<p><strong>Fig. 3.23.</strong> The processes of upwelling. The combination of prevailing winds and Ekman transport moves water away from an area. Cool, nutrient-rich bottom water replaces it. (<strong>A</strong>) coastal upwelling and (<strong>B</strong>) equatorial upwelling in the Northern Hemisphere.</p>

Fig. 3.23. The processes of upwelling. The combination of prevailing winds and Ekman transport moves water away from an area. Cool, nutrient-rich bottom water replaces it. (A) coastal upwelling and (B) equatorial upwelling in the Northern Hemisphere.

Image by Byron Inouye