The PHD program consists of coursework, Qualifying and Comprehensive Exams, and a book length dissertation. All PHD students are required to complete three core courses in the department: AMST 600, AMST 601, and AMST 603. Students are strongly encouraged to enroll in AMST 600 and 601 in their first year of study, and AMST 603 in the spring of their second or third year.
The core sequence serves two purposes:
The first-year courses foster a sense of community within each cohort of incoming students, while AMST 603 provides students with research experience and the opportunity to draft dissertation proposals. For more information on each course, see the Course Descriptions.
Doctoral students have a great deal of freedom in developing a program of study. They can select graduate electives both from the department and from other departments across campus, a distinguishing feature of the American Studies program. In conceiving an academic plan, students should consult with their departmental advisor and the Graduate Chair, as well as their peers, keeping in mind their own interests and research objectives. All courses outside the department must be approved by the Graduate Chair who assesses whether they fit logically within the student’s overall doctoral study plan.
As doctoral students prepare for their Qualifying Exams, they may undertake a course of Independent Reading and Research (AMST 650) with field advisors.
Some students enter the doctoral program with an MA in American Studies or a related field; others enter with only a bachelor’s degree, or an MA in a different discipline. For the latter, we recommend that they earn an “MA-en-route” to the PhD, as having an MA will provide a wider range of funding options. A student can request that the Graduate Chair petition the Office of Graduate Education for an MA degree upon completion of the doctoral Qualifying Exams. Or, should a student want an “MA-en-route” prior to taking the Qualifying Exams, she can take the MA Plan B exams any time after completing ten courses (30 credits).
The American Studies Department expects students to complete the PHD degree within six years. If a student does not pass the qualifying exams by the end of the fourth year, or the comprehensive exam by the end of the fifth year, the Graduate Chair may recommend to Graduate Division that the student be placed on probation for failure to make adequate academic progress.
PhD students who have completed their required coursework but have not yet completed their Comprehensive Exam can maintain student status by enrolling for ONE credit of AMST 699 on a CR/NC basis with the Graduate Chair. Upon passing the Comprehensive Exam and advancing to ABD status, students maintain student status by enrolling for ONE credit of AMST 800 on a CR/NC basis with their dissertation committee chair.
AMST 600, AMST 601, AMST 603 (9 credits)
4 or more AMST graduate seminars (12 credits)
5 or fewer allied courses (up to 15 credits), which may include one 400-level class.
AMST 650 (Up to 9 credits)
15 classes, 45 credits
One general and two specialized fields
Dissertation proposal defense
Book-length monograph based on original research that makes a substantive contribution to scholarship
Fall: AMST 600 & 2 AMST or electives (9 credits)
Spring: AMST 601 & 2 AMST or electives (9 credits)
Fall: AMST 603 & 2 AMST or electives (9 credits)
Spring: 3 AMST courses or electives (9 credits)
Fall: AMST 650 (Exam Prep) and electives as needed (6 credits)
Spring: AMST 650 (Exam Prep) or other elective as needed (3 credits) Qualifying & Comprehensive Exams
Fall: AMST 800/Dissertation research (1 credit); or AMST 699 (students still preparing for comprehensive exam)
Spring: AMST 800/Dissertation research (1 credit)
Fall: AMST 800/Dissertation research and writing (1 credit)
Spring: AMST 800/Dissertation completion (1 credit)
Note: Students with multi-year Graduate Assistantships may progress at a somewhat slower pace. In any event, students must complete the degree within the university’s seven year time limit.
PhD degrees should be completed within six years (or twelve full-time semesters of study). Delayed students will be placed on departmental probationary status after their seventh year or their fifteenth semester of full-time study.
Students who have completed graduate courses at another research university in American Studies or a related field can appeal to the Graduate Chair to waive coursework requirements at UHM. In such cases, students will have to provide evidence (e.g., syllabi) of the course’s rigor and its compatibility with American Studies. Students also must demonstrate (e.g., with grades or written work) that they performed well in any course that is to be applied to the doctorate in American Studies.
