: Pacific Commercial Advertiser Page (Column): 3 (1)
Date: 1856-12-11
Article Type: newspaper article
Annotation: The government is trying to supress the hula at a trial last week before Judge Griswold on the grounds of its being a nuisance. Appealed to the Supreme Court. There is some confusion here between dance hall girls and hula girls.
id: 17313 streetprint id: 17399

Krauss index, box 4 Krauss index, box 4, with cards Krauss index, box 4, card 400190 

Field Descriptions:

Krauss Card No.: The original Krauss index was a card index. As we transcribed each card to the online index, we gave each card a unique number so that we could go back to it later, to verify transcriptions or correct errors. If you need to request clarification on any of the citations, be sure to include the Krauss card number so that we can find the correct card.

Krauss Heading: Bob Krauss gave each citation a subject heading. His card index was kept in alphabetical order of this subject heading. Sometimes he entered the same citation under different headings, so you may see the same citation multiple times in your search results.

Title: More often than not, this is not the article title that appears in the newspaper. It is most often Bob Krauss' brief summation of the article.

Newspaper: This is the title of the newspaper. In citations where the article indexed is available online, the link here goes to information about the newspaper.

Page (Column): This is the page and column of the newspaper where the article appeared. In citations where the article indexed is available online, the link here goes to the page of the newspaper where the article appears.

Date: Date is in yyyy-mm-dd format. In citations where the article indexed is available online, the link here goes to all the pages of that day's newspaper.

Article Type: Each citation was given a categorization. We could not verify each article, so each categorization is based on our best guess, based on what we saw in each card.

Annotation: This is Bob Krauss's summary of the article.

id: This is a system ID number we display for our reference, should we need to edit a record.

streetprint id: This is a system ID number we display for our reference, should we need to edit a record.