Peace Process in the Philippines and Hawaii

Course Number:ASAN 407
Course Title: Peace Process in the Philippines and Hawaii
Course Description: This course examines the conflict between the Moro (Islamic) Liberation Front and the Philippine government in Muslim Mindanao, Philippines. It also analyzes the contemporary peace process to resolve this conflict, in comparison with the Hawaiian sovereignty movement in Hawai’i.

Islam is a minority religion in the Philippines - a predominantly Catholic country. In Hawai’i, Native Hawaiians (Kanaka Ma-oli) share the same religion with most of the ethnic groups, where none is considered dominant. However, ethnic identity, indigenous-migrant relations, and land are common issues that affect both Moros and native Hawaiians vis-à-vis the larger society. How these two minority groups assert self-determination or aspiration for sovereignty, and the societal responses to it, are the defining concerns in this course.
Learning Objectives: At the end of the course, the students will have a thorough understanding and appreciation of:

1. Indigeneity, ethnicity and identity as central factors in conflict and its resolution by way of parliamentary mechanisms and civil dialogues.

2. Religion and land as bases of identity and the reason for secession (in the case of the Muslims in Mindanao) or sovereignty movement (Native Hawaiians).

3. Comparative picture of Mindanao and Hawaii, where violence and nonviolent strategies are utilized to resolve conflicts and achieve peace.

4. Multiculturalism as a virtue of living together in peaceful coexistence in the same space or environment.