In general, no more than nine outside credits (three graduate courses) will be waived for doctoral students without an MA degree. If a student enters the doctoral program with an MA in American Studies or a closely related field, the Graduate Chair may consider waiving additional course requirements. However, in no circumstances, may students waive any of the required core courses, AMST 600, AMST 601, and AMST 603.
The Qualifying Examinations constitute a critical stage in a PhD student’s development as a scholar.
Exams consist of three written parts, followed by a two hour oral exam. The written parts include two critical literature reviews in fields of the student’s choice (see Graduate Concentrations), as well as a mock syllabus for a year-long graduate course in American Studies. The oral exam is held upon successful completion of the written parts. The exams are designed to assist the student in developing scholarly competence in two fields of specialization and in the general field of American Studies. Exams also lay the groundwork for dissertation research.
To assist in preparation of the literature reviews and generals exam, students may enroll in AMST 650 up to three times, once with each field advisor. Full-time students should finish their exams in third or fourth year of study. In any case, final drafts of the three exams must be turned in within four months of completing required coursework. During this period, students should expect to do multiple revisions of their exams at the direction of their advisors. After this four month period, no further revisions of the written exams will be permitted.
Preparation of General Field
Each student will work closely with a faculty advisor (called the Generals Advisor) to produce a mock syllabus for a year-long graduate survey course that delineates the student’s vision of American Studies.
Steps to Success
Preparation of Specialized Fields
Students choose two additional fields of study related to American Studies for their areas of specialization. Each field will comprise 40-50 books and articles. At least one of the fields should help the student prepare for her dissertation research. The student should define the scope of her chosen fields by working closely with one professor for each field. The scope of a field should be narrow enough to allow the student to master the principal scholarly literature in the topic area and broad enough to define an undergraduate course. Examples include: U.S. Women’s History, Sexuality Studies, Asian American Studies, Historic Preservation, U.S.-Native American Relations, African American Literature, Hawai’i History, American Arts, American Cinema, American Environmental History, etc.
Steps to Success
AMST 650 is designed to reinforce and deepen content knowledge in the general field of American Studies and in specialized subfields within American Studies. By the time that Ph.D. students in American Studies begin their dissertations, students are expected to have engaged at a sophisticated level with the major themes, problems, and interdisciplinary methods of the field of American Studies, and to have developed specializations in two subfields that will serve as their professional teaching and research fields. This course, which is offered each semester with variable content, is designed to provide students with a defined pathway toward field mastery.
Advanced Ph.D. students may register for this course, with different content, up to three times (up to 9 credits)—each with a separate field adviser. AMST 650 counts toward the 45-credits required for the Ph.D.
Registration for AMST 650 requires signatures from both the field adviser and the Graduate Chair. To register, students must fill out a form with their field adviser, specifying the exact books and writing requirements for the course, and submit the signed form to the Graduate Coordinator in order to acquire the appropriate CRN.
Fields & Syllabus Approval
When the student has successfully prepared preliminary booklists for all three fields and has read through much of the material, she should contact the Graduate Chair to review and formally approve the booklists, as signified by completion of the QUALIFYING EXAM APPROVAL FORM.
To complete this component of the qualifying exam, the student will write two literature reviews of approximately 20 pages each. One faculty field adviser will supervise each review, which may be written in whole or in part in AMST 650, or independently. A critical review does not merely summarize texts; it traces the emergence and transformation of an area of inquiry and its intellectual genealogies, assesses contributions and methods of various scholars; and identifies areas of future research. The reviews must be clearly written, analytically sophisticated, organizationally cohesive, and carefully edited. They must be handed in no later than four weeks before the semester’s end.
The Advisor supervising each field determines whether the student has successfully passed the literature reviews. The Generals Advisor determines whether the student has passed the general exams (or “syllabus”). The Generals Advisor also serves as Chair of the Qualifying Exam committee.
Upon the student’s successful completion of the literature reviews, field advisors will send the final drafts to the Generals Advisor, who will communicate results to the Graduate Chair. The Graduate Coordinator will then schedule the Oral defense.
Oral exams are two hours long and cover all three fields. Each of the three field advisors will have approximately thirty minutes to ask questions. Students may be asked to clarify or elaborate on their literature reviews and syllabus, and/or asked to discuss other theories, methods, and arguments covered by books in the reading lists.
After the exam, the committee meets privately to assess the student’s performance and assign a grade of “Fail,” “Low Pass,” “Pass,” or “Pass with Distinction.”
A student who fails the Oral Examination on the first attempt can try once more, either by two weeks after the original oral exam or before the end of the semester, whichever comes first.
The Comprehensive Exam is a two-hour discussion of the dissertation proposal with the dissertation committee. The purpose of the exam is to evaluate the rigor and significance of the proposed research and the student’s preparedness for undertaking the project.
Each student must first assemble a dissertation committee and then write a dissertation proposal under the guidance of her dissertation chair. A strong dissertation proposal is critical to successful completion of the dissertation, as it becomes the road map for the research, writing and grant proposals in the coming years. A solid proposal requires multiple revisions, and students should work closely with the committee in the course of producing the proposal.
We recommend that students take the Comprehensive Examination no later than three months after completion of the Qualifying Examination.
The dissertation committee consists of five faculty members, including at least three faculty members from American Studies and one outside member.
The content and format for the dissertation proposal vary depending on the nature of the project, but all proposals must include:
While there is no minimum or maximum length for the proposal, typically a solid proposal is no less than 15 double-spaced pages, excluding the bibliography. Samples of successful dissertation proposals are available for review on our website by registered students.
After approval by the committee and the Graduate Chair, the student may schedule the comprehensive exam. During the two-hour oral exam, the student may first make a brief oral statement about the proposed research. The committee members will then ask questions and make suggestions about the proposal, and the student is expected to defend her project.
Upon successful completion of the Comprehensive Examination, students earn ABD (All-But-Dissertation) status and proceed to dissertation research and writing. The Office of Graduate Education rules state that any student who fails the Comprehensive Examination twice will be dropped from the PhD program.
The dissertation is a book-length work of original scholarship on some aspect of American society and culture. The dissertation not only serves as the culmination of the one’s graduate work but also defines one’s scholarly and professional identity.
A typical dissertation in American Studies is 50,000 – 75,000 words.
Ideally students complete the dissertation in their fifth year of study, but students should be aware that it may take three or more years. It is strongly recommended that students apply for external fellowships and grants that will not only provide necessary funding but also strengthen one’s academic profile.
Dissertation research and writing is generally a solitary process that requires extended periods in the archives or in the field as well as at one’s desk. However, students should maintain regular contact with their committee members, especially their chair, and receive ample feedback along the way. Students should expect to revise chapters multiple times in response to the committee’s guidance. A full draft of the dissertation must be provided to the committee by the first day of the semester in which the candidate hopes to defend the dissertation.
When the entire committee has read the manuscript and approved it for defense, the student may schedule the oral defense in consultation with the Graduate Coordinator. The defense is a public event and must be announced in the UH events calendar at least two weeks in advance. In cases where any of the committee members is out of town on the scheduled defense date, the member may participate in the defense remotely, following procedures set up by the Graduate Division.
In the semester of the dissertation defense, students must register for AMST 800. They must also submit a petition and graduation fee to the Graduate Division several months prior to graduation. The Graduate Division requires submission of the completed dissertation well before the end of the semester. It is thus essential check the Graduate Division calendar and plan accordingly.
During the two-hour defense with the dissertation committee, the student will make a brief statement about the dissertation. The committee members will then ask questions and make comments on the dissertation, and the student is expected to defend her work. A majority of the committee members, including the committee chair and the outside member, must vote “Pass” in order for the student to pass the defense. The student may be required to make further revisions based on the comments made during the defense before submitting the final dissertation to the Office of Graduate Education. The dissertation must conform to the Style and Policy Manual for Theses and Dissertations